Skip to main content

Full text of "Historical and architectural notes on the parish churches in and around Peterborough"

See other formats


Gc M. Li 

942,5501 

Sw36h 

1358859 

CENETALOGY COLLECTION 



llflllllril'flll'lilW.r.tieLICLIBRAR 




j^ 3 1833 00730 7777 







PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL 



WEST FRONT. 



HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL NOTES 

c 

.ON THE 

PARISH DHUBCHES 

IN AND AROUND PETERBOROUGH. 



EEV. W. D. S W E E T I N Ct. M.A 



Photographs by William Ball, Broad Street, Peterborough. 






LONDON: WHITTAKER & Co., AVE MARIA LANE. 
PETERBOROUGH: E. T. HAMBLIN, 

1868. 



[All rights reserved,^ 



1358859 

WxthtL 



The title of this book sufficient!}^ indicates its pur- 
pose and contents. No pretension is here made to a 
complete local history. A few materials have been 
collected from various sources, and so arranged as to 
form rather sketches of the several churches and parishes, 
than exhaustive accounts of them. * The time at the 
disposal of the writer has been sufficient only to gather 
some discursive notes, and to place them in some sort of 
order, and is quite inadequate to the task of making 
historical collections even for a few parishes. The dejS- 
ciencies therefore in the work will, it is hoped, be set 
down to the modest nature of the task proposed, and not 
to a clumsy attempt at a more ambitious scheme. 

The extracts from registers, churchwardens' books, 
and other documents, are given verbatim : but the dates, 
for greater simplicity, have been put according to one 
uniform plan at the commencement of the extract, and 
must not be considered part of the quotation. The 



j^ PEEFACE. 

inscriptions on bells are not numbered according- to the 
recognised rule in works on campanology, and the num- 
bers have no reference to the note of the bell. 

The best thanks of the author are due to all those 
o'entlemen who have assisted him in the collection of 
these notes, many of whom, wholly unsolicited by him, 
have supplied interesting- matter of which he has gladly 
and most gratefully availed himself. More especially 
does he owe them to the clergy and churchwardens to 
whom he has applied, for the kind and ready permission 
always granted to inspect the documents in their keep- 
ing : to Mr. F. A. Paley, for allowing him the free use 
of his Notes on the Parish Churches in this neighbour- 
hood, the great advantage that has been taken of this 
permission being itself the best proof of the value 
attached to it : and to Mr. J. Cattel, for much kind 
interest and encouragement during the progress of the 
work, as well as for the solution of many difficulties, and 
for important information on the antiquities of the 
district, which no one is better able to impart. 

King's School, Peterborough, 
May, 1868. 




o 

cc 
< 



iirljolm. 



This retired villag-e is situated about four miles from 
Peterboroug-h. It is ver}^ small and compact ; in 1791 
it had but 15 houses ; and the population, which in 1800 
was 109, is now 172. Till the 18th cent, the name was 
spelt Marham ; in a few instances it was written 
Marholme ; and once Marreham. It was among- 
the possessions of the abbey, and is so mentioned in a 
bull of pope Eug-enius III. in 1145. The Advowson 
has always been in the lord of the manor, and has 
consequently passed throug-h the families of Waterville, 
Thorp and Wyttilbury, of whom it was boug-ht by the 
present possessors, the Fitzwilliam family, in 1503. 

The Church is dedicated to S. Mary. It is called in 
old wills Marham Sanctee Marite Yirg'inis. Bridg-es 
says it is probably dedicated to S. Guthlac ; but he was 
misled by a chantry in the church dedicated to that saint. 
Market Deeping-, Line, and Astwick, Bedf, have 
churches dedicated to this saint, of whom some account 
will be found in the notes on Crowland abbey. In 
the taxation of pope Nicholas IV. the rectory was 
valued at Si. In the king-'s books, 15-35, it is put at 
9/. 2s. 2d. after deducting- 10s. Id. for procurations and 
synodals f the tenths were 18s. 2^d, The two chantries 
at the same time were valued at 14/. and 4/. 135. 4td. 
Adam Potts and Bernard Bradyll were the priests. Of 
these the former was founded by sir Wm. Fitzwilliam 
for one priest and four old men, who each had 535. 4^. 
These, with the priest's stipend, would make the whole 
foundation worth 17/. 13^. 4r/. This, or part of it, was 
g-ranted in 1579 by queen Elizabeth to Walter Fish, of 
London, who in 1580 founded 5 divinity scholarships at 
S. John's, Oxford. The latter was founded by sir Wm. 

* Procurations were due when the archdeacon visited the church ; synodals, when he 
summoned the clergy and churchwardens to a synod. 

1 



n MARHOLM. 

Thorpe in the 14th cent. Its value at the suppression 
was 5/. 9s. and Rog-er Aspden, then priest of it, reported 
as ^ meanly learned/ was allowed a pension for his life of 
4/. 175. 6d. 

The Register begins in 1566, the first 33 years 
having- been copied from an older book, now lost. This 
was done by Wm. Hilles, each pag-e being* attested by 
his signature, and by the marks, without names, of his 
churchwardens. It commences in the middle of the 
book, and is continued at the beginning-. The following 
is its heading : 

The Eeg"^ booke belonging to the pish of Marham wherin is recorded the 
names of all such as have been maried baptized and buried sence the yeare of 
our lord god one thousand five hundreth threescore and five before the •w<='» tyme 
is not any names Eegistred to be found truly coppyed out in A° D°' 1599 
according to the Queen's Ma"^^ Iniunction and statute. 

The baptisms average 6 or 7 in the year. The second 
book, given in 1747 by earl Fitzwilliam, extends to 1812. 
Both are in good order. They have been carefully 
searched for the family at Milton house, and some of 
their entries have been re-written, amongst the entries 
are these : 

1610. Joanne the widow of olde Thomas Giles was buried male 31. 

Joane y« wife of old Willm pope buried Septemb'' 12°. 
16! 2. Old William Pope buried JuHj xxiii°. 

1699. Dec', (the Honble) William y^ (First) son of William L* Fitz- 
william of Milton. 
Fined at y® same time for not burying in Woollen and 50 shillings paid to 
y« poore of Marham. 

The words in brackets have been inserted in a later 
hand. All burials about this date have a note as to the 
aflfidavit that the body is buried in woollen. An act for 
encouraging the wool trade made this provision ; it was 
passed 1678, and repealed in the present century. In 
1657 is one marriage 

... .by Alexander Blake justice of peace dwelling in Peterborough. 

At the end of the first book is a list of collections 
at the end of the 17th cent, under certain briefs. Many 
of these are for loss by fire. Some are curious. 

1678. Towards y^ EebuUding of y^ Churche of St Pauls in London 7s. 7d. 
1070 in ye behalf of English Captives in order to their redemption 

out of Turkish slavery, II. 19s. lOd. 

1680 for same, 9s. lid. 

1670 for Great Food (flood) in y^ pai'ts of Kesteven in Lincolnshii'e, 

Is. 8d. 
1672 a loss sustained by fire in y^ sugar manufacture of London 5s. 2d. 



MARHOLM. Q 

In the rectory is preserved a bible once chained to a 
desk in the church. The title is gone, but a calendar 
remains, after which some 20 pages have been cut out. 
It is in black letter, and is dated 1611, as appears from 
the richly engraved title to the new testament. The 
binding is very thick, having metal knobs, and ropes at 
the back. 

The following inventory of goods in this church was 
taken 23 Sept. 1558. The original is in the Record 
office, and a facsimile of the name of this parish in the 
original document is here given, as a specimen of the 
writing. 



vojibM 



It ij Bells and a sctus bell yn y« steple — 

It one vestm* of blake velvett — 

It one other of whytt damaske — It a chalyce of sylv"^ w* a paten pcell 
gyltt — It one crose of Latyn* — It ij alf clothes — It ij sm-pless — It a clothe of sey 
(or fey) — It ij candelstyks of latyn — It one payre of sensars of lattyn — It ij 
crewets of pewf — It one corporas case of grene velvett — It a cope of blake 
velvett and a cope of blake velvett and a nother of blew damaske yn the hands 
of my lady ffitzwyllms — It a vestm* of crymsen velvet and a nother of satyn 
alrygs (?) widyn y<= hands of y^ seid lady — It ij harnyses for ij decons of y^ same 
blew damaske widyn y'= hands of y^ seid lady. 

Amongst benefactors, Francis Adyson, in 1585, left 
by willf Qs. 8d. to the church ; and in the same year 
Tho. Carter left 4^. ; in 1556, Tho. Curteys left Ss. Id, ; 
in 1643, John Wyldbore left his body to be buried in the 
church of Marham in Rutland, and to the poor Qs. Sd. 
In 1638, Wm. Budd left 10/. in the hands of the earl, 
who pays 10s. a year. The Merchant Taylors' Company 
in London pay annually 121. 135. 4J. which is divided 
among the residents in the almshouses, after paying the 
rent. In 1849, Chr. Hodgson left 50/. to keep the tomb 
of his father in repair, the remainder to go to the poor. 
In this and other lists of incumbents those that are 
ascertained to have died in possession of the living are 
marked, d. Those who are known to have resigned are 
marked, r. 

* A composition metal much used for church plate and ornaments. 

t Most of these extracts from old wills have been taken from bishop Kennett's notes, now 
in the British Museum, MS. Lansd. 1028, 1029. 





MAEHOLM. 




KECTOES. 


1217 Gilb, de Preston.^ 




1542 


Hugh de Watervile. 






1271 John de Schardelow. 




1546 


John de Doscrile. 




1565 


1313 Adam de Suthwik. 




1577 


1317 Tho. de Veer. 




1602 


1322 Tho. de Tyrington. 




1613 


1341 David de Wolloure. 




1642 


1342 Eic. de Sandford. 




1670 


W. de Sanford. 




1675 


1361 W. de Sanford, jun. 




1704 


] 382 Eic. de Grymesby. 




1735 


1385 John Noppe, jun. 




1756 


1409 Rob. Kinge. 




1771 


1418 Eic. Taillor. 




1791 


1440 John Bokvyle. 




1849 


John Colvile. 




1854 


1483 Eob. Wolmer. 




1860 


1511 Nich. Messenger, r.2 







Ed. Keble, r. 

Tho. Messenger.^ 

+Tho. Britefelde, d.* 

JTho. Sedgewicke, d. 

+W. Hills, d.s 

+W. LindseU, d. 

Tho. Whitfeild, A.M., r. 

J Sam. Green, A.M., d. 

Piu-beck Halles, A,B., r.® 

JJeremiah Pendelton, d. 

JPaulin Phelips.^ 

JosceljTi Percy, d. * 

Kennett Gibson, A.B., d.^ 

Tho. Layng, A.B., d.io 

Christopher Hodgson, L.L.B. d.^^ 

JJos. W, Harman, A.M., d. 

Constantino B. Yeoman, A.M., r.'^ 

Eob. Shapman C. Blacker, A.B.l' 



For 114 years before Harman the rectors were also 
curates of Castor. On the external wall of Paston chan- 
cel is a tablet to rect. Gibson ; and on a tablet in Castor 
church, rect. Layng- is described as an ^ elegant scholar/ 
a ^ g-ood man/ and a ^ conscientious Minister of the 
Gospel.' The onty memorials at Marholm itself to former 
rectors are a displaced slab to Jeremiah Pendelton, now 
lying" north and south in the nave ; a tablet to Christopher 
Hodg-son on the north wall ; and a plain massive cross, 
S.E. of the chancel, to rect. Harman. In 1592, sir 
Nicholas Messyng-er appears as brother and exec", of 
John Messyng-er of Morcott, Rutl. 

The Church is of various dates. The oldest part is 
the tower, which is massive but very low. Its parapet 
is but a few feet hig-her than the chancel roof. It is so 
exceeding-ly plain that it is hard to assig-n a date to it : 

{ Buried at Marholm. 

1. Also rect. of Achurch, Northants. 

2. First rect. presented by the Fitzwilliam family. 

3. Recuperat. versus Edvardum KebuU nuper possessorem. 

4. His will is dated 2 Feb. 1564. (MS. Lans. 1208.) He leaves his body to be buried in the 
chancel of Marham, ' towards the repayringe thereof xxs — to Alice Ravey my old cloke^to 
every housholder wthin the town of Marham a sti-yke of barley to be given upon my buriaU 

daye and as much upon my seaventh day I gave to my ladye Fitzwilliams my best 

silver spoone I make my supervisor Mr. Mountstevinge.' One of the witnesses is 

Wm. Grene, curate of Paston. 

5. Preb. of Peterborough. 

6. Adm. to the rectory 12 May, 1670, the same day that he was ordained priest. 

7. Also rect. of WooUey, Hunts. 

8. Bm-ied at Peterborough cathedral. 

9. Grandnephew to bishop Kennett. Buried at Paston. 

10. Also rect. of West Deeping. Buried at Castor. 

11. Held the living 58 years. Buried at Castor. 

12. Formerly vie. of Yedingham, Yorkshire : now vie. of Manfield, Yorkshire. 

13. Formerly inc. of Longthorp. 



MARHOLM. 5 

but some features in it seem to point to the early part of 
the 13th cent. It is lit only b}" very narrow lancet 
lio-hts, having- pointed heads ; these are deeply splayed 
within, owing" to the g-reat thickness of the wall, and at 
the inside face have round arches. The arch to the 
nave is now blocked up, and a late acutely pointed door 
has been inserted : the orio-inal strino-course however 
(which was of course not continued over the new work), 
remains on the west wall of the nave, on each side, 
and the arch itself is to be seen from the tower. It has 
a round head, and the masonry is earlier than the date 
above assigned to the tower. Very extensive altera- 
tions were made at the end of the 13th cent. The 
whole church, except the tower, was destroyed ; and a 
new one built, consisting* of chancel, nave, and two 
aisles. At the east end of each aisle was an altar. The 
pillars now remaining* in the church with the arches, and 
the chancel arch, are of this date. So also is a very 
beautiful little window now placed at the S.E. corner of 
the nave, above the recumbent effigy of a knig'ht. It is 
of two lig-hts, and has in the head a qnatrefoil in a circle. 
The external appearance of this window is well seen in 
the view. It is hardly four feet in leng'th. The square- 
headed window to the west of it, of three lights, with 
net-tracery (so called from its resemblance to the meshes 
of a net) is about 40 years later. It has thin cusps, 
which shew that it is earl}^ work. The best example of 
net-tracery in the neighbourhood is the east window of 
the grammar school at Peterborough : but the Marholm 
window is earlier than that. The next great change 
was the enlarg-ement and rebuilding* of the chancel. 
The date of this, within a very few years, is known. In 
1534 it was ' newly edificed ; ' and was therefore built 
within about ten years from that time. It was done 
at the cost of sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, extracts from whose 
will are given below. For so late a date the work is 
very good. On each side of the chancel are two large 
windows of four lights each ; the E. window has five 
lights. The lower part of each light is cinquefoiled. 
The stringcourse, or moulding that runs under the 



G 



MAEHOLM. 



windows, is ung-ainly ; and is the same as that running* 
under the clerestor}^ windows in the nave. Indeed the 
destruction of the aisles probably followed immediately 
upon the dissolution of the chantries. This was in 1545. 
So that about that time the aisles were pulled down, and 
the new moulding'S made similar to those so recently 
made in the chancel. The nave arches were then 
blocked up, and windows inserted under them : two of 
those on the south side being- preserved from the aisles. 
The south porch is still later, probably Elizabethan. It 
has a very acute g-able, which cuts into the moulding- 
under the clerestory windows. It has a round-headed 
door under a square label, of very debased design. The 
corner pinnacles of the tower, which are very ugly, may 
have been added at the same time. The tower and 
chancel are embattled. Over the priest's door, between 
the two south chancel windows, there has been an 
enormous sundial painted. Traces of the letters remaiti, 
and the gnomon itself. Its position is clearly visible in 
the photograph. The buttresses to the chancel are 
placed diagonally : the tower has in lieu of buttresses 
those peculiar means of strengthening* a building used 
in early work, which gives the angles an appearance of 
being overlapped with a thin la3^er of stone ; in this case 
it is hardly more than six inches in thickness. 

Within the church are many features of interest. 
The piers in the nave consist of semi-c3^1indrical shafts. 
Below the capital is a plain fillet surrounding- the whole: 
the capital and this fillet are coloured almost black, 
against the lighter tint of the pier itself, producing a 
good effect. The two windows inserted under the 
blocked arches north of the nave are very poor ; they 
are of the same date as the destruction of the aisles, one 
of them has plain lights without tracery, but the chamfer 
above is scalloped in a singular way ; the other has four- 
centered lights, but no tracery. Both have three lights. 
There are three clerestory windows on each side, of three 
lights each ; all are cinquefoiled, those on the south side 
being somewhat the larger. A few of the original 
benches remain : they have poppies with three heads. 



MARHOLit '^ 

The font is octao'onal, low, on five shafts. Each face 
has a flower and leaf in slight relief, more like a pattern 
on plaister (as is common in Herefordshire churches) 
than a device on stone. On the west wall is a fresco 
decaying- rapidly. There are three fig-ures ; the one to 
the left is S. Catherine, she has long- flowing- locks and a 
■wheel in her hand ; the centre is S. Andrew, as is shewn 
by his cross ; the third seems to be a woman, but is too 
much worn to be identified. Ag'ainst the west wall is 
visible the weatherraould of the old decorated nave, 
showing* the pitch of the roof, which was removed to 
g-ive place to the present perpendicular clerestory. The 
chancel is divided from the nave by an uncouth screen, 
erected it is said upon no aesthetical principles, but to 
support the drapery at the funeral of one of the Milton 
family. The nave roof, though late, is g'ood j the beams 
are well moulded, dividing" the whole roof into squares. 
The chancel roof is ceiled. On the sill of the S.E. nave 
window is a cariosity. It is a wooden hoop, hardly a 
foot in diameter, with two bands crossing* each other at 
right ang*les above it, and attached to it, forming* a 
sort of open crown. It is coloured black and white. 
This was once a funeral g*arland. The ribs were adorned 
with paper flowers and other ornaments ; and it was the 
custom to carry s*ach g*arlands at the funerals of unmar- 
ried girls, and to leave them in the church as memorials. 
Several still remain in Derbyshire churches with their 
ornaments complete.* In the chancel are some remains 
of the achievements and armour of the Fitzwilliams. 
The bars that supported them remain, but most of the 
decrrations themselves have vanished. A few banners 
in rag's, a g-auntlet and spur, two swords, one of which 
is kept in the chest, and two helmets, the upper one of 
which a bird seems to have utilised for a nest, are all 
that are now left. The chancel windows have borders of 
stained g-lass, and fragments of coats of arms, &c., in 
the central lights. The east window has many Fitz- 
william shields with a g'olden fleur-de-lys in the centre. 
In the S.E. window is the rebus of abbot Kirton, a 

In Chambers' Book of Days, i, 273, is an engraving of five garlands still hanging from 
the roof of the church at Ashford-in-the-water. 



g MAEHOLM. 

church standmg- on a yellow tun, with the letter R on it. 
It has been turned round so as not to be seen properly 
from within. He was abbot of Peterboroug"h, and built the 
new building* and the deanery gateway : over the doors of 
this g-ateway is to be seen the same rebus carved in stone. 
The beams of the belfry have been well restored. 
There is but one bell thus inscribed, with ornaments 
between the words : 

TOBY NORRIS CAST ME 1673. 

This seems to be intended for a jing-ling" rhyme. 

Four MONUMENTS in the chancel possess g-reat interest. 
The earliest is dated 1534, and is in the N.E. corner. 
It has a canopy supported by twisted iron bars and stone 
spiral shafts. At the back are brasses of a knight and 
his lady heraldically dressed in the Fitzwilliam colours. 
A scroll with the motto proljilrere iic|!l^as proceeds from 
the mouth of each. The inscription is 

^nr MgUram ^fit^txiDlItams |lm5:Ijt btcessgb tl^t 
if bane of §.u0ust m tijc xxn ^txt of #r sobm^aun lorbij 
laijngc Jjnvru i\n bxn m mxixo but mcaca'mtri, anb 
Inctlj bcuricb luiber ihp iomht. 

An interpolated inscription in the centre, destroying- 
the unity of the memorial, records its restoration in 
1G74. This knig"ht rebuilt the chancel. He was an 
alderman of London and sheriff in 1506. He rebuilt 
g'reat part of S. Andrew Undershaft, in London, at his 
own cost. He had been one of the retainers of cardinal 
Wolse}^, and received him at Milton house. The following- 
copious extract from his will, dated 28 May, and proved 
5 Sept., 1534, is taken from Nicolas's Testamenta 
Yetusta, p. 665. The name Marham is there erroneously 
printed Masham. He describes himself as WiUiam 
Fitz William, the elder. 

My body to be buried in tlie new chancel at Marham in the said county of 
Northampton, which I have of late caused to be made and newly edificed there ; 
and I will that my executors cause a tomb of marble to be made there, with a 
scripture making mention of my name, as shall be devised by my executors ; 
and I will that wherever I happen to decease within the realm of England, my 

corpse be conveyed to the said chancel of Marham If I happen to decease 

in London, I bequeath vL to the five orders of friars within that city, viz. the 
(jrey Friars, the Black Friars, Augustine Friars, White Friars, and the Crossed 
Friars, to the intent that they shall bring forth my corpse (if I decease there) 
out of the liberties of the said city, and to have in each of the said places a 



MARHOLM. 9 

trental of masses ; to the four orders of friars at Stamford, if they be at my 
burial at Marham iv I. they saying a trental of masses, in every of their places, 

for my soul and all Christian souls ; to the marriages of poor maidens, cL 

sterling. . . .to the poor scholars within the Universities of Oxfoi-d and Cambridge 
xlI. to be distributed by the advice of two Doctors of Divinity, and xxxZ. amongst 
poor people. . . .to the Prior and Convent of Clerkenwell, in London, xl. to have 
a dirige and mass for my soul within their monastery. 

West of this is a monstrous erection, so lar^e as to 
block up one li^ht of each of the windows on the north 
side. It is to earl Fitzwilliam, 1719, and his wife Anna, 
1727. Their imag-es stand erect, and the whole is pro- 
tected by railings. In a lengthy inscription the earl is 
described as one 

Qui aulam omare poterat Euri latere maluit. 

This monument was put up by their only son, earl John, 
who (for with this pious sentiment the whole is concluded) 

Pietatis ergo et Obsequij haec parentavit. 
Jacob : Fisher de Camberwell Fecit. 

On the south is an altar tomb with coloured effigies to 
sir Wm. Fitzwilliam and his lady. It is dated 1599. 
He is represented in armour ; according- to the inscrip- 
tion he was ^ Lord Leiutenant of ye Kincrdom of 
Ireland.' West of this is a small marble pillar, 1646, to a 
son of lady Fitzwilliam. The curious inscription, depre- 
cating wanton destruction by iconoclasts, is as follows : 

Grassante bello civili. 

To the courteous souldier. 
Noe crucifixe you see, noe Frightful Brand 
Of suptition's here. Pray let mee stand. 

In the nave are two slabs to former rectors already 
noticed. A third, which cannot now be deciphered, 
seems to be the same as that mentioned by Bridg-es, as 
lying- in the churchyard, the inscription of which he 
g-ives thus : 

Jic jacet |loIjaiuies MgtfDlbgri; qm ahni bin. bic 
P;an, %a. gttt midimn. aa. ^ujus ab prtbtur g^iis. 

Bridges also speaks of a stone to John Whitfeld, of 
Yarmouth, dated 1631. 

The Churchyard has for so small a villag-e a g-reat 
number of altar tombs, mostly near the south porch. 
Two stones only remain of 17th cent, date ; one to 
Joseph Bull, and one to Elizabeth Turner, the latter on 



-iQ CASTOR. 

a small stone south of the path, both of 1692. At the 
west end are a ^reat many from the household at Milton. 
The versification is strang-er than usual even on tomb- 
stones. An example is appended. 

Engrave no flattery on our stone 

Man is by nature lost : 
Salvation is by grace Alone, 
Then what have we to cost. 

This was in 1844. Recently a few simple headstones, 
that speak by their form to the christian's faith and hope, 
have been placed about the churchyard. 



Castor, 



This villaofe is four miles from Peterborouo-h. The 
noble church is in a commanding- position on the slope of 
a hill, the villag^e itself nestling- around it. The name 
has remained unaltered, except in spelling-, from the time 
of the Romans. Their city of Durobrivse was on each 
side of the river : both villages, Castor and Chesterton, 
bear in their names evidence of the castra, or camp. The 
only variations seem to have been Caster, Caister, 
Castre ; the last being- by far the most common. Great 
part of the camp itself is easily to be traced : and in the 
church3^ard and rectory walls are fragments of Roman 
masonry. 

The living has a special interest for this diocese, since it 
was for 218 years attached to the bishoprick, and held in 
commendam with it. The list of rectors therefore for that 
time, with the exception of an intruder during the com- 
monwealth, is simply a list of the bishops of Peterborough. 
The dedication of the church, to S. Kyneburgha, is 
believed to be unique. She was the third of four daugh- 
ters of Penda, king of the Mercians. Their names and 
careers may be found in MS. Lansd. 1025. She alone, 
of the four, was mnrried. Her husband was Alfred, king 
of Northumbria. She founded a convent at Castor, then 
called Dormumdceastre, and presided over it : here she 




CASTOR. 



CASTOR. 11 

died and was buried. The church she built in the year 
650. In the beginning* of the 11th cent, her body, and 
that of her sister S. Kyniswitha, were removed by abbot 
Elsinus to Peterborough. The monks used to keep the 
anniversary of their ' translation' on the 7th of March. 
A shrine was placed over their bodies : and Mr. Bloxam, 
a great authority in sepulchral lore, who read a paper on 
the monumental remains of the cathedral at the meeting 
of the Archoeological Institute, in 1861, was of opinion 
that the stone now preserved in the new building was a 
sculptured monument erected over the relics of these 
saints. It is commonly accounted a memorial of abbot 
Hedda, 870 : but the details of the stone do not warrant 
so early a date being assigned to it. It is certainly not 
older than the 11th cent., which date would ag'ree with 
that of the removal of the bodies from Castor : for Elsinus 
was abbot 1005 — 1055. A ridge in Castor field is still, 
it is said, known as lady Connyburrow's way ; an evident 
corruption of Kjmeburgha. The patronage of the living 
was in the convent, till its dissolution : it has since been 
in the bishop. Its value in 1254, and in 1291, was 
36/. 6s. 8d ; at the earlier taxation the sacrist had a 
pension of 5l ; at the later the abbot had a pension of 5/, 
and a portion of SI. 6s. 8d ; the sacrist had 3/. 165. 8^. 
and the subsacrist 51. In the king's books the full value 
was 58/. 85. 4fZ, and the only deductions were the abbot's 
51. and 10s. 9d. for the archdeacon's fees. 

The Registers are in excellent order. The earliest 
dates from 1538. The entries up to 1598 are copied 
from an older book, attested on each page by the curate 
and churchwardens. This is done in Latin, except once 
as follows : 

It agreetb with the originall as witnesseth Edward Stokes, Curat, &c. 

A great man}^ extracts from this book made by bishop 
Kennett, who was rector, are to be seen in the British 
Museum, MS. Lansd. 991. On the left of the page is a 
column for the year, on the right for the year of the 
reigning sovereign. In 1654 the questionable custom 
prevailed of giving the ages of brides. There are many 
entries of the Fitzwilliam family, their seat being in the 
parish. Of others but few possess general interest : 



12 



CASTOE. 



1609. 24 Aug. (buried) Sir Robert Wingfield. 

1654. 14 May (baptised) Nathaniel the son of Edmond Spinks Minister. 

1656. 12 Dec. (buried) Ann Chaplin widow & gentlewoman. 

1709. 10 May. Robert King son of Tho : King privately baptiz'd by a 

Presbyterian Parson. 
1720. 10 Apr. Old Goody Bate of Castor bur. 

Araong-st unusual christian names occurring- in this 
volume may be cited, Ananias, Athanasius, Israel, 
Penitent, Yertue. Nathaniel Spinks, whose baptismal 
reg-ister is here quoted, was afterwards rector of Peakirk, 
and became a celebrated nonjuring* bishop. At the end 
of the volume is a list of collections on briefs for the 
years 1690 — 1715. Amongst them are : 

i69|. 22 Jan. For John Clopton of y« city of Norwiche who 

sufferred great casualtye by sea 00 03 07 

1693. 11 Oct. For the French Protestants 19 01 

1699. 17 Apr. For y« Vaudois and French Refugees in 

Switzeriand 03 06 00| 

1700. 11 Aug. For ye Captives at Machanes 01 02 10 

1701. 14 Sep. For Ely Cathedral 00 05 04ob. 

1702. 12 May. For Chester Cathedral 00 07 02 

170i. 20 Feb. For y^ Refugees of ye Principality of Orange 11 li 
1704. 13 Aug. For y^ wives and children of seamen y* 

perish'd in y^ storme 13 10^ 

1715. 13 July. For ye Cowkeeper's Brief 02:16:06 

Most of the collections were for churches. 

The churchwardens' books are preserved only from 
about 1770. They are remarkable chiefly for the repeated 
payments for destruction of sparrows and hedg-ehog-s. 
As a specimen the following* may be taken : 

1781. 5 Nov. paid the boys for makeing the Bumfire 6 

1787. 11 May. P<i M"" Coke for Larg Prayer Books for the 

church 1 1 

1798. 18 May. P* Robert Shelstone for 1 Dozen of spar 2 

Mr Bates Boy 1 Dozen of spar : 1 doz : of Eggs 3 

Mopsey's Boy a young Hedge hog 2 

Perkins Cobley an old d° 4 

The constable's books are preserved from 1720, Both 
these and the churchwardens' accounts are being" 
g-radually destroyed by the damp. Some of the items 
are amusing- : 

1737. 28 Oct. for Returning a worren (warrant) James Dawkins . . 1 

John Clark for wiping (whipping) on him 00 6 

7 May. Paid to the Molecatcher 1 10 00 

1739. 6 Feb. for going to Peterborough Myself and Horse to 

attend the execution of Elizabeth Winchley ........ 2 

1747. 1 Dec. For going to foch the boy home in my cart that 

was left in our feild in the Sno 5 

1759. 27 Feb. For returning a warrant to prevent y® Cox being 

hoUed at on Srove Tewsday 1 

The storm mentioned amono- the briefs occurred 27 



CASTOR. 1Q 

Nov. 1703, and was most destructive. The first 
Eddy stone lighthouse (the wooden one b}^ Winstanley) 
was destroyed by it, the unhappy inventor being- in it 
at the time. The fleet just returned from the Mediter- 
ranean suffered great loss, and it is to this the brief 
doubtless refers. The loss of officers and men was given 
at 1500. Their widows were ultimately pensioned as 
if the men had died in action. 

The custom of throwing at cocks on Shrove Tuesday 
was very general, particularly in schools : and in some 
cases the master's stipend was augmented by a tax 
upon the scholars for providing the sport. In Brand's 
Antiquities the custom is said to have been retained at 
Heston, in Middlesex, till 1791. We see the good 
people of Castor were long before that time, anxious to 
abolish a custom so cruel. 

The inventory of church furniture in 1558, shews 
how well the church was then supplied. The curate's 
name was sir John Smyth. 

ffirst in y^ steple iiij grete bellys. Itm in the same a sanctus bell. Itm 
two hand belles, Itm two chaleces pcell gylt of sylv'. Itm one chalece of 
sylv' doble gylt. Itm one cross with a fote of cop' and gylt. Itm a holy wat' 
stocke of brass. Itm two small candelstyks of latyn. Itm one cope of black 
velvett. Itm one cope of tawny velvett. Itm one whyt cope of taffa 
damaske brodered wth tawny tatfa. Itm one other whyt cope of taffa 
damaske. Itm one other whyt cope of whyt fustyan. Itm one vestment of 
crymsyn velvett. Itm two dalmatyks of old crymsyn velvett for the deacon and 
subdeacon. Itm one vestment called the golden vestment. Itm one hole 
shute^ of vestments of whyt tafifa^ damask. Itm one good vestment of red and 
gryne sylke. Itm one olde vestment of whyt taffada mask. Itm one old vest- 
ment of crymsjTi satyn. Itm one old vestment of red sylke. Itm two vest- 
ments of grene dornyx.* Itm one pall of corse gold worke. Itm a hangyng 
of an alt' of red sylke w*'' a frenge of whyt damask. Itm a rare cloth of whyt 
sylke. Itm a freng^ for an alt' of red and purple velvett. Itm a cross staff of 
cop and gylt w^^ was delyv^i on to Doctor ap harry and Sir Thomas bolt is 
his executor. Itm ij kercheffs. Itm a bybell and the paphrases.^ Itm iiij 
corporas w*** two clothes. Itm iij old red sylke coshyns ^ Itm iij alt' clothes 
of diap. Itm vij other of flaxen. Itm iij diap towels whereof Doct' ap harry 
had one. Itm iiij playne bowels.^ Itm iij flaxen shets.^ Itm an old freng 
for an alt' of red sylke. Itm a crose clothe of sylke. Itm a pyx of copar w*'' 
doct' ap harry had and Sir Thomas hys executor. Itm j sens'"^ of brase. Itm 
ij cruetts of leade. Itm ij grayte candellstyks of latyn sold for xviij^i wych was 
putt in y^ pore mens box. 

It will be seen from the following list that doctor ap 
Harry mentioned in this inventory had been rector. 

1. Foot of copper. 2. Whole suit, meaning a chasuble and two tunieles. 3. Taffeta, a 
thin silk stuff. 4. Damix or dernyche : in the dictionary of the Academy defined as ' drap 
de Tournay,' Tournay cloth. 5. Fringe. 6. The paraphrase of Erasmus. 7. Cushions. 
8. Bowls. 9. Linen Cloths for Holy Communion. lU. Censer. 

2 



14 



CASTOR. 



The only benefaction recorded in the church is that of 
Mr. Robert Wrig-ht, who left lands in Norfolk yielding 
52s. a year, for 12 penny loaves to be g;iven every week 
to 12 poor people. For many years this bequest was 
entirely neglected ; 19 loaves are now g-iven. Many 
sums have been left by will to the church ] in 1499 Bob. 
Mayden left ^d. to the high altar for tythes forgotten, 
and to the guild of the Blessed Virgin in Castor his croft 
on the hill and all its belongings ; in 1557 Joanna More 
left 4^. to the high altar and M. to the bells ; in the 
same year Thurstan Kerby bequeathed 

to the high Aulter of Castor a strike of barley and to the bells ii strike of 
barley. Item I give to the Churche for my buriall iii^ iiii^- Item I give to the 
churche a cowe willing that her first caulfe may be rered to mayntayne the 
churche and releve the povertie in the towne and to the end that ther may be every 
yere my anniversary kept with masse and dirige and a peale ronge for my soul. 

And the will of Eob. Curteys the elder, in 1544, has a 
clause too curious to be omitted. He leaves his body to 
be buried in the N. aisle, 

to thighe aulter iii^ iiii'J to the sepulcre lyght iii^ iiii* to the beUs xii"* to the 
mother church of Peterborough iiii^- Item to the behove of my paryshe church 
of Castor x^- Item I bequeth to Robert Curteys my son vi^ viii"* for to fynde a 
certen lampe in the church so that yt may at the yeeres ende be made as good 
by the occupacyon thereof as yt was in the begynninge soo longe as he lyst to 
kepe itt or else to lett some other have ytt that will occupy ytt of the same man- 
ner soo that I wyll nott ytt shulde dekay or peryshe. 



RECTORS. 


1228 Virgihus, d. 


1459 


1210 WiU. de Burgo, 




Pet. de Augusta, d. 


1460 


1287 Job. de Affordeby, d.i 


1466 


1314 Will, de Melton, r.2 


1466 


1316 Rog. de Northburgh. 


1474 


1317 Rog. de Nassington. 


1477 


1320 Joh. de Aslakeby. 


1477 


1336 Hen. de Edenford. 


1490 


1340 Alex, de Ormesby, L.L.D. 


1506 


1345 Rob. Swetman de Dodyngton 




1355 Joh. de Wilford. 


1543 


1355 Gervas. Warde. 


1544 


Rob. de Austhorp. 


1546 


1372 Ric. de Leycester. 


1549 


Will. Borstall. 


1561 


1378 *Tho. Hervy. 


1600 


1383 Tho. PykweU. 


1613 


1385 Joh. de Langeford. 


1629 


Ralph Repyngham, d.^ 


1632 


1416 Will. Kynwolmersh.'* 


1633 


1410 Tho. Winston, L.L.D. 


1634 


Ric. Raynhill, r.^ 


1639 


1449 Will. Witham, L.L.D., r.^ 


1646 



John Colynson, r. 

*Tho. Harby, d. 

Joh. Sybely, d. 

Will. Wytham, L.L.D., r. 

+ Tho. Tanfield, S.T.B., d.' 

Tho. Dalyson. 

Tho. Blencho. 

Joh. Palady, L.L.B., d.^ 

Hen. Rudde, L.L.D., d.9 

Joh. Gayton, d. 

Joh. Marys. 

Augustine Dudley, d.^** 

Hug. Rawlj-ns, A.M." 

*Joh. ap Harry, L.L.D., d.'^ 

Will Jeffery, L.L.D.i^ 

Chr. Hodgeson. A.B., d.» 

Laur. Stanton, S.T.P., d." 

+Tho. Dove, A.M., d.i« 

Wamer Marshall, A.M., A}* 

Will. Peirse, S.T.P., r. 

Augustine Lindsay, S.T.P.,r. 

+Fr. Dee, S.T.P., d. 

+Joh. Towers, S.T.P., deprived. 

Edm. Spinkes, deprived.'^ 



CASTOK. 



15 



indO Benj, Lanev, S.T.P., r. 
ir.C3 Jos, Heushaw, S.T.P., d. 
1079 Will. Lloyd, S.T.P., r, 
1G85 The. White, S.T.P., deprived. 
1691 {Ric. Cumberland, S.T.P., d. 
1718 JWhite Kennett, S.T.P., d. 
1728 JEob. Clavering, S.T.P., d. 
1747 Job. Thomas, S.T.P., r. 
1757 Eic. Terrick, S.T.P., r. 



17G4 Rob. Lamb, L.L.D., r. 
1769 JJoh, Hinchcliffe, S.T.P., d. 
1794 JSpencer Madan, S.T.P., d. 
1813 Joh. Parsons, S.T.P., d. 
1819 +Herb. Marsh, S.T.P., d. 
1839 +Geo. Davys, S.T.P., r. 
1851 *Geo. Andrew, A.M., d. 
1864 Joh. Jas. Beresford, S.T.B.is 



Of the eio-hteen bishops, whose names are here given 
as rectors of Castor^ brief notices will be found in the 
notes on the cathedral. 

The Church is cruciform. It consists of chancel, 
nave with aisles and clerestory, N. door and S. porch, 
N. and S. transepts, the latter with an eastern aisle, and 
central tower and spire. Nearly all the details of this 
church are of great beauty ; but the Norman work, 
especially the tower, is by far the richest work of its date 
in the neighbourhood, and is probably not surpassed by 
any parish church in the kingdom. We are fortunate in 
possessing accurately the date of the earlier part of the 
building. A dedication stone, removed from the Norman 
chancel, has been rebuilt into the wall over the priest's 
door. The stone is still quite legible ; it reads thus : 

XV° KL' 

MAI DEDICA 

TIO HVI' ECL'E 

AD MC XXllll 

* Buried at Castor. 

t Buried at Peterborough cathedral. 

1. Formerly rect. of Polebrook. 

2. There was a vie. of Pightesley of this name 1306 — 10, and a vie. of Wedon, 1347 — 49. 

3. Preb. of Lichfield and Sarum, also dean of S. Adde, collegiate church, Salop. 

4. Presented by abp. of Canterbury : he was dean of S. Martin's, London, and buried iu 
the cloister there. In 1422 he was aiipointed ' Domini Kegis Thesaurarius.' Bridges gives 
two successive rectors of this same name. 

5. Also rect. of Stanwick and Paston. 

6. Ai-chdn. of Stow, 1464, dn. of S. Mary, Leicester, 1462. 

7. Also rect. of Harpole and Gavton. 

8. Kect. of Arthing^vorth, 1461, Holcot, 1496, Weston FaveU, 1470, Blisworth, 1473. Also 
warden of Wajipenham, 1470 — 90, and there buried, ' nuper Gardianus hujus Ecclesie.' 

9. Rect. of Weston Coville, Camb., 1478, Cottingham, 1486, Pitchley. 1487, Downham, Camb., 
1490. Also vie. gen. and comm. of Ely diocese. In his will he directs his body to be 
buried at Biu'y S. Edmiinds ' before S. Christopher.' He left 50L to Peterborough monastery, 
and legacies for vestments to Castor. 

10. Fuller mentions Dudley as a reputed martyr, ' yet on enquiry, his sufferings amounted 
not to loss of life.' There was but one martyr in the county, John Hm'd, a shoemaker, of 
Syresham, bm-nt at Northampton, 1557. 

11. He assisted in drawing up articles against Ferrar, bp. of S. Da\'id's, ultimately burnt at 
Carmarthen, 1555. 

12. Princ. of Broadgate Hall, Osf., chancellor of Llandaif and Peterborough, and archdn. 
of Northampton. 

13. Archdn. of Northampton, chancellor of Sarum. 

14. Preb. of Peterborough. 

15. Dn. of Lincoln, and rect. of Uffington, Line. Buried at Ufflngton, where is a monu- 
ment to him in alabaster and marble. 

16. Archdn. of Northampton, preb. of Peterborough. 

17. Also rect. of Orton Longuoville. Ejected under the Act of Uniformity. 

18. Formerly fellow of S. John's, Camb., and precentor of Peterborough. 



16 



CASTOR. 



Free from abbreviations this would read, * Quinto decimo 
kalendas Maias dedicatio hujus ecclesige anno Domini 
mcxxiiii ;' or in Eng-lish, ^The dedication of this church 
was on the 17th of April, 1124/ On this stone Mr. 
Paley remarks 

Though this date, 1124, is not incompatible with the style of the church, it 
cannot be relied on, as the last figures seem to have been cut by a later hand, 
and they are incised instead of standing in relief. 

The last figures appear even to have been carved in the 
present century ; for Kerrich* has preserved some etch- 
ing-s of this church, and he remarks that over the south 
door there is an 

Inscription with a date, of which date only 2 letters M C . . . now remain. 

That the date now g-iven on the stone is correct we 
have collateral evidence. In Gunton, and in the MS. 
Lansd., this extract from the chronicle is given : 

1124, Hoc anno Ecclie de Castre solenniter ab Epo. Line, consecrata est. . . . 
Sub eodem nempe tempore quo Alexaud. Line. Epus. ecclesiam S. Petri de Burgo 
de novo instauratam dedicasse memoratur, presentibus Abbatibus de Thorneia 
Croylandia Eamesia &c. 

The church so consecrated consisted without doubt of 
a plain cross, with central tower and south porch, and 
most probably an eastern apse. The Rev. O. Davys, who 
described this church at the meeting- of the Archaeological 
Institute, in 1801, conjectures that the tower was orig"i- 
nally capped by a pyramidal roof. AVhen the aisles were 
added, the outer door of the S. porch was flush with the 
walls of the aisle, and there it still remains, forming- the 
inner door of the new porch. These aisles also of course 
abutted against the AV. walls of the transepts, so that 
the windows there had to be blocked. One of these win- 
dows in part remains, and is to be seen within the church 
from the S. aisle. The arch which was opened from the 
aisle into the transept, cut through part only of one of 
the transept windows, and enough of it remains to 
shew the character of the windows throughout the Nor- 
man church. They were small and round-headed, and 
had a double billet moulding all round. A larger rem- 
nant of a similar window is to be seen on the N. side of 



*T, * Brit. Mus Add. MSS. 6750. The date is about 1795—1800. Other notes and sketches of 
the church, but of no great value, are to be found in Essex's Collection, Add. MSS. 9769. The 
spire IS there said to be of ' an ill proportion.' 



CASTOE. 17 

the N. transept externally. The S. door already spoken 
of is of the same character ; it has two rows of billets^ 
and one of nailheads. It is supported by two ^ood shafts 
with enriched cushion capitals. At the W. end is another 
Norman window, distorted in the head. Here the junc- 
tion of the Norman masonry of the nave, with the early 
English ^vork of the S. aisle, is plainly observable. On 
each side of the present porch, in the aisle walls, can be 
seen the weathermould which formed the g-able of the 
orig'inal Norman porch. Into the W. wall of this porch 
is built an old head, part of a Norman corbel table. 
Under the W. end of S. transept roof is a larg-e corbel 
table, partly Norman. Near the E. end of the S. chan- 
cel wall is inserted a ram's head, which mig-ht easily 
escape notice. Over the S. door is a fig-ure apparently in 
the act of blessing- j it is not possible to identif}'' the 
object in the left hand. It is of Norman date, and was 
removed to its present position when the aisles were added. 
These are all the remains of the Norman church except 
the g-lorious tower. This stands on four massive piers, 
the capitals and bases of which have been restored. Two 
capitals of the N.E. pier are new, the old ones having- 
been destroyed to make room for a monument now remo- 
ved into the chancel. The carving* on these capitals is very 
rich and quaint. Here can be seen lions, boars, drag-ons, 
hounds, g-oats, and men. On the N. and E. sides, exter- 
nally, are visible the weathermoulds that shew the pitch 
of the roofs : the S. transept retains its orig-inal pitch. 
There are two stag-es above the roofs. All the walls are 
covered with rich desig-ns. The ornaments are partly 
scallops, partly zig-zag-s. The lower stag-e has windows 
of two lig'hts, blocked on three sides. They have irreg-ular 
zig-zag's of striking- desig-n. The upper stag-e is an arcade 
of five arches, three being- belfry windows. The corbel 
table dividing" the stag-es has heads like those on the S. 
transept. The whole is surmounted by a spire of the 
14th cent. At its foot is a cumbrous parapet, the corner 
pinnacles being- unfinished. The outline of the tower and 
spire is not pleasing-, for the spire is too tall to be consi- 
dered as a mere pyramidal capping-, such as the Normans 



CASTOR. 



18 

used^ and far too short for the size of the tower itself. 
There are two rows of spire lig'hts, the heads beings 
square-sided ; the upper row is very near the summit of 
the spire, and this arrang-ement, combined with small 
o-ttbled niches which are between the windows, g-ive the 
spire a stunted look. 

The state of the fabric within is only less worthy of 
attention than the external work. The aisles are sepa- 
rated from the nave by three arches, those on the south 
side being' the earlier. These have round piers and arches, 
and the nailhead ornament in the capitals shews the early 
date of this work, about 1250. The arch to the S. 
transept is of the same date. Above this arch is the 
weathermould shewing* the pitch of the first aisle roof, 
this was raised in later times, possibly when most of the 
windows were inserted. The door of this aisle has round 
it this inscription cut on the wood : 

© RICARDVS BEBY RECTOR ECCLECIE DE CASTRE FECIT. 

No rector of this name occurs in the reg"isters of the 
bishop or elsewhere ; but Richard Beleby, in the 14th 
cent, was vicar of Whittlesey S. Mary, and with him 
this door may be connected. Over the arch between the 
nave and tower are two coats of arms painted on the 
plaister, of no antiquity. The nave roof is g-ood thoug'h 
of low pitch. It has been well restored. Ang-els with 
outspread wing's on the roof itself hold shields. The 
wall-pieces have smaller fig-ures. Of the transepts that 
to the south is much the more spacious. It has three 
windows, one of three lights, with plain circles in the 
heads. It seems they had orig-inally quatrefoils in these 
circles that have been knocked out. The eastern aisle to 
this transept has two windows with plain intersecting- 
tracery. The vestry is now here. An arch opening- into 
the chancel is early English, but later than the chancel, 
one of its windows having- been destro3^ed when the arch 
was made. This arch was blocked until the recent res- 
toration in 1851. The chancel is raised five steps. It is 
completely of 13th cent, date, except the east window, 
which is an ug-ly insertion. There are four g-ood lancets, 
all deeply splayed j the east window had a triple lancet, 



CASTOR. ig 

remains of which are visible without in the deep hollow 
mouldings on each side of the present window, which 
terminate abruptly at the spring" of the arch. There are 
two broad sedilia with round arches supported on a corbel, 
and a double piscina, very richly carved with the dog'- 
tooth, with marble shafts and octag'onal basons ; another 
cinquefoiled piscina on the N. side has been removed 
thither, it has a sing-ular little square flue. At the east 
end of the south side is a segmental arch with part of a 
floriated cross beneath ; opposite is a similar arch, per- 
haps a credence. The N. transept is raised above the 
nave floor. It is quite separated from the aisle by a 
stone screen, restored, which held the image and shrine 
of S. Kyneburgha. This shrine consists now of open 
quatrefoils below supporting- a series of niches, the cen- 
tral one of which has a pedestal for the figure of the 
Saint. The whole composition w as the reredos behind 
the altar of the N. aisle. An embattled staircase in the 
N. transept leads to the bells. The roof is flat and low ; 
above it is a curious chamber, doubtless once occupied by 
the priest. It has a fair perpendicular roof with wall 
pieces and corbels, tAVO of which are lost. Good figures 
remain here, similar to those in the nave roof. Here is 
a sturdy little chest, some three feet long", once the alms- 
box. In the N. aisle is a double aumbry, where relics 
may have been preserved. Here are two decorated win- 
dows of three and five lights, with square heads and net 
tracery. The nave arcade on this side has octagonal 
piers and pointed arches. At the west end is preserved 
a fresco. Part only can be clearly made out : this repre- 
sents the martyrdom of S. Catherine. The W. nave 
window is decorated, of three lights, and has a foreig'n 
look. Each of the transepts has a blocked door. The 
seats throughout are low and open ; in the nave the 
ancient custom of dividing the sexes is retained. 

The belfry arrangements are very good ; the birds are 
kept out by wire. H ere are six bells, all inscribed, but 
in two cases the inscriptions are repeated. The first two 
have plain round discs between the words j the third and 
fourth have flowers. 



QQ CASTOR. 

1, 2 HENRICUS BAGLEY NOS FECIT 1700 

3, 4 HENRY BAGLEY OF ECTON MADE MEE 1700 

5 CANTATE DOMINO CANTICUM NOVUM HENRICUS 

ME FECIT 1700 

6 I TO THE CHVRCH THE LIVING CALL AND TO 

THE GRAVE DO SUMMON ALL HENRY BAGLEY 
MADE ME 1700 

In the view of Castor church from the S.E., which is 
that given in the photog-raph^ may be seen several features 
of interest. Of Norman w^ork is the tower, the figure 
over the S. porch, and the dedication stone over the 
priest's door in the chancel ; of pure earty English is 
the S. door, and the S. wall of the chancel, including" the 
lofty lancet ; of g-eometric work is the S. transept, dating- 
about 1850, the hig-h-pitched roof of which gives it a 
dig-nity of external effect far exceeding- that of the chan- 
cel or nave ; while of pure decorated work of the 14th 
cent, may be reckoned the spire with its open parapet, the 
S.E. chancel window of 3 lights, and apparently the 
clerestory windows of the nave. The cross at the west 
end of the nave, just visible over the roof, is a singular 
one ; it is simply a pointed quatrefoil cut out of a square. 

The earliest Monumental remains are without name 
or date. ^ Part of a rich cross lies under an arch east of 
the sedilia -, and in the S. transept is a coped coffin-lid, 
apparently of 13th cent, work, having- under a trefoiled 
canopy a head with hands raised in prayer. There are 
more recent tablets on the walls to members of these 
families : Cole, Simpson, Bate, Layng- (rector of Mar- 
holm), AVhite, Wrig-ht. The Eev. Stephen White, L.L.D., 
whose tablet is in the chancel, was vicar of Laving'ton, 
Line, and rector of Conning-ton, Hunts., for 50 years. 
He died 1824; his descendants live in the parish. The 
Wrig-hts have resided here for more than a century. On 
a stone to a member of this family, in 173G, Horace is 
quoted in attestation of his virtues, 

Multis ille bonis flebilis occidit. 

No inscription remains earlier than 1672. Of this date 
is one in the chancel of a lozeng-e shape in black marble ; 



CASTOR. 2 1 

above is a coat of arms, and a wreath in clunch surrounds 
these words : 

Gualfridus Hawkins Thomre Hawkins de hac Parochia Gen. Filius De Coll. 
Trin. Cant, olim alumnus Artium omnium prresertim Mathematicarura magister 
hie nuper sacerdotio fideliter functus, In Coilis perpetuo filisiter perfuncturus 
Ascendit. Die Martij 8 A° 1G72.* 

He must have been curate to bishop Henshaw. Many 
stones on the floor are inscribed, but there are none very 
old. There is a sing-ular rhyming- one in the S. transept. 
The following" is on the floor within the altar rails, now 
in great part obliterated : 

Ann Selby d' of William Coo of Cranford wife of Michael Selbj of this 
place, gent ; who exchanged^this temporary life for life immortal in the heavens 
December the 23* 1695. She often repeated she had rather be a door-keeper in 
the house of her God than to dwell in the tents of wickedness. So these words 
were the subject of her funei'al sermon by her own appointment. 

In the Churchyard is part of a Saxon cross. Near 
the porch is an old font. In the external S. wall of the 
church are two low sepulchral arches ; a stone coffin, on 
its side, is beneath one. A g'ood coffin lid with a raised 
cross is nearly concealed in the grass on the N. side. On 
the wall of the churchyard are remains of many more : 
close to the N.W. g-ate is a very sing-ular one, quite per- 
fect ; and in the middle of the wall is one with a black 
letter inscription, but broken and imperfect. 

On 4 June, 1795, the tower was struck by lig-htning-; 
the clock and ' clock-house ' were destroyed ; and tlie 
damag'e being- estimated at nearly 40/. a rate of 8d. was 
g-ranted for the repairs. The present clock cost 84/., 
and was put up in 1818. 



* This is given not quite accurately in Clement's Church Notes in the British Museum, 
Add. MSS. 11,425. 



22 



PETERBOROUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. 



The ancient parish of Peterboroug'h has recently been 
divided into four distinct parishes ; the church for one of 
these is the old chapel of ease, at Longthorpe, while for 
the remaining" two new churches have been built. It will 
follow from this that the notes referring* in reality to the 
four parishes as now existing*, will be found for the most 
part in the account of the mother church : to it all the 
registers and other documents belong", and to it exclusively 
all ancient memoranda refer. 

The present name of the city has been attained by 
deg"rees. Originally Medehamsted, or Medesham- 
STED, (a name that seems to describe itself, since mede 
is a meadow, ham a home, and stead a place ;) the 
I'evived importance of the town after the restoration of 
the monastery in the 10th cent, is said to have originated 
the name Burg, or Burgfj ; in Domesday book it is 
called Burg ; from this it was changed to Gilden- 
BURGH, or the Golden Borough, from the increasing 
wealth of the monastery ; and from this to Burgh S. 
Peter, from the dedication of the church, and so to 
its present form. The variation in spelling the last 
syllable has apparently been guided by the fashion of 
the time in spelling- the common word ^ borough.' In 
a document of the 14th cent, preserved in the Bodleian, 
(quoted in Gent. Mag. 3 Ser. xii. 60,) giving a few- 
characteristics of Enghsh towns, Peterborough has a bad 
name. ' Orgoyl de Bourk ' is interpreted the ' Pride of 
Burgh j' and we may probably thank the lordly claims 
of the abbots of that period for the connection. In a 
well-known rhyme about the various abbeys in the neigh- 
bourhood, the same stigma is attached to this place, 
^ Peterborough the Proud.' 




co 

H 

Q. 

< 

Z 
I 

o 



CO 

X 
CD 

O 

o 

cc 

LJ 

H 

lU 

Q. 



ii 



PETERBOROUGH S, JOHN BAPTIST. gg 

The church orig-inally stood east of the minster. The 
main part of the town was situated there also. The 
g-radual removal of the better sort of houses to the west 
is said to be due to the erection of the bridg-e by abbot 
Martin in 1140. The rector}^ in 1291 was valued at 
3CZ. 135. 4:d., appropriated to the sacrist of the monas- 
tery, and the vicarage at Ql. ISs. 4d. In the king-'s 
books this is valued at 15/. 13*. 4fZ., and the ^ improved 
yearly value * returned to the governors of queen Anne's 
bounty was G(Sl. Os. 5d. There seem to be no chantries 
founded in this church : but there were several guilds. 
Wm. Kainer, of Peterborough, whose will was dated 
12 Apr. 1525;, left for a mortuary his best horse or mare 
* after the custom of the town/ and also among other 
bequests, 

To the reparations of the Church of Peterbor. ii^ ; to the gyld of our blessed 
Lady xii ; to the gyld of S* George and S* Jamys ii^ ; to the gyld of S* John 
Baptist xii^ ; to the gyld of Corpus Christi xii* ; to the gyld of the xii Apostles 
iii^ viii*^* 

The patronage of the living was in the abbey till the 
dissolution ; afterwards in the bishop. 

The Registers are copious and most interesting*. 
They commence in 1559. As is usual,.the entries to the 
year 1600 are copied from an older book.* The extracts 
that follow are by no means all that possess great interest. 

1561. 10 May. John Masons mayd was drowned in a pond and buryed. 
12 Sep. A poor child tliat dyed in the street was buried. 

1562, 3 July. Ellen Marshall that drowned herself in MuUoryes Pils (?) 

was buryed. 
1572. Here left Ball to kepe the book, and then began a loss of names. 

1574. Jan. Here began the Plague. 

1575. 19 Jan. Julyan Scambler the wife of the Reverend father in God 

Edmond Scambler Lord Bisshopp of Peterburgh a godly matrone, 
and mother of all poor widowes and fatherless children, in Peter- 
burgh, relieving their necessities, was buried. 
6 Feb. Thomas Talbot tlie singing man .... was stricken by death 
very sodaynly and strangely. 

1579. 4 Apr. Dorothy Wood was drowned in the towne well. 

14 Apr. John Clarke John Hutchinson and Pdchard Rawlins were 
hanged and burj'ed. 
1581. 17 Sep. Thomas Radwell did marry Ellen Rogers at three of the clock 
in the aftemoone. 
29 Nov. Henrye Stowkes a Schoolmaster and good Bringer up of 
Youth was buryed. 
1583. 14 June a soare fire in Wustgate which burned and utterly 



* Nearly the whole of the extracts here given have been transcribed by bishop Kennctt, 
MS. Lansd. 991. Many are also quoted by Burns in his ' Parish Registers,' and a lew by Mr. 
Elliot, in a paper amongst those of the Arch. Soc. Northants. 



24 



PETERBOROUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. 



wasted to the number of xx houses to the great impoverishing of 

the Inhabitants there. 
1585. 2 May. Jollis Mr. Robinson's boy hanged himself. 
1587! 31 Jan. (buried) Agnes Williamson the wife of Sir Thomas WilUamson 

Curate. 
1592. 19 Sep. William that was slayne with a mast of a kele. 
1600.' 15 Jan. Agnes garret condemned & hanged for a witch was buried. 
1606. 23 Sep. Michael Pickeryng Gentilman was slayne by John Morton 

Gent, in a challenge near Borough Berry and was buryed. 
1606. Henry Reynolds came from London, where he dwelt, sicke of the 

plague, and being receyved by William Browne, died in his house. 

The said WilUam soon after fell sicke of the plague and died ; so did 

his sonne, his daughter, and his servant. Only his wife and her 

mayde escaped with Soars. The plague, brought by this means, to 

Peterborough, continued there tUl September following. (Reynolds 

was buried 16 Dec. 1606.) 

1610. 24 Jan. Mistress Alice Swynscoe widdowe a good Benefactor to the 

town of Peterborough both in the tyme of her lyfe as allso at her 
death. 

1611. Jan. Bartholomew Bamabye an ould Fawlkener buryed the 5 daye 

above an hundred years old. 
1615. 5 Sep. Zachary Barker was buryed .... a poore Labourer mowinge 

of come about the syde of Westwood was strucke dead with the 

thunder, and his deaths set on fyre, which did scorche his skin in 

divers parts of his body. 
1629. 10 Sep. (buried) Edward Pond Gent, famous for Mathematical Science. 
1634. 15 July, (buried) Godfrey Capstafife. A cart run over this man and 

broke his neck. 
1640. 10 Apr. WiUiam Broome being forth and came home late in the night 

was drowned. 

1665. 16 Sep. About this time the plague was supposed to be brought by a 

woman stranger from London, who was entertained at the Wood- 
grounds in the 40 acres. And they whose names have ^ were some 
suspected, and some apparently dying of that disease. Most of them 
buried in the woodgrounds, or at Crawthome hill, or at the pest house. 

1666. The plague broke out in May, two persons dying of it in that month. 

in June 57. in July 122. in August 96. of yi^^ 12 died in a day Aug. 2. 
in September 60. in Octob. 49. in Novemb. 15. in Decemb. 4. in 
January 3. in ffebr. 2. in March 3. in Apr. following 2. & there the 
Plague ceased. 
1727. 4 Sep. William Mallason (a Soldier kill'd in robbing an Orchard). 

1731. 20 Apr. Thomas Macklen a Trooper. 

1732. 12 Sep. Margaret the Daughter of James and Isabella .... Black 

Strangers. 
1734. 2 May. A vagabond woman, whose name I cou'd not learn. 
1737. 29 Aug. Richard Huppax found dead in Dogsthorp field. 
1749. 17 Apr. Richard Paddy from Maxey falling down the Angel Stairs in 

Peterboro' on his way to Northarap : to vote for MT Hanbury died 

on y^ spot. 
1754. 23 Mar. Richard Wellton a Vagrant Clergyman. 

All these, except one entry in 1581, are from the register 
of burials. 

It will be seen from above extracts how severe were 
the visitations of the plague in this town. There was a 
visitation in 1574 ; another, which lasted for 9 months, 
in 1606; a third which lasted (apparently with some 
little intermission) for 19 months, in 1665—6. The 



PETERBOROUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. 25 

necessity of the case g'enerally required immediate 
burial j accordingly we find evidence not only of the 
bodies being- interred in unfrequented places, as the 
^ woodg-rounds ' which was the scene of the first attack, 
or at ^ the pest house/ or in ^ the fenwash/ but also of 
the interments being* effected in haste, some who died of 
the plag'ue being* buried in ^ a closse ' (close), some in an 
* orchard,' some in ^ their yard.' Gunton was vicar 
during' the last and most severe attack. His sig-nature 
is appended to each of the pag*es in the reg'ister, accom- 
panied in each case by a thankful ejaculation for his own 
preservation. These are so simple and so graceful that 
they are here given. 

1. Misericordia Dei hucusque preservatiis. 

2. Sub alis divinre misericordife latus adhiic. 

3. Bonitate Dei sospes. 

4. Misericordia Dei siiperstes. 

5. Gratia & bonitate Dei salvus. 

The heronry at Milton doubtless w^as the scene of the 
exploits of the old Falconer, who died in 1611. The 
word ^ apparently,' under date 1665, is used in a sense 
no long'er attached to it ; it there means ' obviously.' 
The names of Beata and Avis occur, Thoug'h these 
names look unfamiliar they are neither in fact disused. 
The former is said to survive in Wales : the latter is still 
borne in Essex, and ver}^ probabl}^ elsewhere. The 
registers are not quite perfect. The entries for April, 
1604, are lost. So are those for the whole of 1641. 
None seem to have been made from March, 1650, to 
Aug-ust, 1658. 

The parish accounts do not seem to have been preserved 
for years anterior to 1782. The following- items in that 
year shew how lately the custom of collecting* money for 
church repairs by briefs prevailed : 

27 Aug. Paid to a Brief for Drayton in Hales Church com. Salop. . 2s. Qd. 
7 Oct. Paid to a Brief for Malmesbmy Church com. Wilts Is. Qd. 

The follovvino* extracts from the town books illustrate 
some of the matters above referred to. 



1. Preserved till now by the mercy of God. 

2. Borne up hitherto on the ■wings of Divine mercy. 

3. Saved by the goodness of God. 

4. A survivor hy the mercy of God. 

5. Saved through the giace and goodness of God. 



26 



PETERBOROUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. 



1614. Rents for stallage at the Market Cross for 1 whole year Ss. 8d^ 

1615. Money rec"* towards the repair of the Parish Church. 

Of Reginald Pancke which was given by his brother William's will to 

y6 repair of y^ Church 20«. , 

Of Robert Brightmore of Dogsthorpe being a legacy given by his j 
father for the use of the church 14s. | 

16'49. Rec^ under the market cross of several fellows for the use of the poor 
of Peterborough 8s. Gd. 

1660. It is ordered that the beadle for the city of Peterborough shall monthly 
make diligent search in the severall wards of the s* city after all families 
and new inhabitants & take notice of their report & places of abode 
together with what charge they bring with them. And that immly 
make a report thof to the next meeting of Poor within this city. And 
further he is to take care that no idle persons and mendicants shall 
trouble or molest any persons at any public houses within the s^ city ! 
and for his own performance and observance hereof he shall be allowed I 
Forty Shillings a year and a Blue Lyborg coat with the town Cogni- 
zance thereon. He is likewise to have care that no persons whatsoever 
do absent themselves Voluntary from Divine Service & Sermons upon 
any public days appointed by the laws of this realm. 

1668. Ordered that the Boards wherewith the cleansing houses were built in 
the time of the late infection be delivered up to M""- Edw. Guibbon, 
M"*- Hetley, & M""- Knowles & by them laid up in a convenient place to 
be disposed of for such uses as the Governors or any seven of them 
shall think fit and approve of. 

That the sum of £10 be laid out for a stamp & coinage of the 
public halfpenny with the town arms & the improvement thereof 
(to wit) for the putting out poor & fatherless children, apprentices, or 
other charitable uses. 

1670. 4 Apr. adjourned to 7 Apr. At a meeting of Governors at 8 in the 
morning a note was given in by William Panck the sexton that he had 
rec^ into the town church three score and eleven long deals, fifty -five 
short deals, thirty-five boulders and spai's, and one ladder, being 
brought from the pest house and now lying in the Bellfrey & not to be 
disposed of without orders. 

It is possible, from the entry under 1649, that the rents 
at the Market Cross were appropriated to the poor. 
They were not of very considerable amount. In 1620, 
5s. lOd. ; in 1622, 5s. ; in 1623, 7s. ; in 1632, 7s. lOd. ; 
in 1652, ^ from the Standers under the cross,' 5s. ; and 
other like amounts are all that were received. 

The oldest document, exclusive of the reg-isters, belong-- 
ing- to the church is dated 5 Eliz. It is a charter relating- 
to Yaxley market. The Peterborough men wanted to 
restrict the Yaxley men to a weekly market on Thurs- 
days between Candlemas and Whitsuntide only. The 
Yaxley men did not wish to be so limited, and wanted 
the market the whole year round. This deed confirms 
the Peterborough view. The large seal of queen Eliza- 
beth IS in singularly good preservation. In the vestry 



PETERBOROUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. 27 

room is to be seen an exchequer tally of date 1622 * It 
is 2 ft. Sin. long-, and except at one end sliced in half. 
Down the edg'e are 17 notches and a half. A latin 
inscription in ink runs down the edge, legible except 
towards the conclusion. It is here given. 

[ Civibus et Burgessibs de Peterborough in Com pred ex donis s' spontan' vers' 
tutel et defens Palatinat Hereditar Patrimon pdilecti gen'i potentiss dni Regis 
' Jacobi 

i On another side it is dated 

xij° Decembr an° Regis Jacobi xx™° 

The transaction to which this refers is explained in 
receipt of which this is a copy : 

lio December 1622 \ 
Received the day & yeare above written of John Harryman xvij>i x^i 
Farrier of Peterborough in the Countie of Northtone the some of 
seventeene pounds & tenne shilHngs of lawfull money of England ) jj^^gg Pagitt 
by the appointme* of M^ Gunton of Peterborough gentleman & is | ^ 

to be paid into the kings Exchequer for & in the Behalfe of the 
Inhabitants of the said towns of Peterboroughe I say Received 
the said some ^ 

Among- other papers here are five faculties relating- to 
the fabric. 

4 Oct. 1732. License. . . .to build a Gallery over S. He of the Church. 

5 Dec. 1744. Faculty for gallery at W. end. 

21 Jan. 1756. Faculty for Burial place granted to Ja* Delame, Esq. at W. end 
of the S. He. Vicar to receive £1 Is. on each Interment. 

30 Aug. 1805. Faculty for erecting several seats. 

14 Sep. 1814. Faculty for confirming the sale by the churchwardens of 41 
seats in the church amounting to ^592. 

The existence of some of these faculties made the 
alterations in 1820 a matter of difficulty. An act of 
parliament had to be obtained at g-reat cost to legalise 
the changes. This act received the royal assent 14 
June 1819. 

In the inventory taken 23 Sept. 1552, t the place is 
called ^ Peterbrogge/ and Robert Rawlins was ^ paryshe 
pryste.' As might be expected the list is a long one. 



* Accounts in the exchequer were kept by these TaUies tiU ISM. They were then ordered 
to be burnt, though many people would have purchased them for curiosities. They were 
burnt in the stove of the^ouse of lords, the flues were thus 9^er-heated and the whole 
parUament house destroyed bv fire. An enffraving of a taUy is given in Chambers Book ol 
Days, u. 310 ; and another in Timbs' Curiosities of London, 286. 

+ The date of the previous inventories has been given erroneously. They were all made 
6 Edw. vi. 



28 PETERBOEOUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. 

ffirst a chalyce of sylv w* ther patente whereof on all gylte thother pcell 
gylte. Itm ij sylv' censures ij shipes i of sylv.' Itm ij candylstycks of sylv' on 
crysmatorye of sylv' one crose of syllv^ pcell gylte. Itm one pyxe of sylv' one 
Image of the Resurrectyon of syllv'' p gylt — a brokyn cruet of sylv.' Itm vij 
corpasses one cope of Red tuffhen 2 one of grene tuffeyne one of Red velvet ij of 
blew velvet— ij of whyte sylke ij of Red sylke and ij of blew damaske. Itm 
tunacles of Red tuffyen for the pste decon & subdecon w^ other necessaryes. Itm 
a suet of blew velvet for the pste decon & subdecon w* all other necessaryes 
lacking one stoU & fannell.3 Itm a suet of whit damaske for the pste decon & 
subdecon w' all other necessaryes. Itm a suet of blew damaske decon & subdecon 
w* out necessaryes. Ttm a suet of Red sylke for the pste decon & subdecon 
w* out necessaryes. Itm an old black suet w' one albe lacking other necessaryes. 
Itm ij whyte w* albys & other necessaryes. Itm ij vestments of gren sylke 
w' albys of other collers. Itm ij tunacles of gren sylke w* out other necessaiyes. 
Itm ij lyttle copes of gren cruell for boyes. Itm on croscloth of yalow sylke 
& ij old paynted clothes for the same. Itm iiij old surpleses for the prestes & 
iij for clarks. Itm sij olde towels.^ Itm v alt' clothes of lynen and iij other 
alt' clothes for other alt.' xvj old paynted clothes for the sepultum Rede & other 
plass. ij herse clothes one of blew damaske a nother of dyv^^ colers. Itm vest- 
ments for 0'' Ladye alter one of blue damaske w^i all necessaryes one of Rede 
brydys satteu laking necessaryes one of grene brydys satten w^ all necessaryes & 
one of white fustyan w* all necessaryes. Item "for hanging at the alter syde ij 
for the highe alter one paynted a nother white chamblet ij for Saynt Jonys alter 
on of tapstery worcke thother paynted ij for o"" Lady alter one of tapstere worcke 
thother paynted. Itm v Great Bells yn the styple and one sanctus bell one 
handbell v sacring bells. Itm ij old copes of white damaske iiij copes of grene 
cruell ]j blew copes of sylke w* byrds on them lyke unto doves. Itm ij vestments 
for children one rede sylke a nother of grene cruell. Itm a vestment of old white 
damaske w* a stoell & a phannelP lacking an albe. Itm ij tunacles of the same 
suets lackmg albys stolls & phannells. Itm the sylv' crose was sold by the cosent 
of the moost parte of the honeste of the towne towarde the charge of ther chirche 
that was brokyn w* a pynacle fallyng on the chirche & other necessaryes— to one 
Dyxon a goldsmythe in the chepsyde to the value of xiij" xiij^oi jjjjd , 

The altars herein mentioned prove the existence of two 
at least besides the high altar. i 

Some of the sacramental plate is costly. It is none ' 
so old as the above inventory. It has mostly been 
presented. Mrs. Mary Towers g-ave a silver paten : a 
fine flag-on is the ' g-uift ' of a donor whose name is 
skilfully concealed in a cipher, but seems to resolve itself 
also into the name of Towers : John Dickenson/ in 
1703, g-ave a large silver flag-on : and a silver-gilt paten, 
dated 1735, was given by Maria Walsham, 

A list of benefactors can be made out from the boards 
hung- up in the vestry room. Among'st the more 
nnportant a^-e the bequests of bishop White of 240/. for 

1. Ships, i. e. incense boats. 

2. Tiffany, a very thin silk. 

3. Fanon, or priest's maniple, worn on the left wi-ist. 

4. Lrewel, fine spun worsted used in embroidei-y 

re7ermM.eUMv1o^ '^°^^^'' '^^"^^ ^^°^ the context to 

* XT 1 11 n^, , .,^ 1° towels,' as m the present one. 

• He lelt 201. by will for the purchase of this flagon. 



PETERBOEOUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. 29 

the annual distribution of lOZ. among 20 poor people 
Avho can recite the Lord's prayer, the creed^ and the 
commandments distinctly;* of Rob. Orme for 12 poor 
.people in Lent the interest of 150/. ; of 100/. from John 
Dickenson for old people; of Ed. Eng-lish for 40 poor 
people the interest of 100/. ; of the same sum from J as. 
Lowry for the same purpose. There have been nlso 
several legacies of 50/. for the poor. Wyldbore's chanty, 
for the poor, the ringers, and a sermon, being distributed 
accordino- to the will on 15 March, has caused that day 
to be known in the parish as Wyldbore's day. The 
school founded by Thos. Deacon is the most valuable ot 
all. Samuel Brocksopp, 1841, left 1000/. to the feoffees 
of this charity, the interest to be distributed half-yearly 
among the poor. The old wills relating to the church 

are innumerable. , . , -n / i j 

In 1480, Job. Tydde left to each of the guilds (already 
enumerated) 65. 8^. except 35. 4^. only to that of Corpus 
Christi, Qs. 8d. to the bells, 3s. 4^. to repair the high 
road, and 6s. Sd. for the bridge; in 1495, Tho. Mason 
left to the three guilds two tenements m ' Reten rowe ; 
in 1498, the sum of M. was thought a fitting legacy, as 
appears from the following, which is given m the original 
as a specimen, all the wills about this date being m latm : 

U98 In crastiiio assumptionis B. Marie Virg. Ego Johes Gregory de Burgo 
S. Petri . . . corpus sepeliend' in cemeterio Petri & Pauli cum mortuario meo 
secundum usum?me. Item lego tribus gUdis ibidem infra -^^^^J^lf J'j^^ 
beate Marie Virg. Scti Johis Bapt. & Sctorum Jacobi & Georgij, cuihbet eorum 
iii'i . J 

Will. Stevynson, whose will is dated 1 Oct. 1544, had 
clearly the desire to forget nobody. He bequeaths his 

sole to almighty god oure lady and all the hole company of heven my body 
to be bui-ied in the cathedrall churche and mynster of Peterborough between the 
sepultures of Master MarshaU and John Oddam. I bequeth to the church of 
Peterb. 12i , for my mortuarye according to the custome ot y^ countie,to the hie 
aulter for tythes forgotten 3» 4^ , to the reparations of/^^ Paryshe church of 
Peterb. 3> 6^8^, to be delyvered to the churchwardens for the use of the said 
paryshe churche. to the reparations of the bnge of Peterborough 3i 6« 8^ . to 
eve?ygyldeofthesaidchm-che 12'i. Item I bequeth to be done at my buryall 
daye seventh daye and thyrtye daye and for other ordmary charges Q^ \f ^ J 
will that a Dirige w^i^ a Masse of Requiem to be done m the CoUege by the hole 
Quere. Item I bequeth to my lord bishop 8' to his Chapleyn 3' 4<i every Pi^^^erid 
3s 4d every Canon 20^ every Clarke singer 8^ every Querester 2<i and to the 

* The terms of the will are expUcit ; and some difficulty is occasionally found in 
complying with them. 



30 



PETERBOEOUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. 



Vergers and Sextons 4» to every poore house in the said towne 4^ Item I will 
that a Dirige w* masse of Requiem to be song in the paryshe churche of 
Peterborough with the vicar and his company. And I bequeth to the vicar 
12^ and every preste 8^ every clerke 4,^ and the children 2^ , 



VICARS. 


1229 Will, de Watford. 


1504 


Hugo. 


1510 


1264 Hen. de Wermingham. 


1517 


1269 Ric. de Braibroc. 


1522 


1290 Ric. de Walmesford. 


1542 


1330 Walter de Horsham. 


1555 


Joh. Trygg. 


1592 


1353 Tho. Daumo. 


1618 


1359 Eog. Fraunceys. 


1629 


1372 Steph. Kynesman. 


1660 


1373 Adam Warrok. 


1667 


Tho. Cupper. 


1680 


1398 *Joh, Anketill. 


1685 


Joh. Boton. 


1687 


1433 Will. Brewster, r. 


1698 


1439 Joh. Hare. 


1707 


1467 Rob. Bayston, L.L.B. 


1726 


1468 Joh. Wylde, r. 


1748 


1469 Ric. Chapman, r. 


1766 


1469 Joh. Carter, r.i 


1786 


1469 Joh.Forman. 


1806 


1479 Joh. Welles. 


1833 


1497 Joh. Gryndell. 


1850 


1499 Joh. Aflfen. 


1865 



Will. Tempest. 
Tho. Wilkinson. 
David Smyth. 
Ralph Bolham, S.T.P. r. 
*Ric. Kay, A.M., r.2 
*Tho. Williamson, d. 
Ed. Wager, A.M., r. 
*Rob. Thirlby, A.M., d.^ 
♦Paul Panke, d.* 
*Simon Gunton, A.M., r.^ 
*Geo. Gascoigne, d. 
Jos. Johnson, S.T.B. 
David Waldron, A.M.,d. 
Joh. Gilbert, A.M., r.s 
Isaac Gregory, A.M. 
*Will. Waring, A.M.^ 
*Tho. Marshall, A.M., d. 
Joh. Fisher, A.M. 
*Joh. Image, A.M., d.8 
•Joh. Weddred, d. 
Jos. Steph. Pratt, L.L.B. , r.' 
Joh. James, A.M., r.i" 
Edm. Davys, A.M., r." 
Will. Hill, A.M.12 

The CHURCH was built early in the 15th cent. It had 
before stood, as already mentioned, east of the minster. 
In 1401, the parishioners complained to the bishop of 
Lincoln that their church was too far off, and the waters 
frequently prevented their attending* the service, and 
prayed for its removal to a more convenient spot. A full 
account of the event is g^iven in Bridg-es, ii. 543. The 



* Bnried at Peterborough. 

1. Held variety of preferments. Rect. of Rushton, 1451, of Irthlingborough, 1453, of 
Woodford, 1462, of Creton, 1486, of Cranford, 1487, of Achurch, 1502, and of Overston, 1504. 

2. Made preb. of Peterborough on resigning the living. 

3. Master of the King's School. 

4. Died 1658 ; but his successor could not obtain possession till 1660. Mr. Willson took 
charge of the church during part of the commonwealth time, he was ejected at the restoration, 
and is mentioned by Calamy in these terms : ' a man of excellent ministerial Skill and 
Ability: Of signal Piety and Diligence in his Work, and extraordinary Success; doing good 
to multitudes.' 

5. Preb. of Peterborough, 1646, afterwards rect. of Fiskerton, Line, and vie. of Pightesley. 
He was the historian of the cathedral. The abp. of Canterbury gave him the living. 

6. Author of an answer to the bp. of London's ' Exposition of the Catholicke Faith.' 1686, 
and of ' Reflections ' on his pastoral letter. 

7. Master of the King's School, precentor, and rect. of Alwalton. 

8. Also precentor of the cathedral. 

9. Preb. of Peterborough, and vie. of Maxey. Buried at Ware. 

10. Now S.T.P., preb. of Peterborough, and inc. of Glinton ; formerly fellow of S. John'e, 
Oxford, Head Master of Oundle School, vie. of Maxey, and rect. of Peakirk. 

11. Now inc. of Trinity Chm-ch, Leicester. 

12. Hon. can. of Peterborough ; lately inc. of Trinity Church, Leicester. 



PETEEBOROUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. gj 

bishop g'live his license, afterwards confirmed by pope 
Boniface. The new fabric was completed in 1407, and 
in that year opened with much solemnity by abbot Geng-e. 
But for this date being- ascertained, the details of the 
work, which are of advanced perpendicular character, 
would have probably assig"ned a date several years later. 
The church was rebuilt at the cost of the parishioners, 
and the abbey g'ave towards the Avork the nave of 
S. Thomas-a-Becket's chapel, the chancel being- left 
entire. It is ag-reed that the present g-rammar school is 
this chancel. The chapel of S. Thomas of Canterbury- 
was beg-un, according- to the chronicle, by Waterville and 
finished by Benedict, who died 1193. It is manifest 
that of this erection there are no remains whatever. 
The date of the existing' chancel cannot be earlier than 
1350 or 1360 ; for the side windows are clearly of 
transitional date, althoug-h the east wundow has flowing- 
net tracery. It seems, therefore, likely that Benedict's 
chancel was destroyed in order to build a handsomer 
one, his nave (probably transitional Norman) being* left. 
And so when the rebuilding- of the parish church was 
ag-reed upon, the abbey mig'ht have consented to g'ive 
the old nave to further the work, but would not permit 
the new chancel, which had not been standing- much more 
than 40 years, to be destroyed. The church has a 
chancel with aisles, nave with aisles, W. tower, and 
S. porch. Both nave and chancel have clerestories, 
containing' in all ten windows of three lig-hts each. The 
N. door is blocked up. There are entrances to both 
chancel aisles, and to the tower, externally ; there is also 
a W. door. The E. window is of five lig-hts ; all the 
windows in the aisles are of 4 lig-hts, having- plain 
intersecting- tracery. Although the tower, nave and 
chancel arches, and S. porch, are certainly parts of the 
original fabric, it seems hard to believe that the aisle 
windows and clerestories have not been chang-ed, if not 
rebuilt. The chancel is embattled : two niches are placed 
in the east wall. The nave has 7 lofty arches, and the 
chancel is of 2 hays with a blank space beyond. The 
chancel arch is very spacious, so are the arches from the 



32 



PETERBOROUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. 



nave aisles to those of the chancel. The noble propor- 
tions of this fine church are sadly marred by the untasteful 
arrangement of the interior. The ancient open roof of 
the nave probably still remains above the present ceihng : 
the roofs to the aisles seem destroyed, as the ceilings 
there are disposed in so orig-inal a manner that no g-othic 
roof can have been adapted to them. The galleries are 
heavy ; they lean upon the pillars of the nave. The 
pews throug'hout, though not so offensively high as in 
many places, are not arrang'ed so as to economise space. 
Of the set of free seats in the middle it is sufficient to 
record that it exists. The floor, except one shallow step 
to the sanctuary, is on one level. The aisles extend 
westward as far as the tower, but the last bay is not open 
to the church. At the W. end of the S. aisle is the 
vestry-room for parochial meetings. Here is a large 
picture of Charles I. Two curious specimens of ancient 
embroidery are to be seen here. They are worked up 
into a cushion, but were once part of an altar-cloth or 
else of a vestment. They are similar, though not iden- 
tical. In each case the work is in the form of a cross 
about 2 feet in length, the width of each arm 5 or 6 
inches. In the centre is the figure of our Lord on the 
Cross, and in the arms of the cross are angels bearing 
cups. Above, in one, is a dove ; in the other, a dove 
upheld by the Father represented as the Ancient of 
Days. One has a skull at the foot of the cross. In the 
division between the aisle and this room is an arch but- 
tress to support the tower. Another exists on the north. 
This is mentioned by Essex, an architect of the last century. 
He made sketches and notes of this church* in the 
year 1759. A few of his notes are quoted here. It 
will be seen he assumes a former church to have existed 
on the same spot : but of this there is no evidence. 

The settling of y^ pillars from y^ perpendicular seems to be owing to their 
Biiilding ye part on y« old foundations and part on y^ new in order to enlarge the 
middle Isle of the Church. The old part being well settled stood firm, but 
y« new giving way occasion'd ye settlement of the pillars in the manner they now 
appear. _ After the settlement of ye pillars happend the upper walls were rebuilt 
perpendicular and at the same time arch buttress were added within y« Arches 
adjoins to ye Tower to prevent its falling. 

* Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 6769. 



PETERBOEOUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. gg 

The present appearance of the clerestory certainly 
confirms the idea of its having" been material^ altered. 
And indeed when we remember how much the cathedral 
suffered in the middle of the 17th cent., we should almost 
expect the parish church to share its ruin. We have 
evidence too * that such was the fact, for in 1641, the 
chancel was ^ in decay.' In 1791, says Bridg-es, 

At the entrance from the church into the chancel are eight stalls of oak, after 
the cathedral manner. 

No traces of these remain. He speaks also of some 
wainscot of Norway oak behind the altar. This has 
been removed. Mr. ^Yalcott, prsecentor of Chichester, 
in his ^ Memorials of Peterborough/ speaks of a picture 
by sir R. K. Porter, of the ^ Transfiguration ' as if still 
remaining in the church. It has been sold. At the east 
end is a little attempt at colouring-. A small room at 
the end of the N. aisle has been made into a vestry : 
above it is a pew. The S. porch is a very fine one. It 
has a stone groined roof, the bosses being well carved, 
the centre one having a crucifixion. A boldly carved 
animal is seated on the apex of the roof: the porch 
stands well out to the street. There is a room above it, 
to which access is gained by a staircase in the N.W. 
corner. It is used for the library of the book societ}^, 
and contains about 3000 volumes. This society has been 
in existence upwards of a century. Archdeacon Neve 
was chiefly the founder. 

The TOWER at the W. end is fine. It is embattled 
and has pinnacles with vanes. The clock faces are placed 
in an unsightly fashion, half above and half below the 
parapets. °The belfry windows are large, of four lights 
each, transomed. There is a peal of eight bells, 
and a single smaller one, all inscribed, t 

1. THE LORD TO PRAISE MY VOICE i'lL RAISE. 

1808. 

2. WILLIAM DOBSONjDOWiNHAM, NORFOLK, FOUNDER. 

1808. 



* Brit. Mus. MS. L-nsd. 1026. . , 

+ The inscriptions on the peal of eight are from a paper kindly lent : they are given also 
in Lukis's book on bells. 



04 PETERBOROUGH S. JOHN BAPTIST. 

3. LONG LIVE KING GEOKGE THE THIRD, WM. 1 

DOBSON FECIT. 1808. I 

4. GIVE NO OFFENCE TO THE CHURCH. WILLIAM 

DOBSON FECIT. 1808. ! 

5. OUR VOICES SHALL WITH JOYFUL SOUND MAKE 

HILLS AND VALLEYS ECHO ROUND. 1808. i 

6. W*" ELLIOTT, AND FRENCH LAWRENCE, ESQ"*^, jl 

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR THIS CITY, ' 
DONORS. 1808. 

7. EARL FITZWILLIAM, VISCOUNT MILTON, AND THE 

REV"*. W^ STRONG, D.D., ARCHDEACON OF NOR- 
THAMPTON, DONORS. 1808. 

8. THE REV''. JOSEPH STEPHEN PRATT, L.L.B., PRE- 

BENDARY OF THE CATHEDRAL, VICAR, STEPHEN i 
SHEPHERD, W^ SALMAN, AND W"". SIMPCOX^ | 
CHURCH WARDENS, 1808. 

9. W HAWKINGS TOBIE NORRIS CAST ME 1675. 

The last is the smallest. It is now used for the ^ fire- 
bell ' ; its diameter does not exceed 2 feet. 

There are no monuments of very g-reat interest. 
The floor is literally paved with g-ravestones, but many 
are not in their orig-inal positions. The earliest seems 
to be one in the S. aisle, 1731. There are numerous wall 
tablets. At the W. end are many to the Delarne family, 
at the close of the last century. Tablets occur with the 
following" names and dates j of more than one date to \ 
the same name, the earliest only is given. Cox, 1763; 
Sambrook, 1759 ; Dr. Balguy, 1767 (these two on the 
piers of the chancel arch) ; Warriner, ^ Late a Native of 
this City And one of its ancient Inhabitants,' 1767 ; 
Bowker, 1782; Image, 20 years vicar, 1786; Squire, 
1786; Freeman, 1795 ; Beharrell, 1831 ; Brocksopp, a \ 
benefactor, 1841. Within the altar rails are two large I 
monuments, one on each side, of different coloured 
marbles; that on the south is to John and Elizabeth 
Wyldbore, who died 1755 and 1748 ; that on the north 
to Matthew Wyldbore, their son, of Trin. Coll. Camb., 
twice member for the city, ^ many years a very useful 
member of the hon^^" corporation o"f the great level of 




Ill 

Q. 

o 

I 
h 
o 
z 
o 



LONGTHOKPE. 



35 



the fens/ who died 1781. At the W. end of the N. aisle 
is a mural tablet which has been twice used, once for 
Roger Cooke, and once for Mary widow of some one 
else, one inscription being- painted over the other, the 
decay of the second partially revealing- the first. The 
burial ground in Cowgate, now disused, was acquired by 
the parish in 1804. 

1358859 

Till 1850 this village was a chapelry to Peterborough. 
In ancient records it is written simply Thorp ; in 
Domesday it is Torp. The name is a very common one. 
The word 'thorp' for a village is in constant use — 'by 
twenty thorps^ — and it was given frequently to the 
villages lying near large towns. The Rev. I. Taylor has 
pointed out that ' thorps ' indicate always Danish as 
opposed to Norwegian settlements, which were ' thwaites.' 
The word thwaite, he says,* 

occurs forty-three times in Cumberland, and not once in Lincolnshire, while 
thorpe, the chief Danish test-word, which occurs sixty-three times in Lincolnshire, 
is found only once in Cumberland. 

In Lincolnshire, though spelt as in the present case, 
the name is generally pronounced ' throp.' 

The same thing has happened here as at the mother 
church. The chapel was in an inconvenient situation, 
from the gradual removal of the dwellings from its 
vicinity, and upon the petition of the inhabitants, the old 
chapel was taken down and rebuilt in its present position. 
This was done ' at the instance and charges of Sir 
William de Thorp,' with the permission of abbot Robert 
de Sutton.f We are thus able within a very few years 
to assign its date, for Robert de Sutton was abbot 
1862 — 73. Mr. J. H. Parker, in describing this church 



* Taylor's ' Words and Places,' p. 159. 

t Bridges, vol. ii. p. 572, quoting Reg. Kirketon, 128: also MS. Lansd. 1027, p. 119. 



36 



LONGTHOEPE. 



in 1861, from its architecture only, fixed its date at 
^ about 1260.' This is an excellent instance of how near 
the study of architecture enables the student to approxi- 
mate to the date of ancient building-s. 

The old chapel was dedicated to S. Botolph, and it is 
reasonable to suppose that the present one has the same 
dedication. Among* the provisions for remunerating* the 
vicar of Peterborough was this, that he was to enjoy all 
the oblations in S. Botolph's chapel. Bridg-es to this says, 

Of this chapel there are no remains, nor is the situation of it now known. It 
is mentioned, however, in a deed of William, vicar of Burgh, for the exchange of 
land lying between Westwoode and the chapel of St. Botolph, in the time of 
Abbot Andreas, who died about the year 1200. 

There can be little doubt that the old chapel of Long*- 
thorpe is here referred to. Although used for 6 centuries 
as a chapel to Peterboroug-h, there is reason for supposing 
that it was not consecrated till the 17th cent. A small 
brass is kept in the S. aisle which was formerly in the 
chancel. This appears from notes taken in the year 
1731,* ^ at y° entrance into y^ chancel, fixed to y* 
Pavement this inscription' is on a brass plate about 
a foot square. 

Cum refectum et Deo (cojmeterij gratia) sacratum hoc fuit sacellum Anno, Dom. 
1683 hoc primum Auxilij autimanu posuit saxum Gulielmus filius natu maximus 
Georgij Leafield Armigeri sub quo eodem saxo a dedicatione ipse primus corpora 
tenui sepultus erat Decemb. 21 Anno, Dom. 1685 Etatis 8° . 

If this may be trusted, some repairs were effected in 
1683, the object being* to have the chapel consecrated in 
order that the inhabitants might have right of burial. 
These repairs possibly included re-flooring the church ; 
at any rate a ' first stone ' was laid in the chancel by a 
little boy, William eldest son of Mr. Geo. Leafield, then 
in his 6th year ; who was himself, 2 years later, the first 
to be buried in the newly consecrated building-. If the 
word ^ autimanu ' is copied correctly by Clement, for it is 
not now legible, its meaning will be clearly ' with his own 
hand ; ' but it is a barbarous compound, half Latin, and 
half Greek. 



* Frit. Mus. Add. MSS. 11,425. The brass now is too much worn to be entirely deciiJhered : 
it is in simple Italic characters : but by the help of the copy, itself manifestly not quite 
reliable (for instance the words 'Deo' and ' iirimum ' are botli omitted), its general purport 
at least can be gathered. 



LONGTHORPE. Q<^ 

The inventory of church g'oods here given proves that 
180 years before the above repairs the chapel was indeed 
in need of restoration. Its one bell was cracked. A 
broken handbell had been sold to defray the expense of 
glazing- the windows, the insecurity of which had 
enabled robbers to steal some of the vestments and furni- 
ture of the altar. This was in 1562. 

The Inventory of all mane off vestiments ornaments iouillsi and bells 
belonging to the chapell there 

ffirste a chalis w*** a paten pcell gilt in y« handis of the said Mr. Villars^ 

Itm iij verry olde vestements of bawdelsyn^ 

Itm an olde crackyd bell 

Itm where there was at the last inventory ij olde albes and ij latten candel- 
sticks the same hath byn sith that tyme stolne by reason the chapell windoes 
were unglasyd 

Itm a broken handbell solde for xxij"^ towade the glasing of the windoes 

The list of incumbents, though brief, is perfect. The 
reg"isters are of course only kept here since 1850, and 
are in no way remarkable. 

INCUMBENTS. 

1850 Thos. W. Were, A.B., r. 

1854 Rob. Shapland C. Blacker, A.B., r.« 

1860 Arth. Joh. Skrimshire, M.D. 

The CHURCH is entirely of one period, in the early 
Eng-lish style, of date 1262—73. Mr. Paley has some 
excellent remarks on it. 

Its plan is as simple as its construction ; a nave and two aisles, with a spacious 
and tolerably lofty chancel. Built of coarse rubble, without a buttress or a 
string-course in any part of it, and having everywhere, except at the east and the 
west ends, its original windows of two plain but effective lancet lights, this church 
affords an instructive instance of what may be done in church building where 
means are very limited. It would easily hold three hundred people, and it might 
easily be built for six or seven hundred pounds. 

Upon entering" the first thing* that is noticed is the 
ample space. The nave is of three bays, and the piers 
are exceedingly light, being* positively less than 15 inches 
in diameter. They stand on square bases. There is no 
chancel arch, nor marks of any screen. The windows 
are double lancets, trefoiled ; except at the N.W. and 
S.W. of the chancel, where are single low side windows, 
and at the east and west ends. At the east is a poor 
insertion of three lights, transomed, all of one height, 
cinquefoiled in the heads. At the west the original pair 

1. Jewels (?) 2. An inhabitant. 3. Baudekin, baldachin, or baldakin, a rich cloth, 
' gold warp and silver woof,' so called from Baldacio or Babylon. 
4. Now rect. of Marholm. 

4 



38 LONGTHORPE. 

of lancets has been enlarged. The early windows have 
a broad splay. At the east end are two brackets. To 
the north is a square aumbry, which had a thick door ; : 
to the south a trefoiled piscina with stone shelf and 
oblong- bason. There were altars also in each aisle j the 
brackets remain ; that in the N. aisle being- a very fine 
one. Many of the tall lancets are blocked in the lower 
parts. There are N. and S. doors. The seats do not 
extend west of these doors, and the great space thus left 
vacant adds much to the dignity of the interior. The 
open seats may be with great likelihood assigned to the 
restoration in 1683. The font is peculiar and not worthy 
of miitation. It is an alabaster mortar let into stone. 
It stands by the S. W. pier. Out of this same pier below 
there extends a twisted iron bar. 

^ A small pencil plan of this church was made by 
Kerrich* in 1820. From it there seems to have been a 
symmetrical design : a quadrant of a circle touching one 
aisle wall, with the extremities of its arc in the celitres 
of the east and west walls, would have its centre in the 
other aisle wall. These measurements are there given • 
length of chancel, 25 ft. OJin., of nave, 47 ft. 3^ in. • 
breadth of chancel, 25 ft. 4 in., of nave and aisles, 44 ft. 
9 m. It is thus seen that each arch is upwards of 15 ft. 
m span, while the thin circular supporting piers are not 
so many inches. This is one reason for the light appear- 
ance of the interior. The bases and capitals are moulded 
well. The hoodmould over the arches comes down to a 
smiple point, without a finial of any sort. The roof is 
concealed by a ceiling. Externally both nave and aisles 
are covered by one roof: inside the aisles the arrange- 
ment of the timbers for this purpose is peculiar. The 
stone brackets towards the nave are not indications that 
the roof has been heightened, but, as Mr. Paley has 
pomted out, they supported a wall-plate for the aisle roof 
to rest upon. 

The modern belfry is no improvement upon the original. 
A western bellcot has been partly destroyed, and a 
wooden erecti on raised upon it. The ape rtures for the 

* Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 6738. 



I.OXGTHOErE. 



39 



bells are now glazed. It is believed there is but one 
BELL : the combination of timbers above the present 
eeihno', itself only to be reached through a ricketty trap 
door by a lofty insecure ladder, renders it difficult to 
ascertain the fact for certain. 

As there have been burials here for not more than 
180 years, it will not be expected that there are man}' 
MONUMENTS of interest. Besides the brass already 
given there is another ver}' similar one, to the 2 children 
of ' Matthew Eooth, AVriting- M^ and Dorothy his Wife,' 
dated 1709 and 1713. The earliest stone seems to be 
one in the nave, now displaced, 1692. It has onty 
initials. In the S. aisle are two marble tablets. One is 
to Mrs. Frances St. John, spinster, daug-hter of sir 
Francis St. John, of Thorpe, 1794, which has this verse, 
above a coat of arms on a lozenge : 

" All that e'er gi-aced a Soul from Heaven she drew, 
"And took back with her as an Angel's Due." 

She was aged 82 years. The other is without date, in Latin, 
to John and Mar}' Bernard, concluding' with this line : 

Piorum reliquiis ut parcas, enixe rogo.* 

In 1731, as appears by Clement's notes, there were 
two achievements in the S. aisle : one was ^ St. John... 
impaling" Gold,' for Mary, wife of sir Francis St. John, 
hart., and daugiiter of sir Nat. Gold, kt. : the other was 
^ St. John... with an escutcheon of pretence, AVakering-e 
...impaling- Foorth,' for Fr. St. John, esq. 

The parish possesses a fine specimen of ancient domestic 
architecture. An engraving- of it is given in Parker's 
Domestic Architecture, vol. i. 153. It is of the same 
date as the church. It is said by Mr. Parker to be an 
ordinary fortified house of the period, probably of a 
square plan with corner towers, one of which remains. 
The lower story is vaulted. The windows have should- 
ered heads. The pyramidal roof is modern, but it rests 
on the inner edg-e of the wall, as did the ancient one. 

In the village there is the base of a wayside cross. 

* ' I earnestly entreat yon to spare the remains of the pions.' Compare this with the 
inscription at Marhohn, given on page 9 ; and with the following excellent rhyme on a brass, 
dated 1656, in the north aisle of the church of Fomham All Saints, Suffolk : ' Let noe man 
steale away this brasse but hee whoe knowes himselfe unworthie memorje.' 



40 PETERBOROUGH S. MARK. 



The view of this church from the Liiicohi road is 
striking and very effective. The tower and spire, placed 
in an unusual position, have been wisely brought close to 
the road : the whole height is thus visible, not shortened 
by the line of nave roof abutting on it, while the nave 
itself looks longer from the last bay being not used for 
the lower stage of the tower. The difference in the 
height of the nave and chancel is a pleasing feature in 
the composition. There are two main blots in the desio-n. 
The chief is the spire itself, which is thin and meagre in 
comparison with the tower : the parapet at its foot is cut 
off at the corners, so as to form an irregular octagon, 
and this perhaps brings the defect into more prominent 
notice. The treatment also of the dormer windows in 
the roof, which form a quasi clerestory, is unsatisfactory. 
With these exceptions there is here a good example of 
an inexpensive district church. The grounds in which 
it stands are prettily laid out ; there is no churchyard ' 
for burials. Mr. Ellis was the architect. 

INCUMBENTS. 

1856 Chas. Campe, r.i 
1860 Sam. W. Merry, A.M. 

The Church consists of chancel with aisles, nave with 
aisles and S. porch, N.E. tower and spire, with vestry | 
beneath. The whole is built in the flowing decorated ' 
style, though it would be difiicult to find in ancient 
examples precedents for some of the forms of tracery i 
here adopted. There are three windows in the nave roof 
on each side, each with a gable. The gables of nave and 
chancel are surmounted with crosses. Above the S. 
porch is a text, with the date of building the church, 
1856. The nave is of five bays ; the piers are octagonal, 
and the arches, which are rather broad, are plain. The 
side windows are all low, they are mostly of two lights 

1. Now inc. of Christ Chapel, S. John's Wood. 




PETERBOROUGH S. MARK. 



PETERBOROUGH S. MARK. 41 

with tracery ; single lights are in the chancel aisles, and 
west of the nave aisles, and in each aisle is one window 
of three lights. The east has five and the west window 
four lights : the last mentioned is filled with stained 
glass, ^ the blazon of episcopacy/ and contains the coats 
of arms of the 28 sees of the country. All the windows 
are partly glazed with tinted glass. Near the S. door 
is the font ; it is octagonal, the faces carved, and stands 
on a stem with flowers carved on its edges, having four 
thin marble shafts. The nave roof is plain but of good 
pitch. The wall pieces are supported on rather large 
stone corbels, richly carved beneath : they are all differ- 
ent j two have angels, the rest foliage, animals, or fruit j 
one in the chancel has grapes and ears of corn, and one 
in the nave, perhaps the prettiest of all, has passion- 
flowers. The chancel roof is divided into squares, and 
is polygonal. Between the chancel and its aisles, and 
between these aisles and the nave aisles, are low indescri- 
bable arches. In the N. chancel aisle is placed the 
organ. The aisles do not extend so far east as the 
chancel does. In the S. wall of the chancel is an arcade 
with five doubly trefoiled lights : these have stained glass 
in patterns. The chancel arch, above which overlooking 
the chancel roof is a very small window, is supported on 
stone corbels terminating in heads. There are two steps 
to the chancel and one to the sanctuary. At the south 
of the chancel steps is the reading-desk, facing north 
and west ; at the north is the pulpit (somewhat high), a 
wooden one on a stone stem. Besides the S. porch there 
is a W. door, an entrance for the organ in the N. chancel 
aisle, another for the vestry, and another for the tower. 
The belfry, which contains one bell, has on each side 
two acute windows, separate, doubly trefoiled ; the spire 
has near its base four gabled lights similar to those in 
the arcade S. of the chancel ; and nearer the summit 
are eight small openings. There are low open seats 
throughout, and the church was built to hold 660 wor- 
shippers. The internal dimensions are these : length of 
chancel, 33 ft. 8 in., of nave, 76 ft. 6 in. Breadth of 
nave or chancel, 25 ft., of the aisles, 10 ft. 8 in. 



42 PETEKBOROUGH S. MARY. 

Opposite the church is a building- which claims notice, 
being* strictly ecclesiastical. It is a tythe barn in excel- 
lent order, of best 18th cent. work. On the east side are 
two larg-e porches. The roof is supported by massive 
timbers, whose arrang-ement resembles a wooden nave 
and aisles. Another larg-e barn, called the Sacristan's 
barn, of cruciform shape, was demolished for the railway 
works. 



ietekrniiglj S. S^arg, 



The desig-n of the church includes a N. aisle with W. 
tower and spire, yet to be built. The architect was 
Mr. Christian. Though incomplete it is in many respects 
admirable. There is a warmth imparted to the interior 
by a judicious use of colouring-, and by laying- red and 
white bricks in alternate rows : there is a simple dig-nity 
about the east end partly due to the elevation of the 
altar, partly to the stained windows round the apse, and 
partly to the colouring-. 

There is no burial g-round attached to the church. 
The patronag-e was in earl Fitzwilliam's hands. It is 
now in process of transfer to the dean and chapter by 
exchang-e. There has been but one appointment. 

INCUMBENT. 

1856 Will. Rob. Thomas, A.M. 

The Chuech has a nave, with S. aisle, short apsidal 
chancel, S. door without porch, small vestry E. of the 
aisle, with a door near. The main entrance is g-abled, 
far above the height of the aisle walls, and at the ridg-e 
of the g-able is a small bellcot. The nave roof is continued 
over the aisle, at an ang-le without the intervention of 
clerestory, or parapet ; this makes the aisle wall very 
low ; and the great expanse of roof would be unsightly 



PETERBOROUGH S. MARY. 



43 



were it not broken into by the gable of the S. door and 
the pyramidal top of the bellcot, and b}'^ a corresponding- 
g-able further east. This latter is for a larger window 
than the aisle walls would admit. The church is built 
of roug'h gTay stones of two tints, with Ketton stone 
for the dressing's. The nave is divided from its aisle 
by an arcade of 5 bays ; the piers are circular, having- 
large square capitals and carved foliag-e beneath. These 
are of stone, but the arches are of brick, red and white. 
To the top of the capitals is not more than 6 feet. The 
arch to the west window, and that to the chancel, have 
also bricks alternately red and white; the former a 
double row. The chancel arch is nearly as broad as 
the nave itself. The inner order is of stone ; its 
edge has leaves and flowers running- to the top. Round 
the whole is a text. Texts also are painted the whole 
leng-th of the nave under the roof on both sides. The 
roofs are plain, the wooden rafters, which are slight, 
being visible ; there are small hammerbeams, the wall 
pieces being supported on carved stone corbels ; in the 
chancel the ribs radiate to the centre from the apse, and 
the divisions thus made are enriched wath a little colour. 
The chancel is ascended by three steps ; there is one 
more to the sanctuary, and a footpace beyond. The 
prayer-desk is at the S. of the chancel arch ; at the N. 
is the pulpit, a circular one of stone, with good carving. 
A wooden lettern stands in the nave for the lessons. The 
seats are all open. Their arrangement, for saving* of 
space, is excellent. They have wooden floors, but the 
rest of the church is tiled. The windows are of various 
designs. At the west are three large lancets of unequal 
height under one arch : two windows on the N. and one 
on the S. have three trefoiled lancets, the centre light 
being doubly trefoiled. Others are, in the S. aisle, 
square-headed, with shouldered cusps, of two and three 
hghts ; on the N. side of the nave, under the construc- 
tional arches left for the N. aisle, are two windows, each 
of two doubly trefoiled lights, with geometrical figures 
in the head. In the apse are six short lancets, twice 
trefoiled, all of which have stained glass. Though 



PETEEBOROUGH S. MARY. 



44 

presented at dififerent times they are of one character, 
and are very pleasmg*. Each lig-ht has one scene^ and an 
explanatory text. From N. to S. the subjects are these : 
1. Jairus' Daughter : 2. Good Samaritan : 3. Noli me 
tang-ere : 4. Crucifixion : 5. Ascension : 6. Last Supper. 
The last one is a memorial to the late earl Fitzwilham^ 
described beneath as the ^ founder of the parish.' Two 
windows in the body of the church have stained g-lass. 
One has for subject Christ blessing- children ; the other 
has two lights, in one the Bridegroom coming, in the 
other, Christ preaching of the lilies of the field. A 
small organ is placed at the west. Near the S. door is a 
circular font. Round the edge is a text. It stands on 
six polished marble shafts. Externally a cross surmounts 
the roof between chancel and nave. Round the arch of 
the S. door are these words : ^ Enter into His gates with 
thanksgiving, and into His courts with praise.' 

Amongst the sacramental plate are two chalices of ! 
queen Anne's reign. One has the sacred monogram | 
with a flaming heart beneath, and this inscription, ^ Deo | 
servatori sacrum.' These, with both patens, are of silver. 
The larger paten is handsome, and has this inscription : 

f cntecostc, ^.g. 1858. 

The style of the building is foreign, rather than 
English, and may perhaps be called Continental first 
pointed. Since its consecration many improvements and 
many additions have been made : and we hope before 
very long to see the completion of the whole, by the 
erection of the north aisle and spire. 




-J 
< 

Q 
Hi 

I 

H 
< 
O 

I 

o 

D 
O 

oc 
o 
en 
cc 
us 
H 

LlJ 
Q. 



PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 45 



^et^rbnroufllj CatljciiraL 

■ The limits and scope of these notes admit only of the 
merest outline of the cathedral history. Learned and 
laborious antiquaries, as well as competent architects, 
have given us works, the simple enumeration of Avhich 
would here exhaust nearly all our space. This sketch is 
therefore attempted not to supply a known want, but 
because a book on the churches of the neig'hbourhood, 
would be incomplete without a notice of the most noble 
and most glorious of them all. The notes on the cathe- 
dral will be arranged upon the same plan as those on 
the churches. It is unnecessary to subjoin a list of 
authorities for the admitted historical facts. 

The present church is the third that has occupied the 
same spot. In the year 656,* the first was founded by 
Peada, king of the Mercians, brother to Kyneburgha, the 
foundress of Castor. He died before the work was finish- 
ed. The first abbot who had charge of the house, being 
a man of eminence and wealth, the monastery was soon in 
a flourishing state. It was entirely destroyed by the 
Danes in 870, during the abbacy of Hedda the 7th abbot, 
who was himself with his monks slain in the attack.! 
For a century this desolation remained. The second 
church, founded by king Edgar, was ready in the year 
971. Abp. Dunstan attended the king when he visited 
the restored church. This building was greatly injured 
by fire in another attack of the Danes, 1069 ; but its 
final destruction was due to an accident in 1116. The 
chroniclers give a curious story in connection with this 
accident. The next year was commenced the fabric 
which now exists. It took in all 120 years to build, and 
was consecrated 4 Oct., 1237. The western tower, spires 
and porch, the lantern, and the new building, were not 
1 — — — 

» * Some of these dates are still matter of controversy. , , ,x n 

' I For a notice of the stone usually thought to commemorate this slaughter, see p. 11. 



46 PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 

then erected. All the conventual building's had been 
destroyed with the church, otherwise possibly less time 
would have sufficed. The building- proceeded from east 
to west. Four abbots were eng-aged on the work ; John 
de Sais, Martin, Waterville, and Benedict. This is 
exclusive of the west front. The nave was thus formed 
by g-radual advances to the west : for any thing* that 
appears to the contrary these steps may have been fitful 
and irregular. But happily a unity of design is adhered 
to throughout, although at the time of the erection of the 
most westerly bays the style of architecture mostly in use 
was becoming lighter; a fact which transpires in thai 
various details of this part of the church, as in the bases 
of the piers, the heads in the wall arcades, and elsewhere. 
Two very able works on the architectural history of the 
cathedral have been published by Mr, Paley and Mr. 
Poole. No student of the fabric can do without them.* 
One or two of the many positions established by their I 
researches are most interesting. The nave was meant to 
termmate with two towers three bays from the present 
west front. It is not certain if both or either of these 
towers were actually built. But indications that they 
were at least contemplated are manifest. Mr. Paley says * 

«ni?^w,-]ifi^^^'^ ^'T *^^ ""f* ^"^ °° "^"^^ ^'^^ is considerably larg'er 
and wider than any others ; and it also projects fui-ther into the aisles The 
arch also, springing from it westward, is of a much greater span The 

of^fhe rpir. '°^ t.f '' V^'.^''^' ^^11^' ^re brought forward, beyond ihe line 
of the rest^ to meet the pillars m question, so that the arch across the aisles ?s 

n this part, very much contracted, and, instead of being a mere groin rib like 
the rest, is a strong moulded arch, of considerable depth in the soffit What 
appears, at farst sight, still more strange, the wall of the aisles opposite to he 
wider nave-arch just mentioned, is brought forward at least a foot internallv bu? 
again retires to the old level at the last bay; so that in this pardcular p2t the 
whole thickness of the aisle-wall is considerably greater . . ^^"''"''"'^ ^ t'^ 

ransformation of the base of these two immense towers into a comp;rtm;nt of 

That they were really erected is highly probable from 
some inferences drawn from the chronicles. This has 
been pointed out by Mr. Poole, who says,t 

tT.^^^^°"^f^ *^^'^ ^r^^""' ^""^ ''^''^'' mentioned in any of the chronicles, I think 
their existence, and even something of their history, may be collected from he 
various ways in which the central tower is designated! Candidus, who lived and 

* Remarks on the Architecture of Peterborough Cathedral pi, 21 2S 
^^^ Paper on the Abbey Church of Peterborough, amongst'^tLye o/'the Arch. See. Northant.., 



PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 



47 



vrote while they were in existence, calls the central tower magistra tiirris, the 
!hief tower, plainly inferring the existence of others. Swaphani, who most 
ikely remembered them, and witnessed their destruction, still gives to the cen- 
.ral tower a distinctive name, turris chori, the tower of the choir, as distinguished 
'rom the western towers. Abbot John, who had most likely never seen these 
ivestern towers, simply calls the central tower, turris, the tower. 

The grand west front was therefore a subsequent desio-n. 
There are some marked peculiarities about it which will 
oe noticed hereafter. At its completion the church was 
consecrated. There were further additions made before 
.ono\ In the 13th cent., of early English work^ were 
the Lady chapel and the N.W. tower. The former was 
Duilt by prior Parys, and consecrated 1290 ; he was him- 
self buried at its entrance, where this inscription w^as 
dsible in Gunton's day, 

• Hie jacet Willielraus Parys quondam Prior Burgi, cujus animfe misereatur 
Oeus. Amen. Pater noster. Ave Maria. 

It was east of the present N. transept, and the position 
)f its g'able is visible externally. This was entirely 
lestroyed 1643. The latter was built by abbot Richard, 
while he was sacrist ; it was erected for the bells, two of 
tvhich were given by himself, and called Les Londreis 
Tom him, and a third given by abbot de Caleto dedicated 
S. Oswald. This tower is therefore probably of date 
1200. All the windows of the nave aisles are of this 
Deriod. 

Of 14th cent, work are the central tower now standing, 
;he tracery of the apse windows and the lovely hano- 
ng tracery in the arches below, the raising of the aisle 
vails, and other details. Early in this century, and of 
)urest decorated work, is the bishop's spire, as the S.W. 
;pire has been named from its being- adjacent to the 
)alace. The N.W. spire is very poor in comparison with 
his, and is at least a century (Mr. Poole thinks a cen- 
ury and a half) later, nor is it of equal height.* 

* It is strange that in all the measurements of the cathedral these spires are represented as 
he same height. On the cards hung up within the building they are given at 156 feet. Mr. 
Vallcott in his ' Memorials of Peterborough ' (who condenses most of the history of the 
athedral within moderate limits) on page 6 has transposed the spires : on page 9 he gives 
heir height at 150, but this is probably a misprint, for on page 12 they are said to be 156 feet 
igh. The same height is given by Mr. Craddock. In MS. Lansd. 993, bp. Kenuett has pre- 
erved a note from Mr. Richardson ' giving accurate dimensions,' varying considerably from 
■ther lists, in which they are stated at 153 feet. But the S.W. spire is manifestly some feet 
oftier than the other. This is easily noticed at a distance due west, as on the Thoi-pe road ; 
T still better due east, where at one spot the top of the bishop's spire is visible above the 
iransept roof, and the top of the N.W. spire entirely below it. 



4,g PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 

It is perpendicular in character, but has very littl( 
merit, and suffers much by comparison with its ^ fairei 
sister/ Other works of the 1.5th century are the parvis( 
under the central arch, now the library (or possibly this 
may be late in the 14th century), the clerestory windows 
and those in the west front, and the new building". Th( 
last was built by abbot Kirton. His successor in th( 
abbacy, John Chambers, was made first bishop. H( 
acknowledg-ed the supremacy of the king" in 1534. Th( 
sig-natures of the monks to this acknowledgement may be 
seen in the Record office ; they are here given, chiefly 
because many of the surnames are those of neig-hbouring 
villag-es. 

Johns Abbas — Johes Walpooll Prior — Johes Alnewyk — Willm Castr — Willir 
Grystewe — Robte Burns — Robert' Kyrktun — Wyllm Meltun — Wyllm ThorntoE 
Antoni' Morrys — Willm' Clyffe — Johes 0v''tua (Orton) — Ricard' GlyntoBi 
Rogerus Birde — Johes Pufferett' (Pontefract) — Wyllms Kyrkton — Robtus 
Stow — Willms Hertford' — Ricard' Grantham — Ricardus Alpyng — Robt' Jjon 
don — Hufridus Naturas — Johes Ryall — Ricard* Nottyngh^m — Xpoferus Lin 
coin' — Robertus Covetre — Johes Mortun — per me Edwardum Bardney— 
Johannes Holbeche — Willms Ramsey — Xpofers Croyland — Griffinus Gloucest' 
— Henrycus Suttun — Johnes Burrowe — Ambrosi' Caster — Willm' Wysbyche — 
Galfrid' Lyne — Johns Croylade — Jhoes Lezygh^m — Willm' Exeter — Thomas 
Keteryng — Stephan' Harlton 

In the following" year queen Katherine of Arragon. 
who died at Kimbolton castle, was here interred. In 
1541, the church was converted into a cathedral, the 
abbot being" made the first bishop. Nothing- of import-i 
ance in the history of the church occurred for the next 
century, if we except the ejection of bp. Pole by queeni 
Elizabeth, and the interment of another queen, Mary of 
Scots, in 1587. Her body here remained only till 1613, 
when it was removed to Westminster by her son's order. 
But the year 1643, was a sad one for the cathedral. A 
contemporary account of the destruction effected by' 
Cromwell's soldiers, written by precentor Standish, is 
g"iven at the end of Patrick's edition of Gunton. All 
the ancient records, a very few excepted, were burnt ;> 
the altar and the elaborate screen were levelled to thej 
g-round ; the painting* on the roof was defaced j the 
brasses and monuments were demolished ; the stained 
gflass windows were broken ; the cloisters, which had an 
unrivalled series of such windows, were completely 



PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 



49 



destroyed. The minster was assig-ned to the townspeople 
as a g'eneral workshop, and for public worship. This 
was done at the suggestion of Oliver Saint John, who 
gives this account of his embassy to Holland and its 
results for him : 

As to my Embassy into Holland with Mr. Strickland, I had no Advantage by it. 
The Plate, Furniture, Beds & other Things claimed formerly by Ambassadors 
were by us returned to the Wardrobe. The States at our Farewell as a Gratuity 
jpromised to return to each of us here in England a thousand Pounds in Gold, 
.which I refused. All the reward of that Embassy was, that whereas the Minster 
of Peterborough, being an ancient & goodly Fabrick, was propounded to be sold 
& demolished. I begg'd it to be granted to the Citizens of Peterhoroufih, who at 
ithat present & ever since have made use of it. 

After all the mischief so recently done, the inhabitants 
with difficulty put the minster into some sort of repair. 
The Lady chapel was demolished to supply materials for 
this purpose, and the boards from the roof of this chapel 
were used as backs to the stalls in the choir, where thev 
continued until the choir was reseated by dean Lockier. 
A wooden spire at one time surmounted the present 
N.W. spire. In the latter part of the 18th century dean 
Tarrant had the church repaved, and what fragments of 
the ancient glass could be found Avere by him collected 
and placed in two windows above the altar. A wooden 
'octagon formerly on the lantern tower was removed by 
dean Kipling, and the present unsightly corner turrets 
erected. But the state of the fabric got -gradually Avorse 
till the time of dean Monk. By him the whole was once 
more placed in decent repair. A brass plate under the 
present organ-screen commemorates his work. At the 
time the choir was fitted up, in 1830, it was esteemed a 
marvel of beauty. In Miss Martineau's History of the 
Peace, a work essentially political, it was thought of 
jsuch national importance as to deserve this notice :* 

I A new choir, of great beauty, was erected in Peterborough Cathedral during 
^his period, and the church was made once more what it was before it was 
devastated by the Puritans. The expense was defrayed by a subscription within 
.he diocese, and the work was superintended by the Dean, Dr. Monk, who had 
oecome Bishop of Gloucester before it was finished. 

Nor would it be fair for us to compare the work of nearly 
40 years ago, with what would be done now, however 

;:nnch we may regret that the re-arrangement of our 

I 

*Histor}- of England during the Thirty Years' Peace, ii. 185. 



5(j PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 

catliedrul should have taken ])lace iu the infanc}^ instead 
of in the maturity of the revival of architectural study 
The ceiling' of the choir has been painted in the time o 
the present dean. 

The above traces in outline the chronology of th 
cathedral^ apart from descriptive notice. 

At the time of the dissolution there were at least 18 
separate altars in connection Avith the church. They 
were all doubtless served by members of the foundation, 
but had not separate endowments as the chantries in 
parish churches. Besides the altars in the choir and 
Lady chapel, there were two, to SS. John and James int 
the N. transept aisle, three to SS. Oswald, Benedict, and 
Kyneburg'ha* in the S. transept aisle, one in the roodloft, 
one in the ' Ostrie ' chapel (the chapel of the g-uest-house 
at the g'ate), one in the body of the church (a bracket in 
one of the pillars on the N. side marks its position), and 
others in the Trinity chapel, the infirmar}^ chapel, the 
abbot's gallery chapel, and the ^ other chapel.' It is not 
known where Trinity chapel was : that at Low, a cell of 
the abbey towards the north bank, was dedicated to the 
Holy Trinity, but Low chapel is mentioned by name as 
distinct. The abbot's g'aller}- chapel was certainl}^ that 
over the porch. Mr. Poole, in discussing- the objects of 
this porch and chamber, has adopted the view of Browne 
Willis, that it was a consistory court, whose position 
would most fitl}'' be at the great west door. He adds, 
^ I venture, then, to call this a Galilee.' In point of fact 
this name has been attached to it for centuries. The; 
word was corrupted into ' g-aller}^ ; ' the great west court ' 
yard was called the ^gallery court;' and the portico 
itself was the burial place of minor canons, who left in 
their wills that their bodies should be buried ' with their 1 
fellows, in the gallery.^ An inventor}^ of ail the furniture 
was made in 1539, but is too lengthy to be here given., 
Britton has copied it from Gunton, in whose book it! 
occupies nearly six large pages. f It is altogether similar 

* The connecfon of these three altars with the history of the place is obvious. The arm 
of S. Oswald was the great relic of the house ; S. Benedict was the founder of the rule under 
which they lived ; S. Kyneburgha was the sister of the founder of the monastery. 

t Gunton's History, pp. 58 — 63. 



PETERBOEOUGH CATHEDEAL. gj 

to those already given, except in its mag-nitude. There 
seem to have been 313 albs, of various colours, 31 
! complete suits of vestments for Holy Communion, 1C9 
copes, for festivals and processions. Man)' of these are 
called simpl}' by their material ; some by the embroidery 
on them, as ' the Kydds,' ' the Squirrels,' ' the Daysies,' 
' the Popinjays ', ' some by names of their donors,*^ as it 
seems from ' the Meltons,' ' the Overtons,' ^ the Godfreys,' 
and others. Amongst the ornaments in the choir are 
these : 

Imprimis. The high altar plated with Silver, well gilt, with one image of 
CUrists passion, and a little shrine of Copper, enameled, for the Sacrament. 

Item two pair of Organs, and two desks of Latten, seven Basins hanging, with 
four Candlesticks, and Banners of Silk above the Quire, joyning to the Tomb 
where Q. Katharine lieth buried. 

Item at the upper end of the Church, three Altars, and upon every Altar a 
Table of the Passion of Christ, Gilt, with three stained Fronts. 

Of these desks of Latten, one is probably the eagle 
lettern still remaining, given it is said by abbot Ramse}-. 
It formerly stood on four small lions. The three altars, 
in the last paragraph, must have been one at the end of 
the apse, and one in each aisle. The high altar, it is 
needless to observe, was some distance west of its present 
position. 

The Hegistees begin in 1615. As might be expected 
they are comparatively scanty. But, with the exception 
of the necessary irregularities during the commonwealth, 
the}' are complete. The first book has this title in old 
English letters, excellently written : 

Hcgi.5trum ^tt(csi;r catbis be ^urgo S^i ^etri in 
XJU0 Ijcibcntur omniu 

gaptismata r foliiD : 3° : 

Itlatrimoma a folio : 120° ; 

d' funcra a folia : 140° : 

%h Icuno Bn\ 1615. 

The second book commences in 1756 : the third in 

1784, and was the book prepared Mith the impressed 

stamps under the act 26 George II. The remaining 

books are recent. A few entries from the register of the 

parish church refer more properly to the cathedral, and 



52 PETEEBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. ■ 

two are here given ; they have been indeed copied into 
the cathedral book. 

1587. The Queene of Scots was most sumptuously buried in the Cathedral 
Church of Peterborough the first day of August who was for her 
deserts beheaded at Fotheriugay about St. Paules day before. 
Anthony More one of the children of the Queen's Maties "kitchen 
w'=ii followed at the funerall aforesaid of Queen of Scots was burved 
the iij day. 

From the cathedral register proper these may be quoted 
as of g-eneral interest : 

1621. 29 Dec. M's. Elizabeth Beale and lyeth buried in the chappell 

next to the Little Orgaines in this Cathedrall Church. 

1642. Dr- John Pocklington late Prebendarie of this Cathedrall Church 
departed this life y^ 14th of November, and was buried the 16, in the 
Monks churchyard, at y^ east end of Abbot Hedda' grave otherwise 
called y^ Munks Stone.* 

1646. William, the sonne of William Pai'ker was baptiz'd the eight day of 
January in ye Cathedrall Church of Peterburgh according to ys direc- 
tory, M'' Richerson, Minister of Botlebridge Preached, and M» 
Hammerson, minister of Overton Baptiz'd it. 

1648. Anthonie_ the sonne of M' Willyam Parker was Baptiz'd the 28" of 
Aprill in his one house, after the new way by M^ Richeson Minister 
of Bottlebridge haveing neither Godfathers nor Godmothers. 

1660. 7 Nov. Hellen Austin Baptized in ye Cathedral Church being 

the first that was christned in ye ffont their ; after ye setting it up • 
The said ffont being puld downe, and ye lead taken out of it ; by 
Cromwells Souldyers. 

1661. 10 Dec. Old Thrift on of the Almeshouse, of ye Minster was buryed. 
1673. 29 Dec. M^ Gregory one of ye Petticannons met v/^^ an untimely death." 
1679. 24 May. John Lovin Free Mason, was buried. 

1681. Two Persons Prisoners died out of ye Jayle w"iin 10 dayes of one 

Another. 

1682. 26 Mar. George Ellis a Scholar of ye Free-Schoole was buried. 
1685. 21 Nov. M'' Laurence Parker who had outlived all his children was 

buried. 
1689. 2 June. Wid : Woodward an Almswoman was buryed and contrary to 

ye Act of Parliament for woollen. 
1702. 18 Nov. Goodwife Tunny an Almswoman was buryed in Monks 

Churchyard. 
1702. (buried) John Mews of Wisbeach Oyl-Miller. 
1711. 7 July. John Sherwood a Negro 3 foot high & Margaret Steward 2 foot 

& a half high marry'd. 
1718. 27 May. William Harvey a Norfolk Gentleman who died in ye Jayl 

was buried in Monks Churchyard. 
1720. 27 Nov. Robert Gibbs, one of Choristers, Son of Robert Gibbs one of 

ye Virgers bury'd. 



ir, ♦J w P'^^^^'^'e \° liis wiU he says, ' Into thy hands Let my body be buried 

m the Monks ch. yard near the monument of those Monks martyrs whose monument is weU 
f"°'^- , Je<^t t^f'^'e be laid on my grave a large stone with a cross cut upon it.' He had been 
iftla"!,^ , t"'^'""'''': Camb. rect of Yelden, Beds., vie. of Waresley, Hunts., canon of Windsor, 
1639, and chaplain to king Charles I. Two of his books, ' Altare Christianum,' and ' Sunday 
^o^rT ; /fr o'^'iered to be burnt by the long parHament. This was done bv the common 
^f^.^^^- }^ universities and at London, 10 Mar., 1640, about which time they deprived 



hearted. His tombstone had this simple inscription, 

Johannes Pocklington 
S. S. Theologise Doctor obijt 
Novemb. 14. Anno. Dom. 1642. 
See Clement's Church notes. Add. MSS. 11,425. 



PETERBOEOUGH CATHEDRAL. 

1725. 3 Mar. (buried) Jonathin Lnuimin a Debtor at Fix's. 

1743. no Aug. William the Son of William & (Elizabeth) Ann Paley.* 



53 



Several people are described as ^ woolcombers.' In 
! 1778, a person is called a ' widowman/ In 1678, Luke 
' Herbert, ag-ed about 24, and being- at the point of death, 
' was baptized, ^ he earnest^ then desiring- it, it being- 
unknown before ' that he was unbaptized. 

The account books in the possession of the church are 
of g-reat value. Besides the entries of a more private 
nature there are very many of g-eneral interest. A few 
, are here quoted in English. 

15i8. Wm. Glazier for 9 lbs. of Soder 3 

I 19 Nov. Mr. Wm. Murrey for going to Convocation 4 

To Rob. Hawkeman for taking down the roof of the new hall 

and setting up the great gate next the town 3 10 

To Chr. Smith for the bell clapper at the cross altar 1 

To the said Chr. for girdles bought for the revestry 1 

For mending the lock on the deadman's door 2 

For a runlet of mamsey for the church 31 6 

For a new rope for the clock 13 

For a bow bought for the church and strings 7 

For 12 arrows and 6 bolts for the driving of daws out of the 

church 

1583. The clocksmith of Barrowden for correction for the clock this 

year 6 8 

1588. To Wm. Lacy Gent" for holding the court of Pye Pouder 40^ & 

for parchment C^ 8<i 46 8 

1590. To the Lord Abp. of Canterbury for his Metropolitan Visitation 

this year as well for the Parish Church as for the Cathedral 4 
1593. The great column near the choir repaired with iron and timber 47 4 9 
1600. In expences in repairing and for cleansing out the river called 

the old E a 74 3 4 

1G29. For white lights spent in the church this winter 28 10 

To Morris Knowles for selling 3 trees in the Park 3^ for carriage 

2 load of faggotts & one load of hard wood to the Deanery. . 3 
To Mansfield making a new wheel for the sermon bell & for 

nails for the same 13 8 

For the making of a turning stile in the monks churchyard & 

the iron pin for the same 18 

No accounts from this year till the restoration, 
except one in 1643, are to be found. 

1061. To Tho. Mansfield 4 days boarding up the windows that are 

unglazed 5 4 

24 Dec. For laurel to dress up the Church at Christmas .... 2 7 
1662. 22 Jan. P* Rob. Willowes for 2 windows on the south side at 

6d per foot 5 2 

1 Feb. P* more (at 3 several times) 37 15 6 

13 May. P"^ to old Mansfield 3 days mending the great gates of 

the body of the church being broken by the great wind Feb. 18. 4 6 

To Joh. Darby for killing 2 dozen of Daws 4 



* The celebrated divine, author of ' Evidences of Christianity,' ' Horae Paulinse,' &c. He 
held many valuable preferments and was u'timately subdn. of Line, and archdn. of Carlisle, 
in which latter cathedral he was buried. His father was minor canon of Peterborough. 



54 PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 

1662. The voluntary present to his majesty * 200 

1664. 22 Oct. Given to the Train Band by Mr. Gunton's' order at 

the training in the Town 1q 

1665. 7 June. Given the lingers for ringing the Great Bellsat the 

overthrow of the Dutch fleet 5 

For one spruce dale (deal) for old Scarlett's picture" ........ 2 

Mr. Lilley for making a new pillory 1 10 

To the painter for Old Scarlett's picture drawing '.".'.'.'.*. 1 10 

For 5^ yds. of canvass „ '[ 7 

For frankincense to burn in the church .'.*!.'!.* 

1667. To Orlando Bagley for building a Cabin for Coltman intime of 

the sickness , j q 

To Mr. Gibbs apothecary for cordials for Coltman 's' family, 10 

1609. To Joh. Lovin for 4 new buttresses where the Ladies Chappel 
stood & making all that handsome, for stopping a great cleft 
in the North Isle & other work about the Minster as appears 

by his hill 20 

To the carrier for the carriage of Tho. Ball Chorister up & 
down from London to be cured of the King's Evil, and his 

charges by the way 1 4 

1670. To my Lord Fitzwilliam's keeper for half a Buck his 'fee* " '. '. '. ', 6 

1675. To several persons undone by fire at Northampton 1 

1676. To a seaman that was wrack'd coming from Barbadoes 

To 4 persons whose ship was taken by a French Caper 1 

To a Soldier that had lost his arm by the Turks '. '. 

1678. To Joh. Deacon a poor man in the Minster towards his charge 

in carrying his daughter to be touch 'd of the Evil 10 

1680. For work done about the Poor Man's Box 1 

1688. P<i for cleaning the body of the minster & burning' perfumes 

after the Prisoners had been 13 

P<i afterwards for washing the body of the Church's 'pavement 

all over g 

1 689. To 2 men watching the Deanery after the fire •••••••••• ^ 

1695. P"* for a Bass for the Litany Desk .......I 5 

1709. P* for Coffee, Pipes &c. at the Chapter House "!!!!'.!!!.'!! ^ 5 

1745. P* Geo. Gibbs for making the Gamekeeper's green coat .. .'. 6 

Pd the ringers on 25 Apr. on the news of the defeat of the 

E-ebels 10 

1747. Pd Mr. Clifton for copying old Scarlett's picture 2 12 6 

1752. P^ Mr. Goodman for powder and shot to destroy the Daws at 

the Minster 1q 2 

1769. 4 Jul. PiThos. Crow for the Buck ...','.'.'.'!.'!.".*]!.".'!!.'!!! 1 1 

1772. Pd for Gunton's History with Manuscript Notes ...'.' *. ". .'.".'..'! 21 

1773. 22 May. P-i 2 labourers for work in the Almshouse Yard &c. 

at the time of the flood 5 q 

The sacramental plate is very valuable. It is entirely 
of silver g-ilt. The alms-dish is the oldest, but is without 
date. Two massive flag-ons are thus inscribed ' Paulus 
Pyndar miles D.D.D. anno salutis 1G39 Deo in Ecclesia 
sua Petriburo-ensi.' There are 4 chalices, one very larg-e, 
presented ' Deo in Ecclesia sua Petriburg-ensi 1638/ tlie 
others uninscribed. One paten has an inscription iden- 
tical with the last, a second has a similar one but no date, 
and a third none at all. Most have the coat of arms of 

* The bp. also gave 400Z. In Kennett's Register, p. 544, this is said to b7' for his pious care in 
restoring and protecting of them in their several Orders, Dignities, and Rights ' 



PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 



i)0 



the deaiier}'. The whole set was mended and regilt in 
1770, at a cost of 25/. 4.s'. 6r/. 

In the hbrary is a book of benefactions, containing 
numerous g'ifts to the cathedral. Sometimes sums of 
money were given for special ends, as ^ glazing the low 
east window,' ' towards beautifying the choir.' The 
library has been augmented by gifts of single volumes 
from clero-y and gentry in the neighbourhood ; bp. Pat- 
rick left a large number; in 1714 dn. Kennett and Mr. 
Sparke gave several volumes ' for the use of the school ; ' 
the largest accession was at the death of bp. Kennett. 
At one'^time the books were kept in the new building. 
In Botheld's Notes on Cathedral Libraries, 1849, is a 
notice of the rare and valuable works in this collection. 



ABBOTS. 



bef. 

bef. 
bef. 
bef. 



656 Saxulphus, r.i 

673 Cutbbaldu?. 

716 Egbaldi^fi. 
Pusa. 

793 Beonna. 

806 Celrediis. 

833 ^Hedda, d.2 

971 Adulphus, r.* 

992 Kenalphus, r.* 
1006 Elsinus, d.s 
1055 Arwiniis, r. 
1057 +Leofricus, m.d.'' 
1066 Brando, ra.d. 
1069 Thoroldus, d.'' 
1099 Godricus, deprived. 
1103 Matthias, d.* 
1107 Ermilphus, r.^ 
UU +Joh. de Sais. 



li-2S Hen. de Angeli, deprived.!" 
1133 J Martin de Vecti, d." 
1155 Will. deWaterville, deprived. !2 
1177 Benedict, d.'^ 
1194 +Andnw, m.d. 
1300 Acharius, d." 
1214 Rob. de Lindesay, m.d.is 
1222 +Alex. Holderness, m.d. 
1226 Martin de Ramsey, m.d. 
1233 Walter de S. Edmunds, m.d.i« 
1246 +Wi!l. de Hotot, m.r.i' 
1249 i-Job. de Caleto, d.'s 
1262 Rob. de Sutton, m.d.i^ 
1274 +WilI. de London, m.d. 
1295 +Will. de Woodford, m.d. 
1299 JGodf. de Croyland, m.d .20 
1321 JAdam de Boothby, m.d. 
1338 JHen. de Morcot, d. 



* Buried at Peterborongh. Those who had been monks of the house are marked, m. 

1. Made abp. of Lichfield. .. x ^,. , w * 

2. Murdered by the Dines, 870. No monastic estabushment for a century. 
3! Chanc. to king Edgar. Made abp. of York. 

5' The %?it collector of relics. He brought here the famous arm of S. Oswald. He 
bmght the body of Florentinus from a banki-upt abbey in Koi-mandy. • 

6 Relative to kin^Edward. Held also abbeys of Bm-ton, Coventry, Cropland, and Ihomey. 

7' A Norman • made bp. of Beavois in France; but expelled in i days and returned bore. 

' S Brother to Godfrey, chief justice, who was drowned in the wreck of the ^"hite Ship. 

9' Prior of Canterbuiw ; made bp. of Rochester. . , , . ,^ 

10 Also abbot of Anjou ; forced to surrender this and retire to nis other aboey. 

' 11! Pi-iorof S. Neots. He entertained king Stephen here, 

i 12. Chaplain to king Henry I r. 

! 13. Prior of Canterbury. He sold the chahces for king R chard s ransom. 

i 14". Prior of S. Albans. 

I 15. He attended the 4th Lateran council, 121o. 

i 16. Went thrice to Rome during his abbacy. 

; 17 Resigned, but buried here before the aitar of S. Benedict. 

i is' Prior of Winchester, went circuits as a judge, built mtirmary, and gave great bell. 

> 19' Took arms against king Henry III. Died .abroad and buried m a monastery near 
I Bononia. His heart was interred here before S. Oswald's altar. 

' 20. Entertained king Edward I. and contributed largely towards his Scottish expenses. 



56 



PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 



l-'iSa Rob. Ramsey, d. 
1361 Hen. de Overton, d. 
1391 Nicolas, d. 
1396 +Will. Genge, d.2i 
1408 +,Toh. Deeping, d. 



1438 Ric. Ashton, r.22 
1471 +WilI. Ramsey, m.d 
1496 +Rob. Kirton, m.d. 
1528 t Job. Chambers, d. 



BISHOPS. 



1541 {Job. Chambers, S.T.B., d.i 
1556 +David Pole,L.L.D.,deprived.2 
1560 Edm. Scambler, S.T.B., r.3 
1584 jRic. Howland, S.T.P., d.* 
1600 +Tho. Dove, S.T.P., d.5 
1630 Will. Peirse, S.T.P., r.« 
1632 Augustine Lindsay, S.T.P., r.' 
1634 +Fr. Dee, S.T.P., d.s 



1638 +Joh. Towers, S.T.P., d.9 
1660 Ben. Laney, S.T.P., r.i» 
1663 Jos. Henshaw, S.T.P., d." 
1679 Will. Lloyd, S.T.P., r.12 
1685 Tho. White, S.T.P., deprived.»3 
1691 +Ric. Cumberland, S.T.P., d." 
1718 JWhite Kennett, S.T.P., d.^s 



21. The first mitred abbot. 

hridfr?"Tb?«Y^\^!'iMf ^i^*" ''h^'^'^'' "^^t ^■^°*^'^ ^°'" ^"^'^i^g a ^ai^ °^ S. Matthew's day at the 
Diidge. 1 his IS still held on the same holyday, old style 
J Buried at Peterborough. 

nf^wnS°^''R*'^''^'/i^i"' s"^''ieii'i?re'i monastery, and had pension of 2661. 13s. U. and 100 loads 
?n; f^ ♦>: ^V ^".^olf ? Pi? ^""^ ''^° '*''^«' candlesticks to the church, 201. to the fabric, 
nkuJ^-^^K^^'l ^""^ "^l- ^°- ^^? l'-^"^- ™« ^"''eral was costly; see Sti-^,e, iii. 286, under 
5 March, 1555; he was buried 'with a godly Herse, adorned Vith Arms and Pen si Is, two 
white Branches and Eight dozen of staves : wtb an Herald of Arms, and five Banners • and 
an hundred m black Gowns and Coats, and a great manv poor men iA Gowns.' ''^''°''' 
H.d Wn"7oU Ji ^^^^''^h "''^''':?'^ *°,"7° ?'"<^"y ^"^ London, within 3 miles of his house. 
SthedraL '■*'^*''- '*^'^"' '"''J'" 'probably' bm-ied at S. Paul's 

3. Chaplain to abp. Parker, vie. of Rye, Suss., canon of Westminster, preb. of York. He 
greatly impoverished the see : made bp. of Noi-wich, and there buried. He was called Pseudo: 

r She'r^^'hot P2,^ate°^'=^ "°* '^''^"^^ "' ^^^ ^''^'' ^ ^^^ '^^^ ^^^ "--- ^^- 

and sfbtn! L^icf^Ted krclsTor.'^' °' '''^"'^^^"^ '""^ '• "'''^''' C^^""' -'='• "^ ^tathem 

5 Rect of Framlingham and Saxted, Suff., and Heydon, Ess., also vie. of Saffron Walden 

Ess., and dn. of Norwich. His monument was ' comely,' but destroved with the rest ir. I^q' 

Amongst the Unes on the epitaph were these : "esuoyea wim tne lest in 1643. 

Hie ilia est senio argentata Columba 
Davidis, coelos hinc petit ille suos. 
Ch (^f^^J ^^pT ^^^'^' "?°- °J Northall and S. Christopher-justa-le-Stocks ; can. of Ch. 
rTsto^el-'ie'eo: "iu^led^atWa^lli^im's^ow".' ^'''^ '''' '^'^"^' ''"'• ^"^''^^ '^^^"-<1' ^^K 

I; J-^h °i ^l^^^' PJ'®'^- °^ Lincoln, had livings of Sedgfield, and Houehton-le-SDrinc? Dnr 
edftionlfTheol^yiaet °' '^"^''^''' '''' ' "^^ "' ""'''''' ^' ''''' and?Kburled.Tu'bfe 

8. Rect. of AUhallows, Lombard St., chanc. of Sarum, dn. of Chichester Ifiqn T pft inn; 
tf'9t^^'''' cathedral. He gave parsonage of Pagham, Susi ?or foundaUon of2 schol^^^^^^^^^^^ 
and 2 fellowships at S. John's, Camb., for boys from the king's school of his name or Idndred 

^A x^"^; ^^\ master of Pembroke, Camb., chaplain to kiSg Charles L, preb. of Winchester 
and Westminster, rect Buriton, Hants., vie. of Soham, Camb., dm of PeteZrough 
1630 He protested with 11 others against exclusion of bishops from parliament and was 
confined m the ower about 4 months. Retired to king at Oxford. Deprived of his pre7er- 
""fn^^-x. n"^' ?'' '^''f *^ '" 16^^' t'^e «ce was vacant 12 years. Buried at Elv 

"••Fell, and master of Pembroke, Camb., chaplain to king Charles I., preb. of Winchester 
and Westmmster.dn of Rochester. Deprived of mastershii^ but restored He wUh the bP 
^L^nlri^'oT'Er B'urie'itt'^^^ "' ^^^^""'^^ ''■ ''^'^ '^- o^ '^incoltan^d 

11. Rect. of E.stLavantand Shedham, Suss., vie. of S. Bartholomew the Less London 

Npw;..i. n.-,°i f- ■t^'^^e^' Holbom, and of Botsford, Leic, archdn. of Nottingham, ^-ic. of 
^fiQ7 1 ,F A °J *.H^r'^ '''^^°P^ "^"^t *o *^e *o^er. Also one of the seven nonjurors In 
1697, he attended sir John Fenwick to the scaffold. Bequeathed books to the corporation o" 
I ?aul''scatherar'' *° '^' ^""^ °' Peterborough. Buried at S. Gregory's now part of 
vertlelm;d°m^an^'^'''l'h'fp^r''-'fi"'> "^ S\™Pton, Oxf., vie. of All Saints, Stamford. A 
SSthSphill^iyi^srHobts.'''^"'*'' '^•"°'^«^* °'^^'- "°'^^' ^^ ^e^''- Natur. 
15^ Vic. of Ambrosden, rect. of Shottesbrook, Berks., Aldgate, S. Marv Aldermarv archdn 
5^ KS'^m^n^y^Jei^nfi^^o^ll-fo^riou^:""^^ ''''^''''^^^ ^^-- «^^ -rks^ a^ 'l^^^w^^^df of 



PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 



57 



1728 jRob. Clavering, S.T.P.,d.i« 
1747 Job. Thomas, S.T.P., r.i" 
1757 Ric. Terrick, S.T.P., r.'s 
1704: Rob. Lamb, L.L.D., r.i* 
17(59 Mob. Hinchcliffe, S.T.P., d.^'^ 



1794 JSpencer Madan, S.T.P., d.2' 
1813 Job. Parsons, S.T.P., d.22 
1819 JHerb. Marsb, S.T.P., d.^^ 
1839 I Geo. Davys, S.T.P., dM 
1804 Fr. Jeune, D.C.L.^' 



DEANS. 



1541 Fr. Abree, S.T.B.i 

1543 Gerard Carleton, S.T.B., d.2 

1549 Jas, Curtbop, A.M., d.3 

1557 Job. Boxall,L.L.D., deprived.^ 

1560 JWill. Latymer, S.T.P., d.s 

1585 Ric. Fletcber, S.T.P., r.« 

1590 Tbo. Nevill, S.T.P., r.^ 



1597 Job. Palmer, S.T.P., d.» 
1008 Ric. Clayton, S.T.P., d.^ 
1612 Geo. Meriton, S.T.P., r." 
1616 Hen. Beaumont, S.T.P., r." 
1622 Will. Peirse, S.T.P., made bp. 
1630 JJob, Towers, S.T.P., made bp. 
1638 Tbo. Jackson, S.T.P., d.12 



16. Fell, of University, rect. of Mersh Gibbon, Bucks., can. of Ch. Ch., prof, of Hebrew, 
1705, bp. of Llandaflf. 

17. Fell, of All Souls', can. of S. Paul's, dn. of Peterborough, and Lincoln, bp. of S. Asaph, 
174S, of Sarum, 1757, and of Winchester, 1761, and there buried. 

18. Fell, of Clare, can. of Windsor, vie. of Twickenham, bp. of London, 1764. 

19. Fell, of Christ's, Camb., rect. of Hatfield, Herts., and of Peakirk, dn. of Peterborough. 

20. Fell, of Trinity, Camb., head master of Westminster, vie. of Greenwich, master of 
Trinity, dn. of Durham. 

21. Fell, of Trinity, Camb., rect. of W, Halton and Haxey, Line, and of Ashley, Berks.. 
chaplain to king, preb. of Peterborough, bp. of Bristol, 1793." Translator of Grotius" He was 
first cousin to the poet Cowper. 

22. Fell, of Wadham, rect. of All Saints, Colchester, master of Balliol, dn. of Bristol. 
Bnried at Oxford ; in his college chapel is a monument to him, and in the hall a portrait. 

23. Fell, of S. John's, Camb., Margaret prof, of divinity. Author of many controversial 
works, Horse Pelasgicse, lectures, &c. 

'24. Fell, of Christ's, Camb., rect. of Willonghbv, Notts., and Allhallows, London Wall, 
dn. of Chester, 1S31. 

25. Formerly head master of Bh-mingham, dn. of Jersey, master of Pembroke, Oxford, and 
dn. of Lincoln. 

; Buried at Peterborough. 

1. His real name was Leycester, a Cluniac monk ; prior of S. Andrew, Northampton, which 
he had sui rendered 1538, also vie. of Moulton. 

2. Fell, of Queens', Camb., rect. of Stanway, Ess., canon of Westminster, 1640. 

3. One of the original canons of Ch. Ch. Oxf., 1549, where he is buried. 

4. Fell, of New, Oxf., preb. of S. Paul's and of Sarum, dn. of Noi-wich and of Windsor, 
registrar of the Garter, secretary of state to queen Mary. In 1560, he was deprived of his 
three deaneries by queen Elizabeth, and committed to the tower. 

5. Inc. of Stackpole, dioc. S. Asaph, canon and archdn. of Westminster. He had been 
master of the dissolved college of S. Laurence, Pountney, London, and rect. of S. Marj-, 
Achurch. He was the dean who saved the church when it was begged of the queen by 
a ' gi-eat peer.' 

6. Fell, of Corpus, Camb., preb. of S. Paul's, and Lincoln, chaplain to the queen. Minis- 
tered at Rye, Suss., where his son John, the di-amatist, was bom. Rect. of Alderkirk, Line, 
and of BaiTiack, 1586. He attended the queen of Scots at her execution, and his works refer 
only to her. Made bp. of Bristol, 1589, of Worcester, 1593, and of London, 1594. At Bristol 
he so squandered the resources of the see that it was vacant for 10 years. Died suddenly, 
while smoking; buried at S. Paul's cathedral. 

7. Fell, of Pembroke, Camb., master of Magdalene, then of Trinity, where the court he 
built retains his name. Kect. of Dunnington, and Teversham, Camb., and of Churton. 
In 1587, canon of Ely. Britton says, rect. of Bamack, but his name does not occur in Bridges' 
list. Chaplain to queen Elizabeth and king James. Made dn. of Canterbury and there buried. 

8. Preb. of Lichfield, archdn. of Ely, and master of Magdalene, Camb. WTien an under- 
graduate he acted king Richard III. before queen EUzabeth, and ' had his head so possest 
with a Priiicelike lutmor, that ever after he did what then he acted, in his Prodigal expences, so 
that (the cost of a Sovereign ill befiting the Purse of a Subject), he died Poor in Prison, 
notwithstanding his great jirefermcnt.' Fuller's Worthies, ii. 277. 

9. Archdn. of Lincoln, master of Magdalene and S. John's, Camb. The latter he held till 
his death, and he is buried in the chapel of the college. 

10. Rtct. of Hadley, Suff., and dn. of Bocking, Ess. Made dn. of York, and there bulled. 
j 11. Fell, of All Souls'. Made dn. of Windsor, and there buried. 

I 12. Vic. of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and of Witney, Oxf. Chaplain to king and preb. of 
Winchester. President of Corpus, Oxf., buried in the college chapel. His works are published 
In 3 vols, with a life. 



58 



rETEEBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 



1640 Joh. Cosin, S.T.P., rP 

1660 Ed. Rainbow, S.T.P., r.i* 
1664= |Jas. Duport, S.T.P., d." 

1679 Simon Patrick, S.T.P., r.^« 

1689 Ric. Kidder, S.T.P., r." 

169] Sam. Freeman, S.T.P., d.i8 

1707 |Wh. Kennett, S.T.P.,inade bp. 

1718 Ric. Reynolds, L L.D., r.is 

1721 Will. Gee, S.T.P., r.2o 

1722 Joh. Mandeville, S.T.P., d.2i 
1724 JFr. Lockier, S.T.P., d.22 



1740 Joh. Thomas, S.T.P., ulti- 
mately bp. 
1744 Rob. Lamb, L.L.D., made bp. 
1764 Ch. Tarrant, S.T.P., d.23 

1791 Ch. Manners Sutton, S.T.P.,r.2i 

1792 + Peter Peckard, S.T.P., d.'s 
1798 T. Kipling, S.T.P., d.26 
1822 Jas. Hen. Monk, S.T.P., r.27 
1830 Tho. Turton, S.T.P., r.28 
1842 Geo. Butler, S.T.P., d.29 
1853 Aug. Page Saunders, S.T.P.^o 



It is not proposed here to enter upon all the details of 
the architecture. Careful descriptions of this branch of 
the subject are plentiful and easily accessible. But a 
very few notes will not be out of place. It does not 
appear to have been pointed out that the choir and nave 
have not the same central line. The choir divero-es 
slightly but perceptibly to the north ; this can be 
noticed at the west door by looking- alono- the line of roof. 

13. Rect. of Brancepeth and preb. of Durham, archdn. of East Riding, and master of 
Peterhouse. He received the early part of his education at the king's school, Peterborough, 
and entered at Peterhouse at the age of 15. He was the first of the clergy whose benefices 
were sequestered by parliament. Was in exile 17 years. At the restoration he was made bp. 
of Durham. He died in 1671. 

14. This dean also was at the king's school, from wh'ch he w.is removed to Westminster. 
Fell, .ind master of Magdalene, Camb. Deprived in 1650, for refusing to sign a protestation 
agamst the king. Presented to livings of Little Chesterf ord, Ess., and of Benefield, Northants. 
Restored to his mastership, 1660, and made chaplain to the king. Made bp. of Carlisle ; 
buried at Dalston, Cumb. His life is published. 

15. Prof, of Greek, and master of Magdalene, Camb., and canon of Lincoln. A long 
epitaph m Latm is on his mont in the cathedral. The writer of these notes has a special 
respect for the memory of dean Duport. He bequeathed an annual sum of 2i. payable to the 
second master of the king's school. All memory of this bequest had passed away, and it had 
become merged in another payment, until discovered and reclaimed by the present second 
master, 

16. Vic. of Battersea, rect. of S. Paul, Covent Garden, and preb. of Westminster. Made 
bp. of Chichester, 1679, and of Ely, 1691, where he died and was buried, 1707. 

17. See under Stanground, of which parish he was vicar. 

18. Rect. of S. Anne, Aldersgate, and of S. Paul, Covent Garden, vie. of Stanton Barry, 
Bucks. Buried at Ecton. Description of his monument, and the epitaph, is given in 
Bridges, ii. 145. i- 1 . b 

19. Rect. of S. Peter, Northampton, Connington, Camb., and Denton, Hunts. Preb. and 
chanc. of Peterborough. Made bp. of Bangor, 1721, and of Lincoln, 1723, where he died and 
was buried, 1743. 

20. Can. of Westminster, and rect. of S. Margaret, dn. of Lincoln, 1722. 

21. Archdn. and chanc. of Lincoln, can. of Windsor. Buried at S. Mai-y Magd., Old Fish St. 
..P-.Vf. °* Hansworth. An intimate friend of Dryden and of Pope. See Malone's 
ufe of JDryden. 

vie. 

rect. 

Carlisle, 

innt ,^''°*- °* Averham, Notts., .nnd -VVTiitwelT, Derb., bp. of Norwich, 1792, dn. of Windsor, 

1794, abp. of Canterbury, 1805. Died 1828, buried at Addington, Suss. Memoir of him in 

Gent. Mag. 98, ii, 173. 

25. See under Fletton, of which parish he was rector. 

26. Fell, of S. John's, Camb. Editor of Theodori Bezaa Codex Cantabrigiensis. Died at 
Holme, York. 

27. See under Pealdrk, of which parish he was rector. 

28._ Fell, of S. Cath., Lucasian prof, of mathematics, reg. prof, of divinity, 1826 ; rect. of 
Gimingham, Norf., 1826, dn. of Westminster, 1842, bp. of Ely. 1845. List of publns may be 

oa "? u}'^^^°- '"' ^^''^^- Bequeathed nearly the whole of his property to charitable uses. 

zy. -feu. ot Sidney, Sussex, head master of Harrow, 1805, rect. of Gayton, Northants., 1814, 
chanc. of Peterborough, 1836. Memoir by Dr. Vaughan is given in Gent. Mag. N.S., 39. 662. 
xsuriea at Gayton. 

30. F.R.S., formt,_, 
master of Charterhouse. 




PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 59 

The west front has 30 figures remaining- in their niches. 
The northern of the 3 arches either fell down or was in 
[imminent risk of doing- so in the 17th cent. We find 
the bishop g'ave lOOZ. towards its restoration. In 1675 
there was a great piece of work done in the N.W. tower. 
Its present state looks dangerous from below. The 
'stones in the arch have some sad gaps. It is tied up by 
iron bands, and further protected within by a great num- 
ber of wooden pegs, not of recent construction. When last 
observed it leant forward 14J inches. The centre arch 
is the narrowest, and the acute angle at the top conse- 
quently the least, but the angles of the g-ables above 
have been wisely made equal. This inequality of the 
arches has been variously accounted for.* The portico 
is paved with gravestones, mostly not in their original 
position. Some are stones from which the brasses have 
been Avrenched and then re-used, one is an incised cross 
formerly filled with some coloured composition. Of the 
numerous windows of stained glass with which the church 
was once enriched, fragments now remain only sufficient 
to fill the two eastern windows of the choir. These 
fragments were collected by dean Kipling-. They are 
very' beautiful. No scenes of course can be now made out, 
but'^the faces when examined closely, are singularly good. 
They were not from the cloisters, but -from the church 
itself, and formed portions of a window or series of win- 
dows representing the life of S. Peter.f The date of the 
choir roof is not ascertained. On the shields are the in- 
struments of the passion, some coats of arms, and a rood. 

* None of the accounts seem quite satisfactory. The following suggestion is offered with 
diflBdeuce. The gable above the centre arch is a real gable, it is the honest termination of the 
nave roof ; whereas the other two gables have only lesser roofs built on purpose for the gables. 
Therefore, however far the extremities of the front should extend, the two central piers must 
be built so as to fit the existing nave roof : moreover, as they had to support a heavy arch of 
stone, they would have to be more massive than the nave piers, which supported only a roof 
of timber, and the width of the opening would be necessarily less than between two opposite 

. piers of the nave. These two piers being then fixed, the outer piers might be as distant as 
was wished. A practical architect could teU whether the necessai-y contraction of the centre 
arch to support the stonework is too great to be consistent with the above theory. In the roof 
itself this view is confii-med. The walls that support the nave roof are distant .S7ft. 8in. The 

i end of the nave roof is 50 ft. from the west fi-ont interior. But at about half this distance the 
stone walls cease, and then the distince between the timbers begins to widen, and at the front 
itself they are 39 ft. 4 in. distant. And this looks as if the architect made the arch as wide as 
he could consistently with its double object, supporting both the nave roof continued and the 
new stone arch. 

: t This is apparent from the few words which can still be made out, all of them ti-agments of 

> texts referring to the patron saint. A few of the texts have been reversed. Amongst them 
are these : Pasce oves — d(onii)ne non erit — es xpus (Christus)— no(n) sapis ea que— esse 
ducitis — B{ea)tus es Simon Barjona — d(omi)ne bonu(m) est nos esse. 



(50 PETERBOEOUGH CATHEDRAL. 

There were at one time ten bells. Five of these 
were sold in 1831. The whole peal had been rehung- in 
1709j on the old timbers, and this was probably^'the 
orig-in of the insecurity which caused the sale of half 
the number.* They were sold to Dobson, of Downham, 
Norfolk, and with the metal a peal was cast which now 
hang-s in the church of Witham-on-the-Hill, Line. The 
following" are the existing- inscriptions. 

1. TE DECET HYMNUS. EICET. REYNOLDS, L.L.D., 

PRCEB : HENRY PENN, FUSOEE, 1709. 

2. PSALLAM DEO MEO QUAMDIU SUM. THO. BALL 

PRCEB : 1709. 

3. MAGNIFICATE DOMINUM MECUM. JOHN EVANS 

PRCEB : HEN. PENN, FUSORE, 1709. 

4. HERBERT MARSH, D,D., BISHOP OF PETERBO- 

ROUGH ; THOS. TURTON, D.D., DEAN OF PETER- 
BOROUGH ; WM. STRONG, D.D , ARCHDEACON OF 
NORTHAMPTON ; JOHN JAMES, D.D. ; WM. MC 
DOUALL, M.A. ; WM. TOURNAY, D.D. ; JOSEPH 
STEPHEN PRATT, L.L.B. ; S. MADAN, D.D., AND 
THOS. HUGHES, PRCEB ENDARIES, 1831. 

5. PACEM TE POSCIMUS OMNES CONCORDI.E RES 

PARV^ CRESCVNT 1709 RIC° CUMBERLAND, EP° 

^ The MONUMENTAL remains are mostly recent. Gunton 
gives several which in his day had survived the destruc- 
tion of 1643, but even these with one exception are now 
lost, having- apparently been obliterated when the nave 
was refloored by dean Tarrant.f At the entrance of the 
staircase to the N.W. tower is the only ancient inscrip- 
tion remaining-. It is round a slab with an incised cross. 



* This is suggested by a con-espondent of the ' Peterborough Advertiser' iu 1868, who also 
gives the inscriptions on the 5 removed thus : 

1. CANTEMUS DOJIINO CANTICUM NOVCM, HENRY PENN, FUSORE, 1709. 

2. VENITE EXULTEMDS DOMINO, WILLIAM WARING, PRECENT., 1709. 

3. GLORIA DEO IN EXCELSIS, RICHARD CUMBERLAND, PRCEB., HENRY PENN, FUSORE 1709 

4. VOCE MEA AD DOMINUM, JOHN BALDERSTON, D.D., PRCEB., 1709. ' 

5. BENEDICTUM SIT NOMEN DNI., JOHN TAYLOR, A.M., PRCEB., 1709. 

The old 9th bell was recast when the above were sold : its original legend was 

TE DEUM LAUDAMUS, WHITE KENNETT, S.S.T.P., DECANO, HENRY PENN, PUSOKE, 1709. 

\ Gunton c)mitted several very ancient ones, which are given in ' Notes and Queries,' viii, 
215. One ism Gorman French and runs thus: 



vvs : Ki : PAR : ci : passez : 

PAR : LE : ALME : ESTRAVNGE : 
DE : WATERVILLE : PRIEZ, 



PETEKBOUOIGH CATHEDRAL. gj 

All cannot be decipberecl, but tbe perfect inscri})tion is 
oiven by Gunton tbus : 

CHRISTVS ROGER! CLYFF DIGNETVR MISERERI 
IN BVRGO NATIQUE PRIORIS ET HlC TVMVLATI. 

In tbe N. aisle of tbe cboir is tbe matrix of a brass cross, 
but tbe inscription is g'one. There are numerous tablets 
and slabs of the latter part of the 17th cent, and later. 
In tbe new building* are many having- simple initials and 
date. Three have mottoes in Greek. The tablet to dn. 
Cosin's wife, who died ' in festo aiinunciationis beatoe 
Marice virginis' 1642, was probably erected after the 
restoration. The cathedral dig-nitaries here buried 
have simple slabs : excepting" bp. Cumberland, and dn. 
Duport. One slab, 1670, has this, ^ Johannes Crimble 
Col : D : Johan : in Cant : Alumnus et org-anista Musis 
et musicte devotissimus.' Here was buried John Calah, 
org-anist, 1798. The larg-e monument on the south 
which has been cut down retains this prayer, ' Sang-uis 
Jesu Christi purg-at nos ab omnibus peccatis nostris.' 
This was erected by sir Humphrey Orme for himself in 
his lifetime. He survived his own monument, having* 
lived to see its destruction by the puritans. The carving- 
under the windows of the new building- has great variety, 
and will well repay careful study. The large monument 
to Tho. Deacon, 1721, remains perfect.' A remarkable 
instance of violated grammar occurs in the following. 

G. B. 1721. Hie jacet Gowerus Burker Prirao secundus Johaunis et Sar£B 
Barker Ecclesias hujus Minor Canonicus ^.') Filius Qui novissimo Decembris Die 
Piam Exbalavit Animam anno Salut: 1718^° a^tatis Decimo. 

Besides the two queens there were buried at Peter- 
borough two archbishops of York, Elfricus, who died at 
Southwell, 1051, and Kinsius, chaplain to Edward the 
Confessor, 1059. Both had been monks here. In 1226, 
tbe bishop of Durham, Ric. de Mansco, chancellor of 
England, died here. No memorials of either of these 
prelates have been preserved. The monastery possessed 
also the bodies of SS. Botulfus and Florentius. 

The six effigies of abbots are of great interest. At- 
tempts have been made to identify them from the 
conjectured date of the style of each : but as 4 of them 



Q2 PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. 

are of the 13th cent, work, and one late in the 12th, and 
as 13 abbots ruled during- that period, it may be pro- 
nounced impossible to name each one. Mr. Bloxam 
attempted to do so ; but one that he assigned toi 
liichard de London, 1295, has since been discovered toi 
belong to Alexander, 1226. Gough had previously datedl 
this same effig-y at 1155. And this shews the difficulty 
of the attempt. The earliest seems to be the one behind 
the altar. The latest is certainly that near the spot 
where queen Mary was buried. It is of 10th cent, work, 
of plunch, and therefore more worn than the others, 
which are of dark marble. This last moreover has the 
mitre, rendering it probable that it is the tomb of abbot 
Kirton, or of the first bishop. Chambers. The other 4 
are in the S. aisle of the choir. All are vested in alb 
and chasuble, four have the pastoral staff in the right 
hand. The raised coffin east of the S. aisle contains the 
body of the abbot. An oblong- piece of lead inscribed 
^ ABBAS ALEXAN ' was found in it when opened. At the 
west end of the nave is a picture with some verses 
beneath. This was removed in 1806, for exhibition at 
South Kensing-ton, and it was hoped that the interior of 
the cathedral would see it no more, and that on its return 
some more suitable position would be found. It is 
doubtless a great curiosity, but is quite out of place in 
the house of God. Mr. Craddock unaccountably speaks 
in very high terms of its value in its present position, 
but this is the only exception. Mr. Walcott calls it 
' a king of spades' : the Rev. 0. W. Davys says,* 

Though we do not presume to doubt of the worthiness of the old man here 
represented, yet we cannot conceal our sentiments as to the unsuitableness of 
such a picture, and such an inseription, in such a situation. 

In Murray's ' Eastern Cathedrals,' p. 71, is this passage ; 

The portrait is curious as an example of costume, hut is scarcely a fitting 
ornament for the nave of a cathedral. 

And the Rev. T. James, late hon. canon, sneaks of it 
thus : t I 

Old Scarlett, who also " buried the town twice over," and whose portrait, now 
in the nave of the cathedral, would be better placed in the chapterhouse or 
elsewhere. 

* Guide to Peterborough Cathedral, p. 72. 

+ Quarterly Review, CCI, Jan. 1857. ' History and Antiquities of Northamptonshire.' 




u. 



PEAKIRK. Q3 

It has not even the merit of beino- the orio-inal, but is a 
copy made in 1747. Several eno-raving-s of it have 
appeared. The one in Grang-er's ' Wonderful Museum/ 

0o6, is dated 1804. 

A number of memoi'ial windows have lately been placed 
about the cathedral. The}^ are of various degrees of 
merit. That to dean Butler, in the new building-, is 
considered the happiest in execution. 



This villag'e, distant six miles from Peterborough^ has 
a station on the Boston Eaihvay. The spelling- seems to 
iiave been a difficult}' as we find the following- variations: 
Pegekirk, Pegekirke, Pegecyecan, Peychuech, 
PeichiechEj Peichiech, Peykiek, Peykieka. The 
neighbourhood^ perhaps not the parish onl}", was also 
known as Peg-eland, or Payland. The etymolog-y in 
each case is obvious. 

The church is dedicated to S. Pega. Bv her, about the 
year 716, was here founded a cell. She was sister of S. 
Guthlac of Crowland. From its connection with the 
iibbe}' of Peterborough the parish is frequentl}' mentioned 
in the chronicles, tinder date 871 is this passag-e, after 
stating- that Gored, king- of the Mercians, had annexed, 
' suo fisco applicavit,' the isle of El}^ & other lands j 

Idem fecit de terris S. Pege de Pegekyrk ; quasdam sibi retinuit, quasdam 

imilitibus douavit nil prteter insulam et. . . .mariscos monacbis reliquit 

ichron Angl). 

There was never a monaster}' proper here, though we 
read of the abbot of Peakirk : but he was really the 
rector of the church : the abbot of Peakirk * 

was only the priest or curate of the church, who coming as a Monk from Eurgh> 
affected to draw some others after him, and to turn his Manse into a cell, and by 
degrees into a separate independent house, till the abbey of Peterb. by degrees 
■recovered their Right and dissolved the other's Pretensions, 



* JIS. Lansd, 1029. 



0^ PEAKIRK. 

The abbey did not recover its right without recourse to 
law. In 1048, Wulg-atus, abbot of Peakirk, was ejected 
from his seat, and all his manors were taken from him, 
' per judicium curice regis Hardcnuti/ the abbot of Burg'hj 
having established his claim. To make amends to the 
dispossessed Wulgatus, he was appointed at the next 
vacancy to the abbacy of Crowland. The parish is 
included in the district stated by Ingulf in 1013 to have 
been entirely destroyed by king Swane landing with a 
great fleet and a most cruel army. The rectory, in 1288, 
was valued at 16/. 13s. 8d. after deducting a pension to 
the abbot of 155. and a portion of 1/. 6s. Sd. These 
amounts are subsequently assigned as due to the sacrist 
and subsacrist. In 1535 the deductions were 10s. Id. 
for archdeacon's fees, and 155. Hd. for the sacrist, the net 
value being, then 18/. 35. 10^. and the tenths 365. 4J^. 
The Register begins in 1560. From 1560 to 1613 
the entries have been copied from an older book by 
^ Nicholas Tytley clericus.' The second book begins 1642. 
The office of register during the commonwealth superseded 
the ordinary parochial arrangements : a copy of the 
appointment in the case of Peakirk is here preserved. 

I John Cleypoole of Northborrow in y« Countie of Northton, Esq'' one of the 
Justices of the Peace for the Liberty of Peterborough and County of Northampton, 
Doe by vertue of an Act of Parliam* Dated the 24th of august 1653 : approove of 
the election of Hamond Utting, Clerk, of Peakirk to be parish Eegister for 
Peakirk and Glinton, And doe authorize him to keepe the Register booke lor the 
said Townes, for all Marriages, Births, and Burialls according to the purport and 
tenner of the said Act, And for the due execution of the said place I have given 
him his oath as by the same Act is appointed, witness my hand the 11th day of 
Aprill, 1654. 

John Cleypoole. 

This Cleypoole married the favourite daughter of Crom- 
well. The above appointment was not a good one, as 
we find by the following memorandum : 

Mr. Utting being Curate and Regester in the time of the late warrs and 
usurpation, no Notes could be found, so that this Regester is defective. 

There are no entries from the register itself of sufficient 
interest to be reproduced here. For two years, 1 654 — 55, 
the births of children, not their baptisms, were registered. 
A few memoranda of accounts are preserved. These 
were of the last century. The destruction of moles and 
rats formed an important item. The amounts paid vaiy. 



^ PEAKIRK. 05 

111 17G7 they were iiiiusualty troublesome: 1/. lis. Gd. 
'being* paid at one time. In 5 payments in 1773, 3/. 7^. Gd. 
Avas disbursed. There is also a survey of the rectory in 
IToO. Two extracts from the books may be given : 

17tU. A bill of the folley Bridg Eepairing 12 1 

1763. 15 Jan. The flood came down. 

In 6 Edw. VI. was taken the inventory of church 
g-oods, Wyll™ Barneby being- curate. Besides the list 
given here, was one line ^ church and chancel covered 
with lead/ but this was struck through with the pen. 

rfirst in y« steple ij small bells — It on handbell — It on chales of sj'lv'' — It on 

vestment of Eed damaske — It on cope of blew It on olde vestj-ment — It ij 

albes — It iij alte'' clothes — It iij towells — It ij small latyn candelstykes — It ij 
cruetts of leed — It on cryssmatory of latyn — It on surples & on Eochett — It a 
byble & a pafrayes of Erassimus — It a cross of cop'' — It ij corporal casses of 
iGreue Sylke — It on olde cope solde to Thom^ ffoo for o iij^ iiij^- 

! Bequests to the church are mostly small sums for 
■repairs or for the poor. Such were Timoth}' "Warren's, 
IGll, who left 105. to the poor, and 135. 4d. to the 
repairs of the church : rect. Will. Greenhill's, 1G51, who 
gave ' unto every poor householder in GHnton and 
Peakirke xij*' : and rect. Timothy Morton's, 1703, Avho 
left 51. to the poor. The will of Rob. Angell, 1560, who 
desired his body to be buried in Peakirk churchyard, is 
interesting*. He left 

to Peterborough abbey, G^ : to the repairs of Peakirk, SO"* : to all that come to 
my buryall meat and drynke and to the povertie penny bread. Item I give to the 
povertye of Peekirke and Glinton fortie shillinges to be given unto them the next 
four yeares after my decease : unto the repairinge of St Pees image ii strike of 
barley and xx<* in money. 

•In 1712 Ann Ireland left 100/. for supporting* in a school 
5 poor girls from Peakirk and 10 from Glinton. The 
endowment is now in land : the annual receipts in 1780 
were C/. Is. 'id. 

ij The parish has figured in the law courts. In Dyer's 
Reports, p. 340, under 18 Eliz. Easter Term, is this 
passag-e. 

1 The Parson of Peykirke and Elmeton (sic) juxta Peterborough, of which the 
Abbot of P. was patron, and also owner of the manor of Elm., being a hamlet of 
that parish, at this day demanded tithe of hay and corn out of the demesnes of 
El. manor, of which the present Dean and Chapter of P. are both pati'ous and 
owners ; whereas within time whereof memory runneth not to the contrai'y 
before the dissolution of the abbey, no such tithes, but only other tithes, as of 
wool and lavihs, &c., were paid by the farmers by lease, or at will, being lay persons, 

6 

I 



PEAKIRK. 



RECTORS. 



Amicius. 
1220 Eic. de Stavenesby. 
1231 Will, de Burgo. 

Albred. de Fiscampo, d.^ 
]275 Phil, de Stanton, r. 
1282 Galf. de Houghton.^ 

+Griffinus, d.^ 
1311 Rob. de Croyland. 
1318 Joli. de Elm. 
1320 Joh. de Doping. 
1327 Tho. de Liwedou.'' 

Steph. Othebothe. 
1373 Steph. de Whittcwcll. 
1394 Tho. Newton, d. 
1404 Eic. Wolte. 
1420 Joh. Ederston. 
1420 Joh. Burgoyn.5 

Eob. Palyngton. 

1450 Tho. Hervy, r. 

1451 Will. Pytteman. 
1458 Joh. Dykelun, r.^ 
1473 JWill. Bate, d.^ 

1481 Eic. Lincoln, S.T.P., r.« 

1487 Joh. Whelpdale, L.I^.B., r, 

1488 Laur. Squier, d. 
1493 Tho. Eydley. 
1500 Joh. Gay ton. 



1516 
1526 

1544 
1565 

1619 
1637 
1660 
1682 
1082 
1685 
1685 
1687 
1703 
1737 
1740 
1747 
1763 
1798 
1801 
1816 
1829 
1850 
1865 



Tho. Stevyns. • 

Will. Pratt. 1 

Joh. Tully. 
Nic. Smyth, d. 
Eic. White, d.o 
Will. Woodcrofte. 
+Nic. Tytley, d. 
|WiU. Warde, d.w 
jWill. Greenhill, S.T.P., d." 
JLatir. Wiltshire, A.M., d. 
Joh. Whitehall, A.M. 
Joh. Workman, A.M., d.i2 
Dav. Llewellyn, A.M., d.is 
Nat. Spinkes, A.M., r." 
JTim. Morton, A.M., d. 
jEic. Cumberland, A.M., d.i' 
White Kennett, A.M., d.ie 
+Fred. Williams, A.M., d.« 
Eob. Lamb, L.L.D., made bp. 
WiU. Brown, A.M., d.i3 
Fred. Wollaston, L.L.D.1' 
+Ben. Barnard, A.M., d.'^ 
Jos. Parsons, A.M., d.i^ 
Jas. Hen. Monk, S.T.P., r.i^ 
Joh. James, S.T.P., r.20 
Ed. James, A.M. 



J Buried at Peakii-k. 

1. Now called Fecamp, in Normandy. 

2. Also rect. of Ingham. 

3. He was specially permitted by the sacristan ' humanitatis causa ' to be bui'ied in the 
church of Peakirk, and tho usual mortuai-y, a bay palfrey, was paid. 

4. Archdn. of Chichester. 

5. Seems to have vacated rectoi-y of Barnack. 

6. Exchanged with his successor for Welbm-n, dioc. Lincoln. 

7. Also rect. of Colyngham. 

8. Exchanged with his successor for Eayley, dioc. Lond. 

9. Monk of abbey ; first preb. of the 6th stall. 

10. Pi-obably vie. of Norton, 1615—42. 

11. Presented by the king 'hac vice patroni per lapsum temporis sivc per pravitatem 
SimoniPB legitime et do jure vacantem.' In his mil, dated 10th Feb., 1651, he desires his body 
' to be decently interred next to ye vesti-y in the chancell of the chm-ch of Peikirke wthont 
any Sermon or Solemnity.' 

12. Fell, of All Souls', vie. of Hamilton, Eutl., and preb. of Peterborough. Bm-ied m 
Peterborough cathedral. 

13. Preb. of Peterborough. 

14. Presented by abp. Bancroft during the vacancy of tho see. His father was rect. ofi 
Castor, see p. 12, who had come with bp. Patrick from New England. Nat. Spinkes was oil 
Trin. and Jesus Colleges, Camb., chaplain to sir Pdc. Edgcomb and to duke of Lauderdale,! 
Icctm-cr at S. Stephen's, Walbrook, 1683, rect. of Peakirk and GUnton, 1C85, preb. of Samm, 
and rect. of S. Mary, Salisbury, 1687. He seems to have resigned Peakirk at this time, but of 
his other preferments he was deprived in 1690, as a nonjuror. He was consecrated bp. by bp. 
Hickes, titular bp. of Thetford. Tho later nonjuring bps. had no titles. The last of them, 
bp. Gordon, died in 1799. At the funeral of KettleweU, the celebrated divine, at Allhallows, 
Barking, in 1695, when the deprived bp. Ken officiated, Spinkes was a pallbearer. His works 
are controversial. He engaged in a prolonged jiamphlet war with Collier. He wrote in 1712 

' The Sick Man Visited.' He also assisted in publishing Grabe's LXX., Newcourt's Reper- 
torium, and Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy. He is said in Chalmers to have been 'low of I 
stature, venerable in aspect, and exalteil in character.' He died in 1727, and was buried in the* 
parish of S. Faith by S. Paixl's, London. I 

15. Preb. of Peterborough and Lincoln, archdn. of Northampton. His son was bp. of 
Clonfert. 

16. Preb. of Peterborough ; buried in the cathedral. 

17. Vic. of Wisbech, and preb. of Peterborough. I 
IS. Rect. of HolwcU, Beds., and preb. of Peterborough. Buried in Peterborough cathetb-al. 
19. Fell, of Trin,, Camb,, rog. prof, of Greek, dn. of Peterborough, rect. of Fiskerton, 



PEAKIRK. 



67 



The CHURCH is small but of the very greatest mterest. 
It consists of chancel with N. vestry and chantry, nave 
with aisles, S. porch, and N. door. At the W. is a 
triple bellcot. There are three bays to the nave ; those 
ion the N. are Norman, they have round arches with 
plain label and round piers, but the capitals are square 
iwith the corners indented and fluted beneath ; those on 
the S. side are early English with pointed arches, round 
piers and capitals with the nailhead ornament. The 
bases here are exposed but those on the N. side are 
hidden. The clerestory windows, 2 on the N. and 4 on 
the S. side, are lancets with trefoils. The chancel arch 
is intermediate between the two arcades. Its piers are 
semicircular, and as lofty as the top of the arches of the 
S. arcade. It has a lofty pointed arch, and the foliage 
lander the capitals is transitional. The marks where the 
food screen stood are visible. The arch between the N. 
chantry and chancel is also pointed on transitional piers, 
but they are no higher than those in the N. arcade of 
the nave. The chancel has perpendicular windows, 2 
on the S. side have 3 lights each, that at the E. end 
has 5 lights. The roof now is flat : originally it was 
high-pitched, and o corbels that supported the wallpieces 
iremain, all but one have well carved heads. There are 
two seats in the chancel ranged stallwise. ' The sanctuary'" 
is raised on two steps. An aumbry remains N., witli 
marks of 3 bolts, and a plain piscina with pointed arch 
land round bason opposite. On each side of the altar in 
the N. and S. walls are two square tablets, set diag'onally 
in the stone. They are of alabaster incised with the 
sacred monogram, surmounted by a crown in one case 
and a crown of thorns in the other. These incisions are 
fifled with a coloured composition, and have a most 
pleasing effect. The vestry is divided from the chantry 
by a stone wall of ancient date. Here is the stem of a 
il4th cent, lettern, set in a heavy stone socket. It 
[retains fragments of paint in some of the crevices. The 

3an. of Westminster, bp. of Gloucester and Bristol. Wrote Lite of Bentley, and published 
■many Greek works. Buried in Westminster abbey. 

i 20. Preb. of Peterborough and inc. of Glinton. Formerly fell, of S. John's, Oxf,, head 
master of Oundle, vie. of Maxey and Peterborough. 



68 



PEAKIRK. 



desig"!! is a beautiful one, and has been with great g'ood 
taste copied in a new lettern at Glinton. The chantry 
has a broad perpendicular windoAV (mended with muUions 
from some domestic building) of 3 lights, cinquefoiled in 
the heads. In it are some fragments of ancient stained 
glass. At the east end are two brackets. A screen of 
perpendicular date divides this chantry from the aisle. 
The roof to the N. aisle slopes more than that to the S. 
aisle. Here is one short 3-light window square-headed 
without tracery ; at W. end is a lancet. The S. aisle has 
also a lancet at W. end; at the E. and in the S. wall are 
decorated windows of 3 lights, square-headed, that 
in the S. wall is enriched externally with 10 ballflowers. 
The font, a large octagonal one, is at the W. end of this 
aisle. The interior door of the S. porch is of Norman 
date and ver}" good. The door itself has a square head. 
The ornaments in the tympanum above resemble three 
large fans. There are two shafts, the eastern one having 
been renewed. The outer door is early English : it has 
round piers and a pointed arch. 

From these details it is not hard to form a conjectural ! 
history of the fabric. The Norman church had chancel 
with nave with N. aisle and S. door and porch. If a 
door simply, it was moved to the S. when the aisle was 
added ; if a porch, the present interior door is the 
exterior door of that porch in situ. There is a difficulty 
about the W. window of the nave, which is not central. 
This may shew that the front was built before the S.I 
aisle, and that the piers of the S. arcade were built not on 
the site of the old wall, as at first intended, but further 
south. Or these may have been two such lancets and* 
one may be blocked up by the buttress. The present 
S. porch was added when these changes were made, earl} 
in the 13th cent. Both aisles were much altered in the 
decorated period, the N. aisle being nearly rebuilt. In 
another century the chantry was built, and probably still 
later the E. and S. sides of the chancel. Bridges says. 

In 1477, John Wysheche, Abbot of Croyland, rebuilt the chapel of St. Pega, of 
Paylond, as it was commonly called, which had lain in ruins for many years. 

And he proceeds to identif}'- the chapel so rebuilt with 



1 



PEAKIEK. QQ 

one Still standing* a short distance E. of the church 
shortly to be noticed. This could not be the case as that 
building" is certainly of g'eometric date. It is very likely 
!the chancel of the church that is alluded to above. A 
bequest to the image of S. Peg-a has been already quoted : 
in the E. wall is a very curious quatrefoil opening-, N. of 
the E. window, well seen in the photographic view, 
which is thoug-ht to have been for the periodic exhibition 
' of a relic. 

But independently of the architectural interest of this 
'church, it has two features yet to be mentioned of striking- 
and unusual merit. These are the stained glass windows, 
•and the oak fitting's. The low open seats are of oak 
throug-hout; so are the desk and pulpit. The latter has 
'some excellent carving', but would be better suited to a 
larg-er church. All the windows in the body of the 
church are filled with stained glass. They have all been 
presented. Among- the scriptural subjects depicted 
(beginning" at the E. window of the S. aisle) are these : 
the Saviour knocking' at the door, Moses smiting- the 
rock, baptism of the Saviour, woman of Samaria, disciples 
at Emmaus. Most are memorials, inscribed beneath. 
One in the S. aisle has this legend : 

|n gtemorram. |5^rljert. gtarslj. ^.®^-.^. (Dui. bwjus. 

.gtaceseos. ^tx. bijgtntr. amtos. ^ptsropus. ^biit. 

IHait. I''- §..g. 1839. |j0c. xjunkcunque. inan^. |D^unus. 

6rato. bttcit. ^mmo. ^ahn, <|a:mcs. 

The chancel windows have quarries. The flooring- 
throug-hout has been much raised. The aumbry and 
piscina in the S. aisle prove this from being- so near the 
, present floor. 

I The bellcot has apertures for three bells, which is 
unusual. Only two are occupied. The inscriptions are 
ithus given by Mr. Paley : 

1. THANKS BE TO GOD. 

2. Thomas Nokeis made me. 1677. 
The monumental remains are scanty. A floorstone 



70 



PEAKIRK. 



in the chancel to Wm. Grazier, 1796, and his wife, 
remains. Here are two tablets to rectors. One describes 
rect. Barnard as ^ no less disting-uished by the Urbanity 
of his Manners than by the Integrity of his life.' The 
other is as follows : 

Hie sui qtiicquid mortale fuit reponi voluit Eichardus Ric. F. Cumberland, A.M. 
Eccles. Petri de Burgo Lincolniensisq : Prceb : Hujusque Ecclesia; Triginta plus 
annos Pastor dignissimus. Vir pietate erga Deum, liberalitate erga pauperes, 
Humanitate ergo omnes, Spectatissimus. Obiit Decembris die 24 AD 1737 
suEeq : yEtatis 63. Monumentum hoc Ipsius Elizseque conjugis dilectissimae 
memoria factum, mcerens posuit Filius Denison Cumberland. 

In the S. aisle is a tablet, 1859, to C. H. Webster. 
Externally the g-round on the S. side is much raised by 
burials. The oldest noticed in a cursory review w^as this, 
' Heare. lyeth. y^ Body. of. Rebekah. Bateman. deceased. 
March, y^ 8'^ 1627.' There is an altar tomb at the E. 
end to rect. Morton, 1703. Hen. Tompson, who died 
1721, aged 107, is said to have ^retained a great and 
uncommon strength of memory to his last.' 

The little desecrated chapel called the hermitag-e has 
some good work. Its date is about 1270. An early 
cross is on the W. g"able. In the S. wall is a fine double 
piscina, and the E. window is very good. The vestry 
and chantry in the church both belong to the owner of, 
this hermitag'e, and he is charg-ed with the repairs. The^ 
dimensions of the chapel, which has nave and chancel, I 
are about 30 feet by 10 feet. 

There is no other church in Eng-land dedicated to the | 
foundress of this parish. But there was one at Rome. ; 
Alter she had left her relics (including S. Bartholomew's ; i 
whip and S. Guthlac's psaltery) in the hands of the 
abbot of Crowland, and spent two years at her cell ^ in 
lugubri lamentatione,' she went to Home, and there died' 
and was buried '• in ecclesia, quae ibidem in honore ejus a 
fidelibus condita est.' It is not now know^n w^here this 
church stood. 




GLINTON. 



71 



Adjoining- Peakirk, and until recently part of the 
parish, though now divided, Glinton is one of the 
numerous instances in which the daughter has aimed 
higher than the mother ; the ambitious spire of the 
chapelry being- in singular contrast with the modest 
bellcot of the mother church. There has never been any 
change in the word as pronounced, and no form of the 
name occurs except that now used and Glynton. No 
etymolog-y appears to have been sug-g-ested. 

The CHURCH is dedicated to S. Benedict. He was 
the great ascetic, and several large Benedictine houses 
flourished in this neighbourhood. Althoug'h never in 
holy orders, he was abbot of Monte Cassino, which is the 
cradle of his order, and is still existing. He died in the 
year 543. In Eng'land but 16 churches have this dedi- 
cation ; and of these some may be perhaps to Bennet, 
bp. of Wearmouth.* There is a tradition of a dedication 
to S. Thomas of Canterbury, and this receives an apparent 
confirmation from the time of the feast, the second week 
in July ; but the evidence of old wills that g-ive the 
former dedication is conclusive. 

The REGISTERS are scanty and of no special interest. 
They are in g-ood order. From 1567 to middle of the 
18th cent, there is but one book. The Avriting- in it is 
clear and very distinct. In 1688 commence the usual 
entries about burying* in woollen. At the beg'inning* of 
the last century, about 1730, the only entries have been 
clearly made by an illiterate parish clerk. There is pre- 
served here a confession of murder committed in the 
parish, for which the murderer, John Wyldbore, suffered 
death. It is thoug-ht to be somewhat upwards of 150 
years old,t A few sentences may be extracted. 

* The name Benedict is always shortened into Benet, as at Corpus Christi, Cambridge ; at 
Huntingdon, now destroyed ; and at these four London churches, S. Benet, Gracechureh St. 
(on the eve of destruction) ; S. Benet, Paul's Wharf ; S. Benet, Fink ; S. Benet, Sherehog. 

1 1 have been unable to obtain the exact date, or any details of this crime. 



12 



GLINTON. 



Good people, I am very glad to see so many sj)ectators of my death which I 
am now about to suffer for giving Death to one of my fellow creatures. I say I 
am glad to see so many witnesses of ray death becaus I hope you will be all 

witnesses of my Sincere and hearty Kepentence should I number my 

sinnes, and the severall times I have fallen into them, the day would faile me, 

and I must die to day I was never well but in drink. It was 

this sinne against myself which made me comitt this most notorious sin of mur- 
der — murder in the plane sense of it against my poore neighbour God grant I 

have not murder'd him body and soule I shall say no more when I 

have desir'd you all to pray for me, and to continue your prayers as long as you 
shall think there is any of life in me 

The inventory of church furniture is as follows : 

Ffirst in y^ stepyll iij bells — Itm on sans bell — Itm ij hand bells — Itm ij chalysys 
of silver pcell gylt — Itm on vestement of gren silke — Itm on holdi vestement — 
Itm on hold cope of blewe worsted — Itm ij haubes^ ij amyses — Itm iij corprasses 
& iij cases to them — Itm on crose of latyn — Itm on crysmatary of latyn — Itm 
iij auter clothes — Itm vi towylls — Itm a bybyll — Itm ij lytyll kandyllsteks of latyn 
— Itm on holy water stoke of brase — Itm ij surpless — Itm ij waytts of led stolne. 

The chief bequest has already been specified under i 
Peakirk. In 1538 Rob. Clark left his body 

to be buryed in the churchyard of Seynt Benedict of Glynton. to tlie hie auter 
of Glynton dim. a seme of iDarley. to our lady light iiii'^- to the Eoode light iiii"* 
wytness John Curtes & Sir John Ayre curatt of Glynton. 

In 1541 John Herke left to the sacrament 2^- and 2*^- to 
the mother church of Peterboroug-h. In 1547 John 
Payne bequeaths 

my soule to the merciful handes and custodye of our Saviour Jhesu and my 
bodie to be buried in the churchyarde of Glinton — to the hie aulter in the said 
church of Glinton iiii'^- 

And in 1544 a will commences thus : H 

I John Parker of Glynton in the parishe of Peakirke in the countie of Northton ( 

husbandman commend my soule into the handes of our moste merci- 

full Lord God the father the son and the hollye ghost thre persons and one God 
and my bodye to be buried in the churchyard of Glynton. 

The CHURCH is very fine though not larg-e.* It has 
a chancel with a north chantry for a lady chapel, nave 
with aisles and clerestory, S. porch, N. door, W. tower 
and spire. It was not all built at one time, but is mostly 
of the latter half of the 14th cent. Parts are of earlier 
date, as certainly the S.W. chancel window, which has 
two cinquefoiled lights with a quatrefoil above, and 
probably the arch to the N. chantry and the chancel 
arch. The former is supported on semicircular piers; 
that to the east has a capital of early English design, 
that to the west is ambiguous. The E. window is of 3 

1. One old vestment. 2. Albs. 

* Glinton was amongst the places visited by the Archseological Institute, in 1861, but in 
the report it is confused with Northborough, 



GLINTON. 



73 



lio^hts, later, apparently of 15th cent, work, as is the 
IE. windoAV of the chantry.* Under the S.E. chancel 
window is a plain hench for sedilia, and a remarkable 
drain for the piscina. It is much higher than the bench, 
,very shallow, and has a projecting* edg-e. The roof in 
ithe chancel, which is of high pitch, is new. In the 
chantry is a fine decorated piscina under a pointed 
canopy, having straight sides and excellent tracery 
beneath. The arch to the aisle rests on corbels like 
inverted cones. The two windows on the N. side have 
been restored : one has a slightly cusped quatrefoil in the 
head, the other, a very elegant one, is doubly trefoiled. 
The piers in the nave have embattled octagonal piers, 
supporting good pointed arches. The tower arch is 
similar to those of the nave. Against the tower is to be 
seen the weather-mould of the original decorated roof, 
removed to erect the present perpendicular clerestory, 
which has on each side three windows, each of three 
cinquefoiled lights. The labels of the tower arch, chancel 
arch, and extreme nave arches, have all an unfinished 
appearance : but the intermediate ones of the nave have 
small well carved heads. Large corbels remain to 
support the wallpieces of the roof. Some are grotesque, 
especially at the W. end. Those over the chancel arch 
have shields, one with crosskeys, one with a plain Latin 
cross. At the W. end of each aisle is a small thin lancet. 
The aisles are not of the same width. Measuring from 
the inside wall to the middle of the nave piers, the width 
'of the N. aisle is 12ft. 7in., that of the S. aisle only 7ft. 
lOin. The E. window of the S. aisle has plain intersecting* 
'tracery, but good decorated mouldings. On each side 
is a bracket, and in the S. wall a good piscina. The 
passages in the aisles are against the walls. There are 
ilow open seats throughout. Those in the chancel are 
arranged as stalls returned against a low screen. All 
have well executed poppyheads of oak, of various designs. 



* Bridges, ii. 578, says ' within this church was a chapel of the Blessed "Virgin, and in the 
twenty-second year of Hen. VI. the high altar, a chalice, and the font, were consecrated by 
Richard Ashton Ahhat of Peterbiirgh: This would be 1-443 : but this seems too late a date for 
even the east window ; and the decorated piscina in the chantry shews there was an altai* 
there loug before this time. 



■^4 ■ GLTNTON. 

The pulpit, on the N. side, is beautifully carved; it stands 
on a stone stem. Opposite is the prayer desk ; and 
between them a noble lettern with one revolving- desk, 
its front carved in panels and its sides pierced ; it is set 
in a stone socket, copied, as has been mentioned, from 
an orig'inal fragment remaining at Peakirk. A massive 
square Norman font stands by the S. door. The stem 
has been restored. The bason is richly carved : two 
faces have circular designs, two stars and zigzag. At 
each corner is a partial shaft. All the parapets are 
embattled. The S. door has a niche above. The outer 
door of the porch rests on round piers : a large series of 
dogtooth ornaments is a striking feature. The ^ needle- 
spire' is unusually fine. Its sides are curved. The spire 
lights, of which there are two tiers, are very pointed. 
The W. window, of two lights, is a very good one. The 
chancel buttresses are fine ; the gurgoyles very large. 
The N. door has curious short buttresses. There is an 
entrance to the N. chantry in the E. wall. 

Except that the spire lights are not wired the arrange- 
ments in the belfry are very good. There are six bells, 
the 2 smallest being hung above the others. The 6th is 
a very large one. All are inscribed. 

1. PEA.CE AND GOOD NEIGHBOUEHOOD. THOMAS 

OSBORN FECIT 1799. 

2. 1^ THE LOUD TO PRAISE MY VOICE i'lL RAISE. 

T. OSBORN FOUNDER 1799. 

3. GIVE NO OFFENCE TO THE CHURCH. THOMAS 

OSBORN FOUNDER DOWNHAM NORFOLK. 1799. 

4. OUR VOICES SHALL WITH JOYFUL SOUND MAKE 

HILLS AND VALLEYS ECCHO ROUND. 

5. EDMUND AND GEORGE WEBSTER CHURCH- 

WARDENS THO"* OSBORN FOUNDER DOWNHAM 
NORFOLK 1799. 
G. JOHN SCOTT DID PAY FOR ME ONE HUNDRED 
POUNDS AND ODD MONEY. THOMAS OSBORN 
FOUNDER, 1798. 

Some of the monuments are as early as the 13th cent. 
In the churchvard are several stone coffin lids of this 




PASTON 



PASTON. 



75 



date, on one the incised crosses are tolerably perfect. 
Under the tower is a defaced effig-y of a man j and in 
the churchyard one of a woman. They seem to be of 
the same period, and are in all probabiHty intended to 
represent man and wife. The head-dress of the woman 
is the well-known wimple. The man has a horn sus- 
pended by a strap, something" tucked beneath it, possibly 
some arrows, and a staff or long-bow on his left side. 
Mr. Paley sugg-ests that the persons these effigies com- 
memorate ma}^ have rebuilt the g-eometric parts of the 
church, the dates being- coincident. Some floor slabs to 
members of the Arnold and Wing- families are in the 
chantry. In the chancel is a tablet to one of the former 
name, 1792 ; and on the S. side is a slab of black marble 
in a framework of clunch, wath this inscription nearly 
illeg'ible : 

DOM JOANNA Vidua JOHANNIS WILDBORE Generosi baud procul hinc 
Sepulta jacet Obijt Martii xxvin Anno Dom. MDCXCVI. 

I The excellent restoration of this church was effected 
lin 1855. There is a fabric fund of £75 a year : this 
was mortgaged for a period and is now paid off. Many 
things, as service books, altar cloth, alms-dishes, w'ere 
gifts. The woodwork was done at Stamford. 
Morton, speaking of this church, says : 

The spii-e of the Chapell of Glinton, for a Chapell, is. certainly the finest in 
England, tis so tall, and yet so very slender and neat. 



IllStfilU 



The high road to Lincoln passes through this parish, 
but the main part of the village and the church lie at 
some distance to the East, where the spire surrounded by 
trees is a most pleasing^ object. The name has remained 
unchanged since first mentioned : it is the t07V?i of some 
person in all probability, but the key to the etymology is 
now lost. The suffix ton is common in this neighbour- 
hood : of 25 names of places described in this volume, 



76 



PASTON. 



no less than 12 have this ending. In Norfolk is a place 
of the same name. The advowson has been in the 
monastery and bishop, although for single turns other 
patrons have presented. 

The church is dedicated to All Saints. In the tax- 
ation of 1291 the church was valued at QL, deducting 
pensions and portions j no mean deduction, for the abbey 
had a pension of 13s. 4c?. and a portion of 13/. 6s. Sd. 
In the king's books the gross value was 14Z. lis. 8^?., the 
archdeacon's fees 8s. 7d. and the pension as above. The 
tenths amounted to 26s. 9^d, 

The REGISTER commences in 1653, but a few entries 
of earlier years have been copied down at the beginning 
of the book. It goes down in the first volume to 1703, 
There are no entries from 17 Mar. 1662, to 1 Apr. 1669 
The following extracts are given in order, without refer- 
ence to their subject, as found in the register. 

Edward Dickenson Rector of Paston began this new Register. Robert Brock 
well Register chosen by the Parish according to an Act in Barbon's Parliament. 
When I came to Paston w'^'' was in October 1053 the Parish had no Registoi 
Book the old one being written full, and the former Minister writt the Baptismsl 
Burialls and Mari-iages in many loose papers which after I had been at Pastoi: 
about eight yeares Robert Brockwell delivered unto me w<^^ I have here registret' 
just in the same order as they were found in the said loose papers. 

1648. 29 Aug. James a stranger died on his travell from St Neots and was 

buryed. 

1C57. Dec. Collected in the Parish church of Paston for the fire at Ashfon 

(Asfordby?) in y« County of Leicester the sum of six shillings anc 

nine pence & for the same fire in the Chappell of Werrington y^ sum 

of six shillings. ' 

Collected for the towne of Blunham, Beds, in Paston 4s. 7d., ir, 

Werrington 5s. 2d. For Soulbay, SufF., 4s. 2d., in Gunthorpe, 3s. 9d.| 

in Walton, 7s., in Werrington, 8s. lid., in all 11. 3s. lOd. ' 

1661. 21 Feb. A stranger unknowne by name a woman dyed at Werrington 

1689. Margaret Eaton y'= wife of Edward Eaton came to Gunthorpe by a pas;' 

September ye 11*'' & died September y« 12 & buried September y'= 13"»: 

1706. Lavin of Werr. clam me * and Widdow Lampkin married a little befon' 

Xtmas by a Dissenting Teacher. 
1762. (after a lady's death) NB. Rec'^. for a Mortuary on her Death 10^ 
1764. 28 Feb. Mary Smeaton hang'd herself. i 

There is an unusual amount of Scripture names to be 
found here. Of others not very common are these : Avis. 
Cornelius, Custance, Hercules, Marmaduke, In 167S 
Wm. Henson is Register. The parish chest has a num- 
ber of indentures of the last centuiy, and a vast collectioii 
of marriage licenses, very uninteresting. In the rectory 

* ' Unkno^^Ti to me ; ' a iibrase of the comiS dramatists. 



PASTON. 27 

is preserved a volume of accounts not often met with. 
'The writing- is in excellent order ; but as the book is not 
bound, many leaves have g-radually disappeared at each 
end. It is the book of Easter dues and offering's^ and 
from the years 1608 to 1632 is quite perfect. It contains 
116 leaves; but with the difference of variations in the 
dates, and the amounts, all are alike. The year's accounts 
ire divided according- to the districts : Paston, Waulton, 
G^unthorpe, Wering-ton. These extracts, that follow' 
';aken in no order, give all the different items. 

■The Easter book of paston pai-rish made in the yeare of oure Lorde god one 
•howesand six hundreth & eightyne as ffolloweth this xxvijtn of march 1618 

Off paston 

The manor house of peverills A waxshotti \d qU 

Offering "-d 

1617) Eichard poole A wax (shot) *.'.'.'.".".'.".'.*."', *ii'"i'ob 

Offering , ."."..".'.".".',*." jd yi 

A mayneport^ " fa 

Caulfes Runs on viii 
foles 

Sheepeskins 
Tytbe Lambs in W^aulton (1611) 

Henrye Hawelye three tytbe Lambes iij 

M' Styles vij tytbe Lambes " " ." ^- : 

William Spaulding too tythe Lambes .'.".'.'.*.*.'.'."."' ii 

Runs on fore^ "^ 

(Jefferye Beale Runs on vij 
Ihon Inkerson one tythe Lambe . . . . , a 

Sum xiij 
Robert Manbye Runs on vj 
! Eeceaved for this yere 1630 for the Easter books Thirty and seven shillings 
nd for the youths offerings seven shillings and eyght pens In All ffortye ffoure 
ulbngs and eyght pens 2:4:8: j ^^^^ 

The inventory taken 6 Edw. vi. does not say much for 
be care then bestowed on the church. 

, Ffirst in j^ steple iij belles— Item a sanctt beUe— Item a chaliece of sylv w' the 
iten— Item a nold vestim* w* a naube— Item a nold surples— AU things ells 
3re stol en away out of the said churche ffour or fvye yeres past sence whyche 
me nothyng hath ben provided. 

The most important benefactor has been Edmund 
lountsteven. His will is dated 9 Feb., 1635, and he 
led 4 March following*. It provides that his body should 
3 buried in the chancel at the feet of his dearly beloved 
jither, and that his monument shall cost less ^than 30/. 

"a ch^'argrol'canaS'h'^X^ *° ^P'"™"^' ' " '"^ "^"'^^"^ ^''^ '"^'^ ' ^^^^^ '°^^'''' 
ich^'^Jo^P^'Xl^ T"""^ portatum,' according to Co^el, ' a smaU tribute, usually of bread, 
hes.' parishioners give to the rector of theii- church in Heu of certain 

pkoL'k\TxTyea^*srcco^nt'^^ ^"'^ "^ ''"''''■ ^''"^ ' ^' '^^ tenths, and left 4 to be 

7 



78 



PASTON. 



He leaves 5/. to the repairs of the church, 10/. to the 
repairs of the chancel, 10/. to the poor, and land for the 
erection of an almshouse on the g-reen. It has also this 
clause : 

Item my will is that a licensed Minister dwelling w*hin the soake of Peter-; 
borough not being advanced to a Benefice of thirty pounds a year shall yearly 
for ever by the appointment of the Bishop of the Diocese for the time being, 
preach one Sermon at Paston church aforesaid on that day of y^ month in the 
year on w<=h it shall please God to call me to his mercy out of this miserable 
■world. And my will is there shall be paid to the said Minister presently after 
the said Sermon fourty shillings of current English money. Provided allwaies 
that no Minister shall preach the said Sermon and receive the said 40' two years 
together. 

He founded also scholarships at S. John's college, Cam- 
bridg"e, for boys from the king-'s school, Peterboroug"h, 
leaving" by will 1000/. for that purpose, with which and 
other moneys the colleg'e purchased lands at Leifeild, in 
Rutland. In the abstract of charitable donations pub- 
lished in 1786 by order of parliament, the bequest to the 
parish is said to produce 18/. a year, 12/. being- paid to 
the almshouses, 305. for coals, 30s. for repairs, and 3/. 
for apprenticing" poor children.* In 1538 T. Ryley left 
Cs. 8^. for 

one honest vestyment for the hye aulter in the paryshe church of Paston 

to every pore house within the parysb of Paston one stryke of barley and half a 
stryke of malte. and to every one of my godchyldren xii^- 

In 1539 John Cowper ^ of Thorppe in the parish oi 
Paston ' (probably Dog-sthorp) left 

to the Sacrament of Paston vid, to the bells 3 strike of barley. i 

In 1569 Joan Baudrie of Walton left 3^. 4d. to the 
repair of the church, and to the parson her ' oulde whiche. 
The same sum was left in 1609 by Alice Clement. 



RECTORS. 



1217 Hen. de Wirmington. 
J2.33 Willde Burgo.i 
1238 Hugo de Stamford. 
1240 Bart, de Stamford. 
1263 Eob. de Fraxino. 
1269 Will, de Freston. 

Will, de Langtoft, d. 



1278 Eog. de la Grave. 
1282 Nic. de Lodington, d.^ 

1293 Will, de Covergrave. 

1294 Tho. de Freston. 
1307 Will, de Barnwell. 
1310 Ptobertus, 

Hen. de Barnwell. 



* There was in the parish at one time a very singular belief that the Mountsteveu heti 
spoken of would reappear every hundred years. 

1. Held also (but perhaps not altogether) rectories of Peakirk, Castor, and Bamack. 

2, Buried in nave of Peterborough cathedral. 






I 



PASTON. 



79 



1558 Will Baruaby. 

1559 Tho. Williamson, r. 
1569 Geof. Gowper, d. 
1594 Ric. Newton. 

1627 *Rob. Laxton, A.M., d, 
1653 Ed. Dickenson, deprived.* 
1662 Tho. Lany, S.T.B.9 
1669 'Miles Delacree, A.M., d. 
1690 *Geo. Gascoigne, A.M. d. 

Will. Wigmore, d. 
1707 'Benedict Ball, A.M., d.'^ 
1714 Tho. Foster. 
1720 *Tho. Gibson, A.M., d.n 
1759 Ch. Weston, A.M. 
1762 .Job. Lloyd, A.B., r.'s 
1771 W'ill. Disney, S.T.B. 
1777 Will. Jones, A.M. 
1800 Hen. Job. Wollaston, A.M. 
1803 'Hen. Mat. Schutz, S.T.P. 
1811 Jos. Pratt, A.B., now A.M. 



•Rob. de Mythingesby, d.' 
1319 Rob. de Harwedon. 
1361 Job. de Stene. 
1369 Rog. de Wymundham. 
1397 Joh. Warde. 

1421 Tho. Rydell. 

1422 Tho. Philipp. 
1433 Joh. Kyng. 

Will. Bowdon. 
14.38 Joh. Chichele. 
1439 Ric. Raynhill, r. -* 
1446 Joh. Hamerton, r. 
1460 Joh. Wryght. 

Joh. Hydson, r. 
1470 Will. Pykeryug. 
1512 Tho. Rvley. 

•Tho. Cheyne, d.^ 
1548 Humfr. Naturas, r.^ 
1553 Joh. Browne. 

Hen. Chapman, r. 
1557 *Joh. Flynte." 

)f the memorials to these rectors not many remain. 
That to Eob. de Mything-esby was perfect, except that 
he brasses had been removed when Eridg-es visited it 
iarly in the 18th cent., and had this inscription : -f 

© |]it jatet ilobcrtus be HtDtbinggisbt quonbam 
tctor istius (L'cr(c.5ic cujus animc propidctuv Dcus. 
["he upper part of this slab, with the letters ver}^ plainl}' 
rut, is laid at the entrance to the chancel. Rect. 
xasgoig-ne is described on his monument as ^ Pastor 
ig-ilantissimus/ and rect. Ball as ' Yir suavis et doctus.' 
)n the east wall, externally, is a slab to rect. Gibson : 
nd in the chancel one to dr. Schutz. 

The CHURCH is of the usual plan. It has a chancel 
"ith S. priest's door and JN. chantr}-, nave w^ith aisles 

■ Buried at Paston. t Bridges, ii, 534. 

3. This rector is witness in Libro Albo 15 Edw. ii. His epitaph is quoted below, from 
ridges. His name is however not given in Bridges' list of rectors, which is in other cases 
complete. 

4. Also rect. of Stanwick and Castor. 

5. His will was made 1548. ' I sir Thomas Cheyne Clarke parson of Paston being hole 

liet and parfite of mj-nde bequeth my soul to God AUmighty and my body to be bui-ied 

. the church of Allhiillows in Paston to the high altar 3* 4<1 to the beUs 3s 4d 

to the poor men's bos 5s.' 

6. Had been monk of the abbey, and in 1534 signed the paper acknowledging the king's 
ipremacy. See p. 48. Also rect. of West Deeping and Winteringham, Liuc. 

7. In his will, ditedS Dec, 1558, are these bequests : ' I give to the poor to be delt at my 

uial 3s 4d I gyve to Thomas Pykeryng my buckskyne doublet. Item I gyve to 

tiomas Heyffes the lis that he oweth to me to be dronke amongst his neighbom-s. Item I 
ve to the church of Paston xiid.' 

8. Deprived under the Bartholomew act : but Calamy says he ultimately conformed. 
8. Preb. of Peterborough. 

10. Called also rect. of Conington near Grantham, but there i'; no such parish. There are 
ore than one for which it may be intended. He and three children died of fever, ' exigno 
erum intervallo.' 

11. Also rect. of Polebrook, and preb. of Peterborough. 
12 Bmied at Orton Longueville. 



PASTON. 



80 

and clerestory, S. porch and N. door, W. tower and spire. 
There is also a brick room built ag'ainst the E. wall of the 
chantry for a vestry. The earliest parts of the existing- 
church are the chancel with its aisle, and the lower part ; 
of the tower. Two stones of Norman date have been 
used in the building" : one is to be seen in the E. wall of 
the chancel, nearly hidden by a tombstone, and the other, 
which has a scalloped ornamentation, in the E. wall of 
the S. aisle. The chantry does not extend so far east as 
the chancel. It is divided from it by two early English 
arches and a low wall, room for a passage being- left. 
East of these two is a third arch, similar but unconnected. 
Beneath it is the door to the vestry, occupying- prob-ably 
the site of an original one. Of the altar appointments 
three sediha only can be seen, other features being con- 
cealed by wainscot. These have shafts and the notch- 
head. They are later than the arches before mentioned, 
as was the E. window, now a simple wreck, the mullions 
having lost their tracery and being bisected b}'^ transoms 
of wood. Their date may be about 1320, the same as 
that of the spire. This being on a tower of perhaps 60 
years greater age, may have replaced a low pj^amidal 
covering. This spire is of very great beauty, whetherj 
we regard its effect as a whole, or the separate details. 
In the lowest stage are lancets on the N. and S. sides, 
the former blocked, and a broad one (manufactured out 
of a two-light window by destroying the muUion) at the 
west. In the next stage the belfry window has a large 
quatrefoil in a circle. The alteration in the masonry 
above is very noticeable. The buttresses were added with 
the spire, they are placed at the angles, which is always 
indicative of later work. The staircase turret, at the 
S.E.,is a graceful addition. It stands out in bold relief, 
and its pyramidal top combines well with the outline of 
the spire. The spire is without parapet : a broach. The 
ballflower cornice runs continuously round the turret as 
well as the spire. This ornament also appears on the 
lower spire windows on the S. and E. sides. At the foot 
of the spire are two-light geometrical windows, not 
pierced in the head but with paneled tracery. Above are 



PASTON. g2 

sing^le lig'hts, all on the cardinal faces, and all g-abled. 
There is earh" decorated work also in the N. aisle. But 
the nave arcade, and the entire S. aisle, are perpendicular. 
The nave has four ba>'s, the piers being- octangular and 
the arches very well proportioned. The S. aisle and 
the clerestory have windows of three lig'hts each. All 
the perpendicular work is about the same date, the middle 
of the loth cent. This includes the nave roof and the 
chancel screen. This latter is loft3% There are no traces 
of stairs whereby the roodloft could be reached, but the 
screen certainly spread out into a loft, for on the W. side 
can be seen the marks of the g-roining- which supported it. 
The chancel roof is flat. The windows in the S. side are 
.much later than the wall in which they are placed. At 
•the S.W. corner is a low side window, square, filled up 
with masonry. The E. end of the chantry is railed off 
and is now used as a baptistery. The font is octag'onal. 
The dimensions g'iven by Bridges are 96 ft. by 45 ft. 4 in. 
The tower is 12 ft. 4 in. by 7 ft. 9 in., and Mr. Paley 
gives the heig-ht of the spire at 98 ft. 

We have some slig-ht mention of stained glass formerly 
existing*; but not a fragment now remains. In 1731,* 
there was to be seen 

at upper end of south aisle in ye window a man kneeling, and over his head in 
Saxon letters, Ora Thomas Sutton. 

And a few years earlier Bridges observed, 

In the windows of the North ile are several imperfect portraits of mitred ahbats, 
saints, and of our Saviour on the cross. 

In the belfry are three bells, all inscribed. The latest is 
without date : but the name of the rector on it fixes it 
between 17C2 and 1771. The first has fleur-de-lys between 
the words. The second has a foundry mark consisting 
of a shield with three bells, the lower one crowned. 

1. S OMNIA FIANT AD GLORIAM DEI 1607 

2. PRAISE THE LORD 1601 

3. JOSEPH EAYEE FECIT JOHN LYDE RECTOR 

THOMAS HENSON CHURCHWARDEN. 



Clement's notes, Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 11,425. 



82 



PASTON. 



With two exceptions the monuments are unimportant. 
There is a handsome incised cross in the chancel floor 
with inscription round the edge in bhick letter, but the 
name of the parish is obliterated. It is as follows : 

© Ijic : jatct : bus : rogents : ^atomile ; quaitbam : 
xtdox : ^alecic : . . . . rujus : Kumt : paptct- 
^tiir : bcus : mmn. 

And under a canopy in the S. wall of the chancel is a 
fig-ure in a praying" posture, recently restored, with this 
inscription : 

Edmvnd Movntststeven Of Peterborovgh, within y^ libertie of Nassabvrgh in 
ys Covnty of Northaiiapto Esq. where he lived 45 years, plvs minvs a Ivstice of 
peace & qvorvm, and where he died so in y« yeare of his age 73 & in y^ yeare of 
ovr Lord 1035 March 4 stylo Anglire. He bestowed his whole Estate in piovs & 
charitable vses. He gave a thovsand povndes towards y^ fovnding of two fellow- 
ships and two scholarships in S' lohn's College Cambridge of w'^'^ College himself 
was sometimes a stvdent. These to be chosen into that College ovt of Peter- 
borovgh Schole. He bvilte and endowed y* Almeshovse on Paston Greene. Ha 
gave lovingly and liberally to y^ Poor of this Parish & towards y* repare of this 
Chvrah & Chancell. He gave an hvndred povnds towards y^ repare of y* Cathe- 
dral Chvrch of S' Pavl, in London. His debts discharged & legacies payd the 
remainder He devised to good vses. He was a learned & religiovs Gent, a 
bovntifvU hovsekeeper to y^ vtmost of his abilitie, & very Beneficial to very many 
Poore. His workes praise him in y^ Gates. 

In memoria seterna erit ivstvs. 

Ivstitia eivs manet in secvlvm. 
Sibi, in prsemivm. 
Tibi, in exemplvm. 

Besides the memorials already mentioned to former rec- 
tors the chancel has a slab, 1839, to the Rev. J. Boak, 
rect. of Brockley, Somerset ; and one to Harriot, wife of 
Lieut. Col. Desborough, 1802. The N. chantry was the 
burial place of the Stiles family, and they used to repair 
it. Mr. Paley has preserved some of the inscriptions. 
They are mostly 17th cent., and one is adorned, in the 
taste of the period, with a skull and cross-bones. In the 
N. aisle are tablets to Francis and John Low, 1788, the 
latter of whom was ' a Man diligent in his profession, 
sincere in his Friendship, Just in his dealings, and a good 
Neighbour.' In the S. aisle members of these families 
are commemorated; Fovargue (several), Whitwell, King, 
Newcomb, Hopkinson. On the Hopkinson stone is a 
greek hexameter (also in the S. choir aisle of the cathe- 
dral), quoted from the 6th book of the Iliad, thus 




v^^ 



WERRINGTON. 



83 



translated by lord Derby : ^ The race of man is as the 
race of" leaves.' There is a larg-e royal arms over the 
; chancel arch of queen Anne's time: here too are the 
Pater noster and Credo. 

The earliest tomb in the churchyard is dated 1724. 
At the E. end is a tablet to rect. Gibson, and one to his 
son, rect. of Marholm. There are numerous tombstones 
to Johnsons and Griffins. The S. porch has stone seats. 
There is a dial above the outer door dated 1756. A short 
avenue leads from this porch ; and there is a marked 
seclusion about this churchyard althoug-h a public path- 
way runs through it. The S. side is skirted by lofty 
trees. In 1866 a beautiful little nest with six eg-g"s was 
found built aoainst the face of a tombstone. 



WitxxmQtaix. 



This place is only a hamlet, and its church a chapel of 
ease to Paston. The main street lies along* the ridg-e of 
a slight incline, running* nearly due east and west. In 
Domesday book the name is spelt Widerintone -, from 
this it has passed throug-li the forms Wytherington, 
WiTHERiNGTON, WiRiNGTON, Werington, to its pre- 
sent form. There is a place of the same name in Devon ; 
it has the same root as Warring-ton. Both names sig-nify 
a town or settlement of the Yarini, a German clan,* ' who 
dre placed by Tacitus in juxtaposition with the Ang-li.' 

The church is dedicated to S. John the Baptist. 
Old wills speak also of the altar of the Blessed Virg'in. 
The destroyed chantry to the N. of the chancel was 
therefore probably a Lady chapel. 

The REGISTERS were always kept at Paston. The 
births and burials at Werrington were entered in a roug'h 
manner here, and transcribed (apparently once a year) 

♦ Taylor's Words and Places, 129. 



84 



WERRINGTON. 



into the register of the parish church. These prelimi- 
iijiry copies have only been preserved from 1769. There 
are overseers' books from 1796. Other parish documents 
include numerous indentures of apprenticeship ; many 
certificates from cimrchwardens of families ^ leg-ally 
settled' in other parishes, some dating* 1704 ; and a few 
certificates of bodies ^ buried in sheep's wool/ 1716. 
The g-oods of the church in 1552 were thus enumerated ; 

It. a chalyce of sylv"" pcell gylt w* a patten — It. a pax of latyn — It. a vestm* 
of chaungeable sylke w* a albe — It. a vestm' of darnax w* a albe — It. a vestm* 
of changeable darnax w* a albe — It. a old vestm* of Worstede — It. A grene 
vestm'' of worstede w* a albe — It. one other w' a albe of y« same — It. ix alt clo' 
and ix towells— It. ij letle candlestyke of latyn sold to John Grene for x** of the 
same towne — It. A pere of censars sold to y^ said John for x^ — It. a chest — It. 
a surpless and a Rachett — Itm one Cross of Latten two hand bells and a sacring 
bell sold by the towne iiij^ viij"* — Itm a corporass case with a clothe of blewe 
worstede — Itm in the steple ij bells and a sanctus bell. 

In the abstract of charitable donations, 1786, but one 
bequest to this place is mentioned. It is that of John 
Goodwinn, 1755, who left lOOZ. to poor widows, produ- 
cing- now 4:1. a year. Small amounts were constantly 
left to the chapel. In 1528 a will has these clauses : 

Ego Henricus Person capellanus de Weryngton ex parochia de Paston 

lego Sacramento ibidem xii<i. Item lego 8"=*" Edmundo Regi de Weryngton 

predcta xvi^ Item lego campanis de Paston sx'*. Item lego ecclesia; de 

Paston vs 

And in 1530 John Gierke left 

To the hie aulter for tythes forgotten v* to the faderless children of sent Katerine 
of Lincoln viii'' to the reparations of the bells of Paston iii^ iiii* to Weryngton 
chapell X' to the Reparations of the crosse at the Northgate iii» iiii"! for an honest 
preste to synge for my soule by the space of a hole yere in Weryngton Chapell 
to have for his stipend v^''. 

In 1639 Frances Penny, of Dogsthorpe, widow, left 40s. 
to the cathedral, 40s. to Peterborough church, 40s. to 
Paston church, and 40s. to Werrington chapel. 

The CHURCH has many points of interest, although in 
a bad state of repair^ and althoug'h the external appear- 
ance is not promising",* Its plan is very simple ; chancelj 
and nave with aisles and S. porch. There is no spire or] 
tower : between the nave and chancel stands a bellcot. 



* Architectural students never take for granted that a church is not worth visiting because' 
it looks poor or dilapidated from without. Last autumn I saw a church in Brecknockshire] 
that looked far less promising even than Werrington ; but within were to be seen a Lady 
chapel at the west end (like the Galilee at Durham) containing an original stone altar with a, 
fine niche ; a good chancel screen, supporting an elaborate rood loft with stairs, quite perfect; 
and on the west side of this screen two stone altars, a feature probably nearly unique. 
In a little desecrated ch.npel in Herefordshire, now used as a carpenter's workshop, I found two 
Btone altars west of the screen, and the original high altar, with its crosses, unmutilated. 



WERRINGTON. gg 

In general bellcots, as at Peakirk and Lonothorpe^ are 
'at the W. end. The various parts are of different dates. 
The oldest portion of the fabric now standing- is doubtless 
'the arch to the chancel ; not the narrow one, hardly more 
than 6 ft. across, visible from the west, but a much large? 
one, within which this has been formed : the outline c 
;'this earlier arch can be seen from the chancel, but al 
details are obscured by the whitewash. The later arch 
is itself good Norman work ; it has excellent capitals, 
with bold zigzag, recently picked out. The interior door 
!of the porch, formerly the exterior door of the old church, 
is also of this date, the middle of the 12th cent. Fifty 
years later was the time the old church was enlarged by 
building aisles. The arches in the nave are of this period. 
There are three bays J all the arches are round-headed, 
those on the N. side being supported on plain circular 
piers, very elegant, the others on clustered shafts. At 
the W. end of the nave is an unequal triplet, part of the 
same alteration. Part- of the W. wall seems Norman. 
The N. side of the church has suffered destruction at 
each end : at the W. one bay of the aisle is gone and the 
I arch blocked up ; at the E. a chantry, apparently coeval 
with the original church, has been destro3^ed. The arch 
that led from the chancel remains, it is Norman, and 
similar to the chancel arch. Beneath it has been inserted 
'a square-headed decorated window of three lights. The 
whole of the chancel is decorated. The E. window is a 
good example of net-tracery, it is of four lights, very like 
the E. window of the grammar school at Peterborough, 
but a little earlier. It is however in an unsafe condition, 
and a piece of the mullion fell out not many months since. 
There are stone seats round the chancel. The piscina 
has a round head, with trefoiled tracery, and a wooden 
shelf Opposite is the aumbry, which also retains its 
shelf; the door to it is modern. The S. windows of the 
chancel were evidently filled with net tracery : in the 
view can be distinctly seen the commencement of the 
meshes of the net. Why the tracery here was destroyed 
I and the present hideous mullion and transom inserted, 
it is now idle to conjecture. The windows were not 



g^^ WERRINGTON. 

enlaro-ed, so no additional light could be gained. In the 
case of the aisle windows there was at least this excuse, 
they were much enlarg-ed. The alteration is however 
not the less to be deplored. The early Eng-lish aisles 
very likely had a set of lancets. The present aisles are 
not original : and the windows are almost of any date, 
quite nondescript, and very ug-ly. The nave has a ceiling-, 
ver}' low. The chancel has a whitewashed roof, modern 
and plain. The arch between the N. aisle and the 
destroyed chantr}^ has remains of decorated work. It is 
now converted into a window. The S. porch is of 
decorated date ; it has an elegant outer arch. The font, 
near the S. door, is very striking*. It has been iig-ured in 
Mr. Paley's book on the churches of the neig-hbourhood. 
It is of the 12th cent., octagonal, standing- on eight dwarf 
shafts, supported on an octagonal plinth, and a large step 
of the same shape. There is no priest's door. The low 
side window occupies the usual position S,W. of the 
chancel : it is now blocked. The state of the fabric 
throughout is unsatisfactory. But the shell is sound, and 
so it is not too much to hope that some day will see the 
whole put in thorough repair. 

The bellcot contains two small bells. They are rung 
from the chancel. There is no access to them except by 
scaling the roof. The cot itself has been enclosed by 
woodwork, not unlike a pigeon-house. The nave roof is 
prolonged over the aisles in one extended slope. The 
aisle walls are thus very low. 

No memorials of any interest remain. The old custom 
of strewing the church with grass is mentioned by 
Bridges (ii, 536), in these words : 

On the feast Sunday it is a custom to strew the church mth grass or hay, cut 
in the Innhams, a meadow, which on that account claims to be tithe-free. 

The feast is on the first Sunday in July. This custom is 
now discontinued. The strewing churches with rushes 
was at one time very common. It is still practised at 
some few churches in the lake district, and till a compara- 
tively recent period Norwich cathedral was once a year 
strewn with rushes. Brido-es g-ives also the dimensions : 
length, 80 ft,, breadth of nave and aisles, 38 ft. 6 in. 




EYE 



87 



<1B])J. 



This is a large and long- villag-e though the parish 
litself is but small. It is perhaps the only one in this 
neighbourhood which exhibits a marked decrease in the 
population : there are 600 or 600 fewer inhabitants than 
in 1861. The name in old records was written Eya, or 
Eea. It has remained for centuries almost unchang-ed, 
being' derived from Ea the Anglo-Saxon for an island. 
The word is made into a termination for numbers of 
villag-es in the fen districts. Its diminutive, eyot, con- 
tracted into aitj is a well-known word. 

The present chapel is dedicated to S. Matthew the 
Evangelist. The consecration of the former one took 
place in 1543 ) and there is an entry in the register, here 
given, apparently a copy of the deed. 

, Notum fit universis quod die Martis ante Meridiem videlicet septimo die men- 
sis Octobris festive Scti Dionysii mavtyris anno a Virginis partu millesimo 
quingentesimo quadragesimo tertio Regniq nobilissimi Priucipis & Domini nostri 
Dni Henrici octavi Dei gratia Angl. Franc. & Hibern. Regis, ffidei Defensor' & 
in terra Eccliffi Anglicanse & Hibernicae sub Christo supremi Capitis Anno 35'° 
Dedicata fuit Capella ista in honorem Dei & beati Alatbei Evangelistse per 
Reverendum in X'° patrem & Dominum Dnum Robertum divina permissione de 
Downe Episcopum ad id peragendum per Reverendum in Christo patrem & con- 
fratrem suum Dominum Johannem eadem permissione Petriburgensem episco- 
pum pi'imum, authoritate Regali legitime consecratum specialiter rogatum quoq 
& requisitum. 

It has been too hastily inferred from this ascertained date 
of dedication that a new church was built at that time. 
Bridges speaks of the church existing- in his time, which 
was destroyed 1845, as having* been built in 1543. But 
it was certainl}^ in its main features more than two cen- 
turies older. Mr. Paley says: 

From an existing drawing of it, as well as from fragments preserved, it is clear 
that it was of the Geometric or early Decorated era. It had a bell-gable like the 
churches at Thorpe, Peakirk, and Werrington. 

So that in all likelihood the example was set here which 
[was afterwards followed at Longthorpe,* the chnpel was 

* See p. 30. 



88 



EYE. 



consecrated in order that the inhabitants might have 
rig'ht of burial, &c. And this view is confirmed by the 
register, which commences the same year. The chapel 
was always served by a monk from the abbey : and the 
chaplain was oblig-ed every year to present his key at the 
altar in token of his holding it at the pleasure of the 
abbey. 

The value of the tithe was not returned, as Eye was 
only a chapelr3^ In Bacon the curacy is said to be of 
the certified value of 161. Chapels also existed at one 
time at Northam and Sing-lesholt ; the latter was standing 
at the dissolution of the abbey. Both are now demolished. 

The EEGISTER commences in 1543, the date of the 
consecration. Its first volume, a thin parchment, is in 
very good order. From 1543 to 1601 all the entries are 
made by Malcolm Johnson, copied of course from an 
older book of paper. This book, after being lost for 40 
3^ears, was recovered by an inhabitant in 1711 and 
restored to the church. The second book, from 1665 to 
1727, is still lost. A few entries from the older book are 
worth transcribing. The year of the king's reign is 
placed at the left of the page : a few events unconnected 
with the place are noted, as queen Mary's marriage. 

155C. The vij"> of february the first Bishopp of Peterborough called John 

Chambers departed. 
1596. The lasts of August Kichard Darby the elder a wyse & upright man was 

buryed. 
1625. The vijt'» of Aprill Saray Grawley of Well beinge droned in a well was 

buryed. 
1646. 24 Apr. Margarett Bowley vidua senex paupercula. 

1 June. John Hans above a hundred yeares old, pauper. 
1648. 28 May. John Penn Curat morte obijt repentina. 
1731. 16 Aug. (buried) Augustine Mac Duggle a Vagabond. 

The last is from the present second book, which lasts 
from 1727 to 1797. The first volume is very imperfect 
towards its close. There are no baptisms in 1662, one 
only in 1663, none in 1664, and two in 1665. At the 
beginning of the last cent, the form of marriage entry, 
' John — and Mary — were married together,' seems to 
shew the incumbent came from Suffolk. 

When the inventory was taken in 1552 the chapel was 
well supplied for so small a place. 



EYE. 



89 



ffirst a chalice of sylv"" p gylt w* a patin— 11™ one vestement of blewe & white 
damask furnished, & one oth"" of fusthen furnisshed & an olde cope — It"> ij sur- 
plices & one paire of censors of latin & a shyppe of latin w* a chrismatoi-ye of 
latin— It™ an old altare clothe & a towell — It™ a pix of latin & a lavor of latin — 
It™ a chest w* it y'' poor mans boxe — It™ a coffer wherin y^ regist"^ book ys kept 
— It™ one holy waf stocke of brass — It™ ij bells in y^ steple — It™ one handbell 
—It™ one old vestiment of redd sylke — It™ one vestiment of greene satten — It™ 
a crewett of pewter — It™ ij lytle candelsticks of lattin. 

In 1786 the charitable donations were returned as 
' None/ A bequest to the poor in 1629, quoted below, 
is therefore probably lost. In 1522, Will. Catell of 'Eye 

left to the mother church of Lincoln iiii'' ; to every gilde w*hin the Church 
of Peterborough xii^; to our Lady chapell of Eye a bullock ii yere old. 

It is possible that the dedication of the church may have 
been chang-ed at the consecration in 1543. The following- 
will, made very soon afterwards, in 1545, is that of Hen. 
Spaldyng'e, who left his body 

to be buryed in the churche of Saynt Matthew the Evangelist in Eye. I bequeth 
unto the hie aulterof the same churche for forgotten tythes vi'^ unto the churche 
of Peterborough iiii"!. Also I bequeth to the churche of Eye in whiche my bodye 
dooth lye 6'. 8'^. Also I bequeth to the welth of the churche at tow reckenynge 
dayes in the yere by the space of seven yeres every reckenynge daye one streke 
of malte. AUso I will that yy cause at my buriall daye my seventh day and my 
thirtie day thre prestes to say thre Masses in the same churche for the welthe of 
my soule and all Crysten scales and of all thes thre dayes every daye ii strokes 
of corne to be taken and delte to the poore for my sowle. 

Richard Butcher, in 1629, left 

five pounds to be put out to the use of the poorest folke in the towne and the 
l^ent every Christmas to be distributed as aforesaid. 

! It is almost impossible to make out a perfect list of 
incumbents, because they were licensed only_, not insti- 
tuted. The following- ver}'' imperfect one has been 
compiled from various sources. 



INCUMBENTS. 



1522 Job. Pieynolds. 
155'2 Job. Thomas. 

Male. Johnson. 

Fr. Standish. 
1631 *Hen. Gowin, d. 
1633 *Joh. Penn, d. 



1648 Eich. Mason. 
bef. 1680 — Hargrave.i 

1688 Joh. Hughes, A.M.2 
bef. 1711 Jos. Sparke, A.M., d. 

1740 Geo. Jeflferys, A.M.^ 

1769 Jas. Clarke. 



* Buried at Eye. 

1. His name occurs in tlie list of clergy in Kettlewell's life thought not to qualify them- 
selves at the revolution. It is probable, therefore, that he was ejected from this preferment as 
a non-juror. 

2. Minor canon of Peterborough cathedral. 

3. Registrar of Peterborough: a learned antiquary: he edited " Historise Anglicnnae 
Scriptores." Buried in the cathedral. 

4. Precentor of Peterborough cathedral, and second master of the king's school. 



90 



EYE. 



1794 Will. Diury Skeels,A.M. 
1800 Joh. Girdlestone, A.M. 
1810 Joh. Wing, A.M., r. 
1816 Tho. Mills, A.M., r.^ 



1832 Jas. Henry Stone, A.M. 
1843 Eob. Bell, A.M., r.e 
1862 Geo. Thui-nell, A.M. 



i 



The CHURCH was built in 1846. It is cruciform, with 
a W. tower and spire. It has neither aisles nor clerestory. 
There is a door at the N. end of the N. transept, and one 
under the tower. There is a very small vestry S. of the 
chancel. The chancel is very short, and this is the great 
defect in the church. It is little more than a sanctuary. 
It is all in the early Eng-lish style. The nave has on 
each side four trefoiled lancets. At each end of the 
transepts are two-lig-ht windows with pointed quatrefoils! 
at a little distance above : the walls here have lancets, as 
in the nave, in pairs. The E. window is a triplet, and 
has been recently filled with memorial stained g"lass. The 
subjects are seven scenes from our Lord's lite : in thai 
centre lig-ht are the Crucifixion, the Resurrection, and the| 
Ascension. There are three steps to the sanctuary. Thej 
seats are low, but with doors. The pulpit and desk have' 
been placed at the W. corner of the N. transept ; and 
the seats E. of it in the nave have been turned so as to 
face west. There is a plain timber roof. At the VV. end 
is a g-allery, and in it a grinding* organ, no longer used. 
The width of the chancel is 19 ft. ; of the transepts, 20 ft. ; 
of the nave, 29 ft. 

The spire is a fine one, and is visible at a great distance. 
It is without parapet. At the base of the spire are two- 
light windows in the cardinal faces : near the summit are i 
smaller lights. The belfry windows are also two-light,il 
with a quatrefoil in the head. There are but two bells, 
the larger one being quite new. 

1. HENRY PENN FUSORE 1712. 

2. CAST BY JOHN WARNER & SONS LONDON 1865. 

The desiofner of the church was Geo. Basevi ; but his: 
fatal accident at Ely cathedral occurred during the 



5. Minor canon, and subsequently hon. canon of Peterborough cathedral. Also vie. of 
Bringhurst with Gt. Easton, rect. of Dembleby and Northborough. Buried in the cathedi'al 
yard. 

6. Exchanged ■with his successor, the present incumbent, for vie. of Newbottle am! 
Charlton. 



HELPSTON. 



91 



pi(io-ress of the works, and the}' were conchided by 
F. T. DoHman. 

I The churchyard is small and greatly overcrowded. 
^Many of the stones have been used for inscriptions on 
both sides. Many are used as flags for paving. There 
seem none remaining so early as the 17th cent. 



lelj^^ton; 



This is a long and straggling village, seven miles from 
Peterborough. It is picturesque from the excellent 
stonework of nearly every building. The parish adjoins 
Barnack, and had a quarry of its own. The name only 
occurs as above, or as Helpeston. A final E has some- 
time been added, but as it seems inaccurate^, for there 
is no reason to doubt the etymology given by Bridges, 
Helpo's Town. 

The dedication is to S. Botolph. He w^as born in 
Coi-nAvall, in the 7th cent., and died about the year 680, 
having founded th» town and monastery of Boston, 
ivhere his name is perpetuated.* In 1254 the value was 
10/., and the sacrist of the abbey had a portion of 
1/. 6s. Sd. In the king's books the vicarage is worth 
3/. 8.S. 6d., the lord of the manor claiming yearly '3s. 2d., 
he tenths were 10,^. O^d. 

The earlier registeks are lost. The present ones 
commence in 1685. The first book ends in 1780; the 
second in 1800. They have not been very well kept, and 
:he interesting entries are but few. 

1715. SO Nov. (Burietl.) A poor stranger incerti laris. 
1722. 15 July. Amy Levit, Felo de se, was buried ■w'^'out Christian Burial, 
' 1791, The church was Wite Weshed in May (signed by Churchwarden and 
Clarcke). 



* Dedications to S. Botolpli were not unfreqiient. There were 4 in London, 6 in Suff., 3 in 
■^amb., 3 in Hunts. The church at Huntingdon is destroyed, so is that at Bottle-bridge, where 
jhe saint's name survives in coiTupled form. See also p. 36. 



gg HELPSTON. 

1719 — 20. 19 Feb. (Buried.) A poor man, a stranger at Widow Bellars's. 
1864. 25 May. John Clare. St. Giles, Northampton. 71 years.* 

The following extracts from the churchwardens' booksj 
which are preserved only from 1781; are curious. 

1781. 21 May. P* for Bear (beer) on the Perhambling day .... 14s. 0d!j 
pd for Bread and Gees Ss. M. 

1782. 17 July. P* eating and drinking for twenty seven Peopel 11. Os. Od.« 
My expends As. Od: 

1789. Paid God save the King 10s. Cd.i 

1790. 29 Sep. Postage of a Letter from the Treasury Chambers 

Whitehall 2d^ 

9 Mar. A journey to Bainton + to make Complaint before 
the Magestrate against two Dilinquants for breaking the 

church windows Is- Od 

1791. 1 Dec. A Beesom for More M 

2 Dec. 1 5""* of greenbaize to wrap the surplice in Is. 6d 

1820. 18 May. P-^ M' Rowe bill for fiddel strings 7s. Od 

The inventory of church g'oods in 1552 is similar to those 
already g-iven. Rob. Hare was vicar. 

ffirst in the staple iij belles — Item in the same steple one little belle — Iten 
tow handbelles — Item a chalice sylv'' pcell gylte — Item a crosse of coper i 
gylte — Item a crosse staff of cop & gylte — Item a liolie water fatt of brasse- 
Item a basyn of lattyn — Item a crismatorie of lattyn — Item a pyx of lattyn- 
Item a vestmet of purple velvet— Item a cope of blewe sattyn brigs brotheret 
w' dyvs flowers — Item one old vestment & one old cope — Item iij awbes & ii, 
table clothes — Item iiij towels, one surples and one rachet — Item a byble & th< 
paphrases & the holie Commyon boke — Item the pore mans chest w* one othei 
old chest — Item ij lytle candlesticks — Item ij corprasse case w* ther corprassei 
in them. 

There is also a line stating* that the chancel, church, anc 
aisles were covered with lead ; but this is erased. 

In the abstract of charitable donations, 1786, it ii 
said that Bonner and two people unknown at unknowi 
dates left money to the poor (Bonner to poor widows) 
producing- 5s., hi. 2s. Gd., and 10s. a year respectively 
Bp. Kennett g'ives a gTeat number of old wills of thii 
parish. The first shews there stood a larg-e cross in th( 
churchyard. It is that of Bob. Hochyn, 1504, who leave 

corpus meum sepeliend. in cemeterio parochialis ecclie de Helpston, ani 
introitum porticus, prope magnam crucem. Item lego summo altari dicte eccli 
pro decimis oblitis iij^ iiij"^ campauis iij* iiij^. 

There are interesting* clauses in most of the wills. Su( 
are these that follow. 

1526. Pdc. Russell — my body in y*^ paryshe churche of Helpeston before tl 
place accustomed to be left a kneeling place, to the hygh aulter fov tythes fa 
gotten xii*^ to the bellis halfe a seme of malte. to the ryngers at the cai'ryinj 
of my corpse in the chyrche at the Masse time iiij**. 

* ' The peasant poet.' Within the last few days a coped stone has been placed over Id 
grave, 
t The next parish. 



HELPSTON. 93 

1545. John Worseleye, gent to our mother church of Peterb. iu]^ to 

the hyghe aulter in Helpeston churche iiij'*. to the repaiations of the same 
churche xii'^. 

1548. John Wj-nslowe to the highe aulter of the churche of Helpston 

in discharginge my conscyence for oblyvyous tithes by me omytted by ignoraunce 
viij<i. to the reparations of the said churche xu<^ to every poore housholde a 
streake of malte. 

1552. Pvob. Hechyn (or Hochyn) I wyll my body to be buryed nye to 

the churche porche of Saynt Botulphe in Helpeston. Item I give for my 
mortuary as the law of this realme of England doth requyer. Item I give to the 
mother church workes of Peterborough \i^. Item I geve to the church workes 
or Helpeston ii*. Item I geve to the workes of the chauncell aforesaide in 
recompensing tythes and oblations ignorantly neglected viijd. 

In 1C29, Hen. "Wells, j^eoman, left 10 groats to the 
church, and 6s. 8d. to the poor. In the following list 
(there is some confusion among* the earlier names between 
ricars and rectors. It does not appear when the rectory 
2eased to g^o with the church. 

EECTORS AND VICAES. 



J:;]0 Galf. de Helpeston. 

rj:3l Walt, de Burg, 

11254 William. 

r274 Job. de Helpeston, deprived.^ 

U^O Will, de Cheyle, 

1-".)(J Will, de Hegham. 

UOS Job. de Hegham.- 

lo'J3 WiU. Wake. 

1:358 Eic. de Treton. 

1304 Eic. de Wyttilbury. 

Will. Bonde. 
1301 Tho. Allington. 
1412 Eob. Ballai-d. 
1445 Hug. Tapton. 
1457 Joh. Thorp. 
1465 WiU. Basset.3 
1475 Eob. Melton. 
1507 Hen. Wylson. 
1540 Eob. Hare, deprived. 



1554 Tho. Diconson. 
bef. 1573 Eic. Swannock. 

1595 Tho, Crosier, A.B., d. 

1596 *Eic. Basset, d. 
1615 Abel Buddel. 

bef. 1663 Vaughan.* 

bef. 1675 Knowles.i 

1682 Tho. Ixem, d. 

1703 Sam. Bourn. 

1706 'Tho. Smith, d. 

1726 *Major Currer, A.B., d. 

1731 Will. Garforth, A.B. 

1734 Eic. Philpot, A.M. 

1735 Will. Paley, A.M., r.« 

1799 Joh. Jackson Serocold, A.B. 
1817 Ch. Mossop, A.B., r.^ 
1853 Eob. C. Hubbersty, A.M., rJ 
1855 Joh. A. Legh Campbell, A.M. 



The CHURCH has specimens of all the styles of archi- 
ecture. The plan is, chancel with priest's door S., nave 
A'ith aisles and clerestory, S. porch, W. tower and spire, 
he aisles extending* west as far as the tower. It has 
ecently received extensive repairs, and the stonework is 



Buried at Helpston. 
1. Deprived for some irregularity in his orders. 
■2. Probably rect. of Twrwell and Laxton. 
3. Master of God's House at Cambridge, now Christ's college. 
i- These names appear at the bp.'s visitations. 

5. Minor canon of Peterborough, head master of Giggleswick, Yorks. His son was archdn. 
if Carlisle. He held the li\ing 64 years, and resigned it a few months before his death. This 
ing incumbency has been exceeded at Hull, the late vicar (who is living) having resigned 

is year the incumbency to which he was presented in 1797. 

6. Now vie. of Etton. 

7. Now inc. of Cartmel, Lane. 



q^ HELPSTON. 

now in excellent order ; the tower was entirely rebuilt 
with the old materials. During* the work, interesting 
discoveries were made which will shortly be noticed. Of 
Norman work is the lower part of the tower. Though 
within the church it was not open to the aisles, but the 
walls were solid. In the new work there are arches 
instead, built in the Norman style. The belfry arch is 
pointed, of transitional date. The best work of distinct 
] 3th cent, date is the S. door. This had one shaft at 
each side, one now remaining, with stiff characteristic 
fohao-e. The door itself is dated 1708. The nave arches 
are peculiar. On each side are two broad ones, and one 
very narrow one by the chancel. The former are 
round-headed, except that to the N.W., the latter very 
pointed. Mr. Paley conjectures that the chancel arch 
of the original early English church stood where these 
narrow arches have been added. They and the whole 1 
chancel are of the geometric style, probably not later! 
than 1270. The chancel now has three very lofty 
Avindows square-headed (the tracery was destroyed, 
according to a date outside, in 1609), of two hghts : the 
E. window is of three lig'hts similarly mutilated. Here 
are a piscina and three sedilia on a level, separated by 
their shafts, trefoiled in the heads. The piscina has two 
projecting. basons, restored. On the N. side are three 
arches similar to the sedilia, most unusual. They were 
not stalls, being" too hig'h. One may have been an 
aumbry. The parish chest is attached to one by a 
chain. The stringcourse is good and similar on each; 
side : on the S. it drops ^oing* over the door, and thej 
same on the N. where is no door. There are two steps' 
to the altar which have some very remarkable tiles.* 
They are arranged in circular pattern, with a border. 
Just by the altar step N., is a blocked door. There are 
stone seats alon^ each wall of the chancel, having- curi- 
ous elbows. Two poppyheads much worn remain, one 
has a figure with a sword. From each aisle is a squint, 
or slanting aperture to allow people in the aisles to see 

* Coloured engravings of these are given in Parker's Glossary, ii, pi. 206, 208, and their date 
is there assigned to the early part of the 13th cent. 



HELPSTON. 



95 



the altar. The marks of the screens are very conspicu- 
ous. A small frag^ment of the screen itself is all that is 
left. Partly over the priest's door is a two-lig-ht window, 
later than the other, and much smaller, having- cinque- 
foiled lights and a quatrefoil in the head, the horizontal 
stone above being' also paneled in shallow quatrefoils. 
A low side window in the usual position has the iron 
stanchions remaining-. The aisle windows are square 
headed of two lights, the cusps being" inserted into the 
stone. On the S. side these have been restored, but on 
the N. the original cusps remain, and the spandrels have 
some early quarries. The gem of the church is the 
beautiful decorated window E. of the S. aisle. It is of 
two lights with segmental head. The string below has 
ballflowers the entire length of the wall, and it runs 
round a bracket at the S. end. There is a plain piscina 
with round bason. The bottom of the window is high, 
leaving an ample space for reredos. When the levels of 
this altar platform were lowered some time back, a stone 
coffin was found on a level with the floor ; it had no lid 
and is now placed below. Both aisles have a string- 
course on each wall of the original roof : in the IN", aisle 
can be seen that to the nave roof before it was heightened 
for the perpendicular clerestor}^ The W. window is 
15th cent. work. There was an early door here, some 
trace of which remained before the late rebuilding of the 
tower. The N. aisle door is also blocked : and there was 
a door pierced W. of the S. aisle, to admit to the vestry ; 
but the wall is now replaced. The S. porch is perpendi- 
cular. In it is the base of a holy- water stoup. 

The tower, as rebuilt, is a very fine work. It is 
rigorously identical with the former, and but few stones 
have had to be restored. The square tower dies into an 
octagon, which is surmounted by a low spire. All the 
upper part is 14th cent. work. The belfry has windows 
of two lights of net tracery : this is at the top of the 
octagon. The spire, so short as to be almost a pyramid, 
has two-light windows in the non-cardinal faces. Beneath 
the embattled summit of the octagon is a string of 
ballflowers. The lowest stage has trefoiled openings. 



96 



HEJLPSTON. 



There are four bells. One is quite new, in place of 
the third ^iven below, which was broken in many pieces. 
The fourth was the sanctus bell and is very small : it 
was filled with lead and used as a clock weight : it used 
to be rung" from outside the church and the mark made 
b}^ the chafing of the rope from the S. belfry window is 
clearly to be seen in views taken before the tower was 
pulled down, but cannot be seen now. 

1. OMNIA FIANT AD GLORIAM DEI. 1618. 

2. GOD SAVE THE KING 1671. 

3. © GOD SAVE THE KING. 

4. © CUM VOCO VENITE. IW. WL. 1612. 

The first bell has fleur-de-lys between the words. 

There are two ancient monuments ; one in the N. aisle 
had a rich floriated cross standing on a lion in brass, 
with two coats of arms : the metal has been long- torn 
away. The inscription is partly hidden under pews, and 
a few words have been supplied (in the following) from 
Bridges and Mr. Paley : but neither of them give the 
whole inscription. One word only is doubtful. 

S ICI : GIST : ROGER : DE : HEGHAM : DE : KY : ALME : 
DEV : DOYNT : REPOS : E : KY : PVR : SA : ALME : PRIERA : 
III : CCC : lOVRS : DE : PARDOVN : AVERA. * 

In the S. aisle is a slab much worn, in black letter. 
It is to a rector of some church, and the name seems 
Nuscote, or Hinscote. In the chancel are tablets to 
Bellars, 1778, Sweeby, Wattkin, Clark, and rect. Smith, 
1725, who is said to have been ' A Diligent and Painfull 
Minis'" of the L*^' Gospel, a faithfull friend, A disdainer 
of Worldly Greatness, A Most Passionate lover of Order 
and Regularity in Holy things, and the L^^ Bay in 
Particular, of an Inviolate Attachment to his unweared 
Labours of Prayer and Preaching-.' On a nave pillar is i 

* ' Here lies Roger de Hegham to whose soul may God give rest, and whoever shall pray for 
his soul shall have three hundred days' pardon.' This Roger de Hegham died between the 
years 1297—1310. The only doubt is the number of days : ni ccc is a most unusual notation 
for 300. The following passage from an old life of Edward the Confessor, of about the date of 
this stone, will be sufficient authority for the word ' doynt : ' ' E dist, Douint Deus les pruf 
voii-s sont,' ' May God grant that the proofs be authentic' Inscriptions with gi-ants of indul- 
gence are not common : one remains in this county at Brixworth, for 240 days, of date 1508. 
Bridges gives ' de ky alme,' the construction properly requiring ' o ky alme : ' but the phrase 
' donner de ' was used, though not commonly. 



/. /^ 



/.-t 




/. a. 



ON 




1.1. 









►J^t^eiL*|0eLSBO721 




^X ISoQOXip??; 





/.O 



HELPSTON. 97 

a tablet to Geo. Lawrence, 1769, who ^ was a constant 
Attendant and lover of y'^ Church of Eng-land as by Law 
Establish^/ 

In the villag-e there is a very beautiful cross. The 
head itself is unhappily g-one ; but the steps, base, and 
shaft remain perfect. It is contemporary with the spire. 

Many features of interest were revealed by the pulling* 
down of the tow^er. The foundations w^ere found to be 
Saxon. For 5 ft. below the surface on the N., S., and 
W. sides of the tower is long" and short work. Below 
this, at the N.W. corner is a concrete floor 2 in. thick, 
resting" on the rock ; but on the S. side the rock is 2 ft. 
below the termination of the Saxon work, and 7 ft. below 
the surface. These early foundations extended also west- 
ward into the churchyard. In the masonry of the tower 
itself, above the level of the aisle roof, were found numer- 
ous sepulchral slabs ; in the W. wall below were found 
some Norman frag-ments ; and 3 ft. above the floor in the 
N. wall there were four more stones found, earlier than 
any. Two of these were part of a very early headstone, 
and are fig'ured in the accompanying* sketch. A rude 
cross in a circular head, with entwined carving- on the 
stem, forms the desion. On a third stone is part of a 
similar cross. It will be seen that these are of Saxon 
date. Of Norman date were several, stones of an old 
arch, worked up in the interior of the tower, and four 
short pillars belonging- possibly to some old altar. Mr. 
Bloxam, of Rug-by, visited the stones thus discovered, in 
September, 1865, and he pronounced * all the slabs to 
be of 13th cent, w^ork. The Saxon ones above spoken of 
had not been broug-ht to lig-ht at his visit. Seven of these, 
including- the two excellent headstones, have been roug-hly 
sketched for this work. There were many more frag*- 
ments, but all of the same period. Their dimensions are 
all given. The two smallest are very sing-ular. One of 
these is rebuilt in the tower with its face visible : most of 
the body stones have been ag*ain worked up for masonr}^ 
in the rebuilding-. The headstones have been preserved ; 



' In a letter to the Northamrton Mercury, dated 28 Sep., 1865. 



98 



WHITTLESEY S. MAKY. 



one is in the possession of the writer. The three head- 
stones are all carved on both sides. Those at the top of 
the page represent front and back of the two 13th cent, 
stones. In every case the carving" is in relief. The 
curious thing is that these should be found in a 14th cent, 
tower ; onl}^ a century after their own date. Mr. Bloxam 
has a most ingenious suggestion on this head. 

Helpston is -within three miles of the once celebrated quarries at Barnack. 
Could these sepulchral slabs and crosses have formed part of the stock-in-trade 
of some adventurous stone mason, the fashion for such articles having changed ; 
and were they on that account worked up simply as materials ready at hand ? 

All the bodystones are slightly coped. Most of them 
are very elegant, and would form excellent patterns for 
imitation. 

This village is mentioned by Hone * as the residence 
of Ben Barr, a sort of prophet, who lived about 40 years 
ago, but his name does not appear in the registers. And 
the descendants of David Clapham, a noted proctor in 
the Arches, who died 1551, resided here.t Bridges gives 
the dimensions of the church as 76 ft. 9 in. by 41 ft. 6 in. 



;ljittk^ej| S. Sarjj. 



The town of Whittlesey is the most important place 
within 10 miles of Peterborough. The population of the 
two parishes is about 8,000, and their extent upwards of 
25,000 acres. A tradition of a market lingers about the 
place on Friday afternoons. The name as pronounced 
has never been altered ; but its form has been often 
changed, having been written Witlesey, Whitlesey, 
WiTTLESEY, Wyttlesey, Whittlesea, and in other 
ways. The termination ey is the island so common 
about here. Of the former pnrt of the word no reliable 
explanation has been given. 



* Every Day Book, 1, 524. 

\ A Genealogy is given in MS. Harl. 1500, 42. 




WHITTLESEY S. MARY. 



WHITTLESEY S. MARY. Qg 

The ADVOWSON of S. Mary's church was orig-iiially 
with the abbot of Thorney, it afterwards was held by the 
Waldegraves, as lords of the manor, and when the manor 
was subdivided and in the hands of various persons, the 
advowson was held by them conjointly : Mr. Childers 
now holds both manor and advowson.* In the taxation 
of 1291 the value of the church was 16/., and of the 
vicarage Gl. ISs. 4:d. The bishop's procurations were 45., 
and for the vicarag-e Is. 8d. In 1402 the value was 
20/., and the vicarag-e, as before, 10 marks. In the king-'s 
books the value was 19/. 135. dd., and the tenths 395. 4^d. 
The clear yearly value of the vicarag-e in 1786 was 
returned at 71. 10s. But at bp. Green's visitation, in 
1731, the living' is called a donative curacy, and its value, 
10/., is said to have been ^ aug-mented by lot ' and so 
worth 38/. In the register is this note by Thos. Topping-, 
referring" to this aug*mentation.| 

About the year 1706 Symon Patrick Bishop of Ely wrote to me to give liim a 
true account of the yearly value of St. Mary's and St. Andrew's Churches in 
Whittlesea, and w'^'' I did thereupon the Bishop recommended to the Stewards 
of Queen Ann's bounty as proper objects for an augmentation : About the year 
1713 the first Letts were drawn and a lott of two hundred pounds fell to St. 
Mary's Church B' I was never able to obtain either principal or interest while 
White Kennet Bishop of Peterborow undertook the mater, and in the month of 
October 1722 he secured y*' 2001, and all the arrears of interest 761. to the ever- 
lasting honor of that great good Bishop. 

The oldest register is dated 1560. For upwards of 
100 years the reg'isters are unbound ; the detached leaves 
are much worn, and in most cases illegible. Very few 
pag-es are quite perfect. In some cases the damag-e seems 
to have been wilful, for the page dated 1611 is torn from 
top to bottom ; and this has been done since 1827, for a 



* A curious pieco of intriguing occurred with regard to the presentation in 1828. The two 
vicarages had been for many years held by one clerk. The payments to the vicar of S. Andrew's 
being made by the lords of the manor of S. Mar3''s, his living was of very insignificant value. 
The patron was the lord chancellor : and the custom had been for the lords of the manor to 
present to the living of S. Mary's upon a vacancy, and for the lord chancellor to present their 
vicar also to the vicarage of "S. Andrew's. On the death of Mr. Pratt, in 1828, it occurred to 
Mr. Cook that this arrangement might with advantage be reversed. He accordingly succeeded 
(it is said through the influence of the late lord Palmerston) in obtaining the vicarage of S. 
Andrew's from the lord chancellor, before the lords of the manor had made their presentation, 
fully expecting that they would readily present him. This, however, they declined to do. He 
therefore instituted enquiries as to the tithes due to him from the said lords, and finding them 
to be greatly in excess of the sum paid, he commenced a lawsuit to recover them. This lasted 
some years, and the passing of some acts of parliament during the progress of the case facili- 
tated his final victory. But he only lived a short time to enjoy the increased value of the 
living. It is now the more valuable of the two. 

t A MS. letter on this subject, from Thos. Topping to bp. Kennett, is preserved in MS. 
Lansd. 1038. It encloses the new articles of the bp. of Ely, and asks for instructions about 
the queen's bounty. It is dated ' Whittlesea, Sunday noon, "July 7, 1728.' 



100 



WHITTLESEY S. MAEY. 



MS. note by Edward Ground^ the curate, of that date, 
is itself torn in half, and one half lost. The baptisms 
from 1560-94 are tolerabl}'' reg-ular, but only a few entries 
can be made out. About 1562 the entries ceased to be 
made in Latin. The first legible burial register is 1590, 
after which it is continuous ; except that a leaf of date 
1606 is lost, and that there is only a small fragment 
between the dates 1654-64. There are no entries from 
1647 to March 25th, 1650 ; but these are not lost, 
because the entries of the latter date follow immediately, 
on the same page, those of the former date. The parish 
registrar during the commonwealth was Will. Selby. 
The following extracts are of some interest. 

1620. 14 May. Hellen Kent of the almes house. 
1654. May. Sarah Vangalloway a Dutch- woman. 
1707. 8 Apr. Stephen Bishop in y« Quaker's yard. 

21 Aug. Christian Kermihil a hylander in Scotland. 
1711. 30 Dec. Amy Payne 104 years old when she died And had her memory 

perfect to y*= last. 
1729. 10 May. Jo" Gates, the old Antinomian Whitesmith, Great Grandson 

of Francis Gates, who was Vicar of St. Mary's Church for 64 years 

or thereabouts.! 
1733. 4 May. Mr. John Underwood.^ 

1738. 24 Jan. (married) Will. Webster An. Negus: who poisou'd herself 

soon after. 

1739. 4 Feb. a stranger without any name. 

1740. 27 Dec. An. Hutchinson, Gent. That founded the Sermon on Good 

Friday. 30s. [This is still paid.] 

1783. Oct. In the beginning of this month the nasty thi'ee penny Tax^ took 

place, and as I expect from the great Number of poor and the Rebel- 
lious Humour of the Parishioners, to collect but few threepences I 
shall mark those that pay with V in the Baptisfhs and Burials. 
N.B. As people are most frequently openhearted on the day of 
Marriage, I expect most of my Parishioners will pay y^ 3^^ on that 
occasion I shall therefore mark those that do not pay with a V. 

I squeezed 3"^ from many a poor wretch ill able to give even so 
so much to Government I am afiraid — I think I ought not to urge 
quite so hard. 

1784. [The fees amounted to U. Os. 9d., on which sum Rob. Addison, Curate, 

gays : — ] 'tis very much more than I expected or than I shall have 



1. Mr. Topping in this entry is deceived by his handwriting extending from 1560 to 1622. 
This is no evidence of his being vicar all that time. See the Churches of Cambridgeshu-e, 
(Soc. Camd.) p. 15. An entrv in the register at Cherry Hinton says that Tho. Moigne was 
vicar for 64 years. But he died before he was 70, and was made bp. of Kilmore 17 years after 
he resigned this living. The fact is that in 1597 an order was made by convocation that trans- 
criiits on parchment should be made of the registers previously written on paper, and that 
each page should be attested by the minister and churchwardens. This order of the synod 
was confirmed by the queen's injunction. See also p. 2, and the notices of other register 
books in this volume. 

2. This entry is only noticeable for a very eccentric will and funeral of the deceased. See 
Hone's Year Book, 540 ; where is a notice from Gent. Mag. He was an enthusiastic admirer 
of Horace, and among other provisions of the will was this, that the six gentlemen who 
attended as mourners should sing the '20th ode of the 2nd book. 

3. This duty of 3d. on each registi-y of births, deaths, and marriages, except those of 
paupers, was imposed by act of parliament, and began 2 Oct., 1783. It ceased 1 Oct., 1794. 
In the cathedral is a book prepared under this act, with a stamp impressed for every entry. 



WHITTLESF.Y S. MAEY. 



101 



next year for as Toverty is admitted a plea it will be very frequently 
urged. 
l','H. 11 Feb, William Speechley (a Barber by Trade and an honest, indus- 
trious, faithful servant as ever was born — these are y" Men, who are 
a Loss to Society. ) 

(baptized) ilatt"'. of James and Alice Looraes. By the mistake 
of ye Nurse this child was named Matthew instead of Martha, the 
name given her by her Parents. 

There are also notices of occasional gifts to the church. 
Thus in 1712 Ann Bull, AVidow, g-ave a brass branch 
with six candlesticks in it, which cost 21. 7.s. Od. All 
memory of this has now passed away. Cole, in 1745, 
sa3'S ' I think there hang-s a neat brass branch by 
'Pulpit.' And in 1731, 6 June, is this notice : 

On this day being Whit Sunday, there was given a Larg Silver Flagon, by an 
unknown hand, to be used at St. Mary's and St. Andrew's while one Minister 
oflSciates at both these Churches, But if ever there shall happen to be two 
Ministers, then this flagon shall belong to St. Mary's wholly and solely, and shall 
be used only at all Conninions in St. Mary's Church ; But not at Coraunions in 
St. Andrew's Chiu-ch : This is the Will ot the donour. Value iloS. 

The : Topping, Vic. 
But afterwai'ds found to be given by Frances Hurry. 

Her burial is entered 17 Sep., 173*3. This flag-on was 
cumbrous and practically useless. It has recentl}' been 
I exchanged for more serviceable plate. In 1764, Mary 
Forster left 100/. for plate for the celebration. That 
given b}" her executors cost 100/. Is. 8^/. 
I The inventor}' of church g-oods for this parish was 
taken 27 July, Edw. yi. It mentions a vicar who 
cannot be identified with an}'- in the list that follows. 
The writing- is very crabbed and indistinct. 

riayt remanyng there this psent iiii lb. 

Ornaments. Itm a vestem of grene silke w*"* deacon & sbdeacon copleyt — a 
vestem of blewe worstede — a vestem of rede domyx — a coope of Red velv* — a 
coope of grene syllke — iij table clothes of lynnyng — a pyxe of copper — ij cruetts 
of pewther — a pare of sencers of copper — a stouppe of copper — a chrysniatorye 

of pewther — a sui-ples w*'' tlower — ij a holywayter paile of latten. 

Belles. Itm In the Steaple iij great bells a sauctus bell & ij handbells & a 

'sacrey bell. 

[ Memorand™ the ij candlesticks & i laver of latten mentyoned in the last 
Inventorie was sold to Symon Labyr ('?) vicar tliere about a yere agoo by the 
churchwardens for the sum of iiij^ which was employed upon the repairing of 
their churche. 

At Eastree, or Eastrea, in this parish, was a chapel 
dedicated to the Holy Trinity. The licence for its foun- 
dation is dated 1403. There was also a hospital of S. 
John the Baptist. And at Eldernell was a chapel to 

9 



102 



WHITTLESEY S. MARY. 



Our Lady. This was consecrated in 1525 by the bishop 
of Down and Connor ; but the chapel had existed before, 
perhaps only with a licence.* Cole has preserved a 
fragmentary account of a reputed miracle here wrought, 
which is worth recording-. '|- 



VICARS. 



1338 Ead. de Witlesey. 
1345 Joh. de Ikleburgli.i 
1349 Rob. de Hai-wedon. 

1349 Joh. de Brampton. 

1350 Rob. de Crayton. 
Rob. de Ellesworth, r. 

1383 Rob. de Newton, r.^ 

1392 Ric. Beleby.3 

1406 +Tho. Pope. 

1457 Rob, Kyrton, A.M., d.* 

1488 Ivo Hamserley d. 

1495 Sim. Childerhouse. 

Edw. Hawtrey, d. 
1517 Hen. Mores. 
1527 Tho. Wyllson. 
1551 Nic. Leaves. 



1552 Nic. Wiltsliey. 
1555 Joh. Griffith, r. 
1561 Joh. Beawater. 
]570 +Joh. Forster, r. 
1590 jFr. Gates, d. 
1622 *+Will. Mason, d. 
1666 * + Ric. Mason, A.M., d. 
bef. 1681 *+Ric. Mason, A.M., d. 
1703 *+Tho. Topping, A.M., d. 
1742 +Will. Beale, A.M., d. 

Geo. Moore, d.' 
1772 *+Tho. Ch. C.Moore, d. 
1816 *Joh. Pratt, d. 
1828 Simeon Lloyd Pope, d. 
1856 Will. Waller, A.M.« 



The CHURCH consists of chancel and nave, both with 
aisles and clerestory, W. tower and spire, and S. porch. 



* Cole's MS. vol. ix. In bp. West's register is a licence dated Somersham, 20 Jiily, 1525, to 
the bp. of Down and Connor, to consecrate the chapel, and to remove chalices, &c., -which 
' had been abused, -were old, deformed, or improper, as al-o to bless and reconsecrate others 
of the same sort; so that this Licence and consecration brought no prejudice to the Mother 
Church.' And a second Licence, dated 11 Jan. following, gi-ants to the same ' Robert, Blythe 
by Divine Permission Lord Bishop of Connor and Downe and Abbat of Thoruey to dedicate 
and consecrate the chapel of our Lady of Aldcrnall nud also of consecrating and blessing the 
Altars, Superaltars, Chahces, priestly Vestments, and other ecclesiastical ornaments, belong- . 
ing as well to the said Chapel, as to the Monasteiy of Thomey and Church of Wittlesey, 
likewise to confirm in the Deanery of Wisbeche, find to give the first Tonsure to such Clercs I 
and Scholars as desired it, and also to confer all holy and the lesser Orders to the Monks of < 
Thomey, as shall be found fit for them, till such time as the Bishop should withdraw his ; 

■)■ It is unfortunately without date. The paper which Cole copied was torn : there was a ' 
rude picture at the top. The authorship of the account is attested thus : ' H This myracle 
comprysed and wryten by a monke unworthy of Thomey Abbay dane Roger Lodj-nton in the 
honom- and praysinge of our blessyd lady ye moost mekest moder to our lorde jhesii cryste 
to whome be praysinge and honour. Amen.' It recounts how one Robert Whyt of Whittlesey 
S. Mary was bedridden ; how he prayed to Our Lady of Eldemell ; and how he got up on 

Monday before the feast of SS. Simon and Jude. and "' barehede and barefote wonte 

thrugh thycke and thyn in that cold frosty momj-nge space of thre myles.' The 

vicar of S. Mary's and many neighbours followed him to EldemeU with tapers burning in 
their hands. For some time he could not speak ; at last, ' with grete payn and grete brayne 
he spake and sayd Lady helpe. The sayd Vycare, with all the neighbours sawe the teres of 
our blessyd [Ladye as] bygge as feches.' So the man turned to good health, the story j 
finishes, ' and is a lyve.' ' 

* Buried at Whittlesey. 

{ Also vicars of S. Andrew. _ 

1. Presented by papal provision. 

2. Exchanged with his successor for Haxey, Line. ^ 

3. Perhaps also rect. of Castor. See p. 18. ^ 

4. Made abbot of Thomey, 1-164, retaining this living. i 

5. Min. canon of Peterborough cathedral. 

6. Formerly inc. of Dukinfield, Cheshire. 



WHITTLESEY S. MARY. 103 

There are doors in each aisle and one under the tower^ 
also a priest's door in the S. chancel aisle. It is in a 
most excellent state of repair, havino- been opened after 
restoration by Mr. Scott in 18C2. The contrast between 
the present interior of the church and the appearance it 
■presented ten years ag-o is most striking'. The tower 
arch w'as blocked up with a wooden partition : the floor 
of the nave was encumbered wdth hug-e pews, some 
upwards of Ave feet in height : the pillars had in many 
cases been cut into for the purpose of holding* the wood- 
work of these boxes, and round several pillars were rows 
of hat-peg's. Between the windows of the clerestory 
were painted in black and white the signs of the tribes 
of Judah : these were unedifNing' specimens of the art 
and taste of the last century. Two galleries occupied 
the aisles; and ugly skylights had been let into the aisle 
roofs. It is needless to say that galleries, pews, hat- 
pegs, 17th century frescoes, and boarding* of the tower 
arch have now alike vanished. The nave is fitted Avitli 
low open seats of admirable design ; and the floor of the 
church now seats comfortably upwards of 800^ more 
than were before uncomfortably accommodated in gal- 
leries and pews. The S. aisle was first restored. It is 
fitted with a pine roof, of very low pitch ; supported on 
ungainly corbels. A very curious little window, which 
probably gave light to the rood-loft, and is not often met 
with, was wantonl}^ destro3'ed. The rood stairs, with 
doors above and below, remain. The}^ are lighted by 
two tiny windows ; the lower of two, the upper of three 
disconnected lancets. The chancel deviates to the 
north. 

The church w^as fortunate, at the time of its restora- 
tion, in securing the money, over £700, which had been 
subscribed as a memorial to the late sir Harry Smith. 
This money was entirely spent in the restoration of the 
chancel aisle. In the S. wall is a marble monument, 
with a bust ; the roof is new, and four stained glass 
windows have been inserted. This aisle was formerly 
used as the parish schoolroom ; and the propriety of this 
memorial consists in its being the very place where sir 



204 WHITTLESEY S. MAEY. 

Hurry received his early education.* The vicars them- 
selves, or their curates, taug-ht in this school. In 1731, 
Mr. Topping", the vicar, is called, at the visitation, curate ; 
and Mr. Beale, afterwards vicar, is called schoolmaster. 
The piscina remains. It has onl}' been recovered to the 
use of the church within memory. Beneath the east 
end of this aisle is a crypt, which was former!}^ used as 
a charnel-house, but now holds the apparatus for warm- 
ing" the church. 

The oldest existing" part of the church is part of the 
N. aisle wall, and one pillar with three arches of the N. 
nave arcade. Two of the pillars here are round, and 
the mouldings of early Eng-lish character, but the west 
one has been rebuilt in flic simile. t Another frag-ment 
of the 13th cent, was dug" up from under the floor of the 
S. aisle. It consisted of a coffin lid of striking- desig-n 
and in g-ood preservation. It is now placed on the cill of 
one of the west windows of this aisle. It is of unusual 
character for so early a date : for the head of the deceased 
is sunk in a hollow, and the hands raised in the attitude 
of prayer : but the stone from the breast to the feet is 
carved with conventional foliag"e, and it represents 
therefore a man entirely covered, except his head and 
toes. It cannot be clearly ascertained whether it com- 
memorates a priest or not. When first discovered it was 
broken, but all its parts were perfect : and from a draw- 
ing" made at the time it seems to have been broken only 
into five parts. It is now in seven or eight pieces, and 
many fragments are lost. But enough remains to shew 
the beauty of the work, which is not later than the mid- 
dle of the 13th cent. The chancel arch itself is also 
13th cent, work, so is part of the N. chancel wall. This 



* Sir Henry George Wakelyn Smith was the son of a suigeon, at Whittlesey, and was bom 
1786. In 1805 he entered the army, and he served at the Peninsula and at Waterloo. He was 
' made K.C.B. after the battle of Maharajpoor, in 1840, and he received the thanks of Parlia- 
ment for his services in 1845. In 1846 he was made Major General, and commanded at tha 
battle of Aliwal, in Sutlej, after which he was created IJaronet of Aliwal. In 1847 he was 
appointed Governor of the Cape of Good Hope. He died in 1860. 

+ When the church was being repaired the clerk of the works, without the knowledge of the 
architect, had pronounced these pillars to be unsafe, and their restoration impossible, and had 
proceeded to destr ly one of them. They had been much mutilated by being cut into for the 
mass of woodwork which enveloped them. Happily Mr. Scott himself came and saw the 
church before the second pillar had been pulled dowii, and he at once absolutely forbade its 
destruction. It was a bold decision, and one not altogether without risk : but by working 
night and day, the architect himself working with the rest, the defective parts were made 
good, and the pier was saved. 



WHITTLESEY S. MARY. 205 

is seen from the N. chancel aisle, the string-course above 
the arch dividing- the aisle and chancel beino- clearly early 
English work. This string' is external work ; so the roof 
of this chantry has been raised. Perhaps in few 
churches can the gTadual extensions, to accommodate 
larg-er cong-reg-ations, be traced so reg-ularly as in this. 
A chancel with nave of three bays and N, aisle formed, 
we may conjecture, the orig-inal church.* There must 
have been a W. tower, as the N. aisle, which is early, 
extends further W. than the early nave arches. The 
next alteration was very likely the N, chantry. Then 
the S. chantr}' and aisle were added, the \V. faces of 
both aisles at this time being* flush with the W. side of 
the tower. Later still the old tower (if one existed) was 
removed and the two present W. nave arches erected, 
thus getting- more space in the church ; the S. arcade 
was rebuilt ; the chancel itself was elong-ated ; the cleres- 
tory throughout was added ; and the tower and spire 
built. These various perpendicular alterations w^ere done 
at diflerent times. The enlarg-ement of the chancel is 
marked by the second piscina there : the old chancel had 
a piscina and two sediha, and when the altar was placed 
further east, another piscina had to be provided. This 
had escaped notice until the recent restoration. B}^ a 
notice in the reg-ister it appears that the nave roof was 
erected 1704 — 8 ; and that ' over the school-house & to 

the first Arch AVestward the roof was patched up 

in the year 1720.' In the same year a new dial was put 
up for the clock. The chancel roof is dated on a beam, 
1744. The lower part of the rood screen remains. The 
chancel is fitted with returned stalls of modern date, but 
not part of the recent work. The pulpit and lettern are 
excellent. The font is octag'onal of stone. It was 
erected in 1840, replacing- one of wood. The decorated 
windows in the S. aisle are noticeable : two at the W. 
have net tracery, two at the E. flowing- tracery. The S, 
porch has a plain stone groined roof. 

* A Norman church existed, but this must have been entirely destroyed, as no traces what- 
ever of Norman work remain. The chui-ch is mentioned in a privilegium of pope Alexander 
ni. to Thomey abbey ; and this instrument recites that the church was conferred upon the 
abbey on the day of its dedication by Hervey, 1st bishop of Ely. This would fix its erection 
between the years H06— 1131. 



2Qg WHITTLESEY S. MAEY. 

The g^lory of this church is its tower and spire. They 
can be seen very distinctly due E. from the bridge at 
Peterboroug'h. The tower has three stag'es, all richly 
ornamented.* The belfry windows are sing-ular : there 
are on each face two larg-e transomed windows, close to 
one another, of single lights, cinquefoiled below the tran- 
som, and double lig-hts above. The parapet is embattled : 
at the corners are crocketed pinnacles with flying* but- 
tresses to the spire. The spire itself is crocketed, and 
has three rows of windoAVS. The whole is 120 ft. hig-h. 

There are eig^ht bells, which play tunes every three 
hours. Some of the sentiments upon them are peculiar. 

1. THE LORD TO PRAISE MY VOICE i'lL RAISE 1803 

2. OSBORN AND DOBSON FOUNDERS DOWNHAM 

NORFOLK. 1803. 

3. PEACE AND GOOD NEIGHBOURHOOD. JOS : EAYRE 

FECIT. 

4. DO JUSTICE LOVE MERCY AND WALK HUMBLY 

WITH THY GOD. 1758. 

5. JOHN SUDBURY AND JOHN JOHNSON CHURCH- 

WARDENS OF SAINT Andrew's. 1803. 

6. THE five OLD BELLS INTO SIX WAS RUN 

WITH ADDITIONAL METAL NEAR A TUN. 1758. 

7. PROSPERITY TO THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH OF 

ENGLAND AND NO ENCOURAGEMENT TO EN- 
THUSIASM. 1758. 

8. THOMAS MOORE VICAR, EDWARD GROUND AND 

WILL"", DAVY GROUND CHURCHWARDENS OF 

s% mary's 1803. 

There is a fine stone g-roined roof under the belfry 
floor, having" the symbols of the evangelists carved on 
the bosses. 

The MONUMENTAL remains are numerous, but none 
of any great antiquity except the recumbent eflig-y 

* Cole's criticism is of no great value, but may be here produced. ' This is a very hand- 
some Church, with ye most beautiful Spire I ever beheld, placed on a square noble Tower 
adorned all about with fine cui'ious work after ye Cathedral Fashion : The Tower is verj' lofty 
& ye Spire of Stone, exceedingly taper & elevated, is adorn'd with Leafwork in a most expen- 
sive manner. The Church is by no means answerable to ye Magnificence of its Tower & 
Spire, wch may vie with any in England for Beauty A Strength. All leaded & in good Repair. 
The Church was beautifying last year (1744) as I rode thro" ye Town.' 




WHITTLESEY S. ANDREW. 



WHITTLESEY S. ANDREW, 



107 



already mentioned. Cole has copied m extenso the whole 
of the inscriptions as the}'" existed in 1745.* The only 
monument remaining' of the 16th cent, is that to Tho. 
Hake, 1590. It is on the N. chancel wall. It is very 
similar to the one in Peterborough cathedral to sir H. 
Orme-t At the top are these words ; ' Celtestia sequor 
terrestria sperno.' There are others later to members of 
the same family. Other names are, Reade, Avelino-, 
Underwood, Wiseman, Moore, Whitstones (B.D., rect. 
of Woodston), 1721. J In the sediHa are tablets to 
Geo. Burg-es, vie. of Halverg-ate and Moulton, Norf., his 
wife and daughter. Robert Blyth, last abbot of Thorney, 
and bp. of Connor, who consecrated Eldernell chapel, 
appointed by will, 19 Oct., 1547, his body to be buried in 
this church ^ before the sacred sacrament of the altar.' 

The churchyard, to use Cole's words, ^ is as full of 
gravestones as ever it can hold.' A larg-e piece has been 
added since that time, but it is now entirely closed. The 
last interment was on Christmas-da}', 1855. The East 
Anglian peculiarity of describing' a man who dies before 
his wife as ' husband of Sarah,' ' husband of Elizabeth,' 
is noticeable on a great number of gravestones. 



This church belonged to the chapter of Ely, having 
been given to them together with two other churches, 
Impington and Pampisford both in this county, towards 
the charges of their library. Bishop Nigel, who made 
this gift, presided over the see from 1133 to 1169. This 
transaction is thus recorded : 

Nigellus Episcopus dat in perpetuam Eleemosinam Scriptoriaj Ecclesiffi Eliensis, 
ad Libros ejusdem Ecclesise faciendos et emendandos, Ecclesiam de Wittleseye 
cum tota Decima Domini et Parochianorum et omnibus Rebus eidem Ecclesite 
pertiuentibus. Et papa Honorius, et Prior et Conventus confirmant donum. 



* A great number are also given in Clement's notes, Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 11,425. These 
were copied in 1731. 

t See page 61. 

{ On one stone are commemorated Elizabeth and Barbara Whitstones ; of which Cole has 
this piece of gossip ; ' This stone ye People have a Notion covered ye Bodies of two maiden 
sisters who built this Chm-ch. Mr. Whitstones, it seems, had it turned & ye present Inscrip- 
tion put on it ; It had, as I am told, 2 figures on ye other side ; But this I take to be an idle 
Conceit.' 



108 



WHITTLESEY S. ANDREW. 



The church at Ely had previously acquired lands in 
Whittlese}^, the pope having- enjoined the surrender of 
some estates of one Leofwin, as a penance for striking- 
his mother. In 1290, the value of the church was given 
at lOZ. and the tenths at 205. In the king-'s books the 
vicarag-e is worth 4Z. 135. 4d. and the tenths 95. id. The 
procurationSj &c., were 25. 6d.y and for the vicarag-e I5. 8d. 
In 1731 the value was 40Z. In 1595, Mr. Gates was 
rated for his vicarages of both the Whittleseys to find 
jointly with the vicar of Elme-cum-Emneth, one pike 
furnished : and in 1C09 in the same way to find three 
pair of curols furnished. The advowson was in the 
hands of the chapter of Ely, then in the king-, and now 
in the lord chancellor. 

There is one old eegister book, containing- births, 
marriages, and burials from 1653 to 1687. There are also 
entries on to 1695 ; but the last 8 years were supplied by 
the new vicar from the books at Cambridg-e. Both 
churches were so long- held by one incumbent that the 
reg-isters of both parishes were kept for convenience at 
S. Mary's. A great many ^ strang-ers ' are entered among- 
the burials. The names Cassandra and Melchior here 
found are not common. Among- the burials we find these : 

1067, 21 Jul. A strange woman. 

30 Jul. A stranger called John the Dyer. 

1672. 27 Sep. Marye fllia populi. 

1676. 21 Jul. Maudlin Starkye Infant died in y* field. 

1677. 25 Apr. Old Bud. 

1679. 26 June. Thomas Barnes Infant drownd. 

1814. 14 May. A stranger whose name was never ascertained. Died at a 

lodging house in House Gate Whittlesea. Appeared to be about 
50 years of age. 

1815. 18 Aug. A woman unknown who died suddenly, on the north bank, 

between Dog and Doublet and Peterboro' apparently between 50 
& 60 years (old). 

There are also a few notes about collections under briefs. 
Some have no date. 

Collected towards the releife of great drayton in the 

Countye of Salop 19 H 

....towards the Tower of Hedon in the East ridinge of 

Yorkshire 6 10 

• . . .towards the releife of the Inhabitants of Oxford .... 8 
.... towards the releife of Thomas Welbye of Dublin .... 5 3 
1667. 22 Mar. Memor™. the daye & yeare above written ther was 
given to the Poore the sum of seventeene shillinges & 
seven pence being monye collected upon 2 Breifes for 



WHITTLESEY S. ANDREW. 



I 



109 



the Towne of Bridgnortbe which monye if ever deman- 
ded is to bee repayd out of the collection for the poore. 
16C9. 23 Jan toward the releife of the distressed Inhabit- 
ants of Cotton end in Northamptonshire 9 

toward the releife of the distressed people of 

Sumersham 1;^ (> 

towards the releife of Boccles , . . IG 

The iiiveiitoiy in 1 552 is as follows. 

Wyttlesey — Saynt Andrewe — infra Insul". Eliens™. 

This is a true & pfcte Inventorie Indented made & taken the xxvi"' day of 
Julye A" Regis Edvardi vi«' vi'o by us Richard Wilkes, Clai-ke, Henry Godewyk it 
Thomas Rudstow Esquyers — comyssion^s amonge others assigned for to survey & 
viewe of all man' of ornaments plate Jewells & bells belonging to y« pyshe 
churche there as hereafter followeth. 

playt — ffirst one chalysse w''' y« paten of sylv"" pcell gilt p(er) oz xii oz d v/^^ 
c(er)ta)Tie leade in the foot of the same. 

Ornaments — Itm a blewe vestem^ of worstede w'*" an aulbe, a vestem* of reed 
taffetay w"* an aulbe, a coope of blewe satten — a table clothe of lynnyng — 
ij pylloes — ij corporas c(as)es — viij surplesses — x towels — iiij candlesticks of 
latten — a crosse of copper and gilt. 

Belles — Itm in the steaple iiij great belles a Sanctus bell and two handbelles. 

All whiche pcells above wryten be delyvered & comytted by us the said 
coraission's unto y<^ sayff custody & kepyng of Roger Wilson & Richard Back- 
house pishoners their to be at all ( times ) forthcomyng to be answered except & 
reserved (?) a chalysse w^^ y^ paten of sylv'' pcell gilt p(er) oz xii oz d — a coope 
of blewe satten — i table clothe — viij sui-plesses & ij handbelles delyvered to 
Thorns Pleynson & Richard Peirson churchwardens for the only mayntenance of 
devyne srvice in sayd pyshe church. 

Rych"* Wyllkes Henry godewyke Thomas Rudstow 

Rye'^ Backhouse Rychard Pierson ) 

Rog Wylson (illegible) j 

111 the abstract of charitable donations, 17 SG, the two 
parishes were returned together. Five benefactors are 
there given who left land, or rent-charg-e, for the poor 3 
Nic. Davie, 1054 ; Ann Randall, and John Daw, 1710 ; 
Eic. Noble, 1722; Adam Kelfull, 1735. The total 
proceeds of these bequests amounted annually to 33/. 2s. 
Eic. Peirson, 1027, g'ave to the vicar of S. Andrew's and 
his successors, nine acres of ' T^'the Grasse, Ijing- ueere 
Northey GravelL' He is described, in the register of 
his burial at S. Mary's, as ' Clarke and Minister of the 
Parishe :' but it does not seem that he was ever incum- 
bent. At bp. Green's visitation, 1750, it was reported 
that there were ' Lands given to the Eepair of the 
Church, but not so applied. M'': W™: Beale, Curate 
Assistant resides personally, but not in the Yicarag'e 
House, that being* too small for his family.' The vicarag-e 
house here spoken of was a poor little cottag-e, and was 
demolished a few years ag-o. 



2 20 WHITTLESEY S. ANDREW. 



VICARS. 



1349 Job. de Thorndon. 

Job. Wodeham, r. 
1403 Will. Smythe, r. 

+Tho. Pope. 

Eob. Lynton, d. 
1419 Tbo. Walsingbam. 

Tho. Delf, r. 
1407 Geof. Mees, d. 
1498 Job. Mandevyle, d. 

1503 Geof. Bocher, d. 

1504 Hen. Haldure, d. 
1535 Tbo. Browne. 
1567 Ed. Harrison. 



Job. Forster, r. 
1590 +Fr. Gates, d. 
1622 * + Will. Mason, d. 
1666 * + Ric. Mason, A.M., d. 
1683 * + Pdc. Mason, A.M., d.i 
1703 +Tho. Topping, A.M., d. 
1743 +Wm. Beale, A.M., d. 

Geo. Moore, d.^ 
1772 *+Tbo. Cb. Cadwal. Moore, d. 
1815 Jas. Tobias Cook, A.M., d.^ 
1849 Edm. Reynolds, A.M., d. 
1861 Hen. Burgess, L.L.D. 



The CHURCH consists of chancel with aisles^ all g-abled, ; 
nave with aisles and clerestory, N. door, S. porch, | 
S. priest's door and W. tower. Like S. Mary's church I 
this has been much altered, and contains portions of 
different stales. It is chiefly perpendicular. The nave, 
of four bays, is lofty, and has a g'ood roof. The bosses 
are all carved, mostly with faces, and the wall pieces are 
supported on g*rotesque corbels. In the N. chantry a 
similar corbel remains, to be seen from the g-allery : but 
the N. aisle roof has been much mutilated by the 
insertion of skylights for the g-alleries, and in other ways. 
The S. aisle roof and that to the chancel, were put up in 
1842. The roof of the S. chantry is good and mostly', 
orig'inal; but it was ^patched up,' as appears from the; 
register of S. Mary's, in 1742. The earliest work in 
the church is an excellent two-light window in the 
S. aisle, W. of the S. porch. It is of early g-eometric 
date, about 1250. There is a trefoiled circle in the head, 
and the lig'hts below are quite plain, without cusps. Ofl 
more advanced decorated work is the E. window of five 
lig-hts, of rather nondescript character, but of pleasing" ' 
desig-n. The S. chantry is an entire work of the middle I 
of the 14th cent. The E. window is of three lig'hts, 
pointed, and the side windows are of two lig'hts each, 
square headed, all of net tracery. The door in the 



* Buried at Whittlesey. 
t Also vicars of S. Mary. 

1. Also vie. of Morbome, Hunts. The inscription on his monument in the S. chantry says 
' He is buried in the Grave wth his Father and Granfather, who were Ministers of this Place 
before him.' 

2. Min. canon of Peterborough cathedral. 

3. Fell, of S. John's, Camb. Buried at S. John's, Hampstead. 



WHITTLESEY S. ANDREW. 



Ill 



S. wall here is evidently an insertion. The N. aisle and 

chantry are perpendicular. The junction with the 

chancel at the E. end is rather clumsy. The gable here 

is crocketed ; and an enormous crocket occupies the 

summit instead of a cross. The nave and S. chantry 

have original crosses. If the chancel itself had a roof 

of more acute pitchy like the chantries^ instead of a low 

pitch with battlements^ the E. end would be very g"Ood, 

resembling' the g-eneral arrang*ement of churches in 

Devonshire and Cornwall. There are two sedilia in the 

chancel; but not of one date. The rood staircase 

remains, N. of the chancel arch, and its door above 

is visible. The tower is entirely cut off from the church 

by a partition of wood and glass. Ihe g-alleries and 

pews are monstrous. Mr. Paley's remark that ' the 

whole interior of this church urg-ently needs a thorough 

restoration ' is unfortunately still true : it is happily no 

longer the case at S. Mary's. The tower has small 

square buttresses surrounding the corners, like those 

j built in early English times ; they are of five stages, the 

{second stage being embattled. The west door is under 

I a square head. The belfty windows are of two lights, 

j transomed. The five windows on the N. side of the church 

I are all of two hghts, square headed ; they seem to be 

1 15th cent, imitations of the 14th cent.- windows of the 

i S. chantry. The W. window of this aisle is late and 

ipoor. The pinnacles at the ends of this aisle are 

triangular and rather heavy. They have ver}- shallow 

paneling which indicates their late date. In Cole's time, 

r20 years ago, the nave and chancel were separated by 

a screen, over which were the royal arms. His notes of 

the church are meagre. He calls it ' a handsome and 

:neat building.' The E. end of the N. aisle is used as a 

i vestry : here is a piscina. 

There are six bells, of which two are very large. 
The inscriptions have no great interest. 

1. JOSEPH EAYEE S"^ NEOTS FECIT 1759 

2. THESE FIVE BELLS WAS CAST MAY THE IS 

1759 



112 



WHITTLESEY S. ANDREW. 



3. WILLIAM BEALE RECTOR lOHN LOMES CHURCH- 

WARDEN EAYRE FECIT 17G9 

I TO THE CHURCH THE LIVING CALL AND 

TO THE GRAVE DO SUMMON ALL. 

4, 5, 0. REV. J. T. COOK THOMAS JOHNSON WILLIAM 

READ CHURCHAVARDENS THOMAS MEARS 
FOUNDER 1843. 

The last three bells were taken in exchang-e for three old 
ones of about equal weight, no doubt part of the peal of I 
five cast in 1759, of which two remain. The verses on 
the third bell are round the outside of the lip. 

No MONUMENTS of carW date or of special importance 
are preserved. Tablets to vicars Mason, Cook, and 
Reynolds remain. The former only was buried here. 
The lines on his monument, which are rather curious, 
have been quoted by Mr. Paley. In the JV. aisle is a 
small copper plate in a wooden frame painted to represent 
marble, commemorating- the wife of vicar Topping*. It 
is about lOin. by 7in. in size. It is in poor Latin with 
several gross errors corrected. It concludes, ^ obdormivit 
24*° Martii hora quasi 2^^ matutina AD 170f .' There 
are memorials also to members of the families of Ground, 
Underwood, Stona, Moore, Read, and others. Cole has 
preserved the inscriptions. 

One of the abbots of Thorney, Odo de Whittlese}", 
was born in this town. So was William, archdeacon of 
Huntingdon, bishop of Rochester, and lastly archbishop 
of Canterbury in 1868. Many French names are now 
natui'alised here. There was even a congregation of 
the exiles, but it was of short duration only ; doubtless 
it became merged in that of Thorney. Burns (Foreign 
Refugees, 48,) sa3'S, ' It appears by the records of the 
colloque held in London in 1046, that Le Sieur Du 
Perrier, Soy disant Pasteur, of Whittlesey, presented 
letters,' &c. In the ^ East Anglian ' iii, 40, there is a 
notice of seven tradesmen's tokens of the 17th cent, all 
bearing the name of this parish. 

The churchyard, which is specially crowded on the S. 
side, is spacious. It contains no ancient stone. 




THORNEY ABBEY. 



113 



Before the foundation of the monastery a hermitage 
had existed here from about the year 602, a few years 
only later than the original church at Medehamsted. It 
was at that time called Ancaeig, and shared the universal 
desolation caused by the Danes in 870. As at Mede- 
hamsted, a century passed by without any attempt at 
restoration. In 972 a monastery for Benedictine monks 
was founded by Ethelwold, bp. of Winchester, and a 
church built dedicated to S. Mary. The place had by 
this time acquired the name of Thorney, the island of 
THORNS, so called, ' propter spineta circumquaque suc- 
crescentia,' because of the thorns growing- around it on 
all sides. This church remained standing barely 90 
years, and was pulled down in 1085. The new church 
was finished in 1108, but not rededicated until 1128 by 
bp. Hervey of Ely. The nave and triforium arches now 
existing are part of the earlier portion of this building, 
built about 1090. The western front is later, and was 
doubtless the last to be completed, as was very common 
in building large churches. The following dates are 
translated from the annals of the monastery.* 

973. lu this year a privilege was granted to the nionastery of Thorney by 
king Edgar, S, Ethelwold the bishop assenting. 

1001. The body of S. Ivo was discovered. 

1066. There was seen here a comet (conieta) ; and the same year earl (comes) 
William came and Harold was killed. 

1096. The iourney to Jerusalem began. i v „„ lo 

1098. In this year wo men of Thorney entered into the °f^ .church on 12 
Nov. Afterwards on 1 Dec. we translated the relics of the Samts, the presbytery, 
the two porches, and the tower only being completed ; in the presence of our 
neihbours AldU abbot of Ramsey, Ingulf of Crowland, and Aldwal^nor of 
Burgh, because Burgh was then without an abbot, and many others whose names 

I do not mention. . , , m, ^v> n Mq^t 

1105. The relics of S. Theodore, martyr, were received at Thorney, on 11 iVlay 

from a nil grim named Heverardus. , , 

1108.^ The church of Thorney was completed and the last stone laid on S. Luke s 

day, and in the following year the towers and pinnacles of the front were fimshed. 
1128. The dedication of the church at Thorney on 5 Nov. 
1315. A great flood which inundated the whole district for three years. 

* T-^-f ivT„= M« rntt Npro C 7 This is an illuminated MS., and embraces the years 

SUSS S'.r ■.&■«,• Zl'SlSMceTt S3 U.. ... .^.tV. .*. 

Of Peterborough killed a hound belonging to the abbot of Thorney. ^^ 



114 



THORNEY. 



The whole of the domestic building's having- been com- 
pletely destroj^ed, as also the choir and transepts and 
part of the nave of the church, it would be impossible to 
describe the gradual erection of the building's from the 
difference in the architecture. But some of the works 
are mentioned in the Thorney register. Abbot Robert, 
who died 1236, had built a Lady chapel, in which he was! 
buried \ this chapel was afterwards destroyed and a new 
one of g-reat magnificence erected. Abbot David, 1238 
— 1255, was a g-reat builder : among"st other works he 
built the great gateway* and the bakery. Abbot "William 
of Yaxley, 1261 — 1293, added a roof to this bakery, 
which had before been thatched, and built a grand new 
refectory. His two successors built largely \ the latter 
of them, William of Clapton, built a new chapterhouse, 
a large new hall and chapel for the abbot's house, and 
greatly adorned the Lady-chapel by inserting stained 
glass windows, the Jesse window over the altar being 
given by him. William of Yaxley was the first abbot 
summoned to parliament: the last abbot sat there in 1538. 

In the Domesday valuation the sum total of the rents 
w^as 52/. 15s., and the value of the fisheries in AVhittlesey 
mere was put at 3/. There were also pensions in all the 
churches in the patronage of the abbe}^ In the Valor 
Ecclesiasticus, 1534, the goods are given at41lZ. 126'. 11^., 
and the tenths consequently 41 Z. 3s. ^\d.-\ The abbey was 
dissolved by statute in 1539. In the document known as 
Edgar's charter the dreadful possibility of a suppression 
is evidently contemplated, and to a certain extent provi- 
ded for, by a very solemn denunciation. It is better left 
untranslated. 

Si quis igitui' lianc nostram donationem in aliuni quam constituimus transferre 
voluerit, privatus eonsortio Sancti Dei ecclesise, tetemis baratri incendiis lugubris 
cum Juda proditore Christi, ejusque complicibus puniatur, si non satisfactione 
emendaverit congrua quod contra nostrum deliquit decretum. 

There is another in pope Alexander iii's privilegiura.' 
The names of the pensioners at the dissolution with the! 
several amounts are given in Dugdale. The difference 

* In a description of towns in Edward ii's. time, ' Entree de Tliorneye ' is named as some- 
tbing specially grand. 

1 According to Speed tMs is below the real value. , 



THORNEY. 115 

between the sums gTanted to the abbot, 200/., and to the 
prior, 9/. is striking'. The least is 40^. to a lay brother, 
* Robert Bayte beyng- no preste/ The sura was 340/. 
13s. 4^. Sixteen years afterwards this sum was reduced 
by deaths and other ways to 64/. 6s. 8cL 

The church was originally dedicated to S, Mary. But 
it was, after the translation of the bones of S. Botolph 
hither, placed under the united invocation of SS. Mary 
and Botolph, and is so spoken of in the charters. 

The REGISTER commences in 1653, in which year 
Kenelme Booth was ' sworne & confirmed Register ' by 
Fr. Underwood. The following extracts are interesting. 

1660, 20 Aug. Peter Harrison a dutchman was buryed. i • ,-, n 

1666. Circa hoc tempus pestis plurimos corripuit, quorum nomina huic libello 
inserta non habes. . . 

16G9. 22 Oct, Thomas Loftes advena agri Eboracensis circa Richmond mor- 
tem obiit in Thoruey et sepultus fuit. _ 

1673. Abrahaimus 1 „■■ f major ( filii Thomffi et Katharinse Fowler 

Isaacus t ^ 1 minor "^^^^ 1 baptizati fuerunt Jumj 9°. 

1701. 25 June. Was buryed a stranger woman y* came from a towne 4 or 5 
miles from Darby, being seized wth a feaver and frensye at Jo" Reads, 
and could give no other account of herself shee dyed at Jo" Reads 
coming in as a work-woman her name Mary Burgess. 

1706, 18 Dec, Advena fortuito in fossa suffocatus fuit. 

17 U, 13 Dec, Gulielmus Shellit (vulgo deaf Will) sepultus est (affid : Judith 
Kirby) 

1722. 13 Feb, Anna Clathery cum duobus Infantibus sepultffi sunt. 

The first book extends from 1653 to 1724. The second 
to 1778. The Latin entries were not, with few exceptions, 
discontinued till 1735. The formula for baptism is 
^sacrum lavacrum accepit;' for burying in woollen 
^ panno laneo convolutus.' The number of persons who 
met with violent deaths, as killed accidentally, drowned, 
&c., is remarkable. There is another book of exceptional 
character, and of great interest. It is a French register 
of baptisms dating 1654—1727. The French settlers 
came over from Holland to drain the fens. A petition of 
sir Will. Russell's is extant which states that he Avas 
seized of a great quantity of marsh and drowned grounds, 
late part of the possession of the monastery of Thorney ; 
that various persons in North Holland were willing to 
come over and inhabit it and recover the lands upon con- 
ditions. They were not to be molested in their offices of 
religion. Accordingly they had a separate congregation 



116 



THORNEY. 



which met at a tollg'ate towards Wisbech. An inscrip- 
tion in the church shews the cong-regation beg*an in 1652 : 
the first pag-e of the reg-ister is therefore lost. This con- 
g're^ation lasted for 75 years, after which the}^ conformed 
to the English church. The book is a small folio of 
paper, and contains 146 pag-es and 1710 entries of bap- 
tism. A dyke in the parish is called ^ French drove ' 
from these emig-rants. Many names in Peterboroug-h and 
around, especially towards Thorney, g-ive ample evidence 
of a French orio'in.* The ministers were these : 

o 

1652—74. Ezekiel Danois. | 1689—1713. Jaques Cairon. 

1685—1712. Jembelin. I 1715—1727. Louis Charles le Sueur. 

It seems from this that there were more than one pastor 
required for the work. The number of entries is added 
up at the foot of each pag'e in these words : ^ II y en a 
jusque icy.' The mother is always described by her 
maiden name. Three examples are appended. 

Aoust 30. 1663. Susanne Egar fille de Piere et Sara Vaudeberk este baptizee. 
Ses tesmoings sont Jaques Egar et Susanne Vaudeberk. 

Le 25^ jour d' Aoust, 1689. Rebecca Boucbereau, fille du S"^ Pierre Bouchereau, 
chirurgien et apoticaire demeurant au bourg d' Eye et d' Elizabeth Giraud ; nee 
le sixieme jour de ce mois, a este batizee par le S'' Jembelin et a este presentee 
par Monsieur Cairon, ministre du St. Evenigile, et par M'"® Rebecca Holmes 
veuve du S"^ Jacob le Houcq. 

1691. Susanne Dornelle fille de Pierre dornelle et de Marie le fevre nee le 
14« jour davi'il 1689 et batizee le 29 due [du meme] mois ayant pour parrin 
Jean Hugle etpour marrine Esther le Leu n' avoit point ete enregitree par la neg- 
ligence de son pere qui a prie qu'il ensoit fait mention sur le regitre en ce lieu. 

A memorandum at the beg-inning* of the Eng^lish reg-is- 
ter mentions a g"ift to the church in these terms : ^ © Two 
pieces of Plate of y^ value of twelve pounds g'iven to y® 
Church of Thorney to be used at y® Com union by the 
Rev""^. M' Thomas Brecknock late Minister there who 
died Jan^ 12'^ HO^^. NB © A cup & cover.' 

The charitable donations to the parish, in the report 
made in 1786, were capable of being- returned in a sing-le 
word, ' none.' No accurate list of incumbents is possible.f 

* In Burn's 'Foreign Refugees,' 99—101, is an account of this congregation. He gives a 
number of names from the register ' not uncommon in Thorney and its vicinity at the present 
time.' Amongst them occur: Tigardine, Provost, Gaches, Fovargue, Le Tall, Ainger, Le 
Fevre, Descamps, Deboo, Harley, Guerin, Massingarb. And on gravestones in the churchyard 
these names are still visible : Flahau, Leahair, Delenoy, Durance, Egar, Le Pla, UsiU, 
Beharrell, Mange, Sigee. The list of ministers above given is from Bum. 

+ The condition of the patronage of the church is unsatisfactory to the last degree. The 
•whole parish was made over so entirely to the Bedford family, that the church itself is their 
private property, and used by the inhabitants for divine service with their permission. The 
incumbency also was a donative, altogether exempt from episcopal visitation ; and the parson- 
age house was let to the incumbent at a nominal rent to shew that it did not belong to him, 
but that the use of it was granted him. The value of the preferment is also dependent on the 







THORNEY. 






ABBOTS. 


dT2 


Godeman.i 




1255 




Lefsius, r.2 




1261 


1017 


Lefsinus. 




1293 


bef. 1031 


Oswy, d. 




1305 


1049 


Lefwinus. 




1322 




Siwardus. 




1346 


1068 


Fulcard, deprived. 




1365 


1085 


*Gunterus, d.^ 




1396 


1113 


Rob. I., d. 




1402 


1151 


Gilbert, d. 




1425 


1154 


♦Walter I., d. 




1437 


1158 


Herbert, d. 




1450 


1162 


♦Walter II., d.* 




1457 


1172 


Solomon. 




1464 


1193 


Eob. II., deprived. 




1484 


1198 


Ealph.5 




1485 


1216 


*Rob. III., d.6 




1514 


1236 


Rich, de Stanford, d.^ 




bef. 1523 


1237 


David, d. 




1525 



117 



Tlio. de Castor, d.» 

Will, de Yaxley, d. 

Odo de Whittlesey, d. 

♦Will, de Clopton, d. 

Reg. de Water Newton, d. 

Will, de Haddon, D.C.L., d. 

Joh. de Deeping, L.L.B., d. 

*Nic. Islep, L.L.B., r, 

Tho. de Charwelton, d.^ 

Alan Kirketon, L.L.B., d. 

Joh. Kirketon, L.L.B., d, 

Joh. Ramsey, L.L.B., d. 

Will. Ryall, r. 

Tho. de Wisbech. 

Joh. Murcott. 

Rich. Holbech. 

Rob. Moulton. 

John. 

Rob. Blyth, r.^ 



INCUMBENTS. 



1660 Tho. Brecknock, d. 1709. 
bef. 1730 Will. Wells. 

1736 Jas. Ris, d. 1758. 
Will. Sandivers. 



1761 Jas. Thompson. 

Joh. Hunt, A.M.'o 

*Joh. Girdlestone, A.M., d." 
1821 Joshua Cautley, A.M. 



The CHURCH consists of a small portion of the nave 
of the conventual church, tog-ether with modern transepts. 
There is no chancel. There is a doorway at the W. end, 
and one to each transept. The E. end of the church is 
in a line with the sides of the transepts, so that the 
ground plan is simply T. The nave is of five Norman 
bayS; now filled up with masonry and pierced with three- 
fight windows, but which originally opened into aisles. 
Above these aisles was a triforium passag-e, the arches to 

mere capi'ice of the owner of the estate. Sometimes the parson was called ' curate,' some- 
times ' incumbent curate,' sometimes ' chaplain of the donative.' Those who sign in the 
register ' curate ' are supposed to have been in isossession of the benefice, such as it was. 
Is it too much to hope that before long this important parish will be properly endowed by 
the noble possessor, and the above anomalous state of things put an end to ? Much has been 
done in the way of improvement iu the place of late years : there is room for one crowning 
improvement more, which would remove from the wealthy ducal house the slur of being in 
the enjoyment of veiy large revenues from church property in this parish, and yet supplying 
from them a stipend for the minister of the church grossly inadequate to the magnitude and 
importance of his charge. 

* Buried at Thorney. 

1. Monk of Winchester, and chaplain to the bp. 

2. Made bp. of Worcester. 

3. Archdn. of Sarimi. 

4. A vacancy of 7 years occurred after the death of this abbot. 

5. Prior of Freston, Line. Sm-named ' Simplex.' 

6. Sacrist of S. Edmund's Buiy. 

7. Prior of Deeping. 

8. Prior of Thorney. 

9. Also bp. of Down and Connor. Buried at Whittlesey S. Mary. See pp. 87, 102, 107. He 
Bat in the convocation concerning the king's divorce. 

10. Also rect. of Benefleld. 

11. Also inc. of Eye, 1800—10. 



118 



THORNEY. 



which remain as clerestory windows. The clerestory itself 
is altogether removed. Each pier has a massive semi- 
circular shaft reaching' to the present roof, where it is 
met now by a continuous moulding*, projecting* a g-reat 
way, wholly incongTuous. The piers are alternately 
circular, with this inner projection, and shafted. Each 
of these latter piers has two attached shafts where one 
of the former sort has a quadrant of a circle. The 
capitals of the triforium arcade appear a little later in 
character than those of the nave j but the whole is doubt- 
less of one date, and is entirely in ag'reement with that 
g-iven in the annals, 1090 — 1098. All the E. end is new 
and built in the plainest Norman style.* The shafts 
of the E. window are more in the early English style. 
This window is filled with stained g-lass, mostly blue and 
red j it is a copy of one at Canterbury, and the imitation 
of the old work in glass is very happy. Its subject is 
the life of Thoraas-a-Becket. Perhaps this, with the 
reredos beneath, would be considered the most satisfactory 
part of the recent restoration. This reredos is of clunch, 
in five panels, the central one being the largest. The 
commandments, &c., occupy three of these. In the 
spandrels of the centre arch are two shields, coloured.']' 
It is probable the original roof may have been a flat one, 
as at Peterborough ; the present one is a whitewashed 
ceiling, of an elliptical shape. The internal arrangements 
are very poor. There is a cumbrous gallery in each tran- 
sept, and one at the W. end. In this last is placed the 
organ (a very good one), divided into two parts so as not 
to interfere with the W. window. All the pews have 
doors, and there is a batch of ^ free ' sittings in the 
middle. The pulpit and desk occupy a most commanding 
position in the very centre facing west. In each of the 
eastern windows of the nave are three scenes of foreign 



* The new portion was added at an unfavourable time, and does not happily adjoin the 
ancient work. The new work could not of course be earned out in Baniack stone, like the old 
abbey church, as the quarries have Ions been exhausted ; but a stone surely mij^ht have been 
found more suited to the tone of the old work than that actually employed. 

t There is an amusing simplicity about these two shields. Their fitness in a reredos might 
perhaps be questioned : no one will venture to question the innocence with which they are 
made part of one design. For the one is the ecclesiastical coat of the abbey of Thomey ; 
the other the family coat of the house of Bedford. Why were they not joined with a label ? 
An appropriate motto might have been found : 

' Look here upon this picture and on this.' 



THO'RNEY. 119 

g-lass, in black and white. They are chie% from the time 
of our Lord's passion. There are also some coats of arms 
in coloured g-lass. That of the Bedford family is reversed. 
Two have France and England quarterly, one encircled 
in a g'arter, and one with a label of three points. 

Considerable alterations were made in the year 1638. 
That date is over the W. door. It seems not unlikely 
that the ruins of the old church were then first put into 
decent order, so as to be fit for service. The stones with 
which the nave arches are now blocked up were part of 
the original building. The stones of the destroyed abbey 
would be in great request for building- purposes, and have 
consequently almost entirely disappeared. Dugdale says 
that some were even removed as far as Cambridge, and 
were employed in building the chapel of Corpus Christi 
college.* This was done in 1579, and the church and 
domestic buildings alike w^ere despoiled for this purpose. 
The easiest way of fitting up the remaining parts for 
worship w^ould then be to use the existing nave arches 
for walls, destroying the upper story, as the aisles which 
formed a support to it would be removed. This is in fact 
what was done. The windows inserted under the nave 
arches are of clearly debased date. They are moreover 
exactly similar in detail to the great W. window, which 
is part of the work dated 1638. These wdndows are all 
cinquefoiled in each light, and have niullions to the top. 
These windows and the W. doorway w^re the w^ork of 
Inigo Jones. 

The W. front, although so much altered, is still a very 
fine specimen of Norman architecture. It is flanked by 
two square turrets. At the angles they are indented 
several times, but have neither chamfer nor shaft. They 
are surmounted by octagonal turrets, embattled. These 
latter were added apparently when the other alterations 
were made in 1638. They are distinctly of debased date : 
the four-leaved flowers in the chamfers, and the carved 
heads, as seen from the leads, are very poor. The front 

* He refers to Masters' Histoi-v of the College, p. 209, where we read : ' The Queen 

contributed towards this Work'"(the buUding the chapel) ' about thirty Loads of Timber, by a 

WaiTant under herPi-ivy Signet, from the Estate of the dissolved Monastery of lying in 

Barton, as did in like manner Francit Earl of Bedford 146 Tuns of Stone from that of Thorney, 
which were delivered at Guy-Hirne upon the Lord Keeper's Letter and the Earl's Wan-ant.' 



120 THORJTEY. 

however retains traces of a ^rand alteration in the 15th 
cent., while the abbey was flourishing-. Between these 
side turrets, and occupying- the whole space between them, 
is a noble window arch. The tracery of this window has 
long- been destroyed. It is now partly blocked up, and 
partly occupied with the 1638 window of five lig-hts with 
an embattled transom. It is remarkable that the internal 
shafts of this smaller window are Norman, and of the 
same date as the body of the church. But they may 
have been removed hither during- the alterations : or may 
mark the extent of the orig-inal Norman west window 
before the enlarg-ed Perpendicular one was inserted. 
Above the larg-er arch is a row of nine niches under a 
horizontal battlement : each niche retains its statue. 
They are apostles : each holds in his hand some symbol : 
but the central one is apparently the Saviour after resur- 
rection. All have two holes in the chest, as if riveted to 
the wall behind. At the W. end of the nave, on each 
side, one orig-inal clerestory window remains, now filled 
up with masonry. Round the arch of that on the N. side 
and down each jamb is a double row of billets. In the N. 
turret is a capital newel staircase, g"iving- access to the W. 
gallery, and to the one small bell, which is uninscribed. 
There is but one monument of any interest. This is 
a brass inscription inserted in the N. wall of the nave. 
It is w^orth g-iving- entire. 

M S Venerandi senis Ezechielis Danois Compendiensis Galli coetus Gallici qui 
hic congregari coepit A" D"' MDCLII Pastoris primi qui studio indefesso, doc- 
trina et seventate morum, nuUi secundus, ingens litteraturte thesaurus, hic 
orbe(m) latuit. Deo, sibi, paucis aliis, notus eisque contentus testibus, per LIV 
annorum spatiu(m), ex quibus XXII hic Thorney Abbatise, sum(m)o cu(m) fructu 
Ministerio suo functus, tandem hic ubi laboris ibi et quietis locufm) iCnlvern^it 
obijt 24 Febr. Ao D"* MDCLXXIV ^tat.* v ; w ^ ^ 

The churchyard is very limited to the S. side ; on the 
E. it has been extended. There are several altar tombs. 
The S. entrance is by an arched gateway surmounted by 
a cross. 



r^n^ti?.-'"''^ *®'^^^5*=''®'^ *° *^^ memory of the Reverend Father Ezechiel Danois, of 
aT^rI? ^1 ^'■ance, first pastor of the French congregation which began to assemble here 
CTeat trpii,^,,";/??*'' to none in unwearied study, in learning, and in strictness of morals, a 
f^dwitr+wLel- "'''■'' i'T^'^ ^'''''' }'' obscurity. Known to God, himself, and but few else, 
hiTM?ni«f rl wUK T°^ of these content, for the space of 54 years he discharged the duties of 
len^rth whZT-= 1^^ greatest profit, of ^vhich 22 years were spent here at Thornev Abbey; at 
A^^ where has labour was there he found the place of his rest. He died 24 Feb. A.D. 1674. 
mlnn"^^t i?U^''™tf Foreign Refugees,' p. 100, this epitaph is given. 'Quietus' on the 
monument is evidently an error for ' quietis.' 



121 

As in the case of Peterborough, the materials for a 
history and description of this place are so plentiful, that 
a dig-est of them into a few pag-es becomes a matter of 
considerable difficulty. The name is now commonly spelt 
Crowland. In Domesday it appears as Cruiland, or 
Cruilande. Afterwards the spelling- g-ot changed into 
Croiland, Croyland, or Croylande, and not till the 
very deed of suppression do we find w inserted for y. 
Ingulfs etymology, ^ the muddy land/ is well known. 

The abbey church was dedicated to SS. Bartholomew 
and GuTHLAC. The latter saint was not adopted as 
patron from the first j but the coat of arms of the abbey 
exhibits the joint invocation, as it bears three knives and 
three scourges quarterly.* The accounts of Guthlac are 
very complete. He was born in 673 and died in 713. 
Brought up as a soldier he renounced, when 25 years old, 
the profession of arms, and devoted himself to a hermit's 
life. Bp. Hedda of Lichfield consecrated his oratory 
and ordained him priest. He had arrived at Crowland 
originally on S. Bartholomew's day. The origin of the 
foundation is thus accounted for. Ethelbald, next heir 
to the throne of Mercia, about 710, endeavoured to anti- 
cipate the decease of Ceolred the king in possession by 
seizing his crown. Obliged to fly he came to Guthlac, 
who encouraged him and foretold his ultimate success. 
Ethelbald promised, if this came true, to found a monas- 
tery on the spot. Guthlac did not survive to see it, but 
the king kept his word. A chantry at Marholm was 
dedicated to this saint-t So is the church at Market 

* The apostle Bartholomew has a knife for a symbol in allusion to his traditional martyrdom 
by flaying. The convent on his feastday gave away knives to aU comers. These are still 
occasionally found at Crowland. This custom was abolished 1476. The whip of the other 
patron saint was esteemed a valuable possession; and in their greatest distress the monks 
never forsook it. The statues of both remain in the west front, each with his symbol in hia 
hand. The whip indeed might well be thought invaluable. Had it been only S. Guthlac's own 
it would have been highly treasured : but it had before him belonged, as they said, to the 
apostle himself. See also p. 70. 

f Dugdale names several lives or accounts of the saint extant. In the Brit. Mus. (Cotton. 
Nero. C. 8) is a very beautifal MS., richly illuminated, containing his life. His future renown, 
according to this document, was predicted at his birth in these words, ' Stabilitote, quia 
futiirse gloria? huic mimdo natus est homo.' Hia character and person were alike beautiful : 
' Erat enim forma prfecipuus, corpore castus, facie decorus, mente devotus, aspectu dilectus, 
sapientia imbutus, vultu floridus, prudentia prseditus, colloquio blandus, temperantia clarus, 
interna fortitudine robustus, censura justitise stabilis, longanimitate largus, patientia firmus, 
humilitate mansuetus, caritate soUicitus.' 



•jOQ CKOWLAND. 

Deeping"; where this inscription was put on a window of 
painted g'hiss : ' Orate pro anima R. Iwardb}^, quondam 
rectoris hujus loci, qui hanc fenestram fieri fecit ad laudem 
Dei, et Sancti Guthlaci, A.D. 1438/ At SwafFham,. 
Norf., was a chapel; and at Hereford a prior^^, dedicated 
to this saint. 

The value at the suppression of the estates was given 
at 1217/. 5s. ll^d. by Speed. The same in the king's 
books. Other accounts make it a little less. If this 
amount is increased to represent its present worth; it will 
contrast almost ludicrously with the clear value of the 
living- as given by Bacon in 1786; viz. 34/. IQs. 4^. 

Lists of the more important documents, deedS; regis- 
ters; &c.; relating to the abbey are given in Dugdale. 
Cole has 180 pp. copied from one of these books. The 
present parochial register dates only from 1639. The 
books are all excellently bound. They contain but few 
entries worth transcribing. On the first page is recorded 
OHver Cromwell's death in 1658, for whom the inhabi- 
tants must have had a special veneration. 

] 640, Mr. Augustine Bracher Clarke. 

1662. 16 Jul. Elizabeth y^ wife of John Ashbey. 

17 Jul. John Ashbey himselfe. 
1696. 9 Dec. Elizabeth Burroughs who died felo-de-se was buried. 

1713. 7 Sep. A Poor Child its Father a Travelling Tinker. 

1714. 13 Sep. William Lord Russell. 

3 Nov. A stranger found dead in Postland. 
1719. 27 Dec. Rich"! Thorp of Peterborow alias Petty Canon Dick. 

The living is now a rectory. How it became so called, 
or why this description was recognised, is not known. 
Small as its value is it has two patrons. The advowson 
is in the alternate presentation of the owners of the 
abbey farm and the Postland estates. 

Amongst the sacramental plate is a large chaHce with 
an open cross engraved. In it are the words ' Ecclesise 
Croylandiffi sacrum.' Above the cross is inri. There 
are also two patens. The smaller is engraved as the 
chalice ; the larger has ^ Given by M^ Luke Cowley 
1724.' All have coats of arms with whips and knives. 

Bequests to the monastery were very frequent.* 

* A great number of donors of special gifts such as lights before the altar of the Lady- 
chapel, glass windows, vestments, are recorded in the continuation of the history of Crowland. 
Laurence Chateres, the cook, made a professional bequest : 40/. to find milk of almonds for 
the con^«ent on fish davs. 



CROWLAND. 223 

Leg'acies were left sometimes to the foundation, or for 
specific religious ends, and sometimes (as in the will of 
T, Ryley, 1538, mentioned on p. 78,) to individual monks. 
There are now three benefiictions to administer. Both- 
Avay's charity, and Brown's charity are for the poor. A 
tablet in the church saj^s of the latter that John Brown 
died 25 Oct., 1C84, and gave 11^ acres to the parish. 
The distribution was to be on the feast of S. James, now 
altered to that of S. Thomas. Eog-er Walker, 10 Oct., 
1612, left after his wife's death, a tenement in the Church 
St. called Crabtree Corner to four feoffees in trust, to let 
and apply the rents 

the one half thereof (the outrents and charges of Repairs bemg yearly deducted) 
to be bestowed yeai-ly towards y« Repair of y'^ Cliurch in Croyland, and y^ other 
half to y^ poor People in Croyland, at y^ Discretion of his said Feoffees the same 
to be given yearly at y« Feast of S* Thomas the apostle only. 



ABBOTS. 


716 *Kenulphus, d.i 


1236 


Patricius. 


1247 


794 *Siwardus, d. 


1254 


856 Theodore, d.2 


1281 


870 Godric I., d. 


1303 


941 *Turketyl, d.3 


1324 


975 * Egelric I., m., d. 


1358 


984 » Egelric II., d. 


1378 


992 *Osketyl, m., d. 


1392 


1005 * Godric II., d. 


1417 


1017 *Brictmer, d. 


1427 


1048 *Wiilgatus, d.* 


1469 


1052 Wulketyl, deprived.^ 


1476 


1076 *Ingulf, d.6 


1483 


1109 Jotfrid, d.^ 


1487 


1124 Waldeve, m., deprived. 


1497 


1138 Godfrey, d.s 


1504 


1142 Edward, d.^ 


1507 


1170 Robert, d.io ' 


1512 


1190 Henry de Longchamp, d.i 





d.i2 



Ric. Bardenay, m., d.ii 

»Tho. Welles, m., d. 

Ralph de March, m., d. 

Ric. de Croyland, m., r. 

Simon de Luffenham, r 

Hen. de Casewik, d. 

Tho. de Barnack, d. 

Job. de Ashby, d. 

*Tho. de Overton, m. 

Ric. Upton, m., d. 

Job. Litlington, d.^* 

Job. Wisbech, d." 

Ric. Croyland, S.T.B., m., d. 

Lam. Fossdyke, L.L.B., m., d. 

Edm. Thorp, S.T.B., m. 

Phil. Everard. 

Will. Geddyng. 

Ric. Berdeney. 

Job. Welles, resigned.!^ 



* Buried at Crowland. Those marked m. are knoini to have been monks of the house. 

1. Monk of Evesham. 

2. Murdered by the Danes on the steps of the altar, 870. 

8. Chanc. to king Edi-ed, and preb. of York. A wealthy noble who became a monk out of 
pity for the forlorn state of the foundation, and made over to it a tenth of his possessions. 

4. Previously ejected from Peakirk. See p. 64. 

5. Sacrist of Peterborough, He rebuilt the abbey. 

6. The chronicler. A statue of him remains in lie W. front. 

7. Prior of S. Ebrulph in NoiTuandy. He began the new church. 

8. Prior of S. Alban's. 

9. Prior of Ramsey. 

10. Prior of Leominster. 

11. Built N. aisle and infirmary : also drained the fens. 

12. Became blind before his death. 

13. Entertained Henry YI. here, and admitted him a member of the house. Yisited also 
by Edward IV. 

14. Prior of Freston, a cell to Croyland. 

15. Surrendered abbey, 1539, retaining an allowance of 130!. 6s. 8d. He is called in the 
list ''Wellys alias Bryggys.' A punning motto of this abbot's, ' Benedicite, Fontes, Domino,' 
was can-ed on his chair, afterwards in the possession of bp. Dove. 



134 



CROWLANP. 



RECTORS. 



1730 Jas, Benson. 

1761 Will. Sandiver. 

1762 Jas. Thompson. 
1767 *Moor Scribo, d. 
1808 Jas. Blundell, d.* 
1834: Job. Bates, A.M. 



1539 Tho. Crowland alias Parker.i 
1661 Will. Styles.2 
1670 Hen. Pern, A.M., r.^ 
Eadcliffe Searle. 
cir. 1707 Postlethwayte.* 

1721 Bernaby Goche, r. 

1722 Culpepper Butcher. 

The first church was built by abbot Kenulphus in the 
8th cent., and is said to have been of stone. This was 
completely destroyed by the Danes in 870. A new- 
church was raised by Turketyl, about the year 945. As 
this church was in decay in less than 120 years it could 
not have been very substantial. Wulketyl, in 1061, 
commenced a new building* which was entirely destroyed 
by fire in 1091. According" to the chronicle abbot 
JofFrid commenced rebuilding* the abbey in the year 1113, 
the foundation stones of the several parts of the building" 
being- laid by various dignitaries amid g-reat rejoicing's. 
A minute account is g-iven by Peter of Blois. Of the 
church then commenced we have some remains. At the 
E. end of the ruined nave the W. arch of the g"reat cen- 
tral tower is still standing". It is patched up with brick- 
work. Many of the details of this arch are very beautiful. 
One of the shafts on the N.E. side of it, now external, 
has an elaborate capital with minute carving", embracing* 
distinctly, among* other ornaments, the dogtooth. This 
is an earlier example of this ornament than has yet been 
recorded. The two nave arcades were originally alike, 
but before the church was completed the S. arcade was 
altered. The difference is observable to anyone noticing" 
the two sides at the junction with the centre arch. But 
an explanation of the change could never have been g-iven 
without recourse to the chronicle. Mr. Moore * has 
explained the reason of this very early alteration, by 



1. Named in the list of pensions as appointed to serve the cure with pension of lOf. He i 
was also to have a, chamber and right of fishing. ( 

2. Also warden of Brown's hospital, Stamford. Took up arms with the royalists, and i! 
escaped from Woodcroft when dr. Hudson was murdered. [■ 

3. Preb. Sexaginta solidorum, Line. Instituted suit for tithes against sir Tho. Orby, and li 
lost it. Rect. of Leverington, Camb., where he is buried. 

4. Named by dr. Stukeley as minister at his visit. 

5. Also inc. of Whaplode Drove. 

* Paper on the Abbey by the Kev. E. Moore, amongst those of Line. Arch. Soc, 1861 
These notes are indebted to Mr. Moore's paper for several conjectures and facts. 




CO 

> 

UJ 

QQ 

< 

o 
z 
< 

o 

o 



C^O^YLAXD. 



125 



quoting a passage under date 1118, describing- an earth- 
quake in England, which also overthrew the tower of 
Milan cathedral, ^ and the new work of the church of 
Croyland, which as 3'et was w^eak in consequence of 
havino- no roof to hold it together, split asunder, most 
shocking to relate ! in the southern wall of the body 
thereof The new arches of the S. side were built so lofty 
as to leave no room for a triforium. Besides this arch, 
the W. front of the S. aisle is part of Joifrid's church. 
This was later than the arch just spoken of It consists 
of four tiers of arcades ; all had originally shafts, but 
only those of the two middle tiers now remain. The 
arches in each row^ are different. There are zigzag round 
arches, plain pointed arches, intersecting arches, and plain 
round arches. Of this latter, the uppermost tier, only 
one arch remains. These, w ith two buttresses, are the 
only remains in situ of the Norman church. Many frao-- 
ments are scattered about ; and on the S. side several 
have been built into a low wall, where their beauty of 
execution is well seen. Of pure early English work is 
the W. front of the nave. This is the great charm of 
the ruins. It is richly ornamented in every part. There 
are five rows of niches, nearly all having the figures 
remaining in them. The great W. door is divided" into 
two doors by a shaft, each with pointed arch ; and above 
this is a large and deep quatrefoil adorned with sculpture 
of five scenes from the life of S. Guthlac. The two upper 
tiers of niches are not however of this date. They, and 
the great window^ now void of tracery, are of perpendicu- 
lar w^ork, late in 14th cent. The scenes in the quatrefoil, 
and the saints in the niches, have given rise to many 
attempts at explanation : at best all such attempts are 
mere conjecture, the carving being- in many places so 
w^orn as to defy identification : the following is a conden- 
sation of the theory of Mr. Moore, who has given much 
time to their study. 

Originally seven tiers : the two uppermost, in the gable, being now destroyed. 
They probably contained statues of our Saviour, and of SS. Mary & John. The 
mutilated statue on the bridge is possibly the central figure of all, our Lord in 
the act of blessing. The other figures, proceeding from N. to S., are thought to 
be S. Philip, S. James the greater, S. Thomas, S. Andrew, S. Peter, S. Paul, 



126 



CEOWLAND. 



(2 vacant,) S. James the less, S. Jude. Below these are K. Ethelbald, S. Bartho- 
lomew, S. Guthlac, K. Eichard II., abbot Kenulpb, K. William I., Q. Matilda, 
abp. Lanfranc, abbot Ingulf, (these last two do not agree with Mr. Moore's con- 
jectures,) K, Edred, Siward, a bishop, S. John. 

The last iio*ure is one of four originally g-uarding" the 
door. It fell down, but has recently been replaced. 

Of the decorated work, during- the 14th cent., there are 
BO remains. But in 1405, during Overton's abbacy, con- 
siderable works were done, under the superintendence of 
William of Crowland, the master of the works. Hei 
rebuilt the transepts, with vaulted roofs ; the Lady chapel, 
situated ^ on the northern confines thereof/ probably 
occupying* the same position as those at Ely and Peter- 
borough ', the refectory ; the nave and aisles with their 
chapels. Three arches entire of the S. arcade of this nave 
remain. There were nine bays to tbe nave. In 1427 the 
tower, as it now stands, W. of the N. aisle, was built. 
But the completion of the whole design seems to have 
been reserved for abbot Litlington about 1464. The N. 
aisle (now the parish church) was vaulted by him. The 
W. porch and room above are later still. 

In the interior there is not much to observe. The large 
bosses in the roof are very fine. To the N. of the present 
church, itself the N. aisle of the abbey church, is a chapel 
with groined roof, and considerable remains of inscriptions 
in black letter, but too much worn to be read. The eastern 
part is screened off by a perpendicular roodscreen of 
course removed hither. It had a roodloft. It still retains 
considerable remains of gilding' and colouring-. In the 
spandrels are g-ood specimens of carving', especially 
noticeable are three fishes with interlacing- tails, and a' 
man punting-. 

We read much about the bells in the histories. Their 
sizes and names are recorded, as well as the date of their 
erection. One, called Guthlac, had been made by Tur- 
ketyl, and when a fresh peal of six was added it was said 
there was not ^ such a peal of bells in those days in all 
England.' At present there are five, thus inscribed :* 

* It will be obseiTed that in the 5th bell the rector's name is spelt inaccurately ; also 
round a shield bearing England and France quarterly, the first bell has the motto, 

gljtt nm-ti ^nVi $tl^. 



CROWLAKD. J2'J' 

1. © J(n muftis annis |I*sonct tampaini ^(obannis. 

'2. THOS. NORKIS MADE ME 1G74. 

3. 4. W"" HICKLTNG W"" COOKE CHURCHWARDENS 
EDW"* ARNOLD LEICESTER FECIT 1788. 

5. S REV'' MOOR SCIEBO RECTOR © WILLIAM COOKE 
AND CHARLES ASHBY CHURCHWARDENS 
^ E : ARNOLD LEICESTER. 

But two MONUMENTS are of any interest. One, dated 
1728— 9j is remarkable as retaining- the old formula of 
prayer for the dead (though the sculptor has indeed ren- 
dered it badly) : 

Beneath lieth Mary the Wife of Robert Darby who dep. this life Jan : ye IQti 
1728 — 9 Aged 30 Years Cujus AnimjB propitietur Deus. 

The verb is mis-spelt ^ propitieiur.' Six verses follow. 
The other is really singular. It is painted black on a 
white board with a black edge. 

Beneath this place in six foot in length against y^ Clark^ pew Lyeth the Body 
of M': Abr": Baly he dyed y^ 3'^ of Jan 1704=. Also y^ Body of Mary his wid : 
she Dyed y" aiti" of May, 1705 Also y^ Body of Abr"». son of ye s^ Abr°i & Mary, 
he dyed y^ 13*'' Jan 170J:, also 2 : w*** Dyed in there Enfancy, Mans life is like 
unto a winters day : some brake their fast and so departs away, others stay dinner 
then departs fall fed : the Longest age but supps & goes to bed. Reader then 
behold & see : as we are uow so must you be. 1706. 

The churchyard contains no ancient inscription. It is 

greatly overcrowded, and has lately been much extended. 

[ It was at the time of this extension that the fragments 

I of Norman masonry already spoken of were collected 

(and placed together. A dwarf wall, in great part com- 

' posed of these fragments, marks the old boundar}^ A 

flat cofiin-lid, in good preservation, is now placed on the 

top of this wall, immediately above the spot where it was 

' discovered. To the W. of the church two stone coffins, 

now placed on the turf, indicate the line of the old 

churchyard. Other remains of floriated lids, and stone 

I coffins themselves, are to be found in the farm premises 

of the parish. No inscribed stone in the churchyard is 

earlier than 1685. 

The triangular bridge of Crowland is unique, and is in 
itself worth a long journey to behold. The chronicles, so 



128 



CROWLAND. 



early as 943^ and again in 966, mention a triang-ular 
bridg;e, ^ pons triano-ulus ; ' and if this reference be not 
retrospective, speaking- of a point well known at the time 
the chronicle was written, as if the bridge had been then 
in existence, which is very likely, at any rate it does not 
refer to the present bridge, the date of which is about the 
middle of the 14th cent. 

Four crosses at one time marked the extent of the 
abbey estates. Two remain to this day. One, on the j 
Thorney road, like an obelisk, has been replaced ; it used j 
to lie on the ground ; at its base are four shields, one j 
having the abbe}^ tokens. The other is towards Spalding j 
and has this inscription, ^Aio banc petram Guthlakus I 
habet sibi metam.' 

Since the dissolution, in 1539, the records (with one I 
exception) are calamitous. In 1643 the town and abbey 
were garrisoned, and much destruction took place. At 
this time the great W. window was perfect. In 1688 
the nave roof fell. The clerestory windows, large ones 
of four lights, were existing on both sides of the nave in 
1735. 1'hose on the N. side were taken down : those on 
the S. side fell this century. In 1748 the upper tier of 
statues was perfect. The whole of the W. front was, ten 
years ago, in a most precarious condition, and great fears 
were entertained that it would fall. This catastrophe \ 
has happily been averted. Mr. Scott undertook the task 
of preserving the front ; and by a most careful process 
(detailed by Mr. Moore) the whole mass of the W. front 
was forced back into its original position. All defective 
stones were removed, and good ones substituted. Part 
of the W. front of the S. aisle was taken down and 
rebuilt. This was in 1860. 

In Essex's collection (Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 6769) are 
notes, etchings, and a plan of the abbey. The present , 
nave is 144 ft. long, and the church 90 ft. long. 



129 



MoiDtisteiL 



This name in Domesday is spelt Wodestun ; and at 
various times since it has appeared as Wodeston, 
WuDESTAN, and in other forms. The last syllable is 
doubtless the toivn, not the stone, so common about here. 
It is the pure Ang'lo Saxon suffix signifying* an enclosure. 
Mr. Paley's conjecture that the former part of the word 
refers to the Saxon God Woden, is extremely probable. 
The Rev. I. Taylor instances Wansford as evidence of 
the widespread R^orship of Woden, and he might have 
added perhaps Woodston.* 

The church is dedicated to S. Augustine. This is most 
likely the English, not the African, archbishop. There 
are 28 other churches in Enuland with this dedication. 
In 1291 the church was worth 8/., and the abbot of 
Thorney had a portion of Gs. 8d. In the king's books 
the full value is 8/. lis. 2d.y but besides the portion the 
procurations, &c., were 135. 2d. The tenths were 
15s. lyi. The manor and church were amongst the first 
possessions of Thorney abbey. 

The REGISTERS are singularly perfect and in very good 
order. From 1558 to 1813 are bound in one volume. 
Besides the entries proper there is much of value in this 
book. The archdeacon's injunctions in 1748 ; a list of 
22 candidates for confirmation at Yaxley, 1745, 'from 
12 years of age to above 20,' with a disquisition on the 
proper age for receiving the rite ; a list of collections on 
briefs ; some notes on the furniture of the church ; a 
careful copy of all the inscriptions in the church ; all 
these are to be found here, thanks to the care of a former 
rector. The interest of the volume may be judged from 
these extracts. 

1636, 2'^ Jan. John Kisby Clarke of this Parish to 4 Parsons. 

1692. 9 May. Thomas Kirby drowned at y^ gravell ford. 

1697. 12 Aug. Jane the wife of Mr. Judkin Feloniara in se comisit. 

* In general when the name Woden is contracted into one syllable it is the d, not the n, that 
disapi)ears. Thus Wednesday is pronounced We'nsday. In Hants a town of Woden is now 
called Wonstou. 

11 



130 



WOODSTON. 



1699. 13 June. William Goodwin drowned at the Gravel ford of Woodston, 

1734. 15 Aug. Eobt. Alnwinkle a stranger found dead in the field. 

1749. 24 May. Joh. Young a Black. 

1752. 11 Oct. (baptized) France s : of Eob. & Amy Dickens, Wood People. 

1703. 10 Sep. Will™. Davis, a vagrant Soldier. 

With one exception the above are from the burials. The 
briefs in 1707 were these : 

8 June. Collected for Darlington Church brief Is. Hi. 

20 July. Shireland breife 8d. 

25 May. Perth Marston breife Aid, 

1 June. Towcester Breif 7 ^d. 

24 Aug. Spilsby's Breif 22|d. 

24 Aug. Littleport's briefe 22|d. 

7 Sep. Broseby Church id. 

The only part where the register is deficient is from 1590 
to 1597. 

In 1G53 there are marriag'es before justices 'according* 
to the late act of Parliament.' * As regards the visi- 
tation of archdn. Neve in 1748^ after reciting what the 
rector and parishioners were to do respectively, the 
register proceeds : 

Y^ expense in doing these things ; on y^ part of y^ Pai'ish, by a long course of 
neglect in others before you, being grown to a considerable article, & y^ Parish 
having lately had its share of loss from y^ Distemper amongst y^ Cattle, Mr. 
Arch : Deac^i, at y^ motion of y^ Reef, thought fit to remit part of y^ Execution 
to another year. 

There are also these notes about the church furniture. 

1732. Gilt salver & small wrought piece for ofi'erings, given for Com". Service 

by Mrs. Walsham. 
17 — . She had also some years before new pewed the Church for the use of 

the poorer people ; and gave the Branch. 
1736. New pulpit cloth & cushion for desk all of Eed given by same Lady. 
1785. A new Altar erected by Inhabitants. 
1789. A new Pulpit and Beading Desk d". 

The inventories of church furniture for this county 
similar to those which have already appeared in the \ 
accounts of Northamptonshire churches have not yet 
been brought to light. There are a few slight memo- 
randa in the record office of plate sold a few years before, j 
in 2 Edw. vi. 

Wodston. Solde by John Stappett and Will™ Shepe Churchward* 

ther w*"* thassent of all the parhiners vij old Broken lamps and iij . viii 
other broken latten for iij^ viij"! 

* This was the act by which each parish was bound to choose a registrar. The names, 
parishes, &c., of the parties to be married were to be published thrice ' in the public meeting- 
place, commonly called the church or chapel, or (if the parties desired it) in the market-place 
next to the said church or chapel, on three market-days.' There was also this clause : 
' Nevertheless, the Justice, in case of dumb persons, might dispense with pronouncing the 
words aforesaid ; and with ioining hands, in case of persons having no hands.' See also pp. 
2, 64, 76. 



WOODSTON. 23il 

The great benefactor of the phice was Mrs. Walshani 
ah'eady named. In 1786 the donations to the parish are 
but two, both in the name of Walsham. Mary and John 
Walsham g'ave by deed, 1728, land for a school produc- 
ing' 16/. 5s. a year, and in 1744 Mary Walsham left for 
the poor 432/., producing" 17/. 59. Id. This bequest was 
' her stock of g'rain of that year on her Farm at Sexton 
Barns, Horses and Utensils of Husbandry." The pro- 
ceeds were to be distributed on S. Thomas's day. She 
had also, in her lifetime, given 100/. to the living-, and 
laid the foundation of the school. In 1731 Job. Wright 
left 30/., and in 1733, Tho. Wright, his brother, gave 51. 
The meadow of Middleholm, ^ granted to the men of 
Woodston,' was let for 20^. 

In attempting to compile lists of incumbents for this 
county we meet with great difficulties. No history of 
the county exists that would assist us. It is only recently 
that Huntingdonshire has been made part of the diocese 
of Ely, and the ancient registers of the gigantic diocese 
of Lincoln are so voluminous as to preclude their being 
searched for a few isolated parishes. The lists, therefore, 
for this county are necessarily incomplete : but the fol- 
lowing is believed to be correct for upwards of three 
centuries. 



RECTORS. 



1238 Walt, de Glovernia.i 
1466 Ric. Andrew, d. 
1479 Tho Hutton, D.C.L, 

Tho. Petye, d. 
1503 Hen. Wilcoke, L.L.D. 
bef. 1534 Will. Haycock. 
1544 Joh. WoUastoQ. 
1558 Ralph Bent, d.2 
1590 Walt. Baker. 
1597 *Rob. Barnwell, d. 



1619 *Joh. Clement, A.M., d.' 
1653 *Sam. Foster, d. 
1661 * Joh, Vokes, A.M., d. 
1703 David Standish, A.M.* 
1721 Fr. Whitstones, S.T.B., d.s 
1730 *Rob. Smyth, A.M., d.« 
1761 »Middlemore Ward, d. 
1780 *Joh. Bringhurst, A.M., d.^ 
1829 Mat. Carrier Tompson, A.B., 
now A.M.^ 



* Buried at Woodston. 

1. Presented by the king, the abbey of Thomey being vacant. 

2. Minor canon of Peterborough. Bm-ied in the cathedral. 

3. Also rect. of Chesterton. Described in the parliamentary returns during the common- 
wealth as ' a constant preaching minister.' 

4. Head master of the king's school and minor canon of Peterborough. Buried in the 
cathedral. The inscription on his tomb was this : ' David Standish A.M. Hujus Eccas Min : 
Can : Publicas Scholfe Moderator, Eccse Parochialia de Woodston Rector. Excessit e Vita 22o 
die Octob : Anno astatis 55 Domini 1720.' 

5. Fell, of S. John's, Camb. Buried at Whittlesey S. Mary, where is a long Latin inscrip- 
tion to his mi-mory. 

6. An excellent antiquary. The good condition of the registers is due to him. He had 
made large collections for a history of the sheriffs of England from Hen. n., but ' it is much 
to be feared the MS. was destroyed by hia drunken illiterate brother.' 

7. Fell, of Corpus Christi, Camb. 

8. Also Tic, of Alderminster, Wore. 



132 



WOODSTON. 



Of these rectors Ward has an altar tomb in the S. 
churchyard : Smyth has a tablet on W. wall of S. porch, 
on which he is described as ^ a sincere honest man, and 
o-ood christian, His utmost endeavours were To Benefit 
mankind, and Relieve the poor, He was a laborious & 
correct Antiquarian'; Foster, ^ nuper hie fidus pastor 
migravit ad Agnum Dei,' Yokes, and Bringhurst, have 
memorials in the chancel. 

The CHURCH is cruciform, with tower at the west end. 
The nave has aisles and two porches ; the priest's door is 
N. It was entirely rebuilt in 1844 : and for that date 
the work is highly creditable. A contemporary criticism 
speaks of it in high terms.* 

The church of S. Augustine, Woodstone, Hunts., well known to ecclesiologists 
for its ante-Norman tower, has recently been rebuilt and refitted throughout, in a 
style and manner which deserves to be spoken of with high praise. The effect 
of the interior is most church-like, from the sombre light of the single lancets, 
the open roof, and the uniform open sittings, with poppy-head standards. The 
curious early font is completely restored. The tower has been rebuilt exactly on 
the original plan, with the exception of its now standing on four strong piers, by 
which a portion of the original masonry of the lower part is preserved. 

Some of the earlier work is preserved. At the W. of 
the tower is a large piece of the Saxon wall with one 
very small light. i" The chancel arch is originally early 
English work, rather late. So is much of the chancel, 
though restored. An unequal triplet in the S. transept 
is also old. There are some old gable crosses. A few 
of these, having been blown down, are now used as 
headstones. In the rector's garden are fragments of 
13th cent, piers from the old church. The present 
building is in the transition Norman style. All the win- 
dows of the nave are lancets. It is of four bays, having 
round arches, N., and pointed arches, S. The seats are 
all low and open, with poppy-heads. In the chancel 
the sedilia and piscina, if existing, are concealed by a 
large monument. The font is ancient but has been re- ! 
chiseled. The tower now stands on massive piers ', it is 
entirely within the church, and not pierced N. and S. 
The upper part seems original though not of Saxon date. 
The belfry windows of two lights, and the band of 

* Ecclesiologist, N. S., i, 138. 

+ It is said that this tower was destroyed on the ground that it was so insecure ; but yet 
it was fooad impossible to pull it down without the aid of gunpowder. 



WOODSTON. 2o3 

quatre foils under the parapet, are preserved from the okl 
tower. The side chancel windows are all of two lio-hts. 
They have square heads and an external dripstone with 
notch-headed terminations. The E. window is perpen- 
dicular of three lig-hts. 

There are three bells all with inscriptions. 

1. ©OMNIA: FIANT: AD: GLORIAM : DEI: 1608. 

2. S JOHANNES CLEMENT RECTOR PETRVS CHVNE 

CHWA 1636 

3. GRATA SIT ARGUTA RESONANS CAMPANULA VOCE 

I. EAYRE S''. NEOTS 1749. 

Many of the monumental inscriptions are curious, 
thoug-h none very ancient. In the churchyard are two 
old coffin lids with floriated crosses, neither in their 
orio-inal position. One, much mutilated, is used as a 
coping' stone to the wall by the stile : the other lies 
under the arch that encloses the Saxon wall, at the W. 
of the tower. The following" inscription is nowhere now 
to be seen : but it is worth preserving-. It is entered in 
the reg'ister by rector Smyth as existing* in his time ; it 
was on a very larg-e freestone, and written in Lombardick 
characters. 

ORATE: P: ANIMA: FRATRIS: HENRICI : DE : IRTLINGBURGH. 

The burial place of the Wrights is within the railing's E. 
of the S. transept. There are some Coped coffin-lids, 
moulded at the ridg-e, which expands into a shield for the 
name. Mr. Paley has g'iven one singular inscription to 
a member of this family, of date 1659. In the chancel 
is a cumbrous monument to Mrs. Walsham. She was 
daughter to rector Yokes. Besides the benefactions to 
this parish she further left 6000Z. ^ to feed the Hungry 
and to Cloath the Naked.' Here also is buried her son, 
John Dickenson.* There is a tablet to Major Bringhurst, 
' who fell at the ever memorable battle of Waterloo in 
Flanders.' An inscription to Mrs. Cooper, of Waltham- 
stow, having recorded that she ^ lived in Faith And 



* Mrs. Walsham and her son have been previously cited, pp, 28, 29, as benefactors to the 
parish of S. John the Baptist, Peterborough. The son gave to the vicars as a residence his 
bouse in Westgate. 



134 



ORTON LONGVILLE. 



Devotion, In Charity and Meekness, As a Saint of the 
First times of Christianity/ a note in the reg-ister adds 
that she was ^ of y^ Non-juring Persuasion' and justly 
entitled to the above character. She died 1711. On an 
altar tomb in the churchyard, 1778, is this sentiment : 

O vain Man, a mark for Malice, thy Glory a blaze, thy time a Span, thyself a 
Bubble, is born crying. Lives laughing, and dies Groaning. 
Who then to vain Mortality shall Trust, 
But Limns the Water, or but writes in Dust. 

The accumulation of soil on the S. side of the church- 
yard renders the S. porch useless. The arrangement of 
the plants and gravestones on the N. side exhibits 
greater care and taste than are commonly bestowed upon 
God's Acre. 



&xtmx f 0iTgfaiIIt 



The situations of the two Ortons on the high ground 
above the valley of the Nene, and above the main road 
to Northampton, may sufficiently account for the name, 
which is a contraction of Overton. The form of the 
additional names, given for distinction's sake, shews that 
they were added in Norman times. The two belonged 
originally, it is thought, to one man, and they may 
indeed have formed but one parish. When first possessed 
by two owners and made separate parishes, they would 
be naturally distinguished by the names of the owners. 
This parish, it is known, was in the hands of one Long : 
it is reasonable to think the contemporary owner of the 
other was named Walter, and that Longville and 
Waterville expressed their separate properties.* It 



* The name Walter was originally in-onounced Water, and the I might easily be dropped in 
spelling Walterville. See the reference to this pronunciation in K. Henry vi., Part ii, Act iv,, 
Sc. i. When the duke of Suffolk is takeu, Walter Whitmore to whose share he is represented 
as falling, having mentioned his name, jiroceeds : 

How now ? Why start'st thou ? What, doth death affright ? 

Suf. Thy name affrights me, in whose sound is death. 

A cunning man did calculate my birth, 

And told me— that by Water I should die. 



ORTON LONGVILLE. 



135 



is sing'ular that in the doable name of each parish the 
final syllables mean the same. Ton and ville both sig-- 
nify the town j but one is Saxon and one Norman. On 
the assumption that this etymolog-y is correct, two letters 
often inserted in the name are omitted. The spellino- 
LoNGUEViLLE is easily traceable to a false derivation 
meaning- the long village, and the latinised form lohannes 
de LoNGA Villa would encourag-e this. 

The church at Orton Long-ville is dedicated to the 
Holy Trinity. In 1291 its value was 6/. 13s. 4^. 
after a portion had been deducted. In the king-'s books 
the full value was 12/. 195. ^cl., the synodals, &c., 135. 2cL, 
and the tenths 245. 7|^. The advowson is with the 
manor. Twice have the manor and advowson been con- 
fiscated by the king* for felony. 

The parish of Bottlebridge is now united with Orton 
Longville. The deed of bp. Gibson of Lincoln for their 
union is dated 1721. Amongst other statements are 
these : 

Cum (ut informamur) ambae Rectorias prsedictse jam vacent Cumq Ecclesia 
Parochialis de Bottlebridge prtedict antehac ruinosa existens cum consensu tunc 
Episcopi Dioeces : diruta et prostrata fuerit, ac materiales inde provenientes in 
reparanda et emendenda Ecclesia de Overton Longville antedicta in usum et 
Beneficium Parochianorum de Bottlebridge prsedict fuerint adhibitai . . . . pauca3 
admodura sint domus manconales.* 

The site of the destroyed church is marked by a single 
uprig-ht g"ravestone with a much worn inscription in black 
letter. This stone has only lately been thus placed, 
having" previously been utilised on the farm. Bottle is 
clearly a corruption of Botolph, the parish being" always 
called in early times Botolph-bridge. Cotton f has a 
few notes about Bottlebridg-e. In his time, 1669, the 
church was in a ruinous state. There was an ancient 
mansion adjoining". 

The place where y« ancient house was is now conrerted into a Woad ground, 
Anno 1669. And y^ Chappell near adjoyning is gone to decay. This place, as 



* ' Since, as we are informed, both the aforesaid rectories are now vacant, and since the 
parish church of Bottlebrid -:e aforesaid being some time ago ruinous was by the consent of 
the then bishop of the diocese pulled down, and the materials thence procured were applied 
to the use and benefit of the parishioners of Bottlebridge aforesaid by repairing and enlarging 

the church of Overton Longville aforesaid and since there arc (in Bottlebridge) veiy 

few houses fit to live in.' The present S. aisle of Orton Longville church was built of the 
materials brought from Bottlebridge. 

+ Brit. Mus. MS. Lansd. 921. Sir Robert Cotton, a very famous and learned antiquary, 
received his early education under Mr. English, head master of the king's school, Peterborough. 



I 



136 



ORTON LONGVILLE. 



many other, may shew unto men the variations and mutabilities of all earthly 
structures. In a windows in y« Chancell are still to be seen two Coats, viz. 
B 3 Arrowes 0. A a Cross Lozengy, G. 

In 1291 this church was valued at 5/. 6s. Sd. In the 
king-'s books, deducting a pension due to the prior of S. 
John of Jerusalem and the synodals, there remained 
8/. 6s. lOd. Hable to pay 16s. S^d. for tenths. At the 
parliamentary inquisitions in 1654 these livings were 
valued at 50/. each. 

The earliest register is one for Bottlebridge, extend- 
ing from 1556 to 1680, But it is imperfect ; there are 
many large gaps. The earliest Long-Orton book is from 
1559 to 1695. In the year 1636 there were several 
collections on briefsj but they are torn out. There are 
not many insertions of general interest. 

1661. (Buried.) The daughter of Colonell Desborow. 

1681. 19 Jan. Joseph Wright drowned was buryed. 

1694. 30 Sep. M"". Simon King Clerk buryed. 

1714. 10 Sep. A Travellors child. 

About 1740 the description ' beadswoman ' often occurs. 
The churchwardens' books abound with payments for 
destructive birds, &c. Sometimes a single bill ^ for ver- 
min ' amounts to 235. The fees were at this rate : old 
magpies, 2d. ; young ones, 1^. ; crows. Id. ; hedgehogs, 
2d. ; sparrows, per dozen, 2d. ', eg-gs, per dozen, 1^. ; 
hawks. Id. In 1820 the molecatcher's bill was 4/. 4s. 
At the visitation in 1832 the churchwardens reported : 

All well except an old clock that was not wanted, the repair of which the 
Archdeacon did not desire to be done and did not require any more presentment 
of the same. 

In 1548 we find these notices of church goods sold. 

Bottelbridge. Solde by Rob* Lamberd and John Bomber Churchwardens ther 
ij handbells for xx<i All w'^'^ money they w'^ other declare upon ther othes was 
bestowed on ij belle ropes. 

Overton Longfielde. Solde by Willm Yearwell and Henrye Hoddye church- 
wardens ther ij great Candellstickes w*^ other latten for v^i put into the 

poore mennes boxe. 

The chief benefactions to the parish are these. In 
1654 lady Mar}^ Armine gave 22/. a year to provide 8 
poor widowers and widows 405. each, and 155, for a cloth 
coat or gown. Mrs. Walsham left 100/. to the poor. 
Rect. Stubbs and Will. Yarwell also left money to the 
poor producing a small yearly sum. The latter is for the 
parishes of Long Orton, Bottlebridge, and Cowbit, Line. 



OETON LONGVILLE. 



187 



111 1842 Chr. JefFery bequeathed 100/. for annual distri- 
bution amon^ the necessitous poor. There are also three 
acres of land, now called the Church Leys, left for the 
reparation of the fabric. 

A chapter act dated 1 June, 1642, made a donation to 
the church the condition of renewino- a lease : 

o 
Mr, Smith of Overton Longville (if he -^rill renew his Lease and amend his rent 
w«^ is now 28 per ann. lesse than it should be and was of Old) shall pay only -lO^ 
towards the reparation of the Church and have the Lease gratis for the terrae 
in being. 



RECTORS. 



ORTON LONGVILLE. 



bef. 1534 Jas. Tunstall. 
1542 Tho. Skelton. 
1554 Geo. Pennington. 
1559 *Dionysius Ward, d. 
1502 Everard Digbye. 
1606 Edw. Wager. 
1 637 Eusebius Hunt. 
1652 *Geo. Hamerton, d.^ 
1661 Edm. Spinkes, deprived.^ 
1663 Ric. Sawyer. 



BOTTLEBRIDGE. 



1312 Rog. de Northburg.i 
bef. 1534 Joh. Emeley. 
1542 Tho. Skelton. 
1547 Rob. Webster. 
1554 Edm. Fyrth. 
1561 Mich. Chiltenden. 
Joh. King, S.T.P. 
1596 »Hen. Thorne, d. 
1624 Tho. Smith, 
bef. 1654 Joh. Richardson.2 

*Simon King, deprived.* 
•Ric. Carver, A.M., d.5 
1705 *Rob. Caryer, A.M., d. 
1715 *Joshua Mann, S.T.P., d. 
1718 "Joh. Taylor, A.M., d. 
1721 Bernai'd Lewis. 
1746 Joh. Nay lor. 
1761 •Jonathan Stubbs. 
1789 Tho. Evans. 
1799 Hon. Ch. Stewart. 
bef. 1826 *Ch. Child, S.T.B., d. 
1835 *Sam. Rogers, A.M., d. 
1852 Joh. Bowcn, A.M., r.s 
1867 Ch. Geo. R. Cooke, A.M., rJ 
1863 Joh. Watson, A.M.8 

Inscriptions remain in the chancel to these rectors : 
Rich. Caryer, Rob. Caryer, ^ Qui cum in eodera Officio 

* Buried at the parish chui-ch. 

1. This name is from the patent rolls, the presentation being made bv the king. He had 
afterwards the living of Hemelden, and prebends in Sarum, Beverley, and S. Paul's. Made 
keeper of gi-eat seal, 1313, bp. of Coventry and Lichfield, 1321, and died 1360. 

2. Described in parliamentai-y inquisition, 1654, as ' a constant preaching minister.' 

3. Also rect. of Castor. Ejected under the act of uniformity. ' He was an able preacher,' 
says Calamy, ' and a person of great note.' See also p. 12. 

4. In possession of the church of Bottlebridge at the restoration, but it is uncertain whether 
actually rector or not. Ejected under the act of uniformity. Calamy says he was 'an able 
scholar : a man of solid Judgment, and an honest Heart and Life; addicted to no Extreams.' 
He had lived with Baxter at Bridgenorth, and was subsequently minister at Trinity church, 
Coventry. After his ejection he lived at Orton, where his house was bm-nt to the ground in 
1689, he being then over 80, and ' he was in a manner deprived of all his substance,' 

5. Preb. of Lincoln and Peterborough. 

6. Afterwards S.T.P., and bp. of Sierra Leone. 

7. Now rect. of Chesterton. 

8. Formerly inc. of Newborough. 



138 



ORTON LONGVILLE. 



post Patris Decessum hie obeundo Deceimni (plus minus) 
absolvisset, cum Vita deposuit/ Taylor^ Stubbs, Child, 
and Rog'ers. The tablet to the last-named, who was 
rural dean, is in brass. 

The CHURCH has chancel with spacious N. chantry 
and S. priest's door, nave with aisles and clerestory, S. 
porch and N. door, and W. tower. With the exception 
of the extensive alterations made when the church of 
Bottlebridg-e was destroyed, it is almost all of one date, 
early in the 14th cent. The E. window, of five lig'hts, is 
spacious. It has very larg"e meshes in the tracery. The 
S.E. window, of three lights, is a very unusual but 
highly satisfactory design. It has very curious tracery. 
On each side of it externally is a niche with trefoiled 
head and moulding*, conjectured by Mr. Paley to be the 
sedilia removed from within. The low side window is of 
three lights now blocked. Above is a window of two 
doubly-trefoiled lights with quatrefoil in head. Within, 
adjoining- the low window is a stone seat, a similar one 
beino' on the N. side of the chancel arch. The door has 
an og-ee arch. The chancel is embattled. There is a 
piscina within, and another in the chantry, with two 
niches. This was rebuilt in 1861, but the ancient work 
was not tampered with. It is divided from the chancel 
by a broad arch. The marks remain in the piers of the 
chancel arch from which the rood screen has been 
wrenched. W. of this arch are two curious little arches 
opening" to the aisles, that to the S. trefoiled at each side. 
They are no larg-er than doors. The piers of the nave 
have quasi corbels with ballflowers. The clerestory win- 
dows are very small. The arch between the N. aisle and 
chantr}^ is now blocked. The windows in this aisle are 
of two lig'hts, and contain a few frag-ments of ancient 
g'lass. Cotton mentions three shields of armour, one 
belonging- to the family of Wortley, as in a window in 
his time : and before the memorial window to the 10th 
marquis was erected one of these (described by Mr. 
Pale}') remained in the E. window of the chantry. 
Close to the N. door is an excellent fresco of S. Christo- 
pher. The countenance is most expressive. The great 



OKTOX LOXGVILLE. 



139 



size of the S. aisle is sufficiently accoanted for by the 
extract from bp. Gibson's deed g-iven above. We' have 
no means of knowing- whether the o-ood windows at the 
E. end, which are of the same period as the rest of the 
church, and those AV. of the porch, are removed from 
Bottlebridg*e, which is quite possible, or merely parts of 
the old S. aisle replaced. The two windows E. of the 
porch have had the heads altered in very poor style. The 
tower is of small size thoug*h of fair height. The larg"e 
buttresses projecting- N. and S. only g-ive it an ung-ainly 
appearance. The internal measurement of the upper 
story is only 7 ft. 7 in. square. There is a small door to 
this stor}^ only 14 J in. broad. The buttresses to the 
chancel are placed at the angles. In the E. wall of the 
porch is a small circular window with a quatrefoil. The 
lower part of a g'ood gable cross remains over the nave. 
There are two bells. One is a sanctus bell, unin- 
scribed, measuring- 14J in. in diameter at the mouth. The 
other is thus inscribed in old church text. 

© Homcu Utagbalenc Campna 6ent glelobre. 
It has also a foundry mark on a shield. 

The MONUMENTS are numerous and costly. One is of 
the same date as the fabric and may be Supposed to com- 
memorate its founder. It is a cross-legged figure of a 
knight, under the arch dividing* the chancel and chantr3^ 
Its date is determined b}^ the armour. Above it hangs 
1 a helmet.* In the nave is a stone to Will. Yarwell, 
• named already as churchwarden and benefactor, 1597. 
In the mortuary chapel the monuments are of large size. 
There are several hatchments here. A very elaborate 
tablet covered wdth shields, with marble table beneath, 
commemorates Eliz. wife of Hen. Talbot, younger son of 
George earl of Shrewsbury, 1C29 ; Mar}^, her daughter, 
wife of sir Will. Armyne, 1C74 ; and Talbott Armyne 
'hseres ipsius Mariee,' 1630. The slab and monument 
to sir Ch. Cope, of Bruern, Oxf, 1781, record that he 

* Some portions of the arinom-, being much worn, have been misinterpreted and given rise 
to a most foolii^h legend. The anachronism of this story, which pretends that the knight hero 
represented was killed by the Danes, is alone sufficient to condemn it. Cotton mentions a 
taberd hanging above it thus emblazoned : Argent, a chevron between 10 crosslefs, 4, 2, 1, 2, 1. 
If this coat is known it might determine the person beyond dispute. 



140 



ORTON WATEEVILLE. 



was ^ distinguished By true greatness ; If the great Man 
is the Honest one ! ' A marble monument to lady 
Mary Seymour/182o, has a seated fig-ure. Under the 
E. window is a fine altar-tomb of g-ranite to Charles, 
10th marquis of Huntly, 1863. In the church are also 
inscriptions to Mary Wakelin, 1693 ; Mary, wife of Rev. 
W. G. Moore, 1826 ; Tho. Speechly, 1832 ; and others. 
The last-mentioned died at Bordeaux.* In the church- 
yard are several tombs to this family. The church was 
repaired and beautified in 1840. The S. porch was 
altered five years before. An org-an was g-iven in 1806 
by the countess of Galloway. 



(Bxtan Wiixkxbxllt 



* The custom of recording a death in some chm-ch where the deceased wis not buried (one 
of very doubtful propriety) is of comparatively recent origin. But at Marholm is a cenotaph 
of the 16th cent. The efSgy in that church without name is known to commemorate William 
Fitzwilliam, earl of Southampton, K.G., lord admiral. He was chancellor of duchy of Lan- 
caster, lord privy seal, &c. He died fighting against the Scots, and is buried in Middlesex. 
The monument is engraved in Hyett. 

t The extent of the neighbouiing trade in cherries is attested by the fair at Peterborough 
known as the ' Cherry Fair.' Near Cambridge is a ^allage with the same distinction, Cherry 
Hinton. 

t ' That splendid manor of Overton Waterville (which is of my possessions by far the most 
valuable) together with the perpetual patronage of the rectory of the chm-ch.' These particu- 
lars are from a MS. of the 17th cent, introductory to a terrier, in possession of the rector. 



An explanation of the second name of this parish has 
been attempted in the notice of Orton Long-ville. The 
more popular desig^nation, Cherry Orton, is derived 
from a holt, or orchard, of cherries situated at the 
extreme end of the parish towards the other Orton. f 

The ADVOWSON since 1480 has been in the hands of 
Pembroke colleg'e, Cambridg-e, to which it was bequeathed 
by Lawrence Booth, or Bothe, who was master of the 
colleg'e 1450 — 80, in which latter year he died. He was 
also bp. of Durham, 1456, lord chancellor, 1457 (for two 
years only), and abp. of York, 1462. The terms of his i 
will describe his bequest thus : 

Manerium illud egregium de Overton Watervile (quod inter hsereditamenta 
nostra longe est pi-imarium) cum perpetuo patronatu Rectorite Ecclesia;.J 



i 



OETON WATERVILLE. 



141 



In the same year the ' feoffees ' of the abp. settled the 
manor on the college on condition of their foundino- two 
more fellowships. 

The church is dedicated to S. Mary. The value in 
129 i was 10/., from which was to be deducted a portion 
for the prior of Huntingdon of 11. In the king-'s books 
the full value is 13/. 45. 8^., and the tithe on the nett 
value was (xxv j ob' q') 1/. 5s. Ifrf. There was also a 
chantry of hard!}' less value than the rectory. In 1535 
it was worth 10/. 6s. 8^. There were then two priests, 
Will. Emelton and Will. Nouman. In 1545 W^ill. 
Skakylton was appointed to the chantry, in which year 
all chantries were suppressed. 

The REGISTERS Commence in 1538. The first book 
contains upwards of two centuries, down to 1747. The 
next book, unfinished, g'oes down to 1812. From 1748 
— 54 the}^ are imperfect. The title is as follows : 

Eegestum omnium turn Connubiorum tum Baptismatum et Sepulturarum que 
extiterunt in Overton Waterfield ab Anno Domini 1538. 

A number of unusual christian names are to be found. 
In the 16th cent, these occur : Avys, Milsent, Custaunce, 
Lettys, Ursula, Syssel3^e, Maltum. This last is inexplic- 
able. Later occur these names : Mirabella, Absalom, 
Thurstance, Maudline, Hierom. In 1590 a father and 
dauohter were married on the same day. Amono- the 
burials we find : 

1608. 7 Sep. Johes Taylor de Rabye in «^om. Lynkolue morte obiji repentina 
in itinere versus Gunvile fierrye et sepuitus est. 

1620. 10 Jun. Michael Heiton moiitor supra nonagenarium sepuitus. 

1621. 7 Mar. William Blaby of Stamt'orde travailinge towards Allei'ton sud- 

dainly upon y^ breach of an imi)ostume fell down in y* high way and 
died. 

1622. 8 Apr. Nicolas Peter servante, about y« age of thirty. He gave five 

shillings to the Church, and as much to the poore. 
11 Mar. . Joane Neale wife of John shee died by casualty of fire in her 

owne house. 
1633. 28 Dec. Henry Denis perished by water. 
1654. 23 Aug. Widdow Carnall, very Aged. 

1748. 17 Jul. Hall William He was unfortunately killd as he was stacking a 

rick of Hay by one of y^ Waggon Horses getting between y^ Ladder 
and y^ stack and throwing him oif y^ Ladder. 

1749. 11 Jun. Palmer John was killd by his Waggon laden with stone run- 

ning over him w'^'^ broke one Leg all to Peices, his other thigh, & 
bruised him in several Parts of his body. 

At the bp. of Lincoln's confirmation in 1749, at Alwalton, 
45 were sent from this parish, and two ' paid for want of 

12 



142 



ORTON WATERVILLE. 



certificates.' At the commencement of the second book 
is this note : 

The Customary Duties of this Parish are as follows viz 

Sermon Once a Sunday except on y^ Feast day vi'^^ is y« Sunday next y* 
Assumption and then they claim two. 

Prayers every Holyday and upon Wednesdays and Fridays in Lent. 

Sacraments are generally double, viz two at Xtmas Easter & Whitsuntide and 
one y« Sunday after y* Feast of St Michael. 

Prayers twice a Sunday. 

The following note of church g"oods sold was made 
2 Ed. VI., but the day of the month is not g-iven. The 
parish is called Overton Waterfield. 

Sold by Richard Slowe and Willm Bate churchwardens ther a challise of 

SillV waieng xxij oz a cope of Blewe velvet and a vestment of Blewe vellvett for 
vj'i of the w'^^ money they w*** other declare upon their othes was spent upon 
the nedeful repairing their churche and on the poor Ivi*' viijd. 

In the abstract of charitable donations, 1786, the only- 
benefaction named is that of Mr. Gidding-s, before 1611, 
to the poor, charg-ed with repair of the church, producing- 
at that time 12/. 10s. But in 1626 Will. Edwardes, of 
Watlingford, Herts., ^ Shephearde,' left 51. 

to be put foorth to use and to remaine for ever so longe as y« worlde endureth : 
and to bee dealte by y^ minister, or three or foure sufficientest men of y^ parish ; 
and y« use to be dealte uppon Goode Fryday every yeare. 

And in 1657 John Forster left 5/. to the poor to be dis- 
tributed on S. Thomas's day ; and ^ Smith, Esq.,' g*ave 
405. to the church and poor. Bacon mentions a sum of 
10/. annually for repairing the church, referring" possibly 
to Giddings' bequest. More recently, as recorded in the 
church, Fr. Wright, 1857, and E. J. Wyman, 1859, left 
each 200/. to be invested for the poor and distributed at ! 
the discretion of the rector. Both these amounts were 
invested in consols. 



EECTORS. 



Job. Hare, d. 
]490 Job. Fereby, S.T.P. 
1545 Will. Barnaby. 

♦Will. MiUicent, d. 
1551 *Ric. Vasey, d. 
1569 Baldwicus Esdall.i 
1599 *Walter Whalley, S.T.B., d.2 
1617 »Theo. Bathurst, S.T.B., d.^ 



1653 Nath. Gibson, A.M., deprived.* 
1662 *Tho. Ryder, A.M., d. 
1686 Tho. Browne, A.M., d.s 
1706 *Tho. Thomas, A.M., d.^ 
1716 Roger Long, S.T.P., r.^ 
1751 Jas. Smyth, A.M. 
1799 *Fr. Tennant, A.M., d. 
1837 Joh. Mills, A.M. 



* Buried at Orton Waterville. 

1. Also vie. of Bottisham, Camb., 1573—76, and rect. Haddon 1589—99. 

2. Afterwards S.T.P. Bis wife ia mentioned as sponsor at the first using of the new font 
in Petei'boi'ough cathedral, set up in 1615. Ther.' had previously been none. The present 
font, of 12th cent, work, was desecrated, and has only been recovered recently. This 1615 



i 



ORTON WATERVILLE. j^o 

All of these rectors are believed to have been fellows of 
Pembroke college, Cambridg-e. To one only, Fr. Ten 
nant, is there any memorial remaining- in the church. A 
tablet, S. of the chancel, records that he was rector here 
38 years, and died ag*ed 84. 

The CHURCH consists of chancel, nave with aisles, N. 
door, S. porch, and W. tower. It is mostly of the 14th 
cent. Some alterations, especially in the chancel, have 
taken place since; and there are detached pieces of earlier 
work. But the shell of the building- is of the decorated 
period. The nave has on each side 4 bays. The piers 
are all octag-onal^ and swell out into the capitals at the 
top. The central pier on the S. side has an excellent 
capital carved. All are earl}^ decorated. At the E. and 
W. ends are smaller responds. On each side are three 
small clerestory windows ; one has three lig-hts, the rest 
two lig'hts. At the E. end of each aisle is a very good 
net-tracery window, of three lig'hts j and in the N. and 
S. walls are two similar windows of two lig-hts each. 
Overlooking- the chantry altars, in these walls, are two 
smaller windows, in unusual places. That on the S. side 
is very small; the other is larger, cinquefoiled in the head. 
Two eleg-ant piscinas remain, and live brackets. In the 
chancel there are no remains whatever of the altar 
appointments. The whole E. end seems to have been 
rebuilt, perhaps shortened. The E. window is square- 
headed with three mullions, and on each side are two 
similar w^indows with one mullion, quite destitute of tra- 
cery. The roof is very low. There is one step to the 
chancel and one to the sanctuary. The priest's door is 
on the south. The orioinal low side window remains at 



fout, now in the S. transept, was solemnly dedicated by the bp. in the presence of a large 
congregation. After singing a psalm, and oflering prayer, 'mox ad Baptismum allatus est 
venerabilis Viri magistri Joannis Bridgeman sacre Theologie Doctoris ac Serenissimo Jacobo 
Rogi a sacris, in ista Ecclesia primam tunc Praebendam occupantis, filiolus, qui iniposito 
HENRICI nomine, Sponsoribus predicto Domino Episcopo, & Humfrido Orme milite, & 
Elizabetha uxore D. D. Walteri Waley, in Christi ascriptus est. Cui et omnibus in posterum 
baptizandis benedicat Deus. Amen.' 

3. Described in the investigation as a ' constant preachin? minister.' A note in the register 
says he was ' an excellent Latin poet, and translated Spencer's Eclogues.' 

4. ' A good scholar and an eminent preacher,' says Calamy. Ejected under the act of 
uniformity. 

5. Afterwards S.T.P. He died in London. 

6. The register says ' He was found dead one Sunday morning in ye well, his shavilig 
tackle being prepared" he was supposed to have been drawing water for that purpose.' 

7. Master of Pembroke, Camb. Afterwards rect. of Bradwell juxta mare, Essex. 



144 



OETON WATERVILLE. 



the S.W. corner. The tracery is a double trefoil. 
Within is that very unusual feature, a stone stall, which 
occurs in three churches in this neighbourhood . Stan- 
g-round and Orton Longville (see p. 138) have each 
similar confessional stalls. The chancel arch is of good 
decorated work. It has a round moulding*, and the piers 
are halves of quatrefoils. The N. arcade seems a little 
earlier than the other : it has no termination to the hood- 
moulds. The W. windows of the aisle are debased 
insertions. They are of two lights, with large trefoils, 
and ungainly quatrefoils in the head. On the nave roof 
are the dates of two repairings, 1753 and 1832. The 
font is octagonal on five shafts. There is a very fine pul- 
pit. This pulpit, Mr. Paley says, 

is a very fine piece of oak carving, apparently of the renaissance of the sixteenth 
century. Its details are similar to those of the celebrated screen in King's col- 
lege chapel, at Cambridge. This pulpit is said to have been brought by a former 
incumbent from St. Mary's church, in that University. If so, it says little for 
the taste of those who rejected so magnificent a specimen of carving. Its form 
is octagonal, the panels and borders being very richly wrought, with bands 
of foliage in high relief. Over it is suspended an equally beautiful octagonal 
canopy, crested with the royal arms. 

The S. porch is early English. The inner door has very 
deep hollows, and is continuous in its mouldings ; in 
other words the jambs are not shafts with capitals, but 
mere continuations of the moulding round the arch. The 
outer door has good capitals, and three attached shafts. 
Both aisles have excellent decorated buttresses. They 
are gabled, and placed square at the angles. The tower 
is somewhat peculiar. It has no buttresses at all. The 
lower part might be of any date. It has very small 
windows. The upper part is perpendicular : it has a 
parapet with quatrefoil panels, and pinnacles with crock- 
ets. The belfr}^ windows, which are transomed, are also 
of this period. Both nave and aisles retain their 14th 
cent, parapets. 

There are four bells. The first has a fleur-de-lys at 
the end of each word. All are inscribed. 

1. m PROTEGE PRECE PIA QVOS CONVOCO 
SANCTA MARIA 1606 T N 

2. THOMAS NORRIS MADE ME 1650. 



ALWALTON. 



145 



3. SIC FIAT INTER CHRISTIANOS CONCORniA RICH" 

CHAMBERS C : W I I : EAYRE FECIT 1754. 

4. JOS : EAYRE S^ NEOT FECIT. SAMUEL SHARMAN 

CHURCHWARDEN 1755 

There are no 3I0NUMENts, and but one inscription 
worth preserving-. It is on a brass in the N. aisle ; a coat 
of arms also in brass has been removed ; and the stone 
itself used a second tiuie for an inscription in 1772. 
The words run thus : 

Januurij %o bni ^Hlhra tc(t° bitjo 

In this aisle is a slab dated 1692 ; also a tablet 1772 — 

1774, to Ric. Chambers and his wife. 

The churchyard is spacious, but contains no tomb of 
special interest. 



^Ifoalton. 



This parish is somewhat under five miles from Peter- 
boroughj and is on the river Nene. The great north 
road g'oes through it. Its proximity to the great Roman 
station of Durobrivse caused dr. Neve, rector here, to 
suggest as an etymology ad vallum, near the fortress. 
The name has undergone some variations. In Domes- 
day it is spelt Alwoltune. At that time there were 
two mills worth 405., a fishery of 500 eels worth 55., and 
10 acres of meadow, but no church or priest. In 
Edward ii's reign we read it as Aylwaltone. In 
Richard I's reign it had been given to Peterborough 
abbey for augmentation of commons in the monks' 
kitchen. An occasional spelling, Adeltvoltune, most 
likely affords the key to the derivation. The ton is so 
common about here as a suffix that it is more probably 
of Saxon than Roman origin. Adelwold was bp. of 
Winchester. The place is frequently still pronounced as 
at one time written, Allerton. 



146 ALWALTON. 

The church is dedicated to S. Andrew. The living* 
is in the g-ift of the chapter of Peterboroug'h. Its value 
in 1291 was 9/. 6s. 8^. In the king-'s books the full 
value was 9/. 195., and the tenths, after deducting" procu- 
rations, &c., were 185. Id. In 1786 the ' certified value' 
was 60/. 

The REGISTERS commence in 1572, and the first book 
g'oes up to 1681. At the beg"inning- they are much 
defaced. These names occur : Faith, Temperance, Let- 
tice, Pierie, Winnifred, Priscilla, Goodman, the last 
frequent. Amongst the descriptions of occupations are 
woolcombers and molecatchers. In 1654 Rob. Lawrance 
was chosen Register for Alwalton, Chesterton, Water 
Newton, and Sibson. There are no entries from the most 
ancient book of any general interest. The following- are 
of later date : they include a memorandum about a 
leg-acy of lOZ. to the poor. The second book beg-ins 
1697 ; so 15 years are lost. 

1714. And they are desired at the beginning of a new Register Booke that 
shall be then concerned in the keeping of it to make a new recitale of the said 
Legacy & in whose hands it is lodged that the Interest may be continued to 
be paid for ever As they must Answere for such neglect to the Great God of 
Heaven of being instrumentall of defrauding the poore which God forbidd it 
should ever happen. Amen. 

1747. 1 Feb. (Buried) Anne Wife of Tho. Frisby, she dy'd at Farcet of an 

inward bruise from a fall down stairs there. 
1750. 1 Sep. Zachary Lee (or Ledbeater) my Serv'. & faithful, 
1753. 6 Aug. Anne Bayly Spinster. She was Sister to Tho'. Bayly buried 
1737. Who gave his Sister Anne sixty pounds on condition that at 
her death she shd give it to the poor of this parish ; out of which she 
sav'd fifteen pounds which she added to the above 601. & left tho 
whole by will to the poor of the parish of Alwalton. 
20 Aug. Thomas Robinson servant to Edward Pell Shepard kill'd by 

the fall from a Horse in Harvest. 
8 Sep. Rich^. Peach (hang'd himself) 
1769. Elizabeth Shaw Daug'' of Rob* and Rebecca Shaw baptiz'd at Whittlesea 
Novr. 1st. 1768 Christned at Alwalton June 18. 1769. 

A vestry order, 27 Nov., 1777, shows how pews g^radu- 
ally encroached on the open benches. It provided 

that Rob* Pigott Esq'', of Alwalton in the County of Huntingdon, be permitted 
to build a Pew in the Wing of the North He of the Parish Church of Alwalton \ 
in the place of the two back Seats now (standing there). 

Also that Will™ Bradley of the same Parish have leave to erect a Pew in the 
place of those two seats next adjoining the Clark's Seat near the said North He. 
Also that Rich"* Hetley of the said Parish Miller be allow'd to Erect a Pew, 
where the top Seat on the right hand of the Middle He now stands. 

E. Keteriche as agent to the Revj. Tho,. Marsham. Reci 
Will™. Bradley Chrchwarden. 



J 



ALWALTON. ^ A-m 

The churchwardens' books are unusually entertaining*. 
They are preserved from 1744. The extracts that follow 
are arrano-ed in order of date with extracts from the over- 
seers' books. The parish clerk was shaved at the expense 
of the parish (apparently by contract) for 45. a year. 
A ^ fullmire ' named as a charg-e on the parish is a pole- 
cat, called in Lincolnshire a ' fomart.' Miss Baker sa3'3 
' Foumart and Fulmar are correlative terms with us.' 

1744. 10 Nov. pead ye pinderd 5 

1745. 6 May. Sould y^ Goods of Dorety Hardey [every item is 

particularised, and the sum is] 3 2 3t 

22 Sep. for making beatey Sudbery a peatecot and Stimpson 

2 Shifts and a patecot and threed 1 

1750. 31 Oct. p"* for one pound of Gunpouder and a pound of 

Shot to scare v^ Wild Gees 1 21 

25 Dec. for killing a fullmire 3 

1754. 9 June. V^ Goodey Brice for pipes & Tobacco when y^ town 

Grass was Sould 3 

1755. An acc^ of the persons Names that are Eequir^to do their 

Statute Work With their Teams towards Repairing and 
Amending of the Road in Allwalton town Street on the 
28th 29tii and SO'" of this Instant May [9 names follow.] 

1759. A prayer for y« Takeing Lusiburge 1 

A prayer for y^ Takeing Quebeck 1 

19 Dec. A prayer for overcoming our Enimies by Sea .... 1 

1762. 19 Apr. [Memorandum, dated at Elton, in -(vriting of lord 

Carysfort.] It is a shame that the Parish of Alwalton 
sends a Person to swear to the Truth of Accounts that 
have not passed through his Hands. It is the Duty of 
the Overseer of the Parish of Alwalton to account himself 
upon Oath, and to appear in Person on this day or within 
fourteen Days, or he will be sent to the Common Gaol 
according to Law. 

Carysfort. V. Jackson. 

1763. Sparrow money dew to me about 11 

1774. paide M' Sharm an for repairing a Gunn 4 

for moing of thisels for the parish 8 

7 June, for the huencry 6 

1775. Swaring to the ten pound man 1 

1783. [Certain sums given to] D. Edis very impertinent about 

the money 

12 June. Surplos washin and the clothes 2 

29 June, paid to Rob*. Drake for a heghog 2 

12 Jul. D° for a hedghog my self , 2 

27 Aug. pade for a preair for the queen 1 

1784. Pd Rob' Drake for Skareing the Gees 4 

1788. 8 Apr. p^ Reeve for the town well Cerb 10 

p^ for the town peckax helving 6 

1789. 13 Apr. Two Prayers for the King 2 

1790. 25 Feb. p^ for the Constables staff 6 

1792. 2 Feb. A jomey to Stilton to Draw the milisher But did 

not draw 2 

29 Feb. a jomey to Stilton to Draw the militia but did 

not Draw 2 

1794. 11 June. Jumey to Yaxley a Confermation& Victuals & Drink 4 

1812 Ordered fey the Vestry [to the Clerk] for good Behaviour . . 10 6 



148 



ALWALTON. 



1*0 

The following frag'ment of a vestry order is without date, 
but it is most likely about 95 years old. 

And wee further Agree that the pindard shall Demand and have pade unto 
him the Sum of Sixpence for every hors mare or Gelding that he or his Wife 
shall Detain or Detect In the field or fields of Alwalton without either Shackel 
or Lock Shall pay unto the Aflforesaid Tho. Spires or his Wife or his agents the 
Sum of Sixpence for Each head for such Default And further we Agree that all 
part or parties that shall Miss In form themselves of the A Bove writen order 
shall Not pretend to plead Ignorance this shall be a fixt upon the post of the 
Stox or otherwise the Coppy of it and for the other Defaults 2^ per head. 

The foUowinir notice is dated 1548. It is from the 



xl8i iiijiJ 



iiid 



record office. 

AUwarton— Solde by Willm Whittyngton and John Syeaimt (?) 
churchwardens ther w*'' thassent of all the prishiners vij challises 
of Sillv' for xxxiijsi iiij^ ij candlestickes of Brasse and ij hand- 
bells for vij^i 

Of the w'^'' money they w*'' other declare upon ther othes that 
ther was Bestowed in glassing and mending the churche, bells, |- xxvuj" uij" 
and churche waU xxvi^' iiij" and given to the pore ij^^ 

Stolne out of the said churche ij Allte Clothes, ij towels, iij paynted clothes, a 
corporesse yf^^ a rufe of redde velvett a veyle for lente a vestem* of damaske 
and vij 

The list of benefactions in 1786 is identical with that 
now painted over the S. door. Mrs, Bailey left 60/. ; 
Mrs. Greg-ory, Tho. Southg-ate, and dr. Neve, rector, 
each 10/. The proceeds are 4/. IO5. annually.* All is 
given to the poor. 

EECTOES. 



1419 Alan Kyrketon. 

1552 Will. Kede. 

J 568 Will. Latimer. 

1583 Joh. Bill. 

1594 Rob. Milner. 

1602 Joh. Palmer. 

1615 Tho. Bridgeman. 

1632 Hen. Williamson.i 

1656 {Rob. Newcome, d.^ 

1679 David Llewelyn, A.M., d.s 



1685 Ch. Bifield, A.M., d.* 
1089 Will. Waring, A.M., d.« 
1726 White Kennett, A.M., r.s 
1729 +Tim. Neve, S.T.P., d.^ 
1757 Will. Brown, r. 
1763 Tho. Marsham. 

1800 Ben, Barnard, A.M., r.' 

1801 +Hen. Freeman, A.M., d.^ 
1832 +Joh. Hopkinson, A.M., d.io 
1853 Ed. Gray, A.M. 



* This is erroneously put down in the parliamentary papers as is. lOd. 
. 1. In his time the parliamentary inquisition was taken. He was reported as a 'preaching 
minister,' and the living valued at 70/. 

2. He signs ' minister ' 1656, but ' rector ' 1660 : somewhat significant. Previously rect. of 
Calcott, Hunts. 

3. Preb. of Lincoln and Peterborough, vie. of Hamelden, rect. Tansover and Gretton, 
buried ' obscurely ' in London. 

4. Minor canon of Peterborough ; buried in the cathedral. 

5. Vic. of Peterborough, precentor of the cathedral, and master of the king's school. 
Buried in the cathedral. 

6. Afterwards rect. of Burton Cogles, Line., and Peakirk; also preb. of Lincoln, Peter- 
borough, and S. Paul's. Buried in Peterborough cathedral. 

7. Had been head master of Spalding school. Also minor canon of Peterborough, chap- 
lain to bp. Thomas of Lincoln, preb. of Lincoln, archdn. of Huntingdon. See p. 38. Published 
sermon at visitation, 1747. His son, of the same names, was Margaret prof, of divinity at 
Oxford. 

8. Preb. of Peterborough ; afterwards rect. of Peakirk, and there buried. 

9. Formerly fell, of Clare. Also vie. of Everton. 
10. Also rect. of Etton, Northants. 



ALWALTON. 



149 



There are tablets to the last two rectors ; that to Hop- 
kinson is in brass, and occupies the low side window. Of 
rect. Freeman it is said, ' his life was spent in active and 
constant usefulness.' * 

The CHURCH has a somewhat unusual plan. It is 
cruciform, the nave having- aisles and S. porch, Avith W. 
tower. A g*ood deal of the work is of transition Norman 
date, in parts approaching* the more distinct features of 
the early Eng-Hsh period. The nave consists of four bays 
on the N. side, the piers being- circular with square capi- 
tals, and round arches. On the S. side there are only 
three baj's, and here the piers still circular are lig-hter 
and more eleg-ant than those opposite : the capitals also 
are circular, and the arches pointed. The inner door of 
the porch is of very late Norman, having- the pointed 
arch, but it is enriched with much characteristic Norman 
work, and is unquestionably^ of the same date as the N. 
arcade of the nave. Hence it is clear that the orig'inal 
Norman church had onty a N. aisle. This present inner 
porch door was the outer door of the first church. The 
present porch is modern ; built at the restoration in 1841. 
The outer door of the porch then destroyed was of the 
horse-shoe form. There are three clerestory windows on 
each side, of two lights each, added in the 15th cent. 
The aisles are very narrow. The W. end being- unen- 
cumbered with seats has a spacious appearance. In the 
centre is the font, a heavy square one. At the W. is 
a two-lig'ht perpendicular window. W. of the S. door is 
a stone beam, or quasi flying- buttress, up to the nave 
arcade. The arches to the transepts are quite nondescript. 
The piers are ver}' thin and lofty, they are divided into 
three, and have embattled capitals. But they might be 
of almost any date. The N. and S. windows are g-ood 
g-eometric work. They are of three lig-hts each, with 
trefoiled circles in the head. The design of that in the 
S. transept is well seen in the view given. The windows 
at the E. side of the transepts have plain intersecting- 
tracery. The aisle windows are perpendicular. The 
chancel has some eleg-ant decorated windows. These are 
lofty and of two lights each with g-eometric tracery, not 



150 



ALWALTON. 



all alike. The E. window has the net tracery. On both 
sides is a low side window. That on the S. has the iron 
stanchions left in the upper part. The lower part is 
occupied by the brass tablet already named. The pis- 
cina is apparently earlier than the chancel itself, and is of 
very singular form, having- an inner arch. The sedilia 
however, three in number, are decorated. They closely 
resemble, as Mr. Paley has pointed out, ^ those now built 
as niches in the outer chancel wall at Orton Long-ville.' 
Opposite is a founder's sepulchral arch, but no remains of 
effigy or coffin-lid lie beneath it. The seating- is not 
what would be admired in a restoration of to-day. It is 
however a g-reat improvement upon what went before. 
In the circular relating- to the repairs, issued in 1840, is 
this passage : * 

The repairs had long been neglected, and at various times it had been dis- 
figured by every possible enormity ; by pews, or rather cribs, of every shape, size, 
height, and colour; by, what was called, a singing-loft; by bricking up one most 
beautiful arch, and by letting others go to decay ; by broken floors, broken seats, 
and broken windows ; by crumbling walls, and a roof scarcely hanging together. 

By these alterations 72 additional sittings were obtained. 
Among-st other works done at this time w^ere the new 
roofs and stone parapet. The ends of the transepts 
were taken down and rebuilt. The tower is a beautiful 
specimen of 13th cent. work. The belfry stag-e is arcaded : 
and this, coupled with the projecting- parapet above, and 
the bold staircase turret with conical top, has a most 
pleashig- effect. 

The belfry is provided with very sturdy beams. On 
the first is carved WI MI 10 CH CH WA 1674. 
These are the first two letters of the christian and sur- 
names of the churchwardens. A five-pointed star is cut 
after the initials. There are five bells. 

1. ©THOMAS NOKRIS MADE ME HS HG 1652 

2, 3, 4. THOMAS NORMS MADE MEE 1661 

5. WILL WARING RECTOR JOHN COX CHVRCH- 
WARDEN 1792 

The MONUMENTAL remains are but scanty. Slabs 
within the altar rails to the family of Greg-ory, the earliest 

♦ Quoted from the ' Ecclesiologist," i, 79. 




CHESTERTON. 



CHESTERTON. 



161 



i being' 1634, are the oldest extant. There are slabs in the 
I body of the church to the names Bradley and Hetley. 
I In the S. transept is a tablet to sir Hichard Hetls}^, 180'?. 
■ He was hig'h sheriff in 1800. His father, mother, and 

six of their children ^ lie buried in the Cathedral Church 
\ yard of Peterborouoh which is now no lono-er a Place of 

Interment.' 
' The CHURCHYARD has no tomb of g-eneral interest. 

It is not very spacious. The trees of the adjoining" pre- 
, mises give it a secluded appearance. In 1749 the bp. of 

Lincoln held a confirmation in this church. Kich. 

Southg"ate, formerly librarian of the British museum, was 

born here. In Kerrick's collection (Brit. Mus. Add. 

MSS. 0739), is a sketch of the S. door. A sundial on 
_ the transept, dated 1735, has the motto ^ Watch & Pray/ 



€\it$kxtm. 



In name and position this place is alike Roman. 
Ermine Street, the g:reat road from London to Lincoln, 
is one of the boundaries of the parish. The city and 
camp of the Romans was on both sides of the river, and 
as this river was the boundary- line between the settlers 
of two entirely different peoples, the name of ^ camp ' is 
preserved on each side of the river in quite different forms. 
Mr. Taylor says : 

But as we pass from the Saxon to the A.nglican kingdoms, we find Chester 
replaced by caster. The distinctive usage of these two forms is very noticeable, 
and is of great Ethnological value. In one place the line of demarcation is so 
sharply defined that it can be traced within two hundred yards. Northampton- 
shire, which is decisively Danish, is divided by the Nen from Huntingdonshire, 
which is purely Saxon. On the Saxon side of the river we find the village of 
CHESTERTON, Confronted on the other side by the town of castor, the two names 
recording in two different dialects, the fact that the bridge was guarded by the 
Roman station of Durobrivse.* 

In domesday it is called Cestretune. There Avas 
then a church and priest. The names Cesterton and 
Cestreton also occur. The advowson is in the manor, 



Taylor's ' Words and Places,' pp- 259, 260. 



152 



CHESTEETON. 



and has according-ly passed throug^h the families of 
Drideii; Hewitt, Pig-ott, Gordonj and others. 

The church is dedicated to S. Michael. In 1291 the 
prior of Roj'ston had a pension of 40^., the prior of 
Hunting-don a portion of 20s., and the abbot of Thorney 
one of 30s. The value of the rectory after these de- 
ductions was 12/. In the king-'s books the full value is 
20/. 85. 4:d. : but the prior of Hunting-don's claim is not 
mentioned, and the other two are only 52s. : the procu- 
rations being" 13s. 2d., the full value is reduced so as to 
yield 34s. 4^. tithes. In 1786 the certified value was 
61/. 10s. 

The oldest register of Chesterton at present in the 
hands of the rector begins in 1734. This and later ones 
have been kept most imperfectly, and are in very bad 
order. An earlier reg"ister is now unaccountably missing. 
It has been lost comparatively lately, for it was in exist- 
ence in 1831. The orig'inal answers of incumbents to a 
parliamentary enquiry as to register books extant in that 
year are preserved.* The letter from the late rector may 
there be seen : he returned one reg-ister as of vellum and 
parchment, containing* baptisms, marriages, and deaths 
from 1561 to 1733 or 1734. He also very remarkably 
returns that there are no baptisms or burials from 1734 
to 1769. This might easily be omitted, though not 
missing, b}- accident ; but it seems impossible that a non- 
existing* one can have been recorded. An old book 
belonging- to Haddon parish is kept here, but that cannot 
be alluded to because it does not commence in 1561. 
There are no entries in these recent books that need be 
here recorded. 

The churchwardens' accounts g"o back to 1776. 
Among-st the items these occur : 

1778. 4 Apr. A mop : and beer for washing the Chureh 2 

1779. pads Eichard peech for purls & kees foi- the bells 6 

1779. 21 Apr. A vestry held this Day to Chuse parish OfiBcers, and 

no pirson appearing I chuse myself tax gatherer for the 
year insuing. 

Henry Briggs Churchwarden. 
1782. Mr: Callow Bill for white washing and painting the Church 15 4 
To Ale for Ditto .' 5 

♦ Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 9356. A previous enqiiiry in 1813 is recited and referred to. 



CHESTERTON. 



153 



1789. 25 Mar. paid Elleck Peach for bolts & purls for the great bell 10 

paid W°> Reve for putting The Claper in the Great bell ..010 

179-1. 10 Jun. Journey to Yaxley 2 G 

The charitable donations in 1786 were 'none/ 



EECTORS. 



bef. 1534 Job. Browne. 
1541 Seth Halywell. 
1562 Ant. Bartlemew. 
1580 +Baldw. Esdall, r.i 
1586 Will. Acrod. 
1629 Joh. Clement, A.M.2 

Geof. Hawkins, A.M., depr^.^ 
1660 Eusebius Hunt.* 



1696 JNic. Addenbrooke, A.M. 

1730 Joh. Old. 

1753 Ed. Morgan. 

1755 * + Rob. Tench. 

1786 *+Joh. Fowke, L.L.D., d. 

1813 {Sept. Courtney, r. 

1819 *+Lord Geo. Gordon, A.M., d 

1863 +Ch. Joh. R. Cooke, A.M.s 



Memorials remain in the chancel to dr. Fowke, and to 
lord Georg-e Gordon. 

The CHURCH consists of chancel, nave with aisles and 
clerestory, S. porch, W. tower and spire. The nave 
arcade, aisle walls, and tower, are of good early Eng'lish 
work. No ancient windows remain in aisles or chancel. 
They have been replaced by round-headed windows with- 
out mullions. There are four bays of verj^ fine detail. 
On the N. side are three octag-onal pillars and two semi- 
circular responds : on the S. side are five piers alternately 
round and octag'onal. On this side three have very bold 
foliag'e carved in the capitals. The western pier has a 
fine base, the others are mostly concealed. In many 
features the work here seems better than on the opposite 

ide. At the W. of the nave are visible some sing-ular 
terminations to the tower buttresses. The tower arch is 
blocked up. Only one piscina remains, in the S. aisle. It 
is plain early English, and has a slightly projecting* 
square bason. Both chancel and nave have now low flat 

eiling-s ; but in the nave the wooden supports to the 
tailpieces of the perpendicular roof remain. The chancel 
jrch is early Eng-lish : its mould in g*s are visible on each 

* Buried at Chesterton, 
t Also rectors of Haddon. 

1. Fell, of Pembroke, Camb., vie. of Bottisham, Camb., 1573—76, and rect. of Orton Water, 
'ille, 1569—99. Buried at Haddon. 

2. Also rect. of Woodston, and there buried. See p. 131, 

3. There appear to liave been three of this name, father, son, and grandson. One was 
'jected from this rectory in 1641, but another (or perhaps the same) appears in the Ust at the 
■ecord office as rector iii 1651. The former of these is probably the one buried at Castor, 1672, 
rhose epitaph is given p. 21. In 1689 a Geoffrey Hawkins was rect. of Water Newton ; he die4 
n 1700, and was succeeded by his son, of the same names, 

4. Also rect. of Orton Long\iUe, 1637—52. 

5. Formerly rect. of Orton Longville, 

13 



154 



CHESTEETON. 



side, but the arch itself is wholly blocked in the upper 
part. The lower part is occupied by a screen in the 
Grecian stvle. The chancel has been entirely altered and 
retains no ancient features. In the clerestory wall over 
the S. aisle is a very small window, now blocked up, most 
probably originally to light the roodloft.* On the jS[. side 
is the pulpit of oak, standing" on a platform, and richly- 
inlaid with coloured woods. There are very few seats in 
the church, which therefore looks very spacious. They 
are mostly high pews, but a few open seats have been 
erected towards the W. end. The font is very small and 
ugly. There is a very fine S. door of best 13th cent, 
work. The mouldings are deep : the door itself narrow. 
On each side are two good detached shafts : at the angles 
one shaft attached. The capitals are formed into one 
continuous band. The bases of the outer shafts are con- 
cealed in part by the stone seats of the debased porch. 
Above the heads of the shafts there is excellent foliage ; 
in one case a carved head. The clerestory windows are 
square-headed of three lights. The lowest stage of the 
tower has a tall thin lancet in each face : the belfry stage 
has a two-light window of narrow lancets, under an arch 
comparatively distant, which has shafts at the corners. 
A debased door, of the same character as the aisle 
windows, had been inserted in the S. wall of the tower, 
but it is now blocked. The tower arch, which is visible 
from the tower itself, is of the same date and very fine. 
There are some good buttresses, set square at the angles : 
and projecting a long way. They are square above, but i 
half octagons below. At the S.W. corner the two but- 
tresses are developed into a bold staircase with narrow 
slits for windows. The spire is early decorated. It has 
small broaches, and below^ it is a corbel table of notch- i 
heads. There are two rows of lights in the cardinal 
faces J all are of two lights, cusped, with quatrefoil above. 
They have acute gables. The masonry is everywhere j 
excellent, and the whole forms a composition of great 
beauty. 

* Perhaps the windows at Orton Waterville, p. 143, and the destroyed one at Whittlesey S. 
Mary, p. 103, were also for this purpose. 



CHESTERTON. 



155 



There are three bells, one only being* dated. The 
first letter on the first bell is crowned. The third has 
fieurs-de-lys and ornaments between the words. The 
inscriptions are these, the first being- unusual : — 

1. © # Criuttas Bmuk |stitm Campaitam 
Cons^rbn;. 

3. © OMNIA FIANT AD GLORIAM DEI, 1621. 

Among-st the monuments are three of ^reat interest. 
The earliest is in the N. aisle, under a low sepulchral 
arch. It is indisputably in its original position, for the 
stone appears half covered by the arch, and yet the mar- 
ginal inscription is quite perfect, whereas it would be in 
part under the arch, unless the arch and stone belonged 
to one monument. The legend reads thus :* — 

0rate . p . mix . luillmi; . Ireibgle . posi; , qxn , ohnt * 
mxno . rc0 . ritljarbx . hxin , ]° . cxxxxxb . mxxmt » i^^uui ♦ 
belts . 

This would be 1483 or 1484. The family were long 
resident in the parish. They were connected by marriage 
with the families of Coles, Hewett, Driden, and others. 
A pedigree for six generations is given by Cotton in MS. 
Lansd. 921 ; and a fuller and more complete one is pre- 
served in the visitation of Huntingdonshire, 1613, MS. 
Harl. 1179. They used the N. aisle as a burial place : 
and this seems to have been the Lady-chapel from the 
following extract from the will of Will. Bevill, the son 
(in all probability) of the one whose monument is 
preserved :| — 

In the name of Almighty God. Amen, I, William Bevyll, of Chesterton, in 
the county of Huntingdon, Gentillman, of an holy minde and good remembrance, 
being the xxx day of the moneth of July, in the yeare of our Lord God 
MccccLXXXVii, make my testament and my last will in this wise. First, I give 
and bequeath my soule unto Allmighty God, his blessed Modyr and Mayd our 
Lady Saint Mary, and all the blessed company of Heven ; and my body to be 
buried in the Chirche of St. Michael of Chestirton aforesaid, afore the autre of 
ye blessed Lady St. Mary the Virgin, with my best hors, in the name of my 
mortuary. 

* ' Pray for the soul of William Bevill, gentleman, who died in the first year of king Kichard 
the third, on whose soul God have mercy.' 
t Nicolas's ' Testamenta Vetusta,' p. 780: quoted from MS. Cott. Julius, F. yiii. 



256 CHESTERTON. 

Also we learn from Cotton, as before quoted, that ^ In 
y^ same Isle on y® roofe Bey vyle is eng-raven on y^ Wood.' 
And the elaborate monument occupying- the E. end of 
this aisle is a double one to this family. It is without 
inscription or date : but Cotton has preserved the date, 
1611^ and the coat of arms still to be seen, compared with 
the pedigree above mentioned, make it clear that this is a 
monument to Rob. Bevill, g"reat-g"randson of the Bevill 
whose will has been partly g-iven, and his son sir Rob. 
Bevill, with their wives. On the monument are two 
couples kneeling" towards a double faldstool, the men in 
each case nearer to it. Below are children : to the left 
two sons and seven daug'hters ; to the rig-ht three sons 
and five daug'hters. Of the former two seem to have 
been twins and are curiously united on the monument. 
At the top is the coat of arms of the Bevills, the crest 
broken off, ' a chevron between three roundels.' Below 
this are two other shields, each having* Bevill (with a 
crescent for difference) and another coat quarterly on the 
dexter side, impaling", the one, Laurence, and the other, 
Cole. This fixes the persons commemorated ; for Rob. 
Bevill aforesaid married Joane Laurence of S. Ives ; 
and sir Rob. Bevill, his son, married Mary Coles of 
Preston. Moreover the crescent for difference is accounted 
for, because Robert was not the eldest son. In 1494 
Will. Beyvyll of Hunts, was admitted to the fraternity 
of S. Rhadeg'und de Thelilford. In this same aisle are 
several inscriptions to the family of Bailey. At the E. 
end of the S. aisle is a long- Latin epitaph on a costly 
monument to John Driden, second son of sir John of 
Canons Ashby. His sister Honor was the fair cousin 
with whom the poet Dryden was in love : his mother 
Honor was daug-hter of sir Rob. Bevyll, and is one of 
the identical little girls represented on the monument in 
the N. aisle. This gentleman retained the old spelling* of 
the name. The inscription is this : — 

MS JOHANNIS DRIDEN Arm", et natu secundi Johannis Driden ex Canons 
Ashby in agro Northampton' Bar" ex Honora F. et CohcErede, e tribus una, Robert! 
Bevile Bar", unde sortem maternam in hac vicinia de Chesterton & Haddon 
adeptus, praedia dein late per comitatum Huntington adjecit ; nee sui profusus 
nee alieni appetens : A Litibus ipse abhorrens et qtii aliorum Lites .^quissimo ssepe 



CHESTEETON. 



157 



arbitrio diremit; Yivus adeo Amicitiam minimi fucatam coluit, et publicam 
Patriffi salutem asseruit strenue, ut ilia vicissim Eum sumis quibus potuit Hono- 
nbus cumulant, lubens ssepiusq SENATOREM voluerit, vel Moriens, honorum 
atq beneficiorum non imemor, maxima vero Eeligiosse charitatis intuitu, largam 
sui census partem, ad valorem xn Millium plus minus Librarum, vel in Locis 
ubi res et comercium, vel inter Familiares quibus necessitudo, cum eo vivo inter- 
cesserat, erogavit : Marmor hoc Nepos et Hceres Viri multum desiderati, 
EOBEETUS PIGOTT Arm^ P. Obut Ccelebs ra Non Jan Anno Dom 
MDCCVII ^t : LXXn. 

The poet and his cousin were on terms of close intimacy 
the whole of their lives. Among-st the poet's works is an 
epistle ^ To my honoured kinsman, John Driden, of 
Chesterton, in the county of Huntingdon, Esq./ in which 
the latter is highly praised. This poem was acknow- 
ledged by a handsome gift. The writer and his subject 
are spoken of together in these lines : — 

Two of a house few ages can afford, 
One to perform, another to record. 

And the following illustrate several of the expressions 
made use of in the above epitaph : — 

No porter guards the passage of your door, 

To admit the wealthy, and exclude the poor ; 

For God, who gave the riches, gave the heart 

To sanctify the whole, by giving part ; 

Heaven, who foresaw the will, the means has wrought, 

Aud to the second son a blessing brought ; 

The first-begotten had his father's share ; 

But you, like Jacob, are Eebecca's heir. 

On the S. wall is a tablet^to Eic. Edwards, who died 
6 July, 1730, aged 63. This is also in Latin. He left 
considerable propert}^ to charitable uses : ^ scivit quo 
valuit nummus, et QUI dedit.' Among the bequests 
enumerated here are Si. for the poor of this parish ; 110/. 
to poor widows of Brosley, Salop ; and 400/. to found a 
school at Niend Savage, in the same county, for 20 boys, 
sons of parents of moderate means. 

The churchyard is not very extensive. There are no 
burials on the N. side. There is a very small stump of a 
cross. The last rector is buried within rails at the E. 
of the chancel. The architectural defects of this part 
are happily concealed by ivy. Near the tower is a 
massive stone coflSn, with lid in two pieces. 



158 



For the beauty of its situation this villag-e is without 
a rival amongst those described in this book. There are 
many trees, and the houses mostly are built on the slope 
from the high road, which is at a considerable elevation, 
down to the river. Above all stands the fine tower of 
the church surrounded with foliage. The name has 
become settled in its present form by gradual contractions. 
The earliest form seems to be Allington or Aylington. 
Afterwards we find Ellington, Aylton, Ailton. The 
etymology may probably be referred to the same origin 
as the Allingtons in Kent, Devon, and elsewhere, the 
Town of the -Clings. In Burgundy are places, as 
Alligny, thought to owe their names to this same clan.* 

The church is dedicated to all saints. In 1291 the 
value was 23Z. Qs. 8d., and the abbot of Ramsey had a 
pension of 3Z. 6s. Sd. In the king's books the full value 
was 271. 95., but the archdeacon's fees and the abbot's 
pension reduced its value so that the tithes were only 
4Cs. There was a chantry connected with the college of 
Fotheringay, valued in the king's books at 6Z. 13s. 4^., 
Robert Andrewe being its priest. 

The register begins in 1560. The first page is very 
much worn, but the heading and dates are legible. It is 
entirely in English. Althoug'h the date of commence- 
ment is as above, yet it was ^ made in the yeare of our 
Lord 1598 ;' at which time the copy on parchment of 
the old paper register was made. This caused the official 
return of the registers to parliament to say the register 
began in 1598. The first book ends in 1653. The form 

of entry is singular. ^ One called John ;' 'An old 

woman named Mary f and the like. A few speci- 
mens are given. 

1589. 28 Feb. Were buried a poor man called Edward. 

159]. 18 Apr. Was baptised the daughter of Willm Dickenson Minister 
named Elizabeth Parson there now xxvij yeares. 



* See Taylor's ' Words and Places,' pp. 134 — 142, for a most interesting investigation of 
names of towns derived from families of settlers. 




ELTON. 



ELTON. 



169 



159C. The 11 daie of June was bm-ied Elizabethe the Wieffe of Kelly (?) Lyon, 
who was cruelie murdered her throate Cutt the friday at nighte before 
beinge the 9 of June & soe found dead in the morninge beinge done 
by the hands of her owns husband. [In the margin is written] 
coniux a co(n)iuge interfecta. 

1603. 4 Nov. A young wenche called Elizabeth Goodyn. 

1625. 4 Apr. was buried one Henery Henson singleman. 

1648. (Signature at foot of page runs thus :) Per me Skeffingtonum Bendish 
Ludimagistrum Ailtonias alias AUingtonise alias Eltoniffi in Comit. 
Hunt. 

1651. 3 Jan. A vagrant girl perished and buried. 

1660. 1 Apr. John Hollis mortally wounded at ffotheringhay same day Buried. 
1664. 13 Mar. The right Eevnd M' Cooper the late most charitable and pious 

Pastour of this parish was Buryed. 
1676. 19 Jan. John Edis being 80 years of age Decemb' 19 last past and 

Clark of this Parish above 40 years. 
1737. 24 Oct. (buried) John Dickins & EUinger his wife both in a grave. 
1745. 3 Apr. John Beaver from Duddington Drounded in Haddon Brook. 

Skeffing'ton Bendish was one of the ^ reg-isters ' appointed 
under the act : both he and the other holders of the 
same office were far more conscientious in the discharg-e 
of their duties in this parish than in most. The books 
during" the time the registers were laymen are in as g-ood 
and complete form as when the entries were made by 
the parson. This is most rare. It is only in 1604 
that the custom of sig-ning* the page commences. But 
the g'reat value of the registers consists in a very 
extensive list of collections under briefs, most important. 
There is only room here for a few of the more remark- 
able and interesting". 

Collected for Letters of Eequest Anno 1661. 

Ffor Rippon Church Yorkshire 00 10 09 

Ffor Oxfordshure 00 09 08 

Ffor Hedon in Yorkshire 00 09 08 

Ffor Elmly Castle in Worcestershire 00 10 06 

Ffor the City of Chester GO 10 01 

Ffor Bridgenorth in the County of Salop 00 13 06 

Ffor the p(ro)testant church in Lithuania 00 11 03 

1661. 2 Feb. Ffor the Improvements of fishing (amount torn away) 

2 Aug. For Harwich in Essex 00 05 00 

22 Oct. Ffor the fire at St Martins in the fields London 00 07 00 

1664. 14 Aug. Ffor Thrapston Bridge 00 03 07 

28 Aug. Ffor Basing Church in the County of Southampton 00 04 11 

1665. 2 Aug. Collected for those that are visited w^^'in the 

Diocesse of Lincoln & London 01 11 04 

6 Sep. For the sd visited psons 01 18 00 

4 Oct. For the sd visited psons 02 05 07 

14 Jan. fi'or Thomas Sloper Gent 00 04 01 

8 Nov. For the visited 01 07 03 

6 Dec. For the s"! visited psons 01 15 02 

1666. 4 Jul. Geven upon the fast day towards the relief of the 
poor visited people of Oundle 12 Strikes of wheat, 40 
Strikes of Barley, 19 Strikes of Mault, 48 Cheeses and J. 

Collected for the Sad Fire at London 10 



160 



ELTON. 



1670. 30 Oct. A Catologue of the Inhabitants of Aylton ^alias 

AUington alias Elton in the County of Huntingdon who 
Contributed towards the Redemption of the English dis- 
tressed Captives fro the Slavery and Bondage of the 
Turkish Infidels according to his Maties Letters Patents 
in that behalf read. [A long list of names concludes 

thus :] Sum totall 6 

1671. 12 Nov. For the English captives und'' the Hungarians. . 00 
1675. 12 Mar. For Northampton besides 10" sent in by S' Tho. 

Pooley Nov. 17*1* j^st Collected more 10 

1679. 14 Sep. For S* Pauls London 2 

1680. 6 Sep. For redemption of English Slaves at Algiers .... 3 

1681. 13 Nov. Towards training up Mm", for the Protestant 

Churches in Lower Poland 

11 Dec. For relief of the French persecuted Protestants 7 

1682. 29 Oct. For a fire under Dyers hall, London 

1685. 3 May. For Staverton in Northtonshire 

21 Mar. For Kirksanton in Cumberland damaged by water 

and sand 

1686. June & July. For the French Protestants 20 

1694. For a Fire at Wooller in Northumberland 

1697. 26 Dec. For a Fire at Litchfield 

1698. 12 Mar. For Soham in Cambridgeshke 

1699. 23 Apr. For a Fire in Drury Lane London < , . . 

1700. Jun. For y« Eedemption of y Slaves att Machanes .... 

1701. Sep. For Broughton in Northamptonsh"" 

1702. Oct. For a Fire at y^ Citty of Ely 

24 Mar. For Lutterworth Church in Leicestershire 

1704. For the French Protestants of Orange 1 

Fory^Widdows & orphans of y°s« y* p(er)ishd in y« grt 

Storme 3 

1706. May. For a Fire at Inniskilling in Ireland 

Collections for the great storm in 1703 were g-eneral. A 
similar entry occurs at Castor, pp. 12, 13. 

A short note of church g"oods stolen from Ayltone is 
preserved in the record office, dated 2 Ed. vi. 

Stolne out of the kepyng of Mr Rob* Sappcottes a patten w*i* a challice 
waienge ij oz aUso on other patten was stoLne out of the keping of the p(ar)ish 
priste and the Baylif waieng iij oz. 

The sacramental plate is massive. There are two 
patens, two chalices, and a flagon. All were presented 
by rect. Ball, as appears from this inscription : ^ Ex dono 
Thomee Ball Rectoris de Aylton 1670.' 

There are three bequests to the parish of considerable 
value. Rect. Cooper (by deed in his lifetime) founded a 
hospital for four persons. This produced in 1786 251. a 
year. In 1702 Tho. Seby left a rent-charg-e for the poor. 
In 1711 Fr. Proby g-ave land producing 71. 10s. for the 
poor and a school ; and Jane Proby the next year left 
hOOl orig-inal south sea annuities for a workhouse and 
other charitable purposes. Eig-hty years ag'o therefore 



18 





05 


01 


6 


11 


13 


9 


5 


6 


8 


6 


13 


6 


5 


Hi 


7 


li 


6 


5 


6 


H 


6 





5 


8 


4 





5 


4 


15 


6 


7 


6 


5 


2 


2 








6 








9 






ELTON. 



161 



tlie parish was in receipt of not less than &21. a year from 
these bequests. Small leg-acies to the church, bells, hig-h 
altar, and the like, as in previous cases, are not unfrequent. 



RECTORS. 



bef. 1534 — Brereton,S.T.P.,orL.L.D. 
1552 Tho. Willan. 
1561 Ric. Stephenson. 
1563 Will. Dickensou.i 
1616 Will. Bendishe. 
1629 Job. Cooper, deprived.^ 
1661 *Tho. Ball, A.B.3 
1708 •The. Ball, S.T.B., d.< 
1723 Ric. Cumberland.5 



1731 •Sam. Ball, L.L.B., d. 

1737 Job. Ball. 

1738 *Joh. Forster, S.T.P., d.« 
1787 Phil. Fisher. 

1842 Piers G. Claughton, A.M., r. 

1843 Fred. Will. Faber, A.M., r. 
1845 Piers C. Claughton, A.M., r.^ 
1860 Ric. Kempthorne, A.M.s 



The CHURCH has a chancel with N. aisle used for 
vesti'Yj nave with aisles, S. porch, W. tower. The tower 
is entirely within the church, the aisles extending- to the 
extreme west. The vestry is modern, but built on the 
site of an old one, as is testified by the marks of the 
weathermoulds. A N. door is now blocked, and the 
chimney g'oes through it. The priest's door, S. of the 
chancel, is also blocked up. The chancel, though much 
altered, and the nave arcade are the earliest parts of the 
church. They are of early decorated work, dating* per- 
haps from 1300 to 1320. The internal features of the 
chancel are in part hidden. In the S. wall are three 
two-lig'ht windows all different. That nearest the E. end 
has a double trefoil, the lights being* very thin. The next 
has long* thin lancets, divided by a thick mullion, and a 
quatrefoiled circle above. The last has much broader 
lig-hts, and the tracery is of much later character 
approaching" the flamboyant style, but the moulding-s of 
all are identical. This window cannot be so early as the 

* Buried at Elton. 

1. Buried at Oundle. 

2. Patron and rector. He was deprived under the act of uniformily, and succeeded by his 
son-in-law. Calamy says that he ' was a man of gi-eat Note in his country, for the Piety of 
his Life, the Prudence of his Conduct, and for his ministerial abilities. He was a grave 
venerable Person, of the Puritan Stamp.' (Calamy's ' Ministers Ejected,' 2nd Edition, 1713.) 
He was described as a ' preaching minister.' 

3. Afterwards A.M. Pi-obably also rect. of Gretworth. About 1673 he (with sir Edw. Turner) 
found a horse under the militia act. 

4. Aftei-wards S.T.P. Son-in-law to bp. Cumberland. Also rect. of Gretford, Line, and 
preb. of Peterborough. 

5. Doubtless a connection of the bp. Was he son of the rect. of Peakirk, and afterwards 
bp. of Clonfert and Iviknore ? 

6. A sermon of his is extant preached at Huntingdon assizes, 1764. 

7. Fell, and tutor of University coll. Bp. of S. Helena, 1859 ; now bp. of Colombo. 

8. Formerly archdn. of S. Helena. 



2g2 ELTON. 

others. The low side window below is blocked up : it 
has the orig-inal iron stanchions remaining- outside. To 
the W. of it there is visible a second opening*, the use of 
which has not been satisfactorily established. There are 
three sedilia g"raduated, and a piscina. These have been 
restored. They are cushioned, and have a desk. The 
heads are cinquefoiled, and they are divided by thin shafts. 
The E. window is an unfortunate insertion of much later 
date. The hoodmoulds of the windows are terminated 
by heads both internally and externally. In the N. wall 
is an aumbry, or credence-table, restored. Round the 
E. end are some hang-ings. The altar levels are original : 
the steps are shallow and very broad. The seats in the 
chancel are ranged stallwise. The staircase to the rood- 
loft is N. of the chancel arch. W. of the arch the door 
still remains. There are two small apertures visible from 
the chancel, which seem to be for lig-hting* this staircase. 
A third opening is possibly for a squint ; or the upper 
one may have lig-hted a priest's chamber over the vestry. 
The chancel arch has continuous mouldings ; the thin 
inner shafts supporting* it are new. They have the nail- 
head under the capitals. The chancel is twisted to the 
north. The nave is of four bays. The piers have a 
quatrefoil section, and are not more than 8 feet hi^h. 
They stand on square bases. The font is central, and 
stands on a new base of clunch, apparently in imitation 
of an early Eng-lish one. Some old open seats remain 
with square ends. They have been well repaired. Alter- 
nate ones, towards the nave, have the linen pattern : one 
only has it in the aisles. They are in their orig-inal 
position as testified by the shorter ones near the pillars. 
There is a modern lettern, and oak pulpit. In the aisles 
is the stringcourse marking" the old pitch of the lean-to 
roof. The present aisles are wholly late perpendicular 
work. Within the vestry is preserved the old altar-table ; 
a marble slab on iron frame work, very similar to that 
still used at Chesterton. About the end of the 17 th cent, 
these were very commonly erected, as is seen in many of 
the London churches. The porch is larg-e, and has three 
fair niches. The tower is lofty j standing* too on hig-h 



ELTON. jg3 

ground, and the churchyard sloping- away rapidly to the 
west, it forms a very striking- object. It has three bands 
of quatrefoils all round. It has battlements, the centre 
one beino' pierced. It is of much smaller size above than 
below. The buttresses are curiously arrang-ed. There 
are none to the lower stag-e : but as the section of the 
tower o-ets less at the first stage, quasi-buttresses rise here 
from the corners of the lower storey. It is entirely of 
15th cent. date. 

The belfry is larg-e and contains five bells, but of 
these two have been recast. The first has long- orna- 
mented spaces between the words of its inscription : the 
second has two texts in Lombardick letters, and its 
founder's name in small capitals below. 

1. THOMAS NORRIS CAST ME 1631. 

2. m lESVS SPEEDE ME OMNIA FIANT AD 

GLORIAM DEI 

THOMAS NORRIS CAST ME 1631 

3. THO : ROBINSON & W-M : DEXTER CHURCH- 

WARDENS 1746 T : EAYRE OMNIA FIANT AD 
GLORIAM DEI 

4. THOMAS NORRIS CAST ME 1631 RECAST BY G. 

MEARS, & CO., OF LONDON, 1864. 

5. W FIX TH BARKER CH WN 1631 RECAST BY 

G. MEARS, & CO., OF LONDON, 1864. 

In the chancel are monuments to the Ball family. 
Three were rectors : and the stones mention their degrees, 
connections, and preferments. A stone also commemo- 
rates Tho. Ball, D.D., rect. of Eriswell, SufF., and 
Great Malsing-ham, Norf., who died 1789. There is a 
tablet to the ^ Rev*^. and learned ' Joh. Forster, 49 years 
rector. Members of his famil}' are also buried here. In 
the S. aisle, over the E. window, is a stone carved thus 
in thick letters, ^ Sir Eichard Sapcote knyg-ht,' and 
beneath is a coat of arms impaled. It is without date ; 
but sir Richard was sheriff of Cambridg-e and Hunting'- 
don shires in 1470, and his widow, dame Isabel, died 1493. 



164 



ELTON. 



The hall was once the seat of this ancient family. We 
learn * that in this hall there was, formerly : — 

A private Chappell of singular workmanship and most artificial glasse win- 
dowes, erected by Lady Elizabeth Dinham, the widow of Baron Fitzwarin, 
married into y« said family. The Chappell is now in a ruinous condition. 

Another monument is recorded as having" been erected 
to a member of the family, but it does not seem to be now 
in existence. It was on the S. side near the E. window, 
^ about a white raised marble,' and was inscribed ^ Here 
lieth ye bodie of Robert Sappcotts of Elton, Esq. who 
died y*" 4 th of January 1600.' The will of dame Isabel, 
who lived at Barley, Rutl, provided : — 

My body to be there buried. To three priests to say masses for the souls of 
Sir John Fraunces and Sir Richard Sapcote, my husbands . . . ; 

In 1507, sir John Sapcote, kt., left to his wife all his 
plate at ^Allinoton, in the county of Huntino-don,' for 
her life. And sir Richard Sapcote, in 1543, desired by 
will to be buried at Fothering-ay. Lord Denham and 
lord Vaux had each daughters who married Sapcotes : 
and John earl of Bedford married a daughter of sir 
Guido Sapcote. 

In the S. aisle are also numerous hatchments. There 
are many tablets to members of the family at the house, 
some with long* epitaphs. Among-st the persons thus 
commemorated are these : Tho. Proby, 1684 ; sir Tho. 
Proby, hart., 1689 ; John Proby, and his daug-hter, 
1710 — 11; various children between 1670 and 1680. 
On the tablet to John Joshua earl of Carysfort, K.P., 
1828, are considerable notices of the famil}^ In the 
chancel are memorials to John Joshua, lord Proby, 1858, 
eldest son of the 3rd earl of Carysfort, and to Hugh 
Prob}^, drowned in Australia, 1852. Over the Proby 
pew in the S. aisle there have been two banners, but they 
are now gone. In the S. porch is the matrix of a brass. 

In the CHURCHYARD, near the porch, is a stone coffin 
with a coped lid, much worn. It bears a floriated cross, 
with the flowing" ornament at the middle which is the 

* Cotton's Notes. Brit. Mus., MS. Lansd., 921. In his time, 1668, it was the seat of sir Tho. 
Proby, bart., ' where he hath lately built a neat house.' In MS. Lansd., 1179, is a careful pedi- 
gree of the Sapcotes, dated 1611. There are also drawings of 11 coats of arms in the chapel 
of Elton house, and of others in ' the Parlour windowes.' Three were brought from the 
church. 



^" 



"•^i 




WATER NEWTON. 



WATER NEWTON. 



165 



subject of so much controversy. It is 5 ft. 11 in. in 
leng-th. Eeceutly two Norman headstones have been 
dug- up. One is but a small frag-ment : the other has the 
circular cross in the head quite perfect, and a considerable 
part of the interlaced stem. It is in two pieces, the part 
containing' the cross being- 22 in. long-, and the diameter 
of the circular head 17 in. The lower part is 2 ft. 5 in. 
long at its extreme length, and from being- interlaced to 
its foot, and, having no sig-ns of ever having stood in the 
ground, it seems likely that it fitted into another stone, 
and was indeed the churchyard cross itself. Though 
these two stones are clearly part of one composition, 3'et 
there are several inches missing- between them : they do 
not join on to one another. It is ver}^ similar to one dis- 
covered at Helpston, mentioned on p. 97, and figured in 
the plate of memorial stones there. These are now placed 
in the S. aisle. Other stones of the like character, or 
cofiin lids, were unhappily destroyed by the workmen. 
Drawino-s of nine fraofments of coffin lids are in Gouo-h's 
collection in the Bodleian library. Six were nearly per- 
fect. There is also a copy of the stone coat of arms in 
the S. aisle, and of the monument to Rob. Sappcotts 
mentioned on the previous page as being apparently no 
longer in existence. It may possibly be concealed under 
some of the pews. In 1861 the church was visited by 
the members of the Archceolosical Institute. 



Mattr IJttotoiT. 



This is a very compact little village on the great north 
road. The population is small. Originally known as 
Newton only, the prefix was adopted to distinguish it 
from another Newton, now called Wood Newton, not 
many miles distant. The prefix marks its peculiarity, 
the houses being almost huddled down by the water's 
edge, on the right bank of the Nene. The advowson 

14 



166 



WATER NEWTON. 



has been in the hands of the lord of the manor, and has 
consequently been never long* in one family. Within 150 
years the families of Turner, Edwards, Austin, and 
Knipe, have presented. 

The church is dedicated to S. Remigius. His feast 
was on 1st October, on which day his name still appears 
in the calendar of our Prayer-book. The parish feast is 
held still about that time. There are but seven churches 
in Eng-land with this dedication ; 4 in Norfolk, and 2 in 
Leicestershire. S. Remigius was abp. of Rheims, A.D. 
600, and died it is said in 533. He was only 22 years 
of ag"e when consecrated. He baptized king" Clovis: 
and the cruet he used is still preserved at Rheims, and 
has ever been used for anointing* the kings of France at 
their coronation. But there was also a bp. of Lincoln of 
this name in the 11th cent., and to him some of these 
dedications may refer. He died in 1091. The value of 
the rectory in the king's book was 81. 12s. 4d.', the abbot 
of Thorney having- a pension of 30s., and this with fees 
reduced the amount so that the tithes were but 125. 11^. 
In 1654, when the parliamentary inquisition was taken, 
the value was 60?., and in 1780 was 59/. 8s. 

The earliest register is lost. The present commences 
in 1687 and extends to 1812. There is also a marriage 
book from 1755. The title of the former one runs thus : — 

The names of such as have been Christened maried and buried in Water- 
Newton orderly succeeding one another. 

In so small a parish one would not look for many 
entries of importance. One or two may be g-iven. 

1738. 6 Sep. (buried) an unknown travelling man. 

1783. 2 Oct. the Stamp act took place. 

1783. continued, rien de tout. 

1787. a poor Stranger, drown'd in the River on Sepf. 21^*. buried Septem'. 23''. 

The constable's book dates back to 1797 ; the church- 
wardens' book does the same. The following' extracts, 
with the exception of the first two, are from the latter. 

Tho' a Becket Sessions July 15th Weekly money 3 3 2 

1804. 5 Feb. Gabriel, for the Pound Gate 1 3 10 

1803. 30 Mar. Gabril French for wood and workmanship, Clarks 

seat 2 6 6 

1813. 18 Apr. Ringing on Ace*, of Buonapates Dethronement 

1817. Paid the last Churchwarden Shaws Rate w*" he refuses to pay 15 



WATER NEWTON. 



167 



1819. 



1824. 



1834. 

1840. 



14 May. Paid Batley for ringing Bell untill Miduiglit on the 
Funeral of His Majesty Geo. S"""* .'i 

24 Dec. M'. Tho^ Cooke for Hanging the Bells of New and 
repaing the Frams as by Bill agreement II 5 

21 Mar. M''. Robertson for King Arms 8 15 

25 June. Postage. Forms of Prayer on Her Majesty's escape 
from assassination 



4 

record 



The following- note, dated 2 Ed. vi, is from the 
office. The name is there spelt Waternewston. 

Solde a vestment for vij^' ij payuted clothes for ij*' vi allte'' ] 

clothes for iiij'i x towells for iij*' iiij"! surplesses for iiij^' all wh money | 
they w*** other declare upon ther othes was bestowed upon the I 
repa(rat)ion of ther churche j 

The charitable donations were returned in 1786 as 

' None.' 



-xx'i iiijd 



RECTORS. 



bef. 1534 George Tatym. 
1606 Joh. Hanger. 

bef. 1654 Chr. Wells. 

bef. 1689 *Geof. Hawkins, A.M., d. 
1700 Geof. Hawkins.i 
1720 *Ric. Southgate, d. 



1732 »Rob. Fuller, A.M., d.a 

1735 Sam. Ball. 

1738 Joh. Old. 

1753 ♦Ed. Ketteriche, A.M., d. 

1807 *Randolph Ric. Knipe, A.M., r. 

1846 Randolph Knipe, A.B. 



The plan of the church is very simple. Chancel, 
nave with aisles and clerestoiy, S. porch, W. tower and 
spire. The tower itself is the earliest part, being- of 
transitional Norman date. It seems to be very early in 
the 13th cent., and so to be properly classed amono-st 
early English work, but it retains many features of the 
earlier style, like certain parts of the western transept 
at Peterborouo'h. The tower is without buttresses, but 
about 3 feet from the g-round there is a very considerable 
slope in the masonry which has in part the same effect 
as a buttress. The width of the tower from north to 
south, on the g-round, is 17 ft. 6 in., but above this slope 
the width is only 15 ft. 9 in. The tower is of less width 
than the nave. The belfry windows are round-headed, 
but are divided into two lights which are pointed. On 
two of the sides they have the zigzag ornament. The 
N. and S. walls have on the g-round floor a small lancet. 
The tower is surmounted by a broach spire ; but this is 
of decorated work. It is of no g-reat height. There are 
four two-lig-ht spire-windows, the heads having* square 



* Buried at Water Newton. 

1. See note p. 153. 

2. Fell, of Emmanuel coll. 



■tQQ WATEK NEWTON, 

sides, like those at Castor. Below the spire is a corbel- 
table of notch-heads. The nave is of four bays, of dis- 
tinct early English work. The arches are semicircular 
and the piers octag-onal, except one of clustered shafts in 
the S. aisle. At the E. end of the N. aisle the arcade is 
terminated by a respond : in the three other cases the 
arch dies into the wall. The chancel is in an unsound 
state, the walls being- very insecure. There is a great 
deal of ivy about it, of which some would say that it 
assisted the decay of the walls, and others that it held 
them up. The E. window is of three lights under a 
depressed arch. The lights are cinquefoiled, and the 
quatrefoils in the tracery are much elongated. Exter- 
nally are two small buttresses at the E. end. A third, 
at the E. of the N. aisle, makes up the whole number of 
which the church is possessed. The roof is tiled, but 
that to the nave is of lead. Some features of interest 
are to be seen within. The floor is much raised above 
the original level. The piscina is trefoiled : the three 
sedilia, aumbr}-, and two brackets, are tolerably perfect. 
The brackets are of considerable beauty, that on the S. 
side being ver}^ large and fine. The windows in the 
aisles are square-headed of two lights. They are original, 
the hoodmoulds and notch-head terminations being 
clearly of early date. There is no W. window to the S. 
aisle. At the W. end of the N. aisle is a remarkable 
little room, now used as a vestry. Within memory it was 
a pigeon-house. It is entered from the church b}^ a nar- 
row door, and lit by a small lancet in the W. wall about 
4 inches wide. The eastern wall of this room, though 
ancient, is later than the nave arcade, for the capital of 
the last nave arch is within it. The exterior wall of the 
N. aisle is extended westward 4 ft. 1 in. further than the 
S. aisle wall. The S. porch is of good decorated work : 
the doors are excellent. The inner one has continuous 
mouldings, round and massive j there are stone seats, 
and the base of a holy-water stoup in the porch : the 
outer door has large semicircular piers, with good capitals 
and chamfered moulding to the arch above. The mould- 
ings of both doors are terminated by a mask. The roof 



WATER NEWTON. 



169 



is of simple laths. The central stone of the outer g-able 
of this porch has remains of paneling-, sug-gesting' that it 
may have been the upper part of a niche, perhaps in the 
same position, the lower part and fig'ure having* been 
removed. The clerestory windows are early decorated of 
two lig'hts, with intersecting- tracery : their hoodmoulds 
are termhiated by carved heads. There is massive coping' 
at the ends of the S. aisle. Six of the bosses on the 
nave roof have well-carved figures. Along* the interior 
walls of the aisles there Avere stone seats : one of these 
has been removed for the sake of the materials. 

There are three bells, one having* a date only. The 
first is the most ancient, and the inscription is in very 
early Lombardick letters : the leg'end on the second is in 
old English, having- enriched capitals. 

1. S AUE: GRA : PLENA: DNS: TECUM 

3. 1665. 

The earliest dated monument is a plain slab in the 
chancel with this inscription round the edg'e : — 

lOHN . HARBOTTILL . OF . BaSTON . IN . THE . 
COVNTY . OF . LINCOLNE . GENT . WAS . BURIED . 
THE . SIXTE . DAY . OF . FEBRUARIE . ANO . DOMI . 
M . DC . XLVI . & . OF . HIS . AGE . XLIII . 

On a window-ledg-e in the S. aisle is a female effig-y of 
much older date, but unaccompanied by name or date. 
It seems however to have been erected about the middle 
of the 14th cent. It is of small size, but it is not neces- 
sary to infer from that circumstance that it commemorates 
a young- girl. In the chancel are memorials to Ed. 
Keteriche, rector for 54 years, 1807, and to Rob. Fuller, 
^ nuper hujus Ecclesise Ilectoris, Et Coll. Emman. apud 
Cantabrig'ienses olim Socij,' 1735. There are also 
numerous tablets to members of the Knipe family, inclu- 
ding one to the late rector, 1847. In the nave and aisles 
occui- flat stones to the families of Edwards and Fuller. 
Two curious Christian names, Easter and Original, are 
to be seen. In a niche on the W. side of the tower there 



170 



RAMSEY. 



is a figure remaimng". It is however so mutilated that 
it cannot be said if it is sepulchral or not. The figure 
and niche are both later than the tower wall. In a square 
frame below them is an inscription evidently sepulchral, 
but its connection (if any) with the figure above is 
unknown. The letters are in five lines, and of the early 
Lombardick t3'pe in use at the close of the 13th cent. 
The words read thus : — 

VOVS : KE : PAR : 
ISSI : PASSEZ : 
PVR : LE : ALME : 

OMAS : PVR : 

DEV : PRIEZ : 

This may be compared with the Helpston inscription 
given on p. 96. To the S. of the tower is an old stone 
coffin, containing bones. It is massive ; and the lid is 
raised on two large pieces of wood. 

Cotton mentions sir John Whitbrooke, knight, of this 
parish, in 1613 : in the Harleian MS. 1179, is a sketch 
of his arms and a pedigree. 



From the ancient records of this town, as far as we 
can learn, there does not seem to have been at an}^ time 
an intimate alliance between the abbey and the parish. 
The church to which the ensuing notes refer is not un- 
commonly considered to be the remains of the abbey 
itself: curtailed in dimensions, but still retaining the 
shell of the monastic church, in the same way as the 
present parish churches of Thorney and Crowland have 
been, so to speak, manufactured out of their respective 
minsters. But this is not the case. The present church 
at Kamsey formed no part of the abbey buildings. It is 
said indeed that stone from the abbey at its dissolution 
was used in repairing itj but with this the connection 
ceases. The abbey church was far larger and more 



I 



RAMSEY. 



171 



magniticeiit ; it stood moreover some distance to the 
south, but the exact site has not been described. But a 
very few notes about the foundation of the abbey will 
not be out of place, althoug-h not strictly speaking within 
the limits of the subject. 

The abbey then was founded in the year 969 by earl 
Aylwyn, cousin to king- Edg*ar. He enjo3'ed the remark- 
able title of ^ alderman of all Eng-land.' In the charter 
of confirmation of Henr}^ Viil., in his first year, previous 
charters are recited, and the story of the foundation told. 
The paper commences : ^ Because it is manifest by the 
increasing- disturbances of this world that the end of time 
is now near at hand and the g"reat day of Judg'ment is 
perceived to approach, as the Gospel-Trumpet then 
soundeth to forewarn the Faithful.' The story in a few 
words is this. A3'lw3'n was afflicted with the g'out. A 
fisherman plying" his trade for the earl in Ramsey mere 
had a vision of S. Benedict, by whose direction the earl 
went to see the way the beasts lay down at night, such 
position marking- the site of the abbey. By obeying* 
these directions Aylwyn was cured, and at once proceeded 
to clear the g-round for his foundation. In five years it 
was dedicated. It had the privileg-e of sanctuar}^ 
Valuable grants were made to the abbey from time to 
time. It gloried in the possession of the bodies of kings 
and martyrs. In 1114 the church was restored, perhaps 
rebuilt. Soon after it was despoiled by Magnaville, earl 
of Essex. It grew too rich : ' Ramsey the rich ' was 
its description in a local rhyme. The abbots Avere among 
the earliest to obtain a seat in parliament. The royal 
entertainments were numerous. ' Considering the fre- 
quent coming of ourself and our most dear consort 
Philippa, Queen of England, to the Abbey of Ramsey,' 
is a reason assigned in one charter for the grant of fresh 
privileges. In the year 31 Hen. viii. all the possessions 
of the abbey were granted to Richard Williams, alias 
Cromwell, in consideration of his services, ^ and also in 
consideration of the sum of 4963/. 4^. 2d.' Beyond the 
walls of some large room, probably the refectory, of 1 3th 
cent, work, now divided into separate rooms and used for 



JiJ'g EAMSEY. 

cellars and offices^ there are no remains of this wealthy 
abbe}". There is an arcade round the walls of very 
eleg-ant early Eng'lish arches, of course much mutilated. 
The larg-e sepulchral monument now standing- at the end 
of a passage in the house, and said to represent Aylwyn, 
is also very manifestly of the same date, about 1240. It 
most likely was erected at that time by the monks, in 
honour of their founder.* 

The parish church is dedicated to S. Thomas-a- 
Becket. Instances occur where churches, after the 
archbishop was canonized, had their dedications changed 
in his honour. Clapham, near Bedford, is one of these. 
But in the present instance the style of architecture cor- 
responds with the exact date. S. Thomas of Canterbury 
was murdered in 1170, and canonized by pope Alex- 
ander III. in 1173. The parish church of Ramsey was 
finished within a few years of that date, and dedicated to 
the new saint. There are said to be upwards of 60 
churches in England with the same dedication. In 1291 
the parish church was valued at 6/. The patronage, 
since the dissolution has been with the owner of the abbey 
estate, having* been included in the original g-rant : — 

Our Eectory appropriate of the churches of Eamsey and Bury in the said 
county of Huntingdon, with the advowsons and right of patronage of the said 
churches. 

The REGISTERS are voluminous, and in very excellent 
preservation. Not only are the entries for the latter 
part of the 16th cent, copied from an older book, as is 
always the case, but these books afford the clearest evi- 
dence that in many cases until recently all the entries for 
the whole year were made at one time, from a rough cop3% 
The books commence in 1559. The extracts that are 
here g-iven have some interest. 

1557. M™ that there were noe burialls sett downe in the old Eegester for all 

this yeare. 
1608. 17 Dec. (Buried.) Wyllyam Love a very old poore man who lived 
uppon y^ almes of y* towne. 
28 Dec. John Eandall son of Eobte Eandall who had y« falcing 
sickness. 
1610. Tho. Wodham cominge out of y^ Turfen w^ his boats laden w^^^ has- 
socks y^ xxj^t of August, in a terryble winde & tempest was drowned 
in Ugmeare whose bodye was not found before y* v**" of Septemb'. & 



* Several excellent drawings of this tomb are in the Gough collection in the Bodleian. 



KAMSEY. 



173 



was buryed y" vi«'» of y^ same moneth Will™ Carryer de Yaksley 

Coroner at y^ same tyme who viewed his bodye. 
1615. 24 Nov. Walter Sampson alis Creede Steward to S' Oliver Cromwell 

knight died at Hinchinbrooke y^ xxiijt>> of November & was buried in 

ye p(ar)ishe church of All Saints in Huntingdon. 
1C19. 13 Sep. John Gillon housholder perished by water. 
1623. Matthew Boothe, John Warwick, Thomas Lambei-t, William Garner, 

and Margret Smythe the xxx"' of August who were all five in a boat 

& by mishapp were drowned in the streame called Roman streame 

being in the p(ar)ish of Eamsey. 
1636. William Rawson servingman was buried the 30*'^ August who was 

burned the day before in a great soar fyer wherein ther were xv 

comoning tenements burned in the littell wyte^ besydes other that 

were in pt burned. 
1654. 16 Nov. Thomas Clifton labourer being digging of sand, was by y* fall 

of earth y* gave suddenly slayne. 
18 Nov. Thomas Smyth labourer digging sand at y^ same time, had 

his life (?) mortifyd his body broken. 
1656. 27 June. Henry Stimpson a distracted p(er)son. 
1658. 2 Sep. the Lady Ferrers was Buried at y^ foot of y^ crosse in y® 

Chui'ch-yard.2 
1660. (among the births) the year of his Majesty K. Charles 2. his happy 

restauration, & returne after his long exile, w'='' was on 29^"^ of May. 

Vivat. 
(among the burials) & Regis Caroli 2^ Reg. 12° & in Anglia redit' suj 

auspicatissimj & mensis Maij die 29°. 
■ - 1661. 6 Jan. Michael the sonne of Luke Sherman being detained from bap- 

tisme till y^ age of 9 or 10 years did then receive that holy Sacrament. 
1664. 25 Sep. George Blench by the overthrow of a Cart perished, & was 

buried. A morte subitanea Libera nos Domine. 
1665 — 6. Col. William Cromwell Gentleman departed this life Febr. 23. — 9 in 

y^ morning & was buried Febr. 24 — 9 of clock at night ICCf . y« yonger 

son of S"- 0. C. [Sir Oliver Cromwell.] 

1666. Eamsey visited w*^ y^ plague this year.* 
16 Jul. Elizabeth the wife of Thomas Middleton was buried in her 

own Gard(en). 

1667. 19 Sep. Thomas Wisditch a mason, falling on high from an house 
Sep. 17. died that night. 

1668. 13 Aug. Robert y« Sonne of Edward Hendry was privately baptized 
by a Romish priest. 

1669. 16 Apr. William the sonne of William Hanns, a child (being killed 
by an horse running away with his rider).* 

1670. 22 Jul. John Hardy, killed by M^. H. Wilcox, was buried July. 22. 1670. 

1673. Peter ye Son of Peter behague Jane the wife of John Arx & Sarah the 
wife of Richard Bradford drowned in Ramsey-mare Apr. 9. were 
found Apr. 10. & were buried April. 11. 1673. 2 more were drowned 
at ye same time one of y™ found, & was carried to be buried at Peter- 
burgh — y^ other not yet found. Ap. 10. — Ann y« wife of Walter Sprung 
drowned vi^^ y* fore-mentioned, found Apr. 21. buried Apr. 22 — 1673. 

1674. Note y* : y^ Register of the Marriages was losst (among many other 
loose Papers) in M"". Robins his Sickness &c.^ 

1706. 7 Apr. Henry Evans. (nuUi pietate secundus) 



1. The Great White and Little White are the names of two streets in Ramsey; the former 
running from the Station to High Street, the latter branching out from it. The word is some- 
times spelt Whyte. 

2. The grave-tone placed over lady Ferrers' grave was removed to the church. The 
inscription is gone ; but copies have been preserved. This stone will be noticed below. 

3. The persons who died of the plague are frequently entered as ' buried the same day.' It 
is but seldom, as in the next entry, that the interment is elsewhere than in the church, 

4. A long original prayer, praying that the ' innocent blood ' may not be required at the 
hands of the people of Ramsey, follows this entry. 

5. John Robins was incumbent, and died at Ramsey in 1675. 



174 



EAMSEY. 



1716. 22 Aug. Aribella a Vagrant. 

1719. 15 Nov. Charles Denson Blacksmith a Benefactor. 

1720. 24 Sep. A vagi-ant Stranger. 

1721. 12 May. John Walton killd in a Mill. 

1724. 15 Sep. Thomas Story Carpenter killd in a clay pitt by a fall of y« 
earth upon him y« 10 of 7^' at 9 in y^ morn but lived till y« 13. 

When at y® same time & y^ same falling of Earth one Rob' Offly Car- 
pent"^ serv* to Jacob Berrye was killd outright & found dead under y^ 
ruins & was buried at Wistow in y^ county of Huntingdon his father 
& mother living y''. 

Eamsey May y^ 29t*> 1731. Memorand. On the 21^* day of May 1731 
a Sudden & terrible fire Begun about 2 of y® clock in y^ Afternoon in 
y^ house of W™. Pain of Ramsey aforesd Taylor by y^ Carelessness or 
neglect of 2 of y^ Daughters of y^ s^ W™ Pain w^ii in y« space of 5 
or 6 Hours burn't down & wholly consumed above Fourscore Houses 
besides Granaries full of wheat Mace & Oats, Barns Stables & Out- 
houses household goods Beds Bedding Brass pewter & all manner of 
wearing apparel &ct to ye utter ruin of an innumerable number of 
poor miserable people. 

Note not one house standing in y^ high street from y^ schoole house 
to y^ high Bridge on y« North side of y^ s^ street nor from Richard 
Badsons house on y^ south side to y^ wid'^ Priests at y« George 
Except a part of John Beards house & Samuel Phillips & v/'^^ were 
much Shattered all y^ west side of y^ g* white from y« turning of y^ 
corner in y« high street down to an house of Mr Overalls w<=^ tho not 
consumed was in part pulled down. God be praised no one person 
Burnt killed hurt or Bruis'd. 

For behold y^ Lord will come v/^^ fire & w'*' his chariots like a whirle- 
wind to render his anger with fury & his rebuke w''' flames of fire. 
Is: 66: 15: Lord have mercy upon us. 
1735. 21 Feb. Mary wife of Rich"*. Neal drowned going in a small boat f™. 
Eamsey Market Barnaby Brity who was w*^ her w°. y*. boat sank 
nan-owly escaping. 
1759. 13 June. A young Man unknown, murder'd in M^. Blot's Farm at 
Higney, was found in the Wood June the 7">. and buried at Eamsey. 

1783. 9 Sep. A Stranger Man said to come from Soham. 

1784. 7 Feb. William Son of John Childs \ Both Drowned the same day in dif- 

Tho^ son of Tho'. Belshaw J ferent places by the Ice breaking. 

The entries from 1642 to 1653 are missing". In 1653 
John Adamson was appointed reg-ister, and in 1657 Tho. 
Huxley. Several curious names occur, especially for 
women, such as these : Euphranin, Theodosia (frequent), 
Theophila, Tryphena, Lora, Pleasant, Damaris, Canina, 
Carina, Hensibob. The last might well puzzle any one. 
It is a monstrous combination of two names into one. 
At the end of the second book is a list of parishioners 
confirmed 3 Aug"., 1671, at All-hallows, Hunting-don. 
The third book opens with an inventory of church goods 
in 1673. Some very full accounts of parochial perambu- 
lations are also given. Paupers supported by the parish 
are frequently described as ^ a towncharge.' In 1630 
one whole page of the register is entirely re-written, the 



RAMSEY. jp^^ 

parchment being* in bad condition so that the first tran- 
script is hardly legible. At the top is this note : ' This 
year 1630 is playner wry ten next following-/ The 
number of persons drowned is ver}' g-reat. In reference 
to the g-reat fire in 1731 the following- passag-e may be 
quoted. It is from Steele's Collection in the Bodleian 
Library. The entire loss, after deducting- upwards of 
2000/. repaid by insurances, was g-iven at 11,675/. 
12s. lid. 

This poor town was greatly impoverish'd before by the contrary Element, their 
crops of com, and the cattle having been destroyed by the overflowing of their 
low lands, which have lain under water for 3 years : so that they are now in 
general a very miserable people, and will be more so as the winter comes on. 

Immediately after the said sad tire, Nicholas Bonfoy, Esq ; sent the poor 
sufferers 20 guineas. Will. Marshal, Esq ; the same sum, Eob. Pigott, Esq; bOl. 
The town of Godmanchester, 271. the town of Huntingdon, besides great quanti- 
ties of provisions, 30Z. The town of Whittlesea, 70Z. the town of Chatteris, 23i. 
the town of Wistow, besides provisions, Idl. Sir Will. Lemon hath also given 
them leave to dig what sand they have occasion for in his Lordship of Warboyce, 
towards rebuilding theu* several habitations. 

The following- items are extracted from a book contain- 
ing- the churchwardens' and overseers' accounts for the 
year 1682—8 :— 

To Goode Skiner for four Children 5 2 

Allso one that was too Little 2 2 

fforBeare bread and Grave for buring of a child from Mary Skiner 00 01 06 

for ye bell going about 00 00 02 

for those that Laid oi;t thorntons boy 00 00 06 

for herring [burj'ing] in beare 9^ bread 3^ Candle 1.^ tobacco 1* 00 01 02 

To Those that Gamed him to Church beare 8^ thred Q^ 00 01 02 

To those that sat by at Good hardis Child Day 00 OJ 00 

ffor sending the bell about y^ towne for The townsmen to meet 

to mak Book 00 00 02 

Paid to ould frior for scouring y^ Dike before the Dore 00 00 06 

for Berring the sti-anger 00 01 00 

Given to John Mast for haveing Eob. Sharpe's prentice back to 

Whittlesey 00 GO 06 

fior sending the bell about The towne for The Towns men to meet 00 00 02 

A charg'e for tobacco of this date must be somewhat 
unusual. 

There are two notices of the ornaments of this church 
in the record office made in the reig-n of Ed. vi. The 
earlier is dated 1548, and refers only to two articles sold. 

Eamseye. Solde by Thomas Ainsworth & John Writte churchwardens \ 
there w"^ the assent of all the poshn" (parishioners) on coverlett for vij'^ I xj^i 
on old paynted clothe for iiij si. J 

All 'w'^^ money they w*^ other declare upon ther othes was bestowed ) -,1 
mountyng of scriptures about the churche there. j ■' 



176 



EAMSEY. 



The later one is of the date 1552, as appears from com- 
paring* it with other inventories of that date of exactly 
similar form, as that of Brinckton, 13 July, or of S. Ives, 
17 July, 1552. The part containing" the date is torn 
away ; and the inventory is much mutilated in other 
respects. A few conjectures are supplied in brackets. 

In pmis (a chalice) Sillv'" double gillt w . . . . 

Itm iij b(ells) . . . . d on sanctus bell and vi 

Itm on sute of whitte silke, a cope, a vestm*, ij stoles. 

Itm on blew vestm* of vellvett w^h albe and ij copes of w 

Itm on redd vestm* w^h floures of golde ; silke v/^h albes 

Itm on vestm* of grene tiffenie w^h albe and phauell : on redd vestmt of 

satten a bridges w*h albe amesse stole and phanell, 

Itm ij olde russet coopes : a vestm* r silke w*li albe and amesse : on 

vestm* of blew satten a br(idg)es w% albe : 

Itm X towells ; on vaile : and a p clothe : iij pyllowes of silke : on of 

vellvett : 

Itm ij canapies for the pyx thon of silke (tho)th£r of clothe : another of lynnen 
clothe w*h iiij bedes : another of satten bridges : 

Itm ij crosse clothes on of blew silke on fof y)allow silke: ij latten basyns : 
iiij candellstickes of latten : 

Itm iiij allter clothes of lynnen, and wrought w*h redde silke at the 

endes : iiij (corpo)resses w^h cases : 

Itm a streamer of yeallowe silke : (clo)thes to hange before the alter, on of 
green and whitte, on of whitte and redde on other green and blewe : on p(yx) 
of copp and gillt : a littell peare of sillv"^ to putt in the pyx : 

Itm a paier of shettes : a paire of organes : xj sleaved surplesses : vi rachettes : 

Itm on handebell: and ij sacring bells : 

We the said Comissioners according to the kings ma**^^ instructions anexed to 
the comission have assigned and appointed for the Divin service in this church 
of Ramsey on Challice waieng xxv oz, iij surplesses, and iij aUter clothes for the 
table of comunion. 

The sacramental plate is valuable. So far back as 
1713, as appears by a note in the register, there existed 
a large flagon, and three chalices with covers all of sil- 
ver. The oldest has Ramsaye on the cover. A second 
has ^ The g-uift of Elizabeth Marg-etts ' on the chalice, 
the cover plain. A third has both chalice and cover 
engTaved ' Donura Joannis Tidraarsh de Ramsey in Com. 
Huntingdon.' On the flagon, besides a coat of arms, is 
this inscription : — 

Ex dono Rob". Pigott Armig'eri 
Haeredis et Virtutem et Census 
Johannis Dryden Armig-eri Ecclesiee 
Et Parochioe de Ramsey in Ag-ro Hunt. 
Benefactoris Munificentissimi. 
Anno Dom 
1713 



I 



EAMSEY. 



177 

A plate and paten have been g-iven b}^ Mrs. Fellowes in 
the present century. 

The most considerable of the charitable gifts, as 
returned in 1786, were these. 3/. 10s. a year left by 
Mark Woolley, 1695 ; 15.9. ayear by Tho.Thirkell, 1715, 
in land, for the poor and a sermon : 7/. a year by Ch. 
Denson, 1718. Wm. Myles, 1600, gave 40/. for the 
poor, and Coulson Fellowes and others, 1750, g-ave 122/. 
for a workhouse. There is also a free school : at the 
above date it was in a poor state : — 

Being subject to be overflowed with water, the school house is in a very ruinous 
condition, and the school unsupported. 

N.B. The school, though ruinous, is let for two guineas a year; formerly let 
for COL a year ; and the fen-lands, formerly iOl. a year. 

This parish came in for a share of the large amount 
bequeathed by John Dridenf for charitable purposes. In 
1555 Rob. Pickard left 4^7. to the high altar at Ramsey. 
And two extracts from wills of the same year may be 
g-iven as examples. The first is that of Rob. Nelson, 
who says : — 

I bequetlie my sowle to almyghtye god in trynytye, and my bodye to be beryed 
in the paryshe churche of Ramsey, and I geve to the reparation af the sayd 
churche vjs viij<i And to the poore people of Eamsey at the day of my buryall 
xl*' and xx^' at chrystmas next to be distributed by the dyscretion of my execu- 
tors and sup(er)visors Also I wyll that my mortuarye be p"* accordinge to 

the lawes of this realme, in consideration of my tythes and offerings negligently 
p* or forgotten. 

The other is the will of John Thresser the elder : — 

My bodye to be buried in the churche yerde of Ramsey Moreov"^ I wyll, 

and ordeyne M'' Stockew'^, and Sir Roberte Wynde curate my executors whom I 
wyll Shall sell the Residue of my goods unbequethed to jiay my debts, and to see 
my bodye honestly brought to the erthe, and w* the residue to discharge my 
funeriiUe, and do other works of m''cye as they shall devyse best for my sowle, 
and all Chrysten sowles. 

INCUMBENTS. 



bef. 1555 Rob. Wynde. 
bef. 1597 Will. Molt. 

1599 Rob. Ennyle. 

1600 Hen. Sampson. 
10 10 Geo. Stuke. 
1618 Will. Harvey. 
1632 Job. Pindar. 
1033 Will. Baker. 

1001 *Joh. Robins, A.M. 
1675 Edm. Gibbs, r. 



d.i 



1686 •Will. Hume, r.2 
1089 •Ric. Askew, d. 

*Will. Searle, d. 
1733 *Pet. Cowling, d. 
1737 Tho. Whiston, 

Job. Peverel. 
1788 *Hen. Mawdesley, d, 
1840 Edw. Forbes, A.B., r.3 
1847 Ch. Hippuflf Bingham, A.M. 



I See pp. 156, 157. 
* Buried at Ramsey. 

1. Also preb. of Lincoln. 

2. Stated by Cole to be buried here ; but he certainly did not die incumbent. 

3. Now A.M., chaplain of the English church, Rue d'Aguesseau, Paris. 



2 'YQ EAMSEY. 

The CHUECH has chancel, nave with aisles and cleres- 
tory, N. and S. doors, W. tower. The chancel is very 
short ; it is much raised above the level of the nave floor, 
and has a groined roof with plain intersecting* ribs, not 
moulded. Both chancel and nave are of transition Nor- 
man date, and a very excellent example of the style. 
The nave is of seven bays, the piers being- all alike, but 
the capitals are alternately round and rectangular : 
moreover to each opposite pair of pillars the capitals 
have similar, though not exactly identical ornaments. 
All the arches are pointed, and there are no moulding-s 
to them. Another bay is concealed under the tower. 
The W. door is of the same date, though at first sight it 
seems of more distinct Norman work, for it is deeply 
recessed, and has the characteristic foliag"e of the earlier 
date : but the shafts have bands round them at the mid- 
dle, which is an unmistakeable proof of later work. The 
chancel arch is of the same character as the nave, but is 
much loftier, and the capitals of the piers that support it 
are as high as the top of the nave arcade. These piers 
have more numerous shafts, and more richly ornamented 
capitals than the nave piers. A perpendicular clerestory 
with seven small windows has been added ', it is rather 
low. The aisles are also of perpendicular date : they 
have three-light windows, one to each bay, all exactly 
alike. The chancel had at one time aisles, but these have 
been destro3^ed. On each side are to be seen clear traces 
of them : they had lean-to roofs. The E. end is unal- 
tered, and is a very curious one. There are three round- 
headed lancets, at a considerable distance from each 
other ; above them, but not exactly in the centre, is a 
pointed oval window known as a vesica piscis. All these, 
internally, are deeply spla3^ed. Externally another 
round-headed window is in the g"able, above the groined 
roof. Between the lancets, and at the outside, are very 
shallow buttresses. There is no division in the roof ex- 
ternally between the nave and chancel ; and this g-ives 
the whole an ung-ainly appearance of undue length. The 
eastern bay of the nave was formerly included in the chan- 
cel, which was thus made to assume proper proportions. 



EAMSEY. -.mQ 

There was a screen the wliole Avidth of the nave and 
aisles, at the first piUar from the chancel arch. The E. 
ends of the aisles were thus made into chantries ; which 
were also themselves divided from the enlarg-ed chancel 
b}^ screens. Cole, who visited the church in 1744, has 
described the arrang-ement.* At that time the screen 
was adorned with the royal arms, the ten commandments 
on one side, and on the other a frame thus inscribed :— 

The Beautifying of this Church was ye gift of ye Honourable John Driden 
Esq''. Henry Smith, Heni-y Johns Ch. Ward^. 1700. 

A curious double piscina in the chancel, under one arch, 
projects out from the wall : so do the three sedilia below, 
which are very plain, and appear to have had no canopies 
or divisions between the seats. They are graduated. In 
the chancel stands a very fine lettern, now disused. It 
has a rotating- desk, and the stem is supported by but- 
tresses of open tracery, topped with figures. f Two old 
volumes are placed on it, both imperfect. A frag-ment 
also of the chain by which they were attached, remains. 
They are the paraphrase of Erasmus, and Comber on the 
prayer-book. There are low open seats throug-hout the 
church, with poppy-head finials. The central passag-e is 
made far too narrow. The church was restored b}- Mr. 
Fellowes in 1844, as appears from a g-rateful memorial 
from the parishioners erected in the S. aisle. A W. 
g-allery for the org-an extends the whole width of nave 
and aisles. There is a fine hexag'onal font of blue mar- 
ble, having- shafts at each angle. The central shaft and 
base are new. This has but recentl}' been restored to its 
proper use. 

In 1744 there were several objects recorded by Cole 
which have now disappeared. No vestiges of the screens 
remain. In the middle lancet of the E. window were 
two crucifixions. A large hatchment obscured the upper 
windows. In the N. aisle was a coat of arms in coloured 
glass, of which Cole gives a sketch. A fragment of an 
inscription was in the same window: ^Orate p(ro) a(n)i(m)a 
Mag(ist)ri Eectoris.' In the E. window of this aisle 

* Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 5806. 

+ This lettern, and that in the neighbouring church of Bury, are figured in the Glossary of 
Architecture, pi, 104, where the date assigned to the Kamsey lettern is about 1450. 



180 



RAMSEY. 



were the remains ^ of a beautiful! Crucifixion.* The tower 
is said by Willis to be 64 ft. hig-h, and to have been built 
about the year 1673, by the inhabitants with stone 
brouo-ht from the abbey. From a number of nondescript 
features in it this seems very probable. Within the bel- 
fry in particular it can be seen that the windows are 
evidently made up from old materials. Before the 
erection of this tower the steeple was a low wooden 
' building-, which contained four bells. These were recast 
into five when the tower was built. 

There are now seven bells. The inscriptions on six 
of them are given below. There is no great variety in 
the leg-ends. The seventh bell is the sanctus bell, much 
smaller than the rest, and hung- higher. It is unin- 
scribed. The beam of the belfry towards the staircase 
has these names deeply cut : — 



1672 ^^^'^^ ''''''^^ ^ < CHVRCHWARDENS. 
THOMAS WALLIS ^ 



{ 



After the first name is a fig-ure representing* E, apparently 
meant for a contraction for ^ Esq.' Above the door, used 
as a lintel, is a portion of a coped coffin lid, bearing a 
floriated cross. 

1. 1810. 

2, 3. R : TAYLOR. S''. NEOTS. FOUNDER. 1810. 

4. R : TAYLOR. FOUNDER. 1810. 

5. THOMAS. POOLEY. &. HENRY. PARKER. CHURCH- 

WARDENS. 1810. 

6. THOMAS. POOLEY. &. HENRY. PARKER. CHURCH- 

WARDENS. R : TAYLOR. FOUNDER. 1810. 

The MONUMENTAL remains are of no special interest. 
At the E. end of the N. aisle is a large slab, removed to^ 
this spot, having- an incised cross. The desig-n is very 
fine : the brass has been taken from it, and all the inscrip- 
tion is ^one. Cole mentions another similar slab near 
this one which had been brought from the churchyard. 
He describes it thus : — 



EAMSEY. 



181 



Ou a black marble slab, removed out of y« Church yard as y^ Clark inform'd 
me near where y« Cross at y^ East end of ye Church yard stands, is part of an 
Inscription to be seen, with a large Cross on it : partly cover'd by Pews and 
broken. 

If still existing- it is now wholly concealed. Cotton * 
has also g'iven the inscription in a more perfect form : it 
bears a pretty punning* motto. The inscription is this : — 

Per Crucem ad Coronam. Hie infra jacet Elizabetha fiha Edmundi Lucy 
Militis et Uxor Joh(ann)is Ferrers Mihtis, qute vitam aBternam Expectans 
animam suam Deo primo Septemb : 1658 setatis suse 70 placide reddidit. In luce 
tua videbimus Lucem. Mori lucrum. 

The first four words refer to the original position of 
the monument near the church^^ard cross. A note in 
the register referring" to this lady has been g"iven above. 
In the chancel are two mural tablets to W. H. Fellowes, 
M.P. for the borough and afterwards for the county of 
Hunting-don, 1837 ; and to Emma Fellowes, his relict, 
1862. In the floor of the N. aisle occurs the name 
Descow, 1770; near it are tablets to Smyth, 1848, and 
Day, 1867. A few other inscriptions are preserved in 
Cole now concealed or lost. One was to Peter Cowling*, 
Minister, 1737 ; on it was this line : ^ John Hall erected 
this stone.' Hall was parish clerk, and 'made an 
apolog"}',' the account proceeds, ' for y'' Impropriety of 
erecting' a Stone w*''' was to be laid on y** Ground, and 
laid y^ Fault on y® Stone Cutter.' Another was to Will. 
Crane, g"ent., an attorney, 1724 : another to Will. Searle, 
minister, 1733. 

The churchyard is large. The S. porch was destroyed 
at the restoration in 1843. There is one perfect coffin- 
lid, coped, bearing' two crosses and the wavy line at the 
middle of the stem ; but this has been utilised as a modern 
monument. Frag-ments of two others remain, one form- 
ing" part of the stile near the W. door. Many of the 
tombs have an effective brick arrang"ement resembling" the 
coping of an ancient gravestone. The lofty stem of the 
churchyard cross stands near the E. end. Cole records 
that near it was a handsome black marble altar monument. 
This has wholly disappeared. It had this inscription : — 

Here lyeth the Body of Lucy Carr y^ : only Daughter of S''. Edmund Carr 
Knight & Baronet of Steyford in Lincolnshire. She deceased Octo : 18 in y^ 
year of our Lord 1683 aged 66. being y^ Wife of Henry English Esquire. 

* Brit, Mus. MS. Lansd. 921. 

15 



282 RAMSEY S. MAEY. 

On the external S. wall of the chancel is the word 
' Resurg-am ' in a frame. Beneath it are buried, but 
without memorials, three of the incumbents. 

The remains of the abbey g-ateway are very near the 
church. They are of 15th cent, workmanship, and form 
a most pleasing object. 



gams^g S>. Sarg, 



This parish and church owe their existence to the 
munificence of the late Mrs. Fellowes. There were 
houses, ten years ago, which were at least four miles from 
any church. More recently another district has been 
formed at Pond's Bridge, half way to Whittlesey : divine 
service is already conducted, and a church will ultimately 
be erected there. This will be three miles off Eamsey 
S. Mary, and will relieve moreover the extensive parishes 
of Whittlesey and Farcet. 

The patronage belongs to Mr. Fellowes. There has 
been only one appointment. 

INCUMBENT. 

1859 Will. CoUins, A.M. 

The CHURCH consists of chancel with N. vestry, nave 
with aisles and S. porch, tower and spire W. of the N. 
aisle. The main entrance is from under the tower, which 
forms a sort of N. porch. The vestry also has a door. 
It is built in the decorated style. The nave is of five 
bays, one on the N. side being taken up by the tower, and 
having no arch to the nave. A somewhat ungainly but- 
tress, supporting the tower, stands where the last pier 
should be. All the piers are octagonal. The aisle win- 
dows are all of two lights, trefoiled, with geometrical 
tracery in the head. Above the vestry roof, which is at 
right angles to the chancel roof, is a small triangular 
window to the N. aisle. The E. window is a handsome 
one of three lights. The other chancel windows are 



EAMSEY S. MARY. 



183 



more enriched than those in the aisles. All the chancel 
windows have stained o-lass. A sing-le lancet on the N. 
is a memorialj 1862, and has a wise virgin with burning- 
lamp. One of two lights opposite, also a memorial, 1863, 
has the Sower, and the Good Shepherd. A third has 
Christ receiving- children, and raising- Jairus' daughter. 
The E. window has some very good glass. The chief 
subjects are the Resurrection, Crucifixion, and Ascension. 
Below the central scene is a smaller one of the anointing* 
our Saviour^s head. This window is to the memory of 
the foundress. There is an inscription beneath to this 
effect ; and this appropriate text is added : ' This also 
that she hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of 
her.' At the E. end of the S. aisle is another memorial 
window to this lad}', bearing- this inscription : — 

© IN GRATEFUL MEMOEY OF EMMA FELLOWES WHO FOUNDED THIS CHUECH 
TO THE GLOKY OF GOD A : D : 1859 ^ FROM THE INHABITANTS OF THE DISTRICT 
AND OTHERS INTERESTED IN HER PIOUS WORK ^ 

The scenes in this window have relation to the subject of 
the memorial : both are from the Temple at Jerusalem : 
one representing' its building, the other its dedication. 
The roof is plain, but has a good effect. All the wall- 
pieces are supported on stone corbels, well carved. They 
have heads, male and female alternate^. The corbels to 
the aisle roofs have ornaments. The chancel arch is 
deepl}^ moulded. The hoodmould ends in carved heads. 
The arch is supported on large corbels, representing* 
ang'els playing' musical instruments, their wings extend- 
ing- backwards and embracing* the wall. There is one 
step to the chancel, two more to the sanctuar3\ Except 
two Glastonbury chairs the chancel is without seats. The 
colouring- at the E. end is well arranged. Besides the 
commandments, &c., there is much pattern Avork in 
colours, and some texts. The vestry is divided from the 
chancel by a screen. The seats throughout are of stained 
deal, low and open. At the W. of the nave is an octa- 
gonal font. The panels are carved alternately with foliage 
and scenes. These latter are the Nativity', Baptism, 
Crucifixion, and Ascension. 



2g4 YAXLEY. 

The tower is surmounted by a broach spire, slated. 
The buttresses are set square at the ang-les, as in the 
g-eometrical period. The belfry windows have two lig-hts, 
and are doubly trefoiled. Above them is a plain corbel 
table. The second stag*e has a shaft at the angles. There 
are two bells inscribed alike. 

1, 2. G MEARS FOUNDER LONDON 1858. 

The church is built of brick with windows and facings 
of stone. The roofs are all of acute pitch. All the 
hoodmoulds are terminated in carved heads. All the 
gables have crosses. The burial ground is on the south. 
It is almost a model of a quiet country churchyard. The 
graves have little edgings of raised tiles, and plain crosses 
at the head, inscribed with name or initials. There are 
but few of the large gravestones, and these not offensively 
obtrusive. Nearly all have flowers nicely tended. 

The W. elevation is the only part of the design at all 
unpleasing. This is due to the inadequate size of the two 
windows, which leaves a large surface of plain wall unre- 
lieved. They are also too high from the ground. Though 
this church would make an excellent subject for a picture, 
it has been thought more desirable to give a view of the 
perpendicular gateway of Ramsey abbey, the beautiful 
oriel window in which would not be easily surpassed. 



farfig. 



Norman Cross, where the road to Peterborough 
branches off from Ermine Street, the great north road 
from London to York, is in this parish. The houses are 
grouped about the first rising land above the level of the 
fens. It had at one time a market on Thursdays ; but 
this has long been discontinued. A dispute with the 
men of Peterborough about the market has been noticed 
above, p. 26. The annual fair is on Ascension-day. The 
variations in spelling the name have been considerable. 
In domesday it is Iacheslei. Afterwards it appears as 
Geakeslea, Jakle, Jakele, Jakesleia. In this case 




YAXLEY. 



YAXLEY. 



185 



the EY, or islaiid is more manifestly appropriate than in 
man}' villag'es in the neighbourhood. It can be readily 
seen that the elevation is sufficient to insulate the town. 
But these chang-es in the spelling- render the etymology 
uncertain. The first syllable may be AC, an oak, as in 
acor7i ; or ax, water, as in the isle of Axholme ; or 
GEAK, a cuckoo. The last syllable also, but for its occur- 
rence in so many places near as ey, or ea, might appear 
to be LEY, a meadow.* 

The ADVOWSON is now in the crown. The rectory- 
was appropriated to Thorney abbey in 1315. So that 
the value given in the taxation of 1291, 35/. Qs. Sd., is 
that of the rectory. The abbot of Thorney then had a 
pension of 1/. 6s. Sd. In the king's book the value of 
the vicarage was 11/. In the parliamentary investigation, 
about 1645, the church is said to be worth 8/., the vicarag'e 
a donative of 10/., increased by 30/. by the commission- 
ers ' at Goldsmith Hall, out of Rectories of Fenstanton 
and Hilton.' In 1786 the clear yearly value was 
returned at 30/., but the living* was then augmented by 
another 70/. The church is dedicated to S. Peter. 

The present registees begin in 1653. In one or two 
places they are deficient. The earlier ones are known to 
have been burned. A few only are worth transcribing. 

1695. 6 Jul. Ann Tompson bur : neith : in Lin°. or Wooli. 

1754. 1 June. Henry Jordan, Cordwainer. He cut his Throat vi*^. a Kazor, 

& was brought in by y« Jury a Lunatick ; & Orders were given by y« 

Coi'oner for him to have Christian Burial. 
3 Jul. Thomas Bailey, Aged 20 : Killed by a Cart. 
1781. 24 Aug. Anne — Dau^ of — one— Allen— a — Stranger. 
1784. 1 June. John Voy Shepheard he Hanged him Self with a board and 

was brought in by the Jury Lunatick & Orders were given by the 

Coroner for him to have Christian Burial. 

In 1802 was baptized a daughter of lord viscount Mel- 
sintown. A remarkable feature in this register is the 
number of trades called by unusual names. Some, it 
will be seen, are essentially trades of the fen. These are 
examples : boat-wright ; sedge-merchant ; fellmonger 
(tanner) ; thatch-threadmaker , tinkerwoman ; ragman ; 
turfman. The churchwardens' books, which commence 



See a discussion of the etymology of Yaxley, Suffolk, in the East Anglian, vol. ii. 



186 



YAXLEY. 



1776, contain the customary payments for hedg-ehog-s and 
sparrows. There are also notices of parish meeting's as 
far back as 1733. At a vestry meeting' of 18 Apr., 
1811, it was resolved : — 

That the Church Yard in its present ruinous State is highly indecent, and 
detrimental to the Eespect which ought to be shewn to a Burial Ground. That 
temporary Repairs will not be sufficient to remove the evil, and that a new Wall 
in particular is absolutely necessary. That the Inhabitants of the Parish being 
chiefly Tenants at Rack Rent are not able to defray the Expenses of the same 
And that the Land Owners in the Parish not usually resident be solicited to aid 
them by whatever Contributions they may be pleased to assist. 

The result of this appeal was the collection of a sum of 
110/. 13s. Qd. 

The present plate is wholly modern. Some was sold 
in 2 Ed. vi. as appears by the following* note : — 

Solde by Thomas Cloppwell and Eobt Bethedge ch(urchwardens) there, ij 
challises waieng xxj oz for xl«' all (which money was) bestowed upon necessarie 
repa(ratjion of their churche. Allso they have declared upon their othes that 
M"" Comme of the said town dyd take ij bells out of the churche for my Ladie 
Elizabethes grace, of the wch her grace hath given on to the p(arish) of Thorny 
at annye (c)asuallties of fyer. 

The principal donations to the parish were those of 
Francis and Jane Proby, 1711 and 1712, for the schools. 
In 1786 these produced 38/. a year ; now considerably 
more. In 1714 Eliz. and Rob. Marriott g-ave 60/. to the 
poor. An unknown donor had g'iven land producing' at 
the time of the abstract in 1786 the sum of 6s. 8^. a 
year. It was ' supposed to issue out of the parsonage 
of Gasley.* Both donor and donation are now alike 
unknown. Sir Will. Gedney, in 1540, made a bequest 
to the parish : — 

T bequeth my soule unto AUmighty God the whiche shall redeme me and all 
the worlde. Item I bequeth to the hye aulter wher I shall departe in the honor 
of the blessyd passyon of Chryste xv"!. Item I bequeth to the towne of Yaxley 
for to be dellt amouge poore peple (3^. 8<i. Item I bequeth to the towne of 
Glynton for to be delte among poor peple v^ 

In 1554 John Bryng-ton left 10s. to the repairs of the 
church : and in 1555 AVill. Ashwell left a larger 
amount : — 

My bodey to be buryed in the churche of Saynt Peter in Yaxley w"'. my dewty 
done there unto. Item I geve and bequethe to the poore of the said Towne of 
Yaxley xl^i. 

Besides the vicars in the following* list, Robert, clericus, 
de lakeslea, occurs in a deed dated 1170 j and in 17 
Ed. III. one John is styled chaplain of Yaxley. 



YAXLEY. 



187 



Of all these vicars one only, Jonathan Styles, is known 
to be buried here ; and he is commemoi-ated only by a 
slab with initials. 



VICARS. 



1687 Edm. Annis, A.B. 
1705 Jas. Dayson. 
17U *JoDath. Styles, d. 
1722 Eob. Newcome. 

Saunders, d. 

1745 Job. Wakelin, A.M., d.^ 
1760 Peter Peckard, S.T.P., r.» 
1777 Fr. Lernoult. 
1806 Eic. Buck.* 
1828 Geo. Freer. 
1835 Ch. Lee, A.M. 



bef. 1534 Ralph King. 
1553 Ric. Dunne. 
1572 Joh. Payne. 
1574 Hen. Gallant. 
1583 Joh. Savage. 
1585 Tho. Bradehurst. 
]C23 Tho.Jeflfrey. 
1626 Rob. Edmonds. 
1639 Geo. Nelson.i 
1662 Tho. Stringer. 
1669 Joh. Andrew, d. 
1687 Joh. Clayton, A.M., r. 

The CHURCH is cruciform. It has chancel and nave, 
both with aisles and clerestory, transepts, N. door and S. 
porch, W. tower and spire. The chancel is of three bays, 
the eastern one on the N. side being* walled, but on the 
S. side is an arch, an unusual position. All are of same 
date, early Eng-lish. The piers have a quatrefoil section. 
The chancel arch, of the same date, is very good. The 
inner order is supported on inverted cones, that on the S. 
side terminating" in foliao-e. The arches from the chancel 
aisles to the transepts are also 13th cent. work. The E. 
window is later : it has five lig'hts, and has flowing- 
decorated tracery of great beauty. The two windows to 
the W. of the S. chancel aisle are early decorated in date. 
They are each of three lig"hts, not cusped, but pierced in 
the heads. The E. and S.E. windows of this aisle are 
later, and almost of that foreign style known as flam- 
boj'ant. The N. chancel aisle is of the earliest decorated 
work. The E. window has three lancets doubly trefoiled, 
having' thin cusps and separate dripstones. Two windows 
to the N. are of the same character. The N. transept is 
early Eng-lish, as evidenced by the lancet in the E. wall, 
and the remains of one in the W. wall : but the N. win- 
dow is an insertion in imitation of those in the N. chancel 



* Buried at Yaxley. 

1. Deprived by parliament in 1641. In Walker's Sufferings, p. 319, it is said that ' he was 
Harrassed out of" this Li%-ing ; being Plundered, and forced to Fly in Disguise.' His place 
seems to have been supplied by one Edward Fludd, ' a preaching minister.' 

2. Also rect. of Fletton, and there bm-ied. 

3. Dn. of Peterborough ; see under Fletton. 

4. Also rect. of Fletton. 



188 YAXLEY. 

aisle, but later : the space between the heads of the lan- 
cets in this being" pierced, and the central lancet being* 
more nearly of a height with the outer ones. One window 
in the N. chancel aisle is a four-lig-ht perpendicular 
window under a four-centered arch. It seems indisputa- 
ble that the chancel aisles orig-inally had separate g*ables. 
This would give the E. end of the church a very grand 
effect. At the E. end may be seen the stringcourse 
shewing" the roofs were of much higher pitch, the ridg-e 
remaining" the same. When the roofs g"ot out of repair 
the clerestory was added to the chancel and a low pitched 
roof placed on it : and the aisle roofs were sloped up to 
it, their walls also being' heightened. The walls within, 
N. of the chancel, exhibit the moulding" from which the 
orig"inal aisle roof sprang". The aisle roofs are too high 
for the clerestory to have the proper effect from without. 
The result is a very awkward one. The nave is of four 
lofty perpendicular bays. It is divided from the chancel 
by a screen of 15th cent. date. The top beam is g"one, 
and its appearance consequently ungainly. It has a 
poppy-head in the centre. Above the chancel arch are 
the royal arms. The door to the roodloft is visible on the 
N. side : also in the aisle the lower door, blocked, and 
one step remain. The wallpieces of the roof are sup- 
ported by shafts rising* from the ground. The inner 
mouldings of the arches are supported also by embattled 
shafts ; and between these and the former a curved 
moulding runs from the ground round the entire arch. 
Between the transepts and aisles are two arches on each 
side : the one nearest the nave has straight sides, and is 
of the same date as the nave ', the one nearer the aisle 
wall is small and very acute. This suggests the idea 
that the aisles have been widened. The two easternmost 
nave arches do not open, as is generally the case, opposite 
the centre of the transepts. Perhaps this was to g'ain 
more room for the roodloft. In the S. transept is a large 
decorated window of four lights, with net tracery, the 
meshes being large. It is very hke the E. window at 
Orton Longville. The S. aisle has two plain windows of 
three lights each, under depressed arches, with cinque- 



YAXLEY. 



189 

foiled cusps. The earliest part of the church, and the 
most distinctly early English in character, is the W. end 
of the S. aisle. Here are two windows, one in the S. 
wall and one at the W. end, of triple lancets. They are 
unequal, and have a triple dripstone, with notch-heads. 
The buttresses here are set square at the ang-le, and are 
of good detail. The interior door also of the S. porch is 
early English. This was probably the external door of 
the original porch. It is now much mutilated. On each 
side were three banded shafts. Two only remain perfect. 
The door seems to have been trefoiled, like that at Whit- 
tlesey S. Mary in the same position, and like the N. door 
at Etton church. The moulding above the door remains. 
The existing porch is perpendicular. It has three niches, 
and on the roof three nondescript animals. The centre 
one is chained and has a fine crest. Under the N. tran- 
sept window is a dwarf buttress. A similar one existed 
under the window of the S. transept but has been removed : 
remains of the masonry can be seen. The E. window of 
this transept is a lancet. The buttresses here, and to the 
S. chancel aisle, are set square. This usually betokens 
early work. Those at the E. wall are gabled and rather 
elaborate. At the N.E. and S.E. are sitting animals, as 
on the S. porch. The eastern walls of the aisles slope up 
to the chancel roof much more than the roofs of the aisles 
themselves do. There is a bent stringcourse below them. 
In the centre of this sloping parapet on the S. aide is a 
square stone cut in a quatrefoil forming a finial cross. 

The eastern end is raised, but the levels are not the 
original ones. The S. chancel aisle has two piscinas and 
aumbries. This shews that the E. end of the aisle was 
added, and the altar which stood at the old end removed 
further east ; or else that the last bay was an enclosed 
chapel. The former would be the more probable were it 
not for the open arch by the high altar. There are the 
remains of two excellent brackets. In the chancel are 
two brackets, and quasi canopies. The N. chantry has 
three early English sedilia, very perfect. They are 
graduated, and have trefoiled canopies, with gables, sur- 
mounted by fleurs'de-lys. The design includes a piscina 



IQQ YAXLEY. 

E. of the sedilia. Above the arches to the chancel are 
remains of some remarkable frescoes. The g-roundwork 
has five-leaved flowers. Three fig'iires are pretty distinct : 
one is in a pilg-rim's dress : the other two are the Saviour 
and Mary Mag-dalene, ' Touch me not.' The Saviour 
holds a staff surmounted by a cross. These are but a 
portion of a considerable number uncovered. Each tran- 
sept had an altar under the deeply splayed lancet. The 
piscinas remain. In the N. transept there is also an 
aumbry. The N. door is considerably above the level of 
the church. Internally, to the E. of the door, is a niche. 
In the N. aisle are a few open seats with plain oak backs, 
original. They are open below. The windows here are 
of three lights. There is some good stall-work in the 
chancel. 

The tower is included within the church, and has arches 
N. and S. as well as to the nave. It is of four stages. 
There is a small W. door, and a three-light perpendicular 
window above it, having narrow lights but large external 
splay. The second stage has simply a thin slit for light : 
the third is quite blank : the fourth has three-lig'ht tre- 
foiled belfry windows with transoms. The parapet above 
is dated 1709. This is the date of some repairs. There 
are eight large garg-oyles. The spire is crocketed. From 
the tower there spring flying buttresses pierced with 
quatrefoils. The spire has two-light windows at the foot, 
and single lights above. There are large pinnacles at the 
corners of the tower. 

Of the five bells, tw^o are cracked or broken. All 
were recast at the same time. All are inscribed. 

1. HEN. CLINTON. COMES. LINCOLNIENSIS. BENE- 
FACTOE. JOHN CHILD SIMON BROWN ; CHURCH 
WARDENS: HENRYCUS. PENN. FUSORE. 1721. 

S. HIC. EST. DOMUS. DEI. ET. AULA. CGELI. JONATH. 
STYLES. VIC. 1721. 

3. GLORIA. DEO. EXCELSIS. 1721. 

4. DOMUS. MEA. EST. DOMUS. ORATIONIS. 1721. 

5. MEMENTO. MORL JOH. PROBY. ARMIGER. 

MANERIL DOMINUS. BENEFACTOR. 1721. 



YAXLEY. 



191 



On the tower is a sundial with the motto ' Post est occa- 
sio calva.'* It was renewed in 1818, which date is 
painted upon it. 

Several of the monuments are of considerable inter- 
est. Under the W. tower are two pieces of a coffin-lid 
with floriated cross of 13th cent. work. Near the S. 
porch, in the churchyard, are two of decorated date. One 
is too defaced for the pattern to be seen : the second is 
coped, and has two fine crosses and an ornamented stem. 
In the N. chantry is the upper part of a siig'htly coped 
coffin-lid also enriched with ornaments. Here also is the 
matrix of a floriated brass cross, with place in the head 
for a fig-ure, perhaps a priest. There are memorials to 
the families of Weston and Burton in the N. chantr}^ : 
Bowker in nave : Child and Squire in S. chantry. The 
E. window of this chantry is of stained glass, a memo- 
rial to a member of the last-named family, 1849. In the 
N. chantry is a tablet thus inscribed : — 

Inscribed at the desire and at the sole expence of the French Prisoners of 
War at Norman Cross To the Memory of Captain John Draper, E.N. who for 
the last 18 months of his life was agent to the depot, In testimony of their 
esteem and gratitude for his humane attention to their comforts during that too 
short period. He died Feb. 23. 1813. Aged 53 years. 

But the most remarkable of all the memorials is in the 
north transept wall. It is without inscription. On the 
stone are carved two arms in relief, holdino- a heart. A 
trefoiled canopy surmounts the whole. | It is of decor- 
ated date. Behind this stone was discovered a cylindrical 
box of wood, now in possession of the vicar. It is 
cracked, but quite sound. It is 4 J in. high and 4 in. in 
diameter. We frequently find hearts buried by them- 
selves in a different place to the body. At Woodford, 
Northants, a heart has recently been discovered. Bruce's 
heart was to be taken to the Holy Land, but the Douglas 
was slain while discharg^ing* the mission. The heart of 



* This same motto occurs at Horton, Dorset. The full line of which it is a part is inscribed 
over the grammar school at Guilsborough, Northants, and runs thus : — 

Fronte capillata, post est occasio calva. 
Bacon quotes it in his 21st Essay in this form: 'For Occanon (as it is in the common verse) 
turneth a Bald Noddle, after she hath presented her locks in Front, and no hold taken.' It is 
just like our modern phrase ' Take Time by the forelock.' The author is Dionysius Cato. 
See Notes and Queries, 2nd S. vi, 290. Some dial mottoes are very apt. At Elsworth, Cam- 
bridgeshire, is this one : ' Mox Nox.' 

t Engraved in Bloxam's Architecture, 10th Ed. p. 414. 



192 



STANGKOUND. 



Coeur de Lion was buried at Rouen. Abp. Rokeby's 
heart was buried at Halifax, and his body at DubHn. 
The heart of lord Edward Bruce, killed in Holland, was 
broug'ht to Culross to be buried.* 

The churchyard, from whence is a fine view over the 
fens, is crowded. It contains, except the coffin-lids already 
named, no memorials of ^reat interest. There are a few 
coped brick g-raves like those at Ramsey. The following- 
verse occurs on a tombstone. It is the only one in the 
neig'hbourhood, but it is not uncommon elsewhere. 

Here I lie without the door, 

The church is full, will hold no more, 

Here I lie, the less T pay, 

And yet I lie as warm as they. 



Stangxmmir. 



This parish has always been held with the curacy of 
Farcet. The two have an extensive acreage in the fens. 
In domesday the name appears as Stangrun. Other 
varieties are Stangrund, Standground, and once, in 
the parliamentary return about 1645, the name occurs as 
two words, Standy Ground. The meaning- may be 
stony, referring- to the g-round just by the villag-e as 
opposed to the fen lands near ; or it may be derived from 
the stone cross, which was erected as a boundary mark 
between the parishes on the road to Fletton, called the 
^ maiden's cross.' The earliest notice of the parish, except 
that in domesday book, is in an inquisition dated 4 Ed. i. 
In this ' Stangrund and Farsheved Hamlett ' are de- 
scribed as one town, ^ una villa.' Stang-round was part 
of a settlement upon the princess Elizabeth for her 
maintenance, during- the reigns of Ed. vi. and Mary. 

The church is dedicated to S. John Baptist. In the 
taxation of 1291 the church was worth 20Z., besides the 
abbot of Thorney's pension of 4/. 135. 4^. This was of 
course the rectory. In the king-'s book the vicarage, 

*> Bee also p. 55, uote 19 : Gentleman's Magazine for 1789 : Chambers's Book of Days, ii, 414. 




STANGROUND. 



STANGROUND. ..qq 

with Farcet, is given at 6/. Qs. lOcL, the tenths at 
12s. S^d. There were no procurations or synodals. The 
living- was in the g'ift of Thorne}^ abbe3\ I» 1-102 the 
rectory was appropriated to the abbey and the vicarao-e 
ordained. In this deed it is provided that the abbey 
shall build a manse with a hall, two rooms, two cellars 
kitchen, stable, g-arden, and g-ates. The religious were 
also to distribute 5/. yearly among- the poor. The 
abbot paid the king- lOOZ. for the licence to appropriate 
the rectory. In lo38 the g-reat tithes were let to the 
vicar, Andrew Pollard, to improve the vicarag-e, at l'2d. a 
year for his life. In 1588 sir Walter Mildmay made a 
g-rant for increasing- the vicarag-e, and bestowed it on 
Emmanuel college, Cambridg-e, of which he was the 
founder. Considerable litigation towards the end of the 
last century with regard to the tithes resulted at last 
wholly in favour of the vicar.* 

The REGISTERS commence in 1538. The earlier part, 
for about 60 years, is copied from older books. This was 
done by Rob. iSmith, who has made an entry to that effect, 
and has entered the names of all members of his family 
(particularly his grandchildren), in fine prominent charac- 
ters. The first book extends to 1643, but the last two 
3'ears are incomplete. The next two books commence 
in 1652. There are some entries of interest. 

1612. 21 Feb. John Charleton for tythes forgotten 3^. i^. ex testamento. 
1618. 18 Feb. Guy Chesham annii(m) agens supra centesimu(m) sepultus fuit. 
1630. 27 Dec. Lawrence Bate the husbande of Alice. 

30 Dec. Alice Bate late wife of the sayed Lawrence. 
1668 — 9. 3 Feb. The. Jeanes Docf of Physick being accidentally drowned 
and taken up hard by the Town, was here buried. [In another 
column is this note : — ] in his journey homeward from a certain 
Noble Patient in a dark Night without a Companion. Ant : Wood. 
1689 — 90. 24 Mar. Hannah Sinke was then whipped according to law & sent 
away w*^ a pass to Sunderland in the Bishopricke of Dui'ham where 
she said she was born, the pass was signed by 

Oliver Pocklington Curate. 
Joshua Laxton Constable. 



* The abbey had two fens, ' Brodde Fenne, and Flag Fenne,' about 300 acres in extent. 
These were part of the Bedford level. In the time of the abbev all was under water. Between 
1630 and 1640 there was a prospect of their being drained. In 1634 a set of ' adventurers ' was 
incorporated to drain them, ' from these lands being covered with water, little advantage 
redounds to mankind, except some few river fish and water fowl.' The drainage having been 
effected, vicar Salmon claimed tithe on the improved lands. The countess of Westmoreland 
disputed the claim. In 1640 the sum of 25?. was agreed upon as a composition. This pay- 
ment was continued tUl 1773 when the vicar demanded tithes in kind. Lord Brownlow 
resisted this claim, and even disputed the above composition. The question was tried at 
Huntingdon, 1780, and flnaUy decided before the lord chancellor in 1792. Copious notes on 
these questions are preserved in the vicarage ; they were prepared by vicar Devie. 

16 



194 STANGKOUND. 

1701. 7 Dec. Mrs. Katharine Womack, Eelict of Lawrence L^ Bp of St 

Davids aged 79. 
1704. 29 Aug. A Gentle- woman. A stranger. 
1713. 17 Nov. (buried) Edm. Crane supposed to be married. 

22 Dec. Joseph Jenning stole W^. Margarett Bellamy. At Night, 
1720. 3 Feb. John Roper, Jersey-Comber. 

1731. 2 Aug. The Re\^. Edmund Jeffery vicar of Southwick in y« county of 
Northampton. 

There is a considerable list of collections under briefs. 
They are mostly stated as being for certain places, with- 
out any object mentioned. A few are more explicit. 
Some extracts are g'iven. 

1661. 29 Sep. Collected uppon the briefe for Bridgenorth in our 

County of Salop 6 9 

1662. 1 June. . . .for the Inhabitants of Markett Harborough and 

littel Bowton in the County of Leichester 7 6 

1663. 28 Feb for John Ellis of Milton in the county of 

Cambridge 6 10 

17 Mar for Harwich Church in the County of Essex . . 5 

1665. 6 Aug. Bramble hanger breife in the parish of luton in the 

County of bedford 3 10 

2 Aug towards the reliefe of those that are visited with 

the Plague on Weddensday being the first fasting day . . 8 

[Similar collections for three more Wednesdays in the 
following months.] 

3 Oct. fflootburg brefe in the County of Lancaster 3 

1669. 17 Feb fore the towne burton upon stather in the partes 

of Lindsey in the couentey lincoln 00 03 01 

1687. 8 Jul for White Chapel Breife 

1690. 31 Aug. East Smithfeilde Breif in Middlesex 

4 Nov upon ys. second Breife for releife of y* Irish 

Protestants y^ summe of 1 

1 Dec for y« Borough of Southwarke in Surry 

23 Dec towards y* Eelef of the suferers in Ellsworth 

in Cambrigshire 

1694. 29 Sep up" y« brief of y^ French Protestants 

.... for y« City of York 

.... for Jos. Peters 

1708. 12 Dec for y« head of y^ Canongate at Edinburgh in 

north Brittain called Scotland. A loss by fire 03 06 

1709. 4 Sep for Harlow Church in y^ county of Essex burnt 

by fire 00 01 11 

1711. 27 Jan for Long-Melford Church 00 01 6 

1712. 10 Aug for Charles Empson of Booth in y« Parish of 

Howden in y^ County of York, loss by tire & water 00 02 9 

1715. 3 Aug for ye Cowkeepers brief 6 9 3 

1716—7. . . .for y^ Reformed Episcopal Churches in Great-Poland 

& Poland-Prussia itc 11 4 

1720. JO July. . . .for ye sufi'erers by Thunder, Hail, &c. within y^ 

several Parishes and Townships of Wheaton- Aston, Eapley 

(fc other Townships in ye County of Stafi"ord 4 3 

1722. 2 July.... for an Inundation in y^ County Palatine of 

Lancaster 3 7 

The following- notice of goods sold bears date 2 Ed. vi. 

Solde by John Spayn and John Gainthropp churchwardens ther, on 1 ,g| 
Sauntus Bell and on Crosse of Copp for xl'' j 

All w^Ji money. . . .was Bestowed on y^ rassing of a water Eanke in the com- 
on fen .... 



11 


2 


5 


11 





9 


9 


1 


2 





8 


8 


6 


3 


4 


3 



STANGROUND. 



J 95 



Solde by tl.e said churchwarJens, candlestickes old paynted clothes and) ... , 
seusers w'" other old Implements for iiij" f luj" 

All w^h was putt into the poore mennes box, w^ was robbed on S Peters even 
before the hrst Inventorye made. 

The charitable donations apply to both parishes. Most 
are recorded on a board in the N. aisle. Ed. Bellamy 
15-57, bequeathed money for apprenticing- a boy from each 
place in turn : Tho. and Job. Coveney, 1680, g-ave money 
to the poor, producing- in 1786 30s. a year : the g-ifts of 
Will. Bellani}^, 1704, and of Rob. Bellamv, 1779, pro- 
duced each 405. ; and that of Mary Walshara, 1744, 
realised 71. 10.5. Rob. Tompson, 1710, g-ave 5/. but it 
has been lost. There is also ' lOs. a year more, left by 
a pauper, in land.' 



1220 H. de Gravel! . 

Will. Copmanford, d. 
1296 Will. Sparby, d. 
1318 Tho. de Glopton, r. 



EECTORS. 



1320 Tho. de Nassington, r. 
1320 Tho. de Clopton, r. 
1365 Joh. de Dranfield. 



I 





VICARS. 


1409 Joh. Machon de Melton 




1659 


bef. 1534 *And. Pollard, d. 




1662 


1545 Griffin Jones. 




1680 


1516 Edw. Wilkinson. 




1680 


*Tho. House, d.i 




1684 


1554 *Hew. Smyth, d.i 




1690 


1561 Tho. Howlatt. 




1720 


1573 *Will. Longe, d.2 




1731 


1C02 Sam. Starling, f. 




1755 


1631 •Elias Petit, d. 




1766 


1634 *Hen. Salmon. S.T.B., f 


3d. 


1809 


1654 Sam. Craddock.* 




1842 


Joh. Gibbon. 







Eic. Kidder, S.T.B., f., dep.s 
*Will. Forster, S.T.B,, d. 
•Will. Makernesse, S.T.B., f, d. 
Jas. Wolfenden, S.T.P., f, Afi 
♦Joshua Radclifife, S.T.B., f, d. 
*Sam. Doughty, S.T.B., f, d. 
*Joh. Chapman, S.T.B., f, d. 
*Will. Whitehead, S.T.B., f, d. 
*Joh. Brigham, S.T.B., f, d. 
*Jas. Devie, S.T.B., f, d. 
*Hen. Y. Smythies, S.T.B., f, d. 
Bob. Cory, S.T.B., f. 



* Buried at Stanground. Those who were fellows of Emmanuel college are marked f. 

1. These two were probably vicars, and are so recognised in Devie's list. The former is 
entered in the register as ' dark,' the latter as ' Sir Hume Smyth.' 

2. In the register appears under date 8 Feb., 1602, this entry, 'Tho. Scot Clark,' buried. 
Vicar Longe was buried 17 Feb., 1602. 

3. Described in the parliamentary returns as a ' preaching minister.' 

4. Also rect of North Cadbury, Somerset. This and the following are named by Devie as 
vicars, but without date. 

5. A very celebrated man. He was bom of puritan parents, and sent up to Trinity college, 
but the master refused him. Ultimately he went to Emmanuel. Ordained deacon and priest 
in one day by bp. Brownrig, of Eseter. This was in 1658 : he was bom 1633. In 1662 he was 
ejected from Stanground under the act of uniformity. Rect. of Eaine, Ess., 1664 — 74: min. of 
S. Helen's, London, before that, but never instituted : also preacher at the Kolls. In 1674 made 
rect. of S. Martin, Outwich : soon aftei-wards lecturer at Blackfriars : preb. ol Norwich, 1681. 
He had been offered living of S. Paul, Covent Garden. Dn. of Peterborough, 1679 : bp. of 
Bath and Wells, 1691. An autobiography of him appears in Cassan's Lives of the Bishops of 
Bath and WeUs. Cole has preserved some ridiculous gossip about him said by Cassan to be 
wholly rmtrue. He was made bishop after an ejectment. Was offered the see of Peterborough. 
There is a portrait of him at Wells. He published at least 12 books, besides several tracts and 
sermons. He was killed in bed, 26 Nov., 1703, by the fall of a stack of chimneys of bis own 
house. This was in the great storm mentioned before. See pp. 12, 13, 160. 

6. Bnried at Whittlesey, S. Mary. 



196 



STANGROUND. 



Memorials to a considerable number of the vicars remain 
in the church. JN^early all the inscriptions are in Latin : 
many are somewhat lenothy. The earliest is a brass in 
the S. chancel wall to Elias Petit, in English. He was 
' 4th sonn to Valentine Petit of Dandelyon in the Isle of 
Thanet in Kent Esquire.'* A tablet to Will. Forster 
records that he was ' Pastor Vigilans et fidelis. Vir 
plurima eruditione ornatus, Mira Suavitate morum prse- 
ditus.' Will. Makernesse, ' Yir pientissimus/ has a stone 
on the chancel floor : he died on the twent3^-third day 
after induction. On the same stone is the epitaph of 
Joh. Chapman. In the N. aisle is a tablet to Will. 
Whitehead. Of him it is said : — 

Loco, quem tenuit, Dignus certe fuit, altiore etenim noii Indignus merite cen- 
sendus, Morum CANDOREM, Integritatem Vitse, Sensit Vicinitas, Senserunt 

Paroeci Apud Bathon™ vana spe convalescendi Illusus, Fato tandem ces- 

sit Bibliothecam quam Satis instructam, reliquit, In usiim Successorum 

moriens Legavit, Rectoribus de WOODSTON et FLETTON, Ut Integra semper 
descendat, Curatoribus Institutis.t 

The last vicar has a tablet in the chancel. 

The CHURCH has chancel, with chantry and vestry, N., 
nave with aisles and clerestory, blocked N. door and S. 
porch, W. tower and spire. The chancel has no windows 
on the N. side ; on the S. are three early decorated win- 
dows of two lights ; their hoodraoulds have the notch- 
head. There is a S. priest's door ; and a low side window 
of three lights, square-headed. This is now filled with 
plain quarries. Within it is faced by a stone stall looking 
east. There is a somewhat similar stall on the opposite 
side. The stall on the S. side has been restored, but the 
base is unaltered, and shews from its character that the 
chancel arch, window, and stall, are of one date. There 
are two masks on the N. side, one to the hoodmould, and 
one to the inner moulding : and the base of the chancel 
arch is adapted to it. The staircase to the roodloft 
remains on the N. side : it is now used for the modern 



♦ A short account of this family, and of their ancient seat at Dandelyon, is to be found in 
Lewis's History of the Isle of Tenet. 

t ' He was certainly worthy of the position he held, and indeed deservedly thought not un- 
worthy of a higher: the neighbourhood and the parishionei'S alike knew the candour of his 

manners, the integrity of his life Attracted to I ath in the vain hope of getting well, he 

at length yielded lo fate He left a ■well-selected library, which he bequeathed at his death 

for the use of his successors, and appointed the rectors of Woodston and Fletton the guardians 
of it, so that it should continue to descend entire.' This library consists of a thousand 
volumes. 



STANGROUND. jg^ 

stone pulpit. This staircase projects into the chancels 
and has the appearance of being- supported on shelves. 
It is lit by a small cross slit. There is a piscina of two 
drains of g"eoractrical date, exactly like those in the 
cathedral ; it has been restored. There are also three 
g;raduated sedilia, undivided/under one plain arch. The 
aumbry opposite has marks of a shelf. On the N. side 
of the chancel are some stone seats restored. The steps 
are new but retain the original levels. The E. window 
has five lig'hts : it is plain (but seeming-ly not later than 
the others), with intersecting tracery, the lower lio-hts 
being' twice cusped. It is now filled with stained glass 
erected in memory of Susaima Apthorp, 18G3, by her 
nephews and nieces. The desig-n includes a crucifixion, 
our Lord in g'lory, and the twelve apostles. The reredos 
is modern and fairly effective. It has marble shafts. The 
vestr}' has an early g-eometrical window of two lig-hts, 
with a circle in the head, but the mullion is gone. There 
is a door and squint from the N. chantry to the chancel. 
In the chantr}^ are a piscina, the remains of a roodscreen, 
and a small bracket. The nave is spacious. It is filled 
with low open seats w^th poppy-heads. A few in the S. 
aisle are original : one is a singular design of four fishes, 
two upright and two curved. The door to the roodloft is 
visible just above the door to the pulpit. The break in 
the mouldinofs of the chancel arch shew w^ere the loft was. 
The nave is of four bays. The bays on the S. side, and 
two on the N. side, have plain piers, the moulding of the 
capitals coinciding with that of the arch above : the half- 
pier against the tower on the S. side, and the three 
easternmost on the N. side, have floriated capitals. The 
piers on the S. side are loftier than those opposite. All 
seem early geometrical in date, about the year 1290. 
The corbel supporting the E. end of the S. arcade is 
decidedly earl}^ English in character. In the S. aisle are 
two rough massive brackets : also an elegant sepulchral 
arch. The aisle windows are of three lights j some have 
intersecting tracery. The solitary fragment of ancient 
stained glass is a red shield in the S. aisle bearing three 
lions. The tower arch has circular piers. At the W. is a 



298 STANGKOUND. 

two-light window of stained glass. The tower is twisted 
to the north. The clerestory windows are over the 
arches : they are square-headed, plain, of two lights, and 
seem early. The early English font, ornamented, stands 
W. of central pier of N. arcade. A stained glass window 
in the N. aisle is to the memory of the widow of R. T. 
Cory, D.D., master of Emmanuel, and her two grand- 
daughters. The spire is of great height, and is conspicu- 
ous for its elegance. There is a row of ballflowers below 
the cornice. On three sides are small circular windows. 
There are four bells with inscriptions. 

1. g MEROREM MESTIS LETIS SIC LETA SON ABO 

1617. 

2. © MEROREM UT MESTIS LETIS SIC LETA SONABO 

1612 EN EH TOBIAS NORRIS ME FECIT. 

3. © SARVE GOD AND OBE THE PRINCES 1788. 

4. HENRY YEATS SMYTHIES. B. D. VICAR. JOS'". 

WARWICK. CHURCHWARDEN. 1832. 

Besides the monuments to vicars already specified 
there are a few to be noted. The oldest has its name 
obliterated. It is on the floor of the chancel, and bears 
a floriated cross. The legend is round the margin. The 
date, 1443, is tolerably clear. On a brass in the wall is 
this inscription : — 

Hie jacet corpus Roberti Smith genosi qui obiit 4 die Dec. A" D"" 1556. finibus 
exiguis clauduntur corporis ai'tus viva vivet * virtus spiritus astra tenet, 

Alice Smith, wife to The : Smith son to y^ abovesaid Eob* Smith who died ye 
5«i of Sep. 1595. 

Whose constant zeale to serve the Lord 
Whose loyal love to husband dere 
Whose tender care towards children al 
Eemaine alive though corpse lye here. 

There are other memorials to the same family, and to 
Coveney, 1665 and 1668. Cole has preserved the follow- 
ing inscription in the nave : the entry in the register 
referring to this accident has already been given : — 

H S T. Jeanes D'. Phys : Londini natus : Plurimis ultra citraque Academiis 
educatus, & noctu obequitans aquis inopinatim submersus vicinis. 

In the vicarage garden is preserved a wa3^side or 
churchyard cross. It is of the Maltese pattern and 

* Mr. Paley has pointed out that this word is a mistake for ' viret.' 




Uj 

o 
cc 
< 



FARCET. 2 Of) 



stands on a modern base : down the sides are ornaments 
resembling Norman work. This cross was only rescued 
from desecration in 1805 by the present vicar. It was 
discovered by him on the Farcet road, where it was used 



as a bridge over a ditch. 



Jfarrct, 

Owing- to the large extensive fen district in Farcet fen, 
the acreage here is about double of that in Stanground. 
The position of the church and village is similar to Yaxle3^ 
They are on the extreme edge of the higher ground, the 
fen coming close up to the loot of the ridge which slopes 
down from the road itself. The name of the place has 
undergone some curious changes in spelling. It has 
gradually dwindled from four syllables to two. Fear- 

RESHEVOD, FeARRESHEAFDE, FaIRSHEVOD, FaRSHE- 

VED, Farseid, Farsett, and other varieties occur. And 
the earliest form has suggested the very probable Saxon 
etymology meaning the head of the ferry, or ford. 

The living has alwa3's been attached to the vicarage of 
Stanground. In the ordination of the vicarage it is 
provided that the vicar ^ shall provide a fit chaplain in 
the chapel of Farcet belonging to the said church, at his 
own costs and charges, according to the custom of past 
time, to administer the divine offices.' * A meadow in 
Farcet king's delph was assigned to the almoner of 
Thorney. In 1659 Oliver St. John, chief justice, held 
some of the adventurers' lands in Farcet fen. In 1306 
the towns of Stanground and Farsheved were presented 
for wasting 100 acres of alders and rushes in Farcet fen. 
Also the abbot of Thorney was presented for making* a 
' purpresture ' f ii^ the king's forest, and enclosing it with 
a double ditch on the side towards Farcet, 2 miles long and 
2 furlongs broad, ^ to the detriments of the king's deer.' 

The great increase in value secured for the living by 

* ' Unumque Capellanuiu idoneum in Capella de Farslied ad dictam Ecclesiam pertinente 
suis sumptibus et expeusis juxta inorem pi'c-cteiiti tenipoiis inveuiet divina ministrautem.' 

f An enclosure. Johnson gives purprise in the same meaning, from the French pourprU, 
and law Latin purprisum. 



200 ^^«CET- 

vicar Devie, was mainly due to the improved value of the 
lands drained in Farcet. Most of the documents relating* 
to the lawsuit were printed in the pamphlet published by 
him in 1782. The countess of Westmoreland was grand- 
daug'hter of sir Walter Mildmay,* who made the g-rant 
of the living" to the colleg-e. When Salmon was vicar he 
had demanded of her, among other things, 14 nobles for 
serving" Farcet church. She replied that it was a bene- 
volence * during" one man's life/ thoug"h afterwards con- 
tinued ; and that when the vicar had declined to receive 
it as a benevolence payment had been refused. This very 
question had been raised before and decided ag"ainst the 
vicar by the bp. of Lincoln. The special grant to which 
the countess alluded was to sir Chr. Barton : and it is 
certainly specially provided that it is for his life only. 
It runs in these words : — 

In stipeudiura Xpoferi Barton clerici celebrantis infra Capellam Beatse Marise de 
Farcett in comitatu Huntingdon coram parochionalibus ibidem ad iiij' : xiij*: iiijd. 
per annum sic sibi concessum per quoddam scriptum sigillo conventuali uuper 
Monasterii predict! sigillatum cujus datum est primo die Septembris anno xxxo 
regis Hen. viij. habendum et tenendum durante vita dicti Xpoferi. 

The church is dedicated to S. Mary. 

The REGISTEES commence in 1813. Previously they 
had been kept at Stanground. Among the list of col- 
lections on briefs in the Stanground books are a few 
belonging to Farcet. Tho following are from them. 

1661. 24 Feb. Collected at Farsett uppon the breiie for the Eoyal 

ffishing traid 8 9 

1670. 21 Mar. Kerkles Breife in ye Countie of Suflfolke 5 8 

24 Oct. Isleham Breife 1 9 

1675. 30 June Walton in the County of Norfolke 4 8 

1682. 10 Oct for bishton breefe 4 

1700. 9 June.. . .for y« redemption of slaves 1 6 9 

In the Farcet chest the documents, though of no very 
great interest, are a model in respect of the care taken of 
them. They are well preserved and properly tabulated. 
A letter from the secretary of the bp. of Lincoln, 1723, 
mentions the inefficient performance of the curate's duties, 
and adds that the bishop expects his ^ Order should 
be Immediately and effectually comply*^ w*^.' Another 
paper records a proceeding' in the court of arches before 

* He was member for Peterborough in queen Mary's first parliament ; and in 4 and 5 Philip 
and Mary was one of the knights of county of Northants. He was chancellor of exchequer 
for life, and was buried in S. Bartholomew the Great, London. 



FARCET. 9Q J 

sir John Lanibe ag-ainst Ed. Bellam^^ for ^ the ag-istment 
of Di-y Cattle, tithe of Milk, Wool, Lamb, Call", Eg-g-g^ 
and Goslins.' Sir Walter Mildmay g-ave to Christ's ^col- 
leg-e, Cambridg-e, 20/. a year out of the manor of Farcet, 
for founding' a Greek lectureship and six scholarships, 
and for a preacher's stipend. 

Among-st the plate is a curious old chalice of silver, 
rather ung-ainly, of cylindrical form. It has a carved 
rim, and bears this inscription between double lines round 
the centre : * the * towne * of * favset. 

The returns of charitable bequests in 1786 g-ave two 
belong-ing* to Farcet. Ed. Bellamy, 1657, left rent- 
charge of 3/. a year for apprenticing- a boy : and Tho : 
Andrew, 1700, left land for a school producing- 11/. l-ts. 
a year. By a copy of his will in the Stanground register 
it seems this land consisted of 10 acres in Whittlesey fen, 
and that he also left 4/. to the town stock, the ' rent ' of 
which was to g"o to the poor. 

The CHURCH consists of chancel with S. chantry and 
vestry, nave with aisles and clerestor}-, S. porch, and W. 
tower. The alterations that this small church have 
undergone are considerable. The chanoes would appear 
to be somewhat in this manner. Orig-inally the plan 
seems to have been a simple nave and chancel, most likely 
Norman, with an apsidal termination. The tower was 
then added, about the year 1200, at the W. end of the 
nave. It was not quite so wide as the nave, and a small 
piece of the nave wall projecting- from the tower is still 
visible in the aisle. During- the next century a S. aisle 
was added, and the present S. nave arcade erected. 
Possibly at the same time the chancel itself was rebuilt 
and enlarg-ed. The S. arches of the nave, three in num- 
ber, have round arches and are rather broad : but they, 
and the chancel arch, are of early English date. The 
arch under the tower, towards the S. aisle, is pointed. 
Still later, in the 14th cent., the S. chantry and S. porch 
seem to have been built. In the perpendicular period a 
clerestory was added. The present N. aisle and arches 
were built in 1852 by the present vicar. A note in the 
reg-ister preserves a minute record of the works done at 



202 FARCET. 

that time, and also at the restoration nine years before. 
In 1843 the seating- was renewed and other improvements 
effected. I'he E. windows were repaired by the Rev. E. 
Cory, the curate, ^ instead of the parish who are bound 
by law to repair them/ In 1852 the chancel and chantry 
were rebuilt, and the N. aisle added, by the vicar. The 
old nave roof, ^ rotten and dang-erous,' was removed. 
The whole N. wall was taken down. It had one window 
below and two above. These latter were used as liofhts 
to the new aisle, and circular windows were inserted in 
the clerestory. At the N. E. corner of the nave stood a 
thick projecting* staircase for the roodloft. The nave was 
at the same time re paved. Some of the carving' from the 
old roof is preserved in the new ones. Some of the rood- 
stairs also are adapted for the pulpit. In the chancel are 
a piscina and a stone seat with arms projecting* from the 
wall. This was placed in its position during- the above 
restorations : the seat itself is perhaps a fragment of the 
stone seats which once may have gone all round the 
chancel. On the N. side is an aumbry. In the S. aisle 
also is a trefoiled aumbry. The E. window has stained 
glass by Wailes. The seats are all low and open. The 
font is octag-onal, and very plain. The tower has the 
early shallow buttresses characteristic of transition Nor- 
man work. The lancet in the lower stag-e is deeply 
splayed within. In the second stage is a single thin lan- 
cet. The belfry floor has round-headed two-light windows, 
the lights being- pointed. At the sides are shafts like the 
mullion. The tower is surmounted by a nondescript 
parapet, with poor pinnacles and metal crosses. Below 
it is the original corbel-table. From within this parapet 
rises a short pyramidiil leaded spire. In the first floor 
there remains a blocked door leading- to the old roof. 
There are three bells. The inscription on the tenor, 
which has been recast, is copied from the old one. On a 
beam are these letters and date : AF CW 1668. 

1. © PRAISE © THE © LORDE. 

2. T A 1653 

3. #mma fiant ab 6(orlam Bel §. S 1621 iUast 

% S 1854 



FLETTON. 203 

In the chancel is a slab to the Rev. John Montfort, 
curate, 1785. Memorials also remain to members of 
these families : Bird, Bellani}^ (with coats of arms), 
Bowker, Kisbee. In the church3'ard are numerous 
stones to the Speechley family. The following^ inscription 
is rather quaint. 

HERE LIETH THE BODY OF 

M^^ DOROTHEA WRIGHT 

WHO DIED AUG. 4. 1G74. 

SHEE DID GOOD BY 

HEALEIKG. 



JfkttaiT. 



The church and rectory of Fletton, nesthng- close 
tog-ether under the shadow of some noble trees, form one 
of the prettiest objects within a walk of Peterborough. 
They are less than two miles off; the bridge fair of Peter- 
boroug'h is held in the parish of Fletton. In domesda}^ 
book the name appears as Fletun : subsequently the 
varieties occur of Flecton, Flettu>'e. and Fletton. 
It is the town by the fleet, or brook running- down to the 
main river, and its name still, as of old, describes its situ- 
ation. A piece of land called ^ the fleets ' was allotted 
to the inhabitants of Stanground in lieu of their ancient 
rig'ht of common, in the act for enclosing- the lordship of 
Fletton. The church is dedicated to S. Margaret. In 
1291 it was worth C/. 13*. 4d. In the king-'s books the 
full value was 9/. 16^. Qd. ; and the tithes J8s. 4|^. 

There are no very early registers. The earliest book 
commences in 1616, but entries from 1606 are copied into 
it. Great parts of the pages are left blank, with dates, 
as if it was intended to copy in the entries from loose 
sheets or a roug-h copy. Some years this has been neg- 
lected, and in 1609 is the note, ^ Desunt omnia.' There 
are no entries whatever from 1642 to 1648, and but an 
insig-nificant number in the following- years. Three 
entries only are worth transcribing. 



204 



FLETTON, 



1665. 28 Apr. (buried) Elianora Ellis, Virgo sexagenaria. 
1677. 15 Oct. (buried) A traveller out of Nottinghamsh. 
1728. 30 Oct. (married) » * * * & Mary Thacker. 

Did the bridegroom in the last instance escape before his 
name could be ascertained ? The undesirable name of 
Sapphira occurs. 

In the church are four boards with the parochial bene- 
factions painted on them. In the official returns in 1786 
the following- annual receipts appeared : — 8^. from 
John Henry's bequest : 4Z. from that of Hen. Walsham : 
lO,-?. from Will. Charlton : the same sum from Charlton 
Wildbore : 5s. from two unknown benefactors. The 
bequest of Frances Proby was also named, but no return 
was made. From the inscription on the board in the N. 
aisle we learn that she left 200/. in 1711 : by 1775 this 
money had accumulated to 1212/. 19.5. 6d., which sum, 
by an order in chancery, was invested in g-overnment 
securities, and the proceeds divided thus : 12/. to the 
schoolmaster, and the rest for apprenticing- children, and 
for the poor. Ultimate^ it was invested, so as to pro- 
duce 40/. a year, in old south sea annuities. Besides the 
above, Mary Walsham in 1744 left 100/. to the poor: 
and Eob. AVrig-ht, 1815, left 10s. a year. In the same 
year ^ Mrs. Sarah Preston, Spinster,' left 20/. a year to 
the poor ; but ' By the Statute of Mortmain this bequest 
is rendered void.' 



RECTORS. 



bef. 1534 Ed. Eyre. 
1558 Will. Baker. 
1558 *Joh. Ellys, d. 
1634 *Will. Lee, d.i 
1651 *Tho. Rayment, d. 
1693 •Job. Wrigbt, A.M., d. 
1730 "Joh Wakelin, A.M., d.^ 



1760 Peter Peckard, S.T.P., r.' 
1798 Ric. Buck.* 

*Jas. Jackson Lowe, A.M.,d. 
1830 Ed. Rutter Theed, A.M., d.« 
1851 Chr. CaiT, d« 
1856 Will, Judd Upton, A.M.? 



* Buried at Fletton. 

1. Described in the parliamentary returns as ' a preaching minister.' 

2. Also vie. of Yaxley. 

3. Fell, of Brasenose ; rect. of Abbot's Ripton, 1793—98 ; vie. of Yaxley, 1760—77 : preb. of 
Southwell; dn. of Peterborough, 1702-98; master of Magdalene, Camb., 1792—98. Wrote 
life of Nicholas Fen-ar, of Little Gidding. A sermon of his is reviewed in Gent. Map., vol. 65. 
He lost his life from cutting a wen on his cheek in shaving. He lived three years after the 
accident. His fortune was left to his college at Cambridge. A capital portrait of him is at 
the rectory. 

4. Also vie. of Yaxley. 

5. Also vie. of Selling, Kent. 

6. Inc. of Newborough, Northants., 18.30 — 51. 

7. Inc. of Greasborough, York, 1850—66. 



FLETTON . 2Q5 

AVithin the altar rails are memorials to two of these 
rectors, Wrio-ht and Lowe. In the vestry is a slab to 
rect. Wakelin, ^ Worthy in every Relation^of Life to be 
remember'd with Reo-ret.' His daughter, ag-ed 4 years, 
had died two days before him. 

The CHURCH is of the simplest plan. Chancel Avith 
N. aisle, nave with aisles and clerestory, S. porch, W. 
tower and spire. The arches of the chancel aisle are now 
entirely blocked, and the chantry itself used as a vestr}-, 
entrance being- obtained from the N. aisle. The blocked 
arches of the chancel are the earliest part of the church. 
They are early Norman. There are two round arches, 
with slig'htly ornamented capital to the central pier. To 
the E. of these ba3's is a blocked priest's door. The N. 
side of the nave is now of three bays, also Norman in 
date, but later. The two eastern arches are massive ; 
the capitals are fluted. The W. arch is ver}^ broad ; and 
in fact a pier has been removed, and a single pointed arch 
of earl}' Eng-lish date extended over the space for two 
arches. The following- remarks by Mr. Paley on this 
question are a triumph of architectural research : — 

These aisles remain, but one pillar and two arches have been removed towards 
the west, and a wide obtuse arch of early decorated date spans the vacant space. 
The capital of this pillar was carried to Stanground, and there at this day it may 
be found, inverted, at the north-west corner of the nave, where it forms the 
plinth or base to a decorated arch coeval with this. 

The capitals to Norman work are mostly ornamented 
with inverted cones. The nave arches have no hoodmould 
above, as those in the chancel have. The chancel arch is 
early Eng'lish. It has semicircular piers and a pointed 
arch. The S. and E. sides of chancel have net-tracery 
windows of the middle of the 14th cent. On the S. side 
also is a decorated string'course. There are no signs of 
piscina or sedilia. Two panels of the roodscreen remain, 
the upper part being* sawn off. A fragment of the crest- 
ing is preserved under one of the blocked arches. The 
clerestory has three S. and two N. windows, all of two 
lights and square-headed. In the vestry are the door 
and steps to the roodloft. The steps are very steep and 
awkward. The pulpit and desk are accessible only from 
the N. aisle. Beneath the sounding-board at the back 



2QQ FLETTON. 

is a carving* of the annunciation. Above the chancel 
arch are the ten commandments (their proper position) 
surmounted by the royal arms of the Hanoverian period. 
Between the two tables is a painting* of S. John. On 
the S. side of the nave are two octagonal stilted piers ; 
the three arches are of inelegant shape. At the ends of 
the aisles are triplet lancets ; one is trefoiled. The 
arches are acute, and the eyes pierced. These windows 
belong- to the earl}' decorated period, and are comprised 
under a single dripstone. The seating- is very bad. At 
the W. end are remains of some original benches, very 
low, with poppy-head finials squared at top, all different. 
In the N. aisle is an octagonal font of debased character. 
Its sides are fluted, and stem is thin. The tower arch 
is blocked ; in front of it is a g*allery for the organ. 

The tower seems in a somewhat dangerous state. 
There is a g^ood deal of patching* visible from the interior. 
The spire itself is most elegant. Below the cornice is a 
row of ballflowers. The original Norman corbel table is 
preserved under the roof of the chancel : and some pieces 
of very early sculpture have been built into the walls. 

The belfry has very strong* beams, but is in a very 
dirty state. The floor of the lower story is dated 1741: 
The" ladder from it to the bells has the date 1777. There 
are three bells all inscribed. The first is in ancient 
Lombardick characters ; the letters are distant. It is 
difficult to assign any meaning* to them. The next has 
enriched capitals, and has a foundry mark of three bells 
and a crown. The third has ornaments between the 
words. 

1. ©SPALLE 

2. WILLIAM WATES MADE ME. 1590. 

3. OMNIA FIANT AD GLORIAM DEI 1620. 

The first of these inscriptions is difficult to explain. 
The letters are quite distinct. It is possible that the bell 
may have been dedicated to S. Paul, and that the letters 
are intended merely for the saint's name. Bells are not 
uncommonly found with simply the name of the saint 
upon them, without the addition of any prayer, as ' ora 
pro nobis.' 



FLETTON. QQ^ 

The MONUMENTS, besides those already mentioned of 
rectors, are but few. In the vestry are slabs to the wife 
of rect. Wakelin, and to his relict. The very numerous 
virtues of the former are recorded at length. There are 
numerous slabs to the Wright family. The names of 
Henery and Wildbore are also preserved. The stone in 
the nave to Charlton AVildbore, the benefactor already 
named, is almost too worn to read. 

Near the S.W. g-ate of the churchyard is a fine 
ancient coped stone. It is not in its orig-inal position. It 
bears a floriated cross with crosslets. Under the W. 
window of the church is a Saxon churchyard cross, very 
interesting-. It was erected b}^, or in memory of, Ealph, 
son of William, if we may trust the modern sculptor's 
rendering- of the ancient inscription. This new inscrip- 
tion is cut on a pedestal which has been placed beneath it. 
The stem is enriched with characteristic carvino-. The 
top of the cross itself is g-one. It was originally a mas- 
sive cross in a circle. It is very similar to the celebrated 
cross called the ' Four-hole cross ' standing- in the middle 
of the Bodmin moors in Cornwall ; and the upper part 
is broken in exactly the same way. The carving- on the 
stem is similar to that on the recentty recovered cross at 
Stanground, but the general character of this cross 
shews it to be of an earlier date. The few fragments of 
Saxon work built into the exterior chancel wall are of 
contemporary work. The stem of the cross gradually 
slopes from the pedestal to the head. There can be little 
doubt that this cross was in existence in the 10th cent. 

Cotton says ^ There have been Flettons lords hereof.' 
The villagfe was g-iven, as Alwalton, for the monks' 
kitchen. The church and rectory are in a most beautiful 
situation, partly hidden among' trees. 

It will perhaps be w^ell, at the conclusion of the notes 
relating- to the Hunting-donshire churches in this series, 
to repeat the remark made at the commencement as to 
the diflBculty of consulting- any copious collections for the 
county. It seems unaccountable that so small and com- 
pact a county, so near to London and Cambridge, should 
be without a history. Such however is the case. And 



208 ^^^^^°^- 

after consulting' the records of a few Northamptonshire 
parishes, so ably and thoroughly preserved, the want of 
such a history is doubly felt. Nor are extensive materials 
for such a history known to exist even in manuscript. 
It Avould be a most useful work for any antiquarian 
residing" in the county to undertake, and one that would 
thoroughly recompense the leisure hours bestowed upon 
it. 



209 



|.tririti0iTS mx^ €axxtttmxn. 



Page 1. Since these notes first appeared the tower arch of Marholm church 
has been opened. One of the frescoes was found to be upon the part blocked 
up, and has consequently had to be removed. The upper part of the arch has 
been restored : the capitals of the piers are original and of good Norman work, 
justifying the opinion given on p. 5 of the early date of the tower. 

Page 2. A few extracts from the overseers' books may be added : — 
1772. Pd W°» Griffin in y« Snow for want of Bisness ..050 

1777. Pd. M"-. Wright for Inoculating the Poor . , 6:1:3 

1783. Paid for Ale when the Widows were flitted .... 2 2 

1784:. To Rum for Ben : when 111 1 

To P*! for Ale when some dodders were loaded . . 6 

1790. To Peter York for flitting the Poor 2 

In 1771 one ' Molly ' appears very frequently on the books as receiving money 
on all possible pretexts. 

Page 3 ; line 9. For 1558 read 1552. 

' line 16. Sey is a kind of fine woollen stufi", formerly used by millers 

for bolting cloths. Johnson spells it say. 

Page 4. Tho. Cheswick occurs as rect. of Marholm in 1565. 

line 19. For Shapman read Shapland. 

■ note 11. Chr. Hodgson was buried at Marholm, not at Castor. 

Page 8 ; li7ie 19. For %^n read xxbl. 

Page 13 ; line 17. For 1558 read 1552. 

■a ' note 8. The word in the inventory certainly refers to towels, not 

bowls. 

Page 14.; line 37. Job. Gayton was also probably rect. of Peakirk. 

Page 15; note 13. Will. Jeflfery was also preb. and chancellor of Sarum. 

Page 16 ; note. For 9769 read 6769. 

Page 27 ; line 25. For Delarne read Delarue. 

Page 30. John de Eonds occurs as vie. of Peterborough in 1278. 

. note 5. Gunton was a native of Peterborough. His father left 20?. 

to the poor of Priestgate lane. He published, besides the History of the 
Cathedral, ' God's House with the Nature and Use thereof.' 

Page 34 ; line 24. For Delarne read Delarue. 

Page 55 ; line 29. For Will, read Eic. 

Page 56; note 7. Bp.Lindsay seems also to have had rectory of Molesworth, 
Hunts. 

note 8. Bp. Dee left several sums of money to the poor of Castor, 

and lOOf. to the repaii's of the Cathedral. 

17 



QIQ ADDITIONS AND COERECTIONS. 

Page 57 ; note 7. Dean Nevill is buried in a chapel at the W. end of the 
nave at Canterbury, which he had restored. At his funeral a question arose as 
to whom the pall belonged : it was resolved that anything laid on a grave ' about 
and above ' the choir belonged to the precentor, and anything in the body of the 
church to the sexton. 

■ note 19. Bp. Lamb is buried in the Melbourne chantry at Hatfield. 

Page 66 ; line 14. Job. Gayton was also probably vie. of Peterborough. 
line 28. Also rect. of Alwalton. See p. 148. 

■ note 11. Perhaps also vie. of Brixworth, 1681. 
note 17. Dr. Wollaston was never vie. of Wisbech. 

-^— — note 14. Bp. Gordon died in 1779, not in 1799 as given in this 
note. In the copy of Baker in the cathedral library are a few portraits and views 
inserted : amongst them is an excellent engraved portrait of Nat. Spinkes. He 
holds a book in his hand inscribed on the edges ' Sick Man Visited.' Below the 
poitrait is this engraved notice of him : ' This very Eminent Divine was Venera- 
ble of Aspect, Orthodox in Faith ; his Adversaries being Judges : He had 
uncommon Learning and Superior Judgement. His Patience was great, his 
Self denial greater, his Charity still greater : His Temper sweet and unmoveable 
beyond comparison. His exemplary Life was concluded with an happy Death 
July 28, 1727. in his 74. Year.' 

Page 79 ; line 17. William Jones, rect. of Paston, was a very celebrated 
author. He is generally quoted as Jones of Nayland, from one of his prefer- 
ments. He was rect. of Pluckley, Kent, 1765 — 77, and vie. of Stoke-by-Nayland, 
Suffolk. In the obituary notice of him in Gentleman's Magazine, 1800, is a list 
of his works. They are very numerous. The most noted of them, and the one 
for which he is chiefly honoured, is the ' Catholic Doctiine of the Trinity.' He 
was also F.R.S. 

■ note 10. For exigno read exiguo. 

Page 90 ; line 2. Joh. Girdlestone was also inc. of Thorney. He resigned 
the living of Eye. 

Page 93 ; note 6. For vie. read rec. 

Page 95 ; line 19. The stone cofiin was found at the E. end of the N. aisle, 
not of the S. aisle as here represented. 

Page 99 ; note. This note was written on information supplied by those 
imperfectly acquainted with the facts of the case, and conveys a wholly inaccurate 
version of the occurrence. The author greatly regrets its insertion, since it has 
done injustice to the memory of one who long and manfuUy, to his own great 
loss, defended the rights of the church. The true statement of the facts is as 
follows. The lords of the manor of Whittlesey were entitled to the great tithes 
of S. Mary's, and used to pay the vicar 2001. a year. They also leased of the 
vicar of S. Andrew's the small tithes for 201. a year. The vicar having always 
given a receipt for this amount ' in lieu of small tithes ' it was evident that the 
small tithes were allowed to be his property. In 1805, Mr. Moore, then vicar of 
both parishes, was induced to make a claim for a more adequate payment, and 
the lords assented to the appointment of an arbitrator, who fixed the sum of 
2001. a year, instead of 201., as a fair equivalent. This sum was paid regularly 
during Mr. Moore's life. But it was known that even this increased amount was 
not equal to one half the real value of the small tithes ; and therefore Mr. Cook, 
when the lords offered to continue that payment to him, most properly declined it. 
For three years he made every effort to obtain an amicable settlement of the case 
by arbitration or otherwise, but in vain. He was forced at last to file a bill in 
chancery, the lords continuing to receive the small tithes without paying any- 
thing to the vicar. In this litigation 25 years were spent: and when the suit 
terminated in the vicar's favour, he was only able at common law to recover the 
amount of the tithes for seven years, the impropriators having received 490J. a 
year the whole time ; and so Mr. Cook served the parish for 18 years without 
any remuneration whatever, the lords wrongfully appropriating what was proved 
in the event to be the property of the vicar. 



ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. O] 1 

Page 100; line 1. Ed. Ground was not in holy orders : lie was churchwarden. 

Page 101 ; last line. In the will of John Woodfowl, 14-54, he describes him- 
self as ' chaplain and hermit of the chapel of S. Mary of Heldernall.' 

Page 102 ; note 4 is incorrect. 

Page 105 ; note. It appears that both churches were destroyed by fire in 
1244. In MS. Cott. Nero C. vii, an illuminated record of the annals of Thorney, 
are these entries : — 

A.D. 1244. Hoc anno scilicet ydus Apriles per infortunium incendii combusta 
est fere tota villa de Witleseye cum duabus ecclesiis, et cum duabus gran<nis 
abbatis blado plenis, et insuper xiiij homines combusti sunt. 

A.D. 1277. In crastino apostolorum Petri et Pauli per infortunium incendii 
combustum est totum manerium de Witteles. 

Page 107 ; line 4. Two entries respecting the family of Hake, as connected 
with the parish of Whittlesey, occur in the Peterborough registers : — 

1599. 6 June. William Hake Esquire died at Kilthorpe was solemnly 
brought through Peterborough and buryed at Wyttlesey the vi of June. 

1613. Nov. Mistress Lucy Hacke the wyfe of Mr William Hacke a Gentel- 
woman of good presence, yet not quoze, of a sharpe and quick apprehension yet 
no scoffer ; personable and full of favour, yet most chaste, dyed in childbed the 
24 of this present, and was buryed at Wyttlesey the 25«'» daye, whose death was 
much lamented in Peterbor. [In the margin are these lines : — ] 
Juno, Minerva, Venus, terrae tria Numina quondam, 
Unica pro tribus elucet nostra Lucya. 

Page 107. Cole, vol. 24, mentions a deed of bp. Fordham, 1404, altering the 
date of dedication feast of S. Mary's to 21 Sept. He quotes also a licence of 
the same bp., 1400, to Adam Herberd, Job. Backhous, Will. Pelle, Joh. Grounde, 
Will. Fysher, and other inhabitants of S. Mary and S. Andrew of Whittlesey, 
living in the street or hamlet of Estreye, to hear mass in the new chapel there 
for three years. 

Page 117; line 25. For 1821 read 1853. Joh. Wing, A.M., appointed in 
1821, has been omitted in erroi". He was also rect. of Thornhaugh, Northants. 

line 11. Alan Kirketon, or Kyrketon, had been rect. of Alwalton. 

Page 121. At one time a common epithet for this town was ' Curst Croyland.' 
It is suggested in Notes and Queries, 1st. S. x. 146, that this is a coiTuption of 
its ancient epithet ' courteous ' ; ' Croyland as courteous as courteous may be.' 
And it is singular (lb. 275) that in Holm-CiUtram are some lands, formerly 
belonging to the abbey, still called ' Curst Lands.' 

Page 139. There seems to be no existing memorial to the coimtess of 
Carlisle, buried at Orton Longville in 1742, or to Robert viscount Morpeth, 1743, 

Page 148 ; line 29. Alan Kirketon, or Kyrketon, was afterwards abb. of 
Thorney. 

line 32. In Gough's Collection for Hunts, in the Bodleian it 

appeal's that in 1742 Joh. Forster, A.M., was rect. of Alwalton and also of Wal- 
soken in Norfolk. In this case Dr. Neve must have resigned. 

line 38. Dav. Llewelyn was also, for a very short time, rect. of 

Peakirk. 

Page 151 ; line 13. For Kenick read Kerrich. 

Page 153; line 7. Joh. Old was also rect. of Water Newton. 

note 3. In Walker's Sufferings, p. 205, the Geofrey Hawkins 

ejected from Chesterton in 1641 is said to have outlived the usurpation, and to 
have become rector of Water Newton. But it seems more probable that the 
latter was son of the former, especially as a clergyman of the same names is 
luu-ied at Castor in 1672. Of the ejection here Walker says : ' Driven from this 



212 ADDITIONS AND COREECTIONS. 

living in 1641, by Steward of Mannor ; who took no care to put any one into his 
place, but seiz'd the whole profits for his own use ; and afterwards by an enclo- 
sure alienated almost the whole Glebe, which to this day is not restored to the 



Page 158 ; line 11. Sept. Courtney was A.M., and afterwards vie. of Ply- 
mouth, king Charles the Martyr, and of Compton Gifford, Devon. 

Page 160 ; line 25. The word Machanes also occurs p. 12. No such name 
is to be found in gazetteers. But I have been informed in Notes and Queries, 
that the place meant is Mequinez, a large city in Marocco. 

Page 161 ; line 5. Sam. Ball was also rect. of Water-Newton. 

Page 167; line 18. Sam. Ball was also rect. of Elton. 
line 19. Joh. Old was also rect. of Chesterton. 

Page 200 ; line 26. For The read The. 



213 



|ntrc^" L-'^tXBam. 



Abree, 57 

Acharius, 55 

Acrod, 153 

Adamson, 174 

Addenbrooke, 153 

Addison, 100 

Adelwold, 115 

Adulphus, 55 

Adyson, 3 

Affen, 30 

Affordeby, 14 

Ainger, 116 

Ainsworth, 175 

Aldwald, 113 

Aldwin, 113 

Aldwinkle, 130 

Alexander, 16, 105, 114 

Allen, 185 

AlUngton, 93 

Alnewyk, 48 

Alpyng, 48 

Amitius, 66 

Andreas, 36, 55 

Andrew, 15, 131,187,201 

Andrewe, 158 

Angel, 65 

Angeli, 55 

Anketill, 30 

Annis, 187 

Apthorp, 197 

Armyne, 139 

Arnold, 127 

Arwinus, 55 

Arx, 173 

Ashbey, 122 

Ashby, 123, 127 

Ashton, 55, 73 

Ashwell, 186 

Askew, 177 

Aslakeby, 14 

Aspden, 2 

Augusta, 14 

Austhorp, 14 

Austin, 52, 166 

Aveling, 107 

Aylwyn, 171 

Ayre, 72 

Backhous, 211 
Backhouse, 109 



Bacon, 191 

Bagley, 20, 54 

Bailey, 148, 185 

Baker, 131, 177 

Balderston, 60 

Balguy, 34 

Ball, 23, 54, 60, 79, 160, 

161, 163, 167,212 
Ballard, 93 
Baly, 127 
Bardenay, 123 
Bardney, 48 
Barker, 24, 61 
Barnaby, 142 
Barnabye, 24 
Barnack, 123 
Barnard, 66, 70, 148 
Barneby, 65, 79 
Barnes, 108 
Barnwell, 78, 131 
Barr, 98 
Bartlemew, 153 
Barton, 200 
Basevi, 90 
Basset, 93 

Bate, 12, 20, 66, 142, 193 
Bateman, 70 
Bates, 12, 124 
Bathurst, 142 
Batley, 167 
Baudrie, 78 
Baxter, 137 
Bayly, 146 
Bayston, 30 
Bayte, 115 
Beale, 52, 77, 102, 104, 

109, 110, 112 
Beard, 174 
Beaumont, 57 
Beaver, 159 
Beawater, 102 
Beby, 18 

Becket, 71, 118, 172 
Bedford, 116, 118, 119, 

164 
Behague, 173 
Beharrell, 34, 116 
Beivyle, 155 
Beleby, 18, 102 
BeU, 90 



Bellamy, 194, 195, 201, 

203 
Bellars, 92, 96 
Belshaw, 174 
Bendishe, 161 
Benedict, 31, 46, 55, 71, 

171 
Bennet, 71 
Benson, 124 
Bent, 131 
Beonna, 55 
Berdenay, 123 
Beresford, 15 
Bernard, 39 
Berry e, 174 
Bethedge, 186 
Bevill, 155, 156 
Bevyll, 155 
Beyvyle, 155 
Beyvyll, 155 
Bifleld, 148 
Bill, 148 
Bingham, 177 
Bird, 203 
Birde, 48 
Bishop, 100 
Blaby, 141 
Blacker, 4, 37 
Blake, 2 
Blencho, 14 
Blot, 174 
Bloxam, 11 
Blundell, 124 
Blyth, 87, 102, 107 
Boak, 82 
Bocher, 110 
Bokvyle, 4 
Bolham, 30 
Bomber, 136 
Bonde, 93 
Bonfoy, 175 
Boniface, 31 
Bonner, 92 
Booth, 39, 115, 140 
Boothby, 55 
Boothe, 173 
Borstall, 14 
Bothe, 140 
Botolph, 91, 115 
Boton, 30 



214 



INDEX I.— PERSONS. 



Botulfus, 61 
Bouchereau, 110 
Bourn, 93 
Bow Jon, 79 
Bowen, 137 
Bowker, 191, 203 
Bowley, 88 
Boxall, 57 
Bracher, 122 
Bradehurst, 187 
Bradford, 173 
Bradley, 146, 151 
Bradyll, 1 
Braibroc, 30 
Brampton, 102 
Brando, 55 
Brecknock, 116, 117 
Brereton, 161 
Brewster, 30 
Brice, 147 
Brictmer, 1*3 
Bridgeman, 143, 148 
Bridges, 9 
Brigham, 195 
Brightmore, 26 
Bringhurst, 131, 132, 133 
Britefelde, 4 
Brity, 174 
Brocksopp, 29, 34 
Brockwell, 76 
Broome, 24 

Brown, 66, 123, 148, 190 
Browne, 24, 79, 110, 142, 

153 
Brownlow, 193 
Brownrig, 195 
Bruce, 191, 192 
Bryggys, 123 
Bryngton, 186 
Buck, 187, 204 
Buckingham, 56 
Bud, 108 
Budd, 3 
Buddel, 93 
Bull, 9, 101 
Burges, 107 
Burgess, 110, 115 
Burgh, 93 
Burgo, 14, 66, 78 
Burgoyn, 66 
Burne, 48 
Burroughs, 122 
Burrowe, 48 
Burton, 191 
Butcher, 89, 124 
Butler, 58, 63 

Cairon, 116 
Calah, 61 
Caleto, 55 
CaUow, 152 



Campbell, 93 

Campe, 40 

Candidus, 46 

CapstafFe, 24 

Carleton, 57 

Carlisle, 211 

Carnall, 141 

Carr, 181, 204 

Carter, 3, 30 

Caryer, 137 

Carysfort, 147, 164 

Casewik, 123 

Caster, 48 

Castor, 117 

Castr, 48 

Catell, 89 

Cato, 191 

Cautley, 117 

Celredus, 55 

Ceoh-ed, 121 

Chambers, 48, 56, 62, 87, 

88, 145 
Chaplin, 12 

Chapman, 30, 79, 195, 196 
Charles I, 56 
Charles II, 56, 173 
Charleton, 193 
Charlton, 204 
Charwelton, 117 
Chateres, 122 
Chesham, 193 
Cheswick, 209 
Cheyle, 93 

Cheyne, 79 

Chichele, 79 

Child, 137, 138, 191, 196 

Childerhouse, 102 

Childers, 99 

Childs, 174 

Chiltenden, 137 

Christian, 42 

Chune, 133 

Clapham, 98 

Clapton, 114 

Clare, 92 

Clark, 12, 72, 96 

Clarke, 23, 89 

Clathery, 115 

Claughton, 161 

Clavering, 15, 57 

Clayton, 57 

Clement, 78, 131, 133, 153 

Gierke, 84 

Cleypoole, 64 

Clifton, 54, 173 

Clinton, 190 

Cloppwell, 186 

Clopton, 12, 117, 195 

Clyff, 61 

Clyflfe, 48 

Cobley, 12 



Coeur-de-Lion, 192 

Coke, 12 

Cole, 20, 181 

Coles, 155, 156 

Collier, 66 

ColUns, 182 

Coltman, 54 

Colvile, 4 

Colynson, 14 

Comme, 186 

Coo, 21 

Cook, 99, 110, 112, 210 

Cooke, 35, 127, 137, 153, 

167 
Cooper, 133,159, 160, 161 
Cope, 139 
Copmanford, 195 
Cornelius, 76 
Cory, 195, 198 
Cosin, 58, 61 
Cotton, 135, 181 
Courtney, 153, 212 
Coveney, 195, 198 
Covergrave, 78 
Covetre, 48 
Cowley, 132 
Cowling, 177, 181 
Cowper, 57, 78, 79 
Cos, 34, 150 
Craddock, 195 
Crane, 181, 194 
Cray ton, 102 
Creed, 173 
Crimble, 61 

Cromwell, 122, 171, 173 
Crosier, 93 
Crow, 54 

Crowland, 124, 126 
Croylade, 48 

Croyland, 48, 55, 66, 123 
Cumberland, 15, 56, 60, 

61,66, 70, 161 
Cupper, 30 
Currer, 93 
Curtes, 72 
Curteys, 3, 14 
Curthop, 57 
Cuthbaldus, 55 

Dalyson, 14 

Danois, 116, 120 

Darby, 53, 88, 127 

Daumo, 30 

David, 114, 117 

Davie, 109 

Davis, 130 

Davys, 15, 30, 57 

Daw, 109 

Dawkins, 12 

Day, 181 *^- :i 

Dayson, 187 3 ^ -, 



INDEX L— PERSONS. 



215 



Deacon, 29,54,01 
Deboo, 116 
Dee, U, 56, 209 
Deeping, 56, 117 
Delacree, 79 
Delarue, 27, U, 209 
Delenoy, 116 
Delf, 1 10 
Denham, ]64 
Denis, 141 
Denson, 174, 177 
Deping, 66 
Desborow, 136 
Descampa, 116 
Descow, 181 
Devie, 193, 195, 200 
Dickens, 130 
Dickenson, 28, 29, 76, 

133, 158, 161 
Dickins, 159 
Diconson, 93 
Digbye, 137 
Dinham, 164 
Disney, 79 

Dobson, 33, 34, 60, 106 
Dodynstton, 14 
Dollman, 91 
Domell, 116 
Doscrile, 4 
Doughty, 195 
Douglas, 191 
Dove, 14, 56, 123 
Drake, 147 
Dranfield, 195 
Draper, 191 
Driden, 152, 155, 156, 

157,177,179 
Dryden, 58, 176 
Dudley, 14 
Dunne, 187 
Dunstan, 45 
Du Perrier, 112 
Duport. 58, 61 
Durance, 116 
Dyer, 108 
Dykelun, 66 

Eaton, 76 

Eayre, 81, 106, lU, 112, 

133, 145 
Edenford, 14 
Ederston, 66 
Edgar, 45, 55, 113, 114, 

171 
Edgcomb, 66 
Edis, 147, 159 
Edmonds, 187 
Edred, 123, 126 
Edward, 55,61, 123 
Edward I, 55 
Edward II, 145 



Edward IV, 123 
Edwai-d VI, 192 
Edwards, 157, 166, 169 
Egar, 116 
Egbaldus, 55 
Egelric I, 123 
Egelric II, 123 
Elfricus, 01 
Elizabeth, 48, 57, 192 
EUesworth, 102 
Elliott, 34 

Ellis, 40, 52, 193, 204 
Ellys, 204 
Elm, 06 
Elsinus, 11, 55 
Emeley, 137 
Emelton, 141 
Empson, 194 
English, 29, 181 
Ennyle, 177 
Ernulphus, 55 
Esdall, 142, 153 
Ethelbald, 121, 126 
Ethelwold, 113 
Evans, 60, 137, 174 
Everard, 123 
Exeter, 48 
Eyre, 204 

Faber, 161 

Fellowes, 177, 179, 181, 

182, 183 
Fenwick, 56 
Fereby, 142 
Fen-ar, 15, 204 
FeiTers, 173, 181, 182 
Fiscampo, 00 
Fish, 1 

Fisher, 30, 161 
Fitzwarin, 164 
Fitzwilliam, 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 

8, 9, 11, 34, 42, 44, 54, 

140 
Fitzwilliams, 4 
Flahau, 1 16 
Fletcher, 57 
Fletton, 207 
Florentius, 61 
Fludd, 187 
Flynte, 79 
Forbes, 177 
Fordham, 211 
Forman, 30 
Forster, 101, 102, 110, 

142, ICl, 195, 196,211 
Fossdyke, 123 
Foster, 79, 131, 132 
Fovargue, 82, 116 
Fowke, 153 
Fowler, 115 
Fraunces, 164 



Fraunceys, 30 
Fraxino, 78 
Freeman, 34, 58, 148 
Freer, 187 
French, 100 
Freston, 78 
Frisby, 146 
Fulcard, 117 
Fuller, 107, 169 
Fyrth, 137 
Fysher, 211 

Gaches, 116 
Gainthropp, 194 
Gallant, 187 
Galloway, 140 
Garforth, 93 
Garner, 173 
Garrat, 24 
Gascoigne, 30, 79 
Gates, 100, 102, 108, 110 
Gayton, 14, 00, 209, 210 
Geddyng, 123 
Gedney, 186 
Gee, 58 
Genge, 56 
Gibbon, 195 
Gibbs, 52, 54,17 7 
Gibson, 4, 79, 83, 135, 

139, 142 
Giddings, 142 
Gilbert, 30, 117 
GHes, 2 
GUlon, 173 
Giraud, 110 
Girdlestone, 90, 117, 209, 

210 
Glazier, 53 
Gloucester, 48 
Glovernia, 131 
Glyntoc, 48 
Goche, 124 
Godeman, 117 
Godewyk, 109 
Godewyke, 109 
Godfrey, 51, 55, 123 
Godric, 123 
Godricus, 55 
Gold, 39 

Goodman, 54, 146 
Goodwin, 130 
Goodwinn, 84 
Goodyn, 159 

Gordon, 66, 152,153,210 
Gowin, 89 
Grantham, 48 
Grave, 78 
Graven, 195 
Grawley, 88 
Gray, 148 
Grazier, 70 



216 



INDEX L— PERSONS. 



Green, 4, 99, 109 
Gregory, 29, 30, 52, U8, 

150 
Greue, 12 
Greenhill, 65, 66 
Griffin, 83, 209 
Griffinus, 60 
Griffith, 102 

Ground, 100, 106, 112,211 
Grounde, 211 
Grymesby, 4 
Gryndell, 30 
Grystewe, 48 
Guerin, 116 
Guibbon, 26 
Gunterus, 117 
Gunton, 25, 27, 30, 54, 

209 
Gulhlac, 63, 121, 122, 

125, 126, 128 

Hacke, 211 
Haddon, 117 
Hake, 107, 211 
Haldure, 110 
HaU, 141, 181 
Halles, 4 
Halywell, 153 
Hamerton, 79, 137 
Hammerson, 52 
Hamserley, 102 
Hanbury, 24 
Hanger, 167 
Hanns, 173 
Hans, 88 
Harbottill, 169 
Harby, 14 
Hardey, 147 
Hardy, 173 
Hare, 30, 92, 93, 142 
Hargrave, 89 
Harley, 116 
Harlton, 48 
Harm an, 4 
Harold, 113 
Harrison, 1 10, 115 
HaiTy, 13, 14 
Harvey, 52, 177 
Harwedon, 79, 102 
Hawelyp, 77 
Hawkeman, 53 
Hawkings, 34 
Hawkins, 21, 153, 167,211 
Hawmile, 82 
Hawtrey, 102 
Havcock, 131 
Hechyn, 92 

Hedda, 11,45,52,55, 121 
Hegham, 93, 96 
Heiton, 141 
Helpeston, 93 



Helpo, 91 
Hendry, 173 
Henry, 204 
Henry II, 55 
Henry III, 55 
Henry VI, 123 
Henry VIII, 8,171 
Hensbaw, 15, 21, 56 
Henson, 76, 81, 159 
Herberd, 211 
Herbert, 53, 1 17 
Herke, 72 
Herlyngton, 145 
Hertford, 48 
Hervey, 105, 113 
Hervy, 14, 66 
Hetley, 26, 146, 151 
Heverardus, 113 
Hewett, 155 
Hewitt, 152 
Hickes, 66 
Hickling, 127 
Hill, 30 
Hilles, 2 
Hills, 4 

Hinchcliffe, 15, 57 
Hinscote, 96 
Hobbes, 56 
Hocliyn, 92 
Hoddye, 136 
Hodgeson, 14 
Hodgson, 3, 4, 209 
Holbech, 117 
Holbecbe, 48 
Holderness, 55, 62 
Holmes, 116 
Hopkinson, 82, 148, 149 
Horsham, 30 
Hotot, 55 
Houghton, 66 
House, 195 
Howland, 56 
Howlatt, 195 
Hubbersty, 93 
Hudson, 124 
Hugel, 116 
Hughes, 60, 89 
Hugo, 30 
Hume, 177 
Hunt, 117, 137, 153 
Huntly, 140 
Huppax, 24 
Hurd, 15 
Hurry, 101 
Hutchinson, 23, 100 
Hutton, 131 
Huxley, 174 
Hydson, 79 

Ikleburgh, 102 
Image, 30, 34 



Ingulf, 64, 113, 123 
Inkerson, 77 
Ireland, 65 
Irtblingburgh, 133 
Islep, 117 
Iwardby, 122 
Ivo, 113 
Ixem, 93 

Jackson, 57, 147 

James, 30, 60, 66, 69 

James I, 57, 143 

Jeanes, 193, 198 

Jeffery, 14, 137, 194, 209 

Jetferys, 89 

Jeffrey, 187 

Jembelin, 116 

Jenning, 194 

Jeune, 57 

Joffi-id, 123, 124, 125 

John, 117 

Johns, 179 

Johnson, 30, 83, 88, 106, 

112 
Jollis, 24 
Jones, 79, 119, 180, 196, 

210 
Jordan, 185 
Judkin, 129 

Ivatherine, 48 

Kay, 30 

Keble, 4 

Kelfull, 109 

Kempthoi'ne, 161 

Ken, 66 

Kennett, 4, 11, 15,47, 56, 

58, 60, 66, 99, 148 
Kent, 100 
Kenulphus, 55, 123, 124, 

126 
Kerby, 14 
Kermihil, 100 
Keteriche, 146, 167, 169 
Keteryng, 48 
Kettlewell, 66 
Kidder, 58, 195 
King,12,82, 136,137, 187 
Kinge, 4 
Kinsius, 61 
Kipling, 49, 58, 59 
Kirby, 129 
KirketOD, 117, 211 
Kirton, 7, 48, 56, 62 
Kisbee, 203 
Kisby, 129 
Knipe, 166, 167, 169 
Knowles, 26, 53, 93 
Kyneburgha, 10, 11, 45 
Kynesman, 30 
Kyng, 79 



INDEX I.— PERSONS. 



217 



Kyniswitha, 11 
Kynwolmersh, 14 
Kyrketon, 148,211 
Kyrkton, 48 
Kyrktun, 48 
Kyrton, 102 

Labyr, 101 

Lacy, 53 

Lamb, 15, 57, 58, 06, 210 

Lambe, 201 

LamberJ, Li6 

Lambert, 173 

Lammin, 53 

Lampkin, 76 

Laney, 15, 56 

Lanfranc, 126 

Langeford, 14 

Langtoft, 78 

Lany, 79 

Latimer, 148 

Latymer, 57 

Lauderdale, 66 

Laurence, 156 

Lavin, 76 

Lawrance, 146 

Lawrence, 34, 97 

Laxton, 79, 193 

Layng, 4, 20 

Leafield, 36 

Leahair, 116 

Leaves, 102 

Ledbeater, 146 

Lee, 140, 187, 204 

Le Fevre, 116 

Lefsinus, 117 

Lefsius, 117 

Lefwinus, 117 

Le Houcq, 116 

Le Leu, 116 

Lemon, 175 

Leofricus, 55 

Leofwyn, 108 

Le Pla, 116 

Lernoult, 187 

Lesueur, 116 

Le Tal, 116 

Levit, 91 

Lewis, 137 

Leycester, 14 

Lezygham, 48 

Lilley, 54 

Lincoln, 48, 66, 200 

Lindesay, 55 

Lindsay, 14, 56, 209 

Lindsell, 4 

Litlington, 123, 126 

Llewellyn, 06, 148,211 

Lloyd, 15, 56, 79, 81 

Lockier, 49, 58 

Lodington, 78 



Lodynton, 102 
Loftes, 115 
Lomes, 112 
London, 48, 55, 62 
Long, 134 
Longchamp, 123 
Longe, 195 
Loomes, 101 
Love, 171 
Lovin, 52, 54 
Low, 82 
Lowe, 205 
Lowry, 29 
Lucy, 181 
Luffenham, 123 
Luvedon, 66 
Lyne, 48 
Lynton, 110 
Lyon, 159 

Mac Duggle, 88 
Machon, 195 
Macklen, 24 
Madan, 15, 57, 60 
Magnaville, 171 
Makernesse, 195, 196 
Mallason, 24 
Manbye, 77 
Mandeville, 58 
Mandevyle, 110 
Mansco, 61 
Mansfield, 53 
Mange, 116 
March, 123 
Margetts, 176 
Marriott, 186 
Marsh, 15, 57, 60, 69 
Marshal, 175 
Marshall, 14, 21, 29, 30 
Marsham, 146, 148 
Martin, 23, 46 
Mary, 57, 88, 192 
Mary of Scots, 48, 52, 57, 

62 
Marys, 14 
Mason, 29, 89, 102, 110, 

112 
Masons, 23 
Massingarb, 116 
Mast, 1 75 
Matilda, 126 
Matthias, 55 
Mawdesley, 177 
Mayden, 14 
Mc Douall, 60 
Mears, 112, 184 
Mees, 110 
Melsintown, 185 
Melton, 14. 51, 93 
Meltun, 48 
Meriton, 57 



Merry, 40 

Messenger, 4 

Messynger, 4 

Mews, 52 

Middleton, 173 

Mildmay, 193, 200, 201 

Millicent, 142 

Mills, 90, 142 

Milner, 148 

Milton, 34 

Moigne, 100 

Monk, 49, 58, 66 

Montfort, 203 

Moore, 102, 106, 107, 110, 

112, 140,210 
Mopsey, 12 
Morcot, 55 
More, 14, 52, 92 
Mores, 102 
Morgan, 153 
Morpeth, 211 
Morrys, 48 
Morton, 65, 70 
Mortun, 48 
Mossop, 93 
Mott, 177 
Moulton, 117 
Mountsteven, 77, 78, 82 
Mountstevinge, 12 
Murcott, 117 
Murrey, 53 
Mythingesby, 78 

Nassington, 14, 195 

Naturas, 48, 79 

Neal, 1 74 

Neale, 141 

Negus, 100 

Nelson, 177, 187 

Neve,33, 130,145, 148,2 !1 

Nevill, 57, 210 

Newcomb, 82 

Newcome, 148, 187 

Newton, 66, 102 

Nicolas, 56 

Nigel, 107 

Noble, 109 

Noppe, 4 

Norris, 8, 69, 127, 144, 

150, 198 
Northburg, 137 
Northburgh, 14 
Nottyngham, 48, 79 
Nouman, 141 
Nuscote, 96 

Oddam, 29 

Offly, 174 

Old, 153, 167, 211, 212 

Orby, 124 

Orme, 29, 61, 107, 143 

18 



218 



INDEX I.— PERSONS. 



Ormesby, 14 

Orton, 48 

Osborn, 74, 106 

Osketyl, 123 

Othebothe, 66 

Overall, 174 

Overton, 51, 56, 123, 126 

Paddy, 24 

Pagitt, 27 

Pain, 174 

Palady, 14 

Paley, 53, 93 

Palmer, 57, 141 

Palyngton, 66 

Pancke, 26 

Panke, 30 

Parker, 52, 56, 72, 124, 

180 
Parsons, 15, 57, 66 
Parys, 47 

Patrick, 55, 58, 66, 99 
Payne, 72, 100, 187 
Peach, 146, 153 
Peada, 45 

Peckard, 58, 187, 204 
Pega, 63 

Peirse, 14, 56, 57 
Peirson, 109 
Pell, 146 
Pelle, 211 
Penda, 10 
Pendelton, 4 
Penn, 60, 88, 89, 90, 190 
Pennington, 137 
Penny, 84 
Percy, 4 
Pern, 124 
Person, 84 
Peter, 141 
Peters, 194 
Petit, 195, 196 
Petye, 131 
Peverel, 177 
Phelips, 4 
Philippa, 171 
Philipp, 79 
Phillips, 174 
Philpot, 93 
Pickard, 177 
Pickeryng, 24 
Pierson, 109 

Pigott, 152, 157, J75, 176 
Pindar, 177 
Pleynson, 109 
Pocklington, 52, 193 
Pole, 48, 56 
Pollard, 193, 195 
Pond, 24 
Pooley, 160, 180 
Pope, 2, 58, 102 



Porter, 33 
Postlethwayte, 124 
Potts, 1 
Pratt, 30, 34, 60, 66, 79, 

99, 102 
Preston, 4, 204 
Priest, 174 
Proby, 160,164,186,190, 

204 
Provost, 116 
Pufferett, 48 
Pusa, 55 
Pykeryng, 79 
Pykwell, 14 
Pyndar, 54 
Pytteman, 66 

Radcliffe, 195 

Radwell, 23 

Rainbow, 58 

Rainer, 23 

Ralph, 117 

Ramsey, 48, 55, 56, 117 

Randall, 109, 172 

Ravey, 4 

Rawhns, 23, 27 

Rawlyns, 14 

Rawson, 173 

Rayment, 204 

Raynhill, 14, 79 

Read, 112, 115 

Reade, 107 

Rede, 148 

Reeve, 147 

Remigius, 166 

Repyngham, 14 

Reve, 153 

Reynolds, 24, 58, 60, 89, 

110, 112 
Richard I, 55, 145 
Richard II, 126 
Richardson, 47, 137 
Richerson, 52 
Ris, 117 

Robert, 114, 117, 123 
Robertson, 167 
Robertus, 78 
Robins, 173, 177 
Robinson, 24, 146 
Rogers, 23, 137, J 38 
Rokeby, 192 
Ronds, 209 
Roper, 194 
Rowe, 92 
Rudstow. 109 
Russell, 115, 122 
Ryall, 48, 117 
Rydell, 79 
Ryder, 142 
Rydley, 66 
Ryley, 78, 79, 123 



Sais, 46, 47, 55 
Salman, 34 
Salmon, 193, 195, 200 
Sambrook, 34 
Sampson, 173, 177 
San croft, 66 
Sandford, 4 
Sandiver, 124 
Sandivers, 117 
Sanford, 4 
Sapcote, 164 
Sappcottes, 160 
Sappcotts, 164, 165 
Saunders, 58, 187 
Savage, 187 
Sawyer, 137 
Saxulphus, 55 
Scambler, 23, 56 
Scarlet, 54, 62 
Schardelow, 4 
Schutz, 79 
Sciebo, 127 
Scot, 195 

Scott, 74, 103, 104, 128 
Scribo, 124 
Searle, 124, 177,181 
Seby, 100 
Sedgewicke, 4 
S. Edmunds, 55 
Selby, 21, 100 
Serocold, 93 
Seymour, 140 
Shappett, 130 
Shaiman, 145, 147 
Sharpe, 175 
Shaw, 146, 166 
Shellit, 115 
Shelstone, 12 
Shepe, 130 
Shepherd, 84 
Sherman, 173 
Sherwood, 52 
Shrewsbury, 139 
Sigee, 116 
Simpcox, 34 
Sinke, 193 
Siward, 126 
Siwardus, 117, 123 
Skakylton, 141 
Skeels, 90 
Skelton, 137 
Skiner, 175 
Skrimshire, 37 
Sloper, 159 
Slowe, 142 
Smeaton, 76 
Smith, 53, 93, 96, 102,104, 

137, 142, 179, 193, 198 
Smyth, 13, 30, 66, 131, 

132,133, 142,173,181, 

196 



INDEX I.— PERSONS. 



219 



Smythe, 110, 173 
Smylhies, 195, 198 
Solomon, 117 
Southampton, 140 
Southgate, 148, 151, 167 
Spaldynge, 89 
Sparby, 195 
Sparke, 55, 89 
Spaulding, 77 
Spayn, 194 
Speechley, 101 
Speechly, 140 
Spinkes, 14, 66, 137, 210 
Spinks, 12 
Sprung, 173 
Squier, 6G 
Squire, 34, 191 
Stamford, 78 
Standish, 48, 89, 131 
Stanford, 117 
Stanton, 14, 66 
Starkye, 108 
Starling, 195 
Stavenesby, 66 
Stene, 79 
Stephen, 55 
Stephenson, 161 
Stevyns, 66 
Stevynson, 29 
Stewart, 137 
Stiles, 82 

Stimpson, 146, 173 
St. John, 39, 49, 199 
Stockewith, 177 
Stona, 112 
Stone, 90 
Story, 174 
Stow, 48 
Stowkes, 23 
Strickland, 49 
Stringer, 187 
Strong, 34, 60 
Stubbs, 136, 137, 138 
Stuke, 177 

Styles, 77, 124, 187, 190 
Sudbery, 147 
Sudbury, 106 
Suthwik, 4 
Sutton, 35, 55 
Suttun, 48 
Swane, 64 
Swannock, 93 
Sweeby, 96 
Swynscoe, 24 
Sybely, 14 

Taillor, 4 
Talbot, 23, 139 
Tanfield, 14 
Tapton, 93 
Tarrant, 58, 60 



Tatym, 167 

Taylor, 60, 137, 138, 141, 

180 
Tempest, 30 
Tench, 153 
Tennant, 142, 143 
Terrick, 15, 57 
Thacker, 204 
Theed, 204 
Theodore, 113, 123 
Thirkell, 177 
Thirlby, 30 
Thomas, 42, 57, 58, 89, 

142 
Thompson, 117 
Thorndon, 110 
Thorne, 137 
Thoroldus, 55 
Thornton, 48 
Thorp, 1, 35, 93, 122, 123 
Thorpe, 2 
Thresser, 177 
Thurnell, 90 
Tidmarsh, 176 
Tigardine, 116 
Tompson, 70,131, 185,195 
Topping, 99, 100, 101, 

102, 104, 110, 112 
Tournay, 60 
Towers, 14, 28, 56, 57 
Treton, 93 
Trygg, 30 
Tullv, 66 
Tunny, 52 
Tunstall, 137 
Turketyl, 123, 124, 126 
Turner, 9, 161, 166 
Turton, 58, 60 
Tydde, 29 
Tyrington, 4 
Tytley, 64, 66 

Underwood, 100, 107,112, 

115 
Upton, 123, 204, 
Usiil, 116 
Utting, 64 

Vangalloway, 100 
Vasey, 142 
Vaudeberk, 116 
Vaughan, 93 
Vaux, 164 
Vecti, 55 
Veer, 4 
ViUars, 37 
Virgilius, 14 
Yokes, 131, 132, 133 
Voy, 185 

Wager; 30, 137 



Wake, 93 

Wakelin, 140, 187, 205, 

207 
Waldegrave, 99 
Waldeve, 123 
Waldron, 30 
Walker, 123 
Waller, 102 
Wallis, 180 
Walmesford, 30 
Walpooll, 48 
Walsham, 28, 130, 131, 

133, 136, 195, 204 
Walsingham, 110 
Walter, 117, 134 
Walton, 174 
Ward, 131, 132, 137 
Warde, 14, 66, 79 
Waring, 30, 60, 148, 150 
Warner, 90 
Warren, 65 
Warriner, 34 
Warrok, 30 
Warwick, 173, 198 
Water-Newton, 117 
Watervile, 4 
Waterville, 1, 31, 46, 55 
Wates, 206 
Watford, 30 
Watson, 137 
Wattkin, 96 

Webster, 70, 74, 100, 137 
Weddred, 30 
Welbye, 108 
Welles, 30, 123 
Wells, 93, 117, 167 
Wellton, 24 
Were, 37 
Wenningham, 30 
Westmoreland, 193, 200 
Weston, 79, 191 
Whalley, 142, 143 
Whelpdale, 66 
Whiston, 14, 177 
Whitbrooke, 170 
White, 15, 20, 28, 56, 06 
Whitehall, 66 
Whitehead, 195, 196 
Whitfeild, 4 
Whitfeld, 9 
Whitmore, 134 
Whitstones, 107, 131 
Whittewell, 66 
Whittlesey, 112, 117 
Whittyngton, 148 
Whitweli, 82 
Whyt, 102 
Wigmore, 79 
Wilcoke, 131 
Wilcox, 173 
WUdbore, 75, 207 



220 



INDEX II.— PLACES. 



Wilford, 14 

Wilkes, 109 

Wilkinson, 30, 195 

Willan, 161 

William, 24, 36, 93, 113, 

126 
Williams, 66, 171 
Williamson, 24, 30, 79, 

148 
Willowes, 53 
Wiltshey, 102 
Wiltshire, 66 
Winchley, 12 
Wing, 90, 211 
Wingfield, 12 
Winstanley, 13 
Wirmington, 78 
Wisbech, 117 
Wisditch, 1 73 
Wiseman, 107 
With am, 14 
Witlesey, 102 
Wodeham, 110 



Wodham, 172 
Wolfe, 66 
Wolfenden, 195 
Wollaston, 60, 79, 131, 

210 
WoUoure, 4 
Wolmer, 4 
Wolsey, 8 
Womack, 194 
Wood, 23 
Woodcrofte, 66 
Woodford, 55 
Woodfowl, 211 
Woodward, 52 
Woolley, 177 
Workman, 66 
Worseleye, 93 
Wortley, 138 
Wright, 14,20, 131, 133, 

136, 142, 203, 204, 205, 

207, 209 
Writte, 175 
Wryght, 79 



Wulgatus, 64, 123 
Wulketyl, 123, 124 
Wyldbore, 3, 29, 34, 71 
Wylde, 30 
Wyllkes, 109 
Wyllson, 102 
Wylson, 93, 109 
Wyman, 142 
Wynde, 177 
Wynslowe, 93 
Wysbeche, 68 
Wysbyche, 48 
Wytham, 14 
Wyttilbury, 1, 93 
Wyttylbyri, 9 

Yarwell, 136, 139 
Yaxley, 114, 117 
Yearwell, 136 
Yeoman, 4 
York, 209 
Yonng, 130 



itte 2.--1@kas. 



Abbot's Ripton, Hun., 204 
Achurch, Nhants, 4, 30 
Addington, Sus., 58 
Alderkirk, Lin., 57 
Alderminster, Wor., 131 
Algiers, 160 
Aliwal, 104 

AUigny, Burgundy, 158 
Allington, Dev., 158 
AUington, Kent, 168 
Alwalton, Hun., 30, 141, 
145—1.51, 207,210, 211 
Ambrosden, Ber., 56 
Anjou, 55 

Arthingworth, Nhants.,15 
Ashford, Derb., 7 
Asbford, Lei., 76 
Ashley, Ber., 57 
Astwick, Bed., 1 
Australia, 164 
Averham, Not., 58 
Axholme, Isle of, Lin. ,185 

Bainton, Nhants., 92 
Hampton, Ox., 56 
Bangor, 58 
Barbadoes, 54 
Barnack, Nhants., 57, 66, 
78, 91, 98 



Basingchurch, Han., 159 
Baston, Lin., 169 
Bath, 196 

Bath and Wells, 56, 195 
Battersea, 58 
Beavois, 55 
Beccles, Suf., 109 
Benefield, Nhants., 58, 

117 
Beverley, Yor., 137 
Birmingham, 57 
Blisworth, Nhants., 15 
Booking, Es., 57 
Bodmin, Cor., 207 
Bordeaux, 140 
Boston, Lin., 91 
Botsford, Lei., 56 
Bottisham,Cam.,142,153 

BOTTLEBEIDGE, Hun., 52, 

91, 135—137 
Bowton, Lit., Lei., 194 
Brad well, Es., 143 
Braneepeth, Dur., 58 
Brecksh., 84 
Bridgenorth, Sal., 109, 

137, 159, 194 
Brinckton, Hun., 176 
Bringhurst, Nhants., 90 
Bristol, 57, 67 



Brixworth,Nhants-,96.210 
Brockley, Som., 82 
Broseby, 130 
Brosley, Sal,, 157 
Broughton, Nhants., 160 
Bruern, Ox., 139 
Buckingham, 56 
Burgundy, 158 
Buriton, Han., 56 
Burton, 55 

Burton Cogles, Lin., 148 
Burton-on-Stather, Lin., 

194 
Bury, Hun,, 172, 179 
Bury S.Edmunds, 15, 107 

Cadbury, N., Som., 195 

Calcott, Hun., 148 

Cambridge, 9, 15, 21, 34, 
52, 56, 57, 58,66, 71, 
78,82,91,93,108,131, 
140, 143, 144, 148, 153, 
167, 169, 193,195,198, 
201, 204 

Cambsh., 100, 163 

Canons Ashby, Nhants., 
156 

Canterbury, 15, 30,53,55, 
58,71, 112 



INDEX II.— PLACES. 



281 



Carlisle, 53, 58, 93 
Cartmel, Lan., 93 
Castoe, Nhants., -1, 10 — 

21, 46, 56, 66, 78, 79, 

102, 137,151, 153,160, 

168, 209, 211 
Charlton, Nhants., 90 
Chatteris, Cam., 175 
Cherry Hinton, Cam., 

ino, 110 
Chester, 12, 57, 159 
Chesterford, Lit., Es., 58 
Chesterton, Hun., 10, 

131,137,151—157,162, 

211,212 
Chichester, 33, 56, 66 
Churton, Nhants., 57 
Clapham, Bed., 172 
Clonfert, 161 
Colomho, 161 
Colyngham, Nhants., 66 
Compiegne, 120 
Compton Gilford, Dev., 

212 
Conington, Lin., 79 
Conniugton, Cam., 58 
Connington, Hun., 20 
Cornwall, 91, 111 
Cottingham, Nhants., 15 
Cotton End, Nhants., 109 
Coventry, 55, 137 
Cowbit, Lin., 136 
Cranford, Nhants., 30 
Creton, Nhants., 30 
Cbowland, Lin., 55, 63, 

68, 70, 113, 121—128, 

170, 211 
Culross, 192 
Cumberland, 35 

Dalston, Cum., 58 
Dandelyon, Ken., 196 
Darlington, Dur., 130 
Deeping, Market, Lin., 1, 

117, 122 
Deeping, W., Lin., 4, 79 
Dembleby, Nhants, 90 
Denton, Hun., 58 
Derby, 114 
Derbysh., 7 
Devonsh., Ill 
Dormundceastre, 10 
Down, 87, 102, 117 
Downiiam, Nor., 33, 60, 

74, 106 
Dublin, 108, 192 
Dukinfield, Che., 102 
Dunnington, Cam., 57 
Durham, 57, 58, 61, 84, 

140 
Durobrivfe, 10, 145, 151 



Eapley, Staf., 194 
Easton, G., Nhants, 90 
Eastree, Cam., 101 
Ecton, Nhants., 20, 58 
Edinburgh, 194 
Eddystone, Dev., 13 
Eldernell, Cam., 101, 102, 

107, 211 
Elme, Cam., 108 
Elmly, Wor., 159 
Elsworth, Cam., 191, 194 
Elton, Hun., 147, 158 — 

165, 212 
Ely, Cam., 12, 56, 57, 58, 

63, 90, 99, 105, 108, 

126, 160 
Emneth, Cam., 109 
Eriswell, Suf., 163 
Ermine Street, 151, 184 
Essex, 25 
Estreye, Cam., 211 
Etton, Nhants., 93, 148, 

189 
Evertou, 148 
Evesham, Wor., 123 
Eye, Nhants,87— 91,116, 

117,210 

Farcet, Hun., 146, 182, 

192, 199—203 
Fechamp, Normandy, 66 
Fenstanton, Hun., 185, 

196 
Fiskerton, Lin., 30, 66 
Fletton, Hun., 58, 187, 

192, 203—207 
Flootburgh, Lan. 194 
Fornham, Suf., 39 
Fotheringay, Nhants., 52, 

158,159, 104 
Framlingham, Suf., 56 
France, 166 
Freston, Suf., 123 

Gasley, 186 

Gayton, Nhants., 15, 58 
Gidding, Lit., Hun., 204 
Giggleswick, Yor., 93 
Gimingham, Nor., 58 
Gmnton, Nhants., 30, 64, 

65, 71—75 
Gloucester, 56, 67 
Godmanchester, Hun., 

175 
Good Hope, Cape of, 104 
Grafton, Regis, Nhants., 

56 
Grantham, Lin., 79 
Greasborough, Yor., 204 
Greenwich, 57 
Gretford, Lin., 161 



Greton, Nhants., 148 
Gretworth, 161 
Guilsborough, Nhants., 

191 
Gunthorpe, Nhants., 76, 

77 
Gunvile, 141 

Haddon, Hun., 142, 152, 

153, 156, 159 
Hadley, Suf., 57 
Hales, Sal., 25 
Halifax, Yor., 192 
Halvergate, Nor., 107 
Hamelden (Hamilton), 

Eutl., 06, 148 
Hansworth, 58 
Harlow, Es., 194 
Harpole^ Nhants., 15 
Harrow, Mid., 58 
Harwich, Es., 159, 194 
Hatfield, Hert., 57, 210 
Halton, W., Lin., 57 
Haxey, Lin., 57, 102 
HedoD, Yor., 108, 159 
Helpston, Nhants., 91 — 

98, 165, 170 
Hemelden, 137 
Hereford, 56 
Herefsh., 7, 84 
Heston, Mid., 13 
Heydon, Es., 56 
Hilton, Hun., 185 
Hinchinbrooke, Hun., 173 
Holcot, Nhants., 15 
Holland, 49, 115, 192 
Holra-Cultram, Cum.,211 
Holme, Yor., 58 
Holwel, Eed., 66 
Horton, Dor., 191 
Houghton - le - Spring, 

Dur., 56 
Howden, Yor., 194 
Hungary, 160 
Huntingdon, 50, 91, 112, 

141, 148,152,161,173, 

174, 175, 181, 193 
Hunts.,131, 146, 151,155, 

156, 157, 103, 164, 181 

Tmpington, Cam., 107 
Ingham, 66 
Inniskilling, 160 
Ireland, 9 
Irthlingborough,Nhants., 

30, 133 
Isleham, Cam., 200 

Jersey, 57 

Kerkley, Suf., 200 

19 



2Q2 



INDEX II.— PLACES. 



Kesteven, Lin., 2 
Kilmore, 100 
Kimbolton, Hun., 48 
Kirksanton, Cam., 160 

Lamberhurst, Sus., 58 
Lancash., 194 
Lavant, E., Sus., 56 
Lavington, Lin., 20 
Laxton, Nhants., 93 
Leicester, 15, 30, 127 
Leicestersh., 166 
Leifield, 78 

Leominster, Heref., 123 
Leverington, Cam., 124 
Lichfield, 15, 55, 56, 57, 

121,137, 160 
Lincoln, 15, 16,30,53,56, 
57, 58, 66, 70, 75, 84, 
89, 124, 131, 135, 137, 
141, 148, 151, 153, 177 
Lincolnsh., 35, 147 
Lithuania, 159 
Littleport, 130 
Llandaff, 15, 56, 57 
London, 1, 2, 3, 8, 24, 27, 
54, 56, 57, 90, 91, 143, 
148,151,159,163,184; 
Aldgate,56 ; AUhallows, 
Barking, 66 — Lombard 
St., 56 — London Wall, 

57 ; Blackfriars, 195 ; 
Bloomsbury, 58 ; Cam- 
berwell, 9 ; Charter- 
house, 56, 58 ; Clerken- 
well, 9 ; Drury Lane, 
160 f Dyers' Hall, 160 ; 
Goldsmiths' Hall, 185 ; 
Hammersmith, 56 ; 
Hampstead, 110; Ken- 
sington, S., 62 ; Lam- 
beth, 56 ; Old Fish st., 
68 ; S. Andrew, Hol- 
born, 56 — Undershaft, 
8 ; S. Anne, Aldersgate, 

58 ; S. Bartholomew 
the Great,200-theLess, 
56 ; S. Benet, Grace- 
church, 71— Fink, 71; 
— Paul's Wharf, 71 ;— 
Sherehog,71; S.Chris- 
topher, 56 ; S. Faith, 
66 ; S. Gregory, 56 ; S. 
Helen, 195 ; S. Laur- 
ence, Pountney, 57 ; S. 
Martin, 15, 159— Out- 
•wich, 195 ; S. Mary, 
Aldermary, 56 — le 
Strand, 58 ; Smithfield, 
194; S. Paul's cathe- 
drals, 56, 57,82, 137, 



160 — Covent Garden, 

58,195; Walbrook,66; 

Whitechapel, 194 
LoNGTHORPE, Nhants., 4, 

22, 35—39, 85, 87 
Lusiburge, 147 
Lutterworth, Lei., 160 
Luton, Bed., 194 

Machanes, 12, 160 
Maharajpoor, 104 
Malmesbury, Wil., 25 
Malsingham, G.,Nor.,i63 
Manfield, Yor., 4 
MAEHOLM,Nhants.,l — 10, 

20, 37,39,83,121,140, 

209 
Market Harborough,Lei., 

194 
Maxey, Nhants., 24, 30,67 
Medehamsted, 22, 113 
Mediterranean, 13 
Melford, Long, Suf., 194 
Mercia, 10, 46, 63, 121 
Mersh Gibbon, Buc, 57 
Middleholm, 131 
Middlesex, 140 
Milan, 125 
Milton, Cam., 194 
Milton, Nhants., 2, 8, 10, 

25 
Molesworth, Hun., 209 
Monte Casino, 71 
Morborne, Hun., 110 
Morcott, Pv,ut., 4 
Moulton, Nhants., 57 
Moulton, Nor., 107 

Nassabui'gh, 82 
Nayland, Suf., 210 
Nene, 134, 145, 151, 165 
Newark, Nott , 56 
Newborough, Nhants., 137 
Newbottle, Nhants., 90 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, 57 
Niend Savage, Sal., 157 
Norfolk, 14, 52, 75, 166 
Normancross, 184, 191 
Normandy, 55, 66 
Northall, 56 
North am, Nhants., 88 
Northampton, 15, 24, 34, 

57, 58, 60, 66, 92, 97, 

134, 160 
Northants., 130, 151,156, 

200 
Northborough, Nhants., 

64, 72, 90, 204 
Northumbria, 10, 54 
Norton, 66 
Norwich, 12, 56, 57, 58, 86 



Nottingham, 56 
Notts., 204 

Orange, 12, 160 
Orton Longville, Hun., 
15, 52, 79, 134—140, 

144, 150, 153, 188, 211 

OETONWATERVILLE,Hun., 

140—145, 153, 154 
Oundle, Nhants., 30, 67, 

159, 161 
Overston, Nhants., 30 
Oxford, 1,9, 15,30,56,57, 

66, 67, 148, 161, 165, 

175, 204 
Oxfordsh., 159 

Pagham, Sus., 56 
Pamjjisford, Cam., 107 
Paris, 177 
Paston, Nhants., 4, 15, 

75—83, 84, 210 
Peakirk, Nhants., 12, 30, 

57, 58, 63—70, 72, 74, 

78,85, 123, 148, 161, 

209, 211 
Peninsula, 104 
Perth Marston, 130 
Peterborough, 2, 12, 63, 

65,82,91,98, 116, 122, 

145, 173,184,195, 199, 
200,210. Abbots, 8, 11, 
31,35,55—56,73,113; 
Angel inn, 24; Bishops, 
10, 23, 28, 29, 56—57, 
60, 83, 99 ; Borough- 
bury, 24, 42; Bridge, 
29,106; Cathedral,4,14, 
15, 16, 29, 45—63, 66, 
72, 78,89,93,107,126, 
131,142, 151, 167,209; 
Chancellor, 15, 58 ; 
Chapter, 65, 146; Chor- 
ister, 29 ; Cowgate, 34 ; 
Crawthorne hill, 24 ; 
Deans,57— 58,187,195, 
204 ; Dog and doublet, 
109; Dogsthorpe, 26, 
78, 84; King's school, 
5, 30, 31,52,55,58,78, 
82, 85, 89, 131, 135, 
148 ; Layclerk, 29 ; 
Market-cross, 26; Mi- 
nor-canons, R9, 90, 93, 
102, 110, 131, 148; 
Mulloryes Pils, 23 ; 
Northgate, '4 ; Preben- 
daries, 4, 15, 29, 34, 58, 
60, 66, 67, 70, 79, 137, 
148, 161 ; Precentors, 
15, 30, 148 ; Priestgate, 



INDEX II.— PLACES. 



223 



209 ; Registrar, 80 ; 
Keteu Eowe, 20 ; Sa- 
crist, -^S, 42, 123; S. 
John Baptist, 22 — 35, 
30, 84, 133, 148, 209, 

210 ; S. Mark, 40—42 ; 
S. Mary, 42—44 ; Sex 
ton barns, 130; West- 
gate, 23, 133; West- 
wood, 24, 35 ; Wood- 
grounds, 24 

Pightesley (PitcTiIey), 

Nliants., 15, 30 
Pluckley, Ken., 210 
Plymouth, Dev., 212 
Poland, Gr., 194 
Poland, Lower, 160 
Poland-Prussia, 194 
Polebrook, Nhants., 15,79 
Pond's bridge. Cam. 182 
Postland, Lin., 122 
Preston, 156 

Quebeck, 147 

Eabye, Lin., 141 
Eaine, Ess., 195 
Ramsey, Hun., 113, 123, 

158, 170—182, 192; 

S. Mary, 182—184 
Eayley, 06 
Eheims, 106 
Eipon, 159 

Rochester, 55,56, 58, 112 
Rome, 56 
Eouen, 192 
Eoyston, Hert., 152 
Eushton, Nhants., 30 
Eutland, 3 
Eye, Sus., 56, 57 

S. Adde, Sal., 15 

Saffi-on Walden, Es., 56 

S. Albans, Hert., 55, 123 

Salisbury, 66 

Salop, 108 

Sarum, 15, 56, 57, 58, 66, 

117, 137, 209 
S. Asaph, 57 
Saxted, Suf., 56 
Scotland, lOQ 
S. Davids, 15, 193 
S. Ebrulph, 123 
Sedgtield, Dur., 56 
Selling, Ken., 204 
S. Helena, 161 
Shireland, 130 
Shottesbrook, Ber., 56 
Sibson, Lei., 56 
Sibson, Nhants., 146 
Sierra Leone, 137 



Singlesholt, Nhants , 88 
S. Ives, Hun., 56, 176 
S. Neots, Hun., 55, 76, 

no, 145, 180 
Soham, Cam., 50, 160 
Somersham, Hun., 102, 

109 
Southwark, Sur., 194 
Southwell, Not., 61, 204 
Southwick, Nhants., 194 
Spalding, Lin., 128, 148 
Spilsby, Liu., 130 
Staines, Mid., 58 
Stamford, Lin., 9, 56, 75, 

124, 141 
Stanground, Hun., 58, 

144,192—199,200,201, 

203, 205 
Stanton Bany, Buc, 58 
Stanway, Es., 57 
Stanwick, Nhants., 15, 79 
Stathem, Lei., 56 
Staverton, Nhants., 160 
Stedham, Sus., 50 
Steyford, Lin., 182 
Stilton, Hun., 147 
Stoke-by-Nayland, Suf., 

210 
Stow, Lin., 15 
Sufifolk, 88, 91 
Sunderland, Dur., 193 
Switzerland, 12 
Syresham, Nhants., 15 

Tansover, Nhants., 148 
Tan worth. War., 58 
Teversham, Cam., 57 
Thanet, Ken., 196 
Thetford, Nor., 66 
Thorxey, Cam., 55, 99, 
102, 104, 105, 107, 112, 
113—120,131,152,166, 
170,185, 192, 193,199, 
210,211 
Thomhaugh, Nhants. ,211 
Thrapston, Nhants., 159 
Tidworth, N., Wil., 58 
Towcester, Nhants., 130 
Turfen, Hun., 172 
Twickenham, Mid., 57 
Twywell, Nhants., 93 

Uffington, Lin., 15 
Ugmeare, Hun., 172 

Wales, 25 

Walsoken, Nor., 211 
Walthamstow, Es.,56,13o 
Walton, Nor., 200 
Walton, Nhants., 77 
Wansford, Nhants., 29 



Wappenham, Nhants., 15 
Ware, Hert., 30 
Waiesley, Hun,, 52 
Waterloo, 104, 133 
Water Newton, Hun., 

146,153,165—170,211 
Watlingford, Hert., 142 
"Wearmouth, 71 
Welburn, 66 
Wells, Som., 105 
Werrin'gton, Nhants. ,76, 

77, 83—86 
Westminster, 48, 56, 57, 

58,67 
Weston Colville, Cam. ,15 
WestonFavell, Nhants., 1 5 
Whaplode Drove, Lin. ,124 
Wheaton-Aston, Staf.,194 
Whittlesey, Cam., 114, 

146, 154,175,182,189, 

201 ; S. Andrew, 99, 

101,102,107—112,210, 

211; S. Mary, 18, 98— 

107,117,131,195,210, 

211 
Whitwell, Der., 58 
Wickford, Es., 56 
Willoughby, Not., 57 
Winchester, 55, 56, 57, 

117, 140 
W'indsor, 52, 57, 58 
Winteringham, Lin., 79 
Wisbech, Cam., 52, 60, 

102, 115, 210 
Wistow, Hun., 174, 175 
Witham-on-the-Hill,Lin., 

60 
Witney, Ox., 27 
Wonston, Han., 129 
Woodcroft., Nhants., 124 
Woodford, Nhants., 30, 

191 
Wood Newton, Nhants., 

165 
WooDSTON, Hun., 107, 

129—134, 153, 196 
Wooller, Nhumb., 160 
Worcester, 57, 117 
Wrotham, Ken., 58 



Yarmouth, Nor., 9 
Yaxley, Hun., 26, 114, 

129, 147, 153, 184— 

192, 199, 204 
Yaxley, Suf., 185 
Yedingham, Yor., 4 
Yelden, Bed., 52 
York, 55, 56, 57, 58, 61, 

108, 123, 140, 184, 194 



224 



fnb0 3.--|i;attos. 



Abbots, qitarrels of, 113 
Achievements, 7, 139, 164 
Almsbox, ancient, 19 
Almshouses, 3, 54, 78, 82, 

100 
Altarpiece removed, 33 
Altars, 50, 84, 102 
Attendance at church, en- 
forced, 26 
Aumbries, 19, 67, 85, 94, 
162, 168, 189,190, 197, 
202 

Barn, ancient, 42 
Beadle's uniform, 26 
Bells, inscribed, 8, 20, 33, 
60, 69, 74, 81, 90, 96, 
106,111, 127,133, 139, 
144, 150, 155,163,169, 
180, 184, 190, 198, 202, 
206 
Ben Barr, a prophet, 98 
Benefactions, 3, 14, 24, 
28, 55, 58, 65, 77, 84, 
89, 92, 101, 109, 116, 
123, 131, 133, 136,137, 
140, 142, 148,157,160, 
176, 177,182,183,186, 
195, 201, 204 
Bequests for ringers, 29, 
92 ; lamp, 14 ; image, 
65, 69 ; roodlight, 72 ; 
saying Lord's prayer,29 
Bible, ancient, 3 
Brasses, 8, 36, 61, 79, 120, 

145, 191, 198 
Briefs, collections on, 2, 
12, 25, 76, 108, 130, 
159, 194, 200 
Burials, in woollen, 2, o2, 
84, 185 ; of hearts, 55, 
191, 192; costly, 56; 
of queens, 48, 52 

Cuttle plague, 130 
Cenotaph, 140 
Ch'antries, 1, 141 
Chapel, desecrated, 70 ; 

demolished, 49, 88,101, 

114 



Charles I., portrait of, 32 
Choir of cathedral reseat- 
ed, 49 
Christian names,unusual, 
12,25,76, 108,141,169, 
174, 204 
Church destroyed, 135 ; 

removed, 30, 35 
Churchwardens' books, 
12, 25, 64, 65, 84, 92, 
136, 147,152,106,175, 
186 
Churchyard, dilapidated, 

186 
Clock, 21, 53, 105 
Coffin, stone, 95, 127,157, 

164, 170 
Coffin-lids, engraved, 20, 
21, 75, 97, 104, 127, 
133, 164, 180, 181, 191 
Coinage, 26 
Comet, 113 

Consecration deed, 87,102 
Constable's books, 12,166 
Corbels, grotesque,73,110 
Crewel, what, 27 
Crosses, churchyard, 21, 
92, 165, 173, 181, 198, 
207; village, 39, 97, 
128, 192; floor 20, 59, 
60, 81, 96, 180, 198; 
on headstones, 97, 98, 
165 ; finial, 20, 40, 44, 
139 
Crucifix, 33 
Custom, old, 7, 12, 13, 86 

Darnix, what, 13 

Deaths, sudden (accidents 
or suicides), 23, 24, 52, 
76, 89, 91, 100, 108, 
115, 122,129, 130,141, 
143, 146, 159,106,172, 
173, 174, 175, 185, 193 

Dedication-stone, 15 

Dedications, unusual, 10, 
63, 70, 71, 121, 166; 
changed, 89, 172 

Deviation in chancel and 
nave, 58, 103, 198 



Domestic arcbitecture,39, 

135 
Duel, 24 

Earthquake, 125 

Ejectments' from benefi- 
ces, 15, 30, 48, 56, 57, 
58, 79, 137, 153, 161, 
186, 187,195 _ 

Embroidery, ancient, 32 

Erasmus, paraphrase of, 
13 

Etymologies of places, 10, 
22, 35, 63, 71, 75, 83, 
87,91,98,113,121,129, 
134,135,140,145, 151, 
158, 105,184,185,192, 
199, 203 

Exchequer tally, 27 

Executions, 12, 23, 24, 56, 
57 

Faculties, 27 
Fairs, 55, 140,184 
Fanon, what, 27 
Fellowships founded, 56, 

78, 82 
Fen drainage, 115, 123, 

193, 199 
Fires, 2, 23, 45, 54, 76, 

141, 159,100,173, 174, 

175 194 
Floods, 2, 54, 65, 113 
Foraart (fullmire), 147 
Fonts, 7, 21, 38, 41, 44, 

52, 68, 73, 74, 81, 86, 

105, 132, 142,144,154, 

162, 179, 183,206 
Foundation stone, 36 
France, kings of, 166 
French names, 112, 116 ; 

pi'isoners, 191 
Frescoes, 7, 19, 103, 138, 

190 
Friars, 8 
Front, cathedral, 47, 50, 

59 
Funeral garland, 7 

Galilee, 30 



INDEX III.— MATTERS. 



Geese, wild, 147 

Glass, stained, ancient, 7, 
48,49,59, 08,81, 119, 
12'^, 138,164, 179,197; 
modern, 44, 63, 69, 90, 
10:>, 118, 183,191,197, 
198 

Greek epitaphs, 61, 82 

Guilds, 23 

Heronry, 25 

Inventories of church 
goods, 3, 13,28,37, 51, 
65, 72, 77, 84, 89, ^2, 
101, 109, 130, 136, 14<! 
148, 160, 194 

King's evil, 54 

Latten, what, 3 
].awsuit, 65, 12i 
Lettenis, 43, 51. 67, 68 

74, 162, 179 
Librarian, 151 
Library, 33, 48, 55, 107, 

196 
Lightning, 21, 24 
Litany-desk at cathedral, 

54 
Livings augmented, 99 

131, 185, 193,199,200, 

Markets, 26, 184 

Marriage by la}men,2,130 

Mariyis, 15, 1(3 

Mayneport, what, 77 

Miracle, 102 

Monuments, cumbrous,9, 
61, 156 ; inscriptions 
on, 9, U), 20,21,34,39, 
55, 5(i, 7(1, 75, 82,96,' 
97, 107, no, 112, 127 
132, 133, 134,138, 139' 
14(1, 149, 151, 155,156, 
163, 109, 181, lyl, 192, 
196, 198, :>U3, 205 • 
pyramidal, 11, 45, 5-^; 
lost, 9, 39, 47, 60, 79, 
l;^3, 198; tastelul, 10, 
134, 184 ; destroyed, 
61 ; effigies on, 5, 61, 
62, 75, 82, 104, J39, 
169, 172. 



Mortuary, 66, 70, 177 
Murders, 71, 159, 174 • 
confession of, 72 ' 

Nest, 7, 83 

Nonjurors, 12, 50, 66, 89 
134 ' ' 

Occupations, singular, 52 
53, 136, 146, 147, 185 

Penance, 108 
Pillory, 54 

Piscinas, 19, 38, 67, 73 
85, 94, 104, 105, 111' 

H3, 153,162, 108, 179,' 

189, 197, '^(12 
Plague, 23, 24, 25, 20 

115,159.173,194 
Plate, 27,44, 54, 56, 101, 

116, 122, 130,160,176 

J 86, 201 
Pound, 147, 148, 166 
Procurations, what, 1 
Protestant refugees, 12, 

112,115,116 
Pulpit, a tine one, 144, 

154 
Punning mottoes, 123,181 
Purprise, what, 199 
Priest's chamber, 199 



Rebus, 7, 8 

Registers, 2, 11, 23, 51, 
64, 71, 76, 83, 88, 99, 
108, 115, 12-^, 129, 130, 
14!, 146, 152, 15^^, 166, 
172, 185, 193, 200, 203 
Roodloft, an oiiginal, 84 
Roodioft window, 103, 

143, 154 
Roofs, 7, 18, 32, 41, 43, 
4^1, 50. 59, 6-, 73, 81, 
86, 90, ]o5, no, 118, 
126, 143, 144, 188; 
stone, 33, 120 
Roman stations, 10, 151 



Scarlett, old, 54, 62, 63 
Scholarsliips founded, 1, 

56, klOl 
Schools, 29, 05, 103, 105, 

131, 100, 177, 201 
Screen, altar, 48 



225 

' Screens, 7, 67, 68,73 81 

95, 105, 111, 126, 138' 

154,179,183,188,197,' 
2O0 ' 

Seats, good, 41, 43, 09 
73, 103, 132, 183, 190 ' 
bad, 32, 118, 140, 150, 
9^'^"^;. erection of, 
^', 49; original, 6, 38 
9i, 162, 190, 206 

Sedilia, 19, 73, 80, 94, 

111,138,150,162,168 

179, 189, 197 
Shrine, 119 

Slavery, 2, 12, 100, 200 
Spires of cathedral, not 

same height, 47 
Squints, 94, 162 
Stone fi^'ures, 17, 120 

125, 120, 170 
Stone seats, 85, 94, 138 

1-14,109,190,202 
Storm, the great, 12, 13 

160, 195 ' 

Stoups, 95, 168 
Sun-dials, 82, 151, 191 
Supremacy of king ac- 
knowledged, 48 
Syuodals, what, 1 

Taffeta, what, 13 
Threepenny tax, 100, 166 
Titi'any, what, 27 
Tiles, remarkable, 94 
Tithe book, 77 
Tobacco, 54, 147, 175 
Tower destroyed, 132 
Tradition, paiij^h, 78 
Triangular bridge, 127, 
128 

Union of benefices, deed 
for, 135 

Warscot, what, 77 
Whipping, 12, 193 
Wills, old, 14, 23, 29, 65, 

60, 72, 78, 79, S4, 89, 

92, 100, 107, 122, 142, 

155, 177, Ib6 
Woodwork, inscription 

on, 18 
Workshop, cathedral 

used as, 49 



20 



226 



(nte 4:,-'%nt\pxB qu0to. 



Abstract of charitable 

donations 
Archaeological institute, 

report 

Bacon's essays 

Bacon's liber regis 

Baker's Northampton- 
shire 

Baker's Northampton- 
shire glossary 

Bloxam's architecture 

Bloxam's letter to Nor- 
thampton mercury 

Bloxam's paper, Archteol. 
inst. 

Botfield's cathedral li- 
braries 

Brand's antiquities 

Bridges' Northampton- 
shire 

Britton's Peterborough 

Burns' foreign refugees 

Burns' parish registers 

Calaray's ministers 

ejected 

Cassan's bishops of Bath 
and Wells 

Chalmer's biographical 
dictionary 

Chambers' book of days 

Churches of Cambridge- 
shire 

Clement's church notes 
MS. 

Cole's MS. 

Cotton MS. 

Cowel's glossary 

Craddock's Peterborough 
cathedral 

Davys' Peterborough ca- 
thedral 



Derby's Iliad 
Domesday book 
Dryden's poems 
Dugdale's monasticon 
Dyer's reports 

East Anglian 
Ecclesiologist 
Edward confessor, life of 
Elliot's paper, Arch, soc, 

N bants. 
Essex's church notesMS. 

Fuller's worthies 

Gentleman's magazine 
Cough's monuments 
Cough's MS. 
Granger's wonderful mu- 
seum 
Gunton's Peterborough 

Harleian MS. 
Hone's every day book 
Hone's year book 
Hyett's sepulchral me- 
morials 

Ingulfs chronicle 

James's Northampton- 
shire 
Johnson's dictionary 

Kennett's register and 

chronicle 
Kennett's MS. 
Kerrich church notes MS. 
Kettle well, life of 

Liber albus 

Lewis's isle of Tenet 

Lukis's church bells 



Martin eau's history of 
the peace 

Masters's Corpus Christi 
college 

Moore's paper, Arch. Soc. 
Lin. 

Morton's Northampton- 
shire 

Murray's cathedrals 

Nicolas's testamenta ve- 

tusta 
Notes and queries 

Paleys Peterborough ca- 
thedral 

Paley's parish churches 

Parker's glossary of ar- 
cliitecture 

Parker's domestic archi- 
tecture 

Parliamentary enquiry on 
registers 

Parliamentary inquisition 

Peterborough advertiser 

Shakspere's plays 
Speed's history 
Spelman's glossary 
Steele's MS. 
Strype's memorials 

Taylor's words and places 
Timbb's curiosities of 
London 

Valor ecclesiasticus 

■VN'alcott's memorials of 

I eterborough 
"Walker's sufferings of the 

clergy 
Willis's cathedrals 



i 



FEINTED BY E. T. HAMBLIN, NARROW STREET, PETERBOROUGH. 



*W' 



J 



§r